Pattington v. Colvin
MEMORANDUM-DECISION & ORDER: It is Ordered that Plaintiff's # 8 Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings is DENIED, further it is Ordered that Defendant's # 9 Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings is GRANTED, therefore it is Ordered that Defendant's unfavorable determination is AFFIRMED and the # 1 Complaint - Social Security Appeal filed by Craig A. Pattington is DISMISSED. Signed by Magistrate Judge William B. Carter on 8/17/2017. (jmb)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
CRAIG A. PATTINGTON,
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY,
BINDER, BINDER LAW FIRM
Counsel for Plaintiff
485 Madison Ave., Ste. 501
New York, NY 10022
CHARLES E. BINDER, ESQ.
U.S. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMIN.
OFFICE OF REG’L GEN. COUNSEL – REGION II
Counsel for Defendant
26 Federal Plaza – Room 3904
New York, NY 10278
DAVID BROWN, ESQ.
William B. Mitchell Carter, U.S. Magistrate Judge,
MEMORANDUM-DECISION and ORDER
This matter was referred to me, for all proceedings and entry of a final judgment,
pursuant to the Social Security Pilot Program, N.D.N.Y. General Order No. 18, and in
accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), Fed. R. Civ. P. 73, N.D.N.Y. Local
Rule 73.1 and the consent of the parties. (Dkt. Nos. 11, 13.).
Currently before the Court, in this Social Security action filed by Craig A.
Pattington (“Plaintiff”) against the Commissioner of Social Security (“Defendant” or “the
Commissioner”) pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g) and 1383(c)(3), are the parties’ cross-
motions for judgment on the pleadings. (Dkt. Nos. 8, 9.) For the reasons set forth
below, Plaintiff’s motion is denied and Defendant’s motion is granted.
Plaintiff was born in 1985. (T. 78.) He completed high school. (T. 224.)
Generally, Plaintiff’s alleged disability consists of chronic back pain and depression. (T.
223.) His alleged disability onset date is September 11, 2013. (T. 223.) His date last
insured is December 31, 2017. (T. 78.) He previously worked in the auto parts industry
and bakery industry. (T. 224.)
On April 18, 2013, Plaintiff applied for a period of Disability Insurance Benefits
(“SSD”) under Title II, and Supplemental Security Income (“SSI”) under Title XVI, of the
Social Security Act. (T. 78.) Plaintiff’s applications were initially denied, after which he
timely requested a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge (“the ALJ”). On October
24, 2014 Plaintiff appeared before the ALJ, Robert E. Gale. (T. 40-77.) On March 16,
2015, ALJ Gale issued a written decision finding Plaintiff not disabled under the Social
Security Act. (T. 7-29.) On April 15, 2016, the Appeals Council (“AC”) denied Plaintiff’s
request for review, rendering the ALJ’s decision the final decision of the Commissioner.
(T. 1-6.) Thereafter, Plaintiff timely sought judicial review in this Court.
The ALJ’s Decision
Generally, in his decision, the ALJ made the following five findings of fact and
conclusions of law. (T. 12-23.) First, the ALJ found that Plaintiff met the insured status
requirements through December 31, 2018 1 and Plaintiff had not engaged in substantial
gainful activity since September 11, 2012. (T. 12.) Second, the ALJ found that Plaintiff
had the severe impairments of degenerative disc disease of the cervical, lumbar, and
thoracic spine, and a depressive disorder. (T. 13.) Third, the ALJ found that Plaintiff did
not have an impairment that meets or medically equals one of the listed impairments
located in 20 C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix. 1. (T. 13-16.) Fourth, the ALJ
found that Plaintiff had the residual functional capacity (“RFC”) to perform less than a
full range of sedentary work. (T. 16.) 2 Specifically, the ALJ found that Plaintiff could:
lift and/or carry ten pounds occasionally and less than ten pounds
frequently, stand for up to two hours total in an eight-hour workday and for
up to thirty minutes at one time, walk for up to two hours total in an eighthour workday and for up to thirty minutes at one time, and sit for a total of
six hours in an eight-hour workday and for up to forty-five minutes at one
time. Although [Plaintiff] is unable to climb ladders, ropes, and scaffolds,
he is able to rarely crawl and occasionally stoop, kneel, and crouch.
[Plaintiff] is able to understand, remember, and follow simple one or twostep instructions, but he is only able to occasionally understand,
remember, and follow detailed and complex instructions. [Plaintiff] is able
to maintain attention and concertation for simple tasks, and he is able to
complete a normal workday and workweek without interruption.
(T. 16.) Fifth, the ALJ determined that Plaintiff was incapable of performing his past
relevant work; however, there were jobs that existed in significant numbers in the
national economy Plaintiff could perform. (T. 21-23.)
THE PARTIES’ BRIEFINGS ON PLAINTIFF’S MOTION
Elsewhere in the record Plaintiff’s date last insured is listed as December 31, 2017. (T.
Sedentary work involves lifting no more than 10 pounds at a time and occasionally lifting
or carrying articles like docket files, ledgers, and small tools. Although a sedentary job is defined as one
which involves sitting, a certain amount of walking and standing is often necessary in carrying out job
duties. Jobs are sedentary if walking and standing are required occasionally and other sedentary criteria
are met. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1567(a), 416.967(a).
Plaintiff makes two separate arguments in support of his motion for judgment on
the pleadings. First, Plaintiff argues the ALJ failed to properly weigh the medical
opinion evidence. (Dkt. No. 8 at 16-21 [Pl.’s Mem. of Law].) Second, and lastly, Plaintiff
argues the ALJ failed to properly evaluate Plaintiff’s credibility. (Id. at 21-23.)
In response, Defendant makes two arguments. First, Defendant argues the ALJ
did not err in evaluating the opinion evidence. (Dkt. No. 9 at 4-11 [Def.’s Mem. of Law].)
Second, Defendant argues Plaintiff has not shown that the ALJ erred in evaluating
Plaintiff’s credibility. (Id. at 11-13.)
RELEVANT LEGAL STANDARD
Standard of Review
A court reviewing a denial of disability benefits may not determine de novo
whether an individual is disabled. See 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g), 1383(c)(3); Wagner v.
Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 906 F.2d 856, 860 (2d Cir. 1990). Rather, the
Commissioner’s determination will only be reversed if the correct legal standards were
not applied, or it was not supported by substantial evidence. See Johnson v. Bowen,
817 F.2d 983, 986 (2d Cir. 1987) (“Where there is a reasonable basis for doubt whether
the ALJ applied correct legal principles, application of the substantial evidence standard
to uphold a finding of no disability creates an unacceptable risk that a claimant will be
deprived of the right to have her disability determination made according to the correct
legal principles.”); Grey v. Heckler, 721 F.2d 41, 46 (2d Cir. 1983); Marcus v. Califano,
615 F.2d 23, 27 (2d Cir. 1979).
“Substantial evidence” is evidence that amounts to “more than a mere scintilla,”
and has been defined as “such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as
adequate to support a conclusion.” Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401, 91 S. Ct.
1420, 1427 (1971). Where evidence is deemed susceptible to more than one rational
interpretation, the Commissioner’s conclusion must be upheld. See Rutherford v.
Schweiker, 685 F.2d 60, 62 (2d Cir. 1982).
“To determine on appeal whether the ALJ’s findings are supported by substantial
evidence, a reviewing court considers the whole record, examining evidence from both
sides, because an analysis of the substantiality of the evidence must also include that
which detracts from its weight.” Williams v. Bowen, 859 F.2d 255, 258 (2d Cir. 1988).
If supported by substantial evidence, the Commissioner’s finding must be
sustained “even where substantial evidence may support the plaintiff’s position and
despite that the court’s independent analysis of the evidence may differ from the
[Commissioner’s].” Rosado v. Sullivan, 805 F. Supp. 147, 153 (S.D.N.Y. 1992). In
other words, this Court must afford the Commissioner’s determination considerable
deference, and may not substitute “its own judgment for that of the [Commissioner],
even if it might justifiably have reached a different result upon a de novo review.”
Valente v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 733 F.2d 1037, 1041 (2d Cir. 1984).
Standard to Determine Disability
The Commissioner has established a five-step evaluation process to determine
whether an individual is disabled as defined by the Social Security Act. See 20 C.F.R.
§§ 404.1520, 416.920. The Supreme Court has recognized the validity of this
sequential evaluation process. See Bowen v. Yuckert, 482 U.S. 137, 140-42, 107 S. Ct.
2287 (1987). The five-step process is as follows:
(1) whether the claimant is currently engaged in substantial gainful activity;
(2) whether the claimant has a severe impairment or combination of
impairments; (3) whether the impairment meets or equals the severity of the
specified impairments in the Listing of Impairments; (4) based on a ‘residual
functional capacity’ assessment, whether the claimant can perform any of
his or her past relevant work despite the impairment; and (5) whether there
are significant numbers of jobs in the national economy that the claimant
can perform given the claimant's residual functional capacity, age,
education, and work experience.
McIntyre v. Colvin, 758 F.3d 146, 150 (2d Cir. 2014).
A. The ALJ’s Weighing of the Medical Opinion Evidence
The opinion of a treating source will be given controlling weight if it “is well
supported by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques and is
not inconsistent with the other substantial evidence in [the] case record.” 20 C.F.R. §§
404.1527(c)(2), 416.927(c)(2) 3; see Greek v. Colvin, 802 F.3d 370, 375 (2d Cir. 2015).
The following factors must be considered by the ALJ when deciding how much
weight the opinion should receive, even if the treating source is not given controlling
weight: “(i) the frequency of examination and the length, nature, and extent of the
treatment relationship; (ii) the evidence in support of the opinion; (iii) the opinion's
consistency with the record as a whole; and (iv) whether the opinion is from a
specialist.” 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527(c)(2)(i)-(iv), 416.927(c)(2)(i)-(iv). The ALJ is
Effective March 27, 2017, 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527, 416.927 have been amended, as have other
regulations and SSRs cited herein. Nonetheless, because Plaintiff’s social security application was filed before the
new regulations and SSRs went into effect, the Court reviews the ALJ's decision under the earlier regulations and
required to set forth his reasons for the weight he assigns to the treating physician's
opinion. Id., see also SSR 96-2p, 1996 WL 374188 (July 2, 1996); Shaw v. Chater, 221
F.3d 126, 134 (2d Cir. 2000) (quoting Clark v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 143 F.3d 115, 118
Here, two of Plaintiff’s treating sources provided medical source statements
outlining Plaintiff’s functional limitations. Richard DiStefano, M.D., with Syracuse
Orthopedic Specialists, completed a statement on September 19, 2014. (T. 648-653.)
Plaintiff’s general practitioner, Jeffrey LeGrett, M.D., completed a statement on
December 3, 2013. (T. 463-467.) Dr. LeGrett completed a second, undated, medical
source statement; however, it appears to be from August of 2014. (T. 751-755.) The
record also contained a medical source statement from consultative examiner Kalyani
Ganesh, M.D., dated June 20, 2013. (T. 445-448.)
In assessing the medical opinion evidence in the record the ALJ afforded “very
little weight” to the opinion of Dr. DiStefano. (T. 19.) The ALJ reasoned that the “checkbox” opinions were inconsistent with the overall evidence, including the doctor’s own
clinical findings, Plaintiff’s activities of daily living, and the opinion of Dr. Ganesh. (Id.)
The ALJ noted that Dr. DiStefano treated Plaintiff “only” four times, his opinions were
not supported by a detailed explanation, and Dr. DiStefano’s form indicated negative
objective findings, such as straight leg raises and muscle weakness. (T. 19-20.) The
ALJ further stated that Dr. DiStefano’s treatment notations contained normal objective
findings. (T. 20.)
The ALJ afforded Dr. LeGrett’s opinions “very little weight.” (T. 20.) The ALJ
reasoned that Dr. LeGrett’s opinions were inconsistent with each other and the overall
evidence, including his own treatment notations, Plaintiff’s activities of daily living, and
the opinion of Dr. Ganesh. (Id.) The ALJ stated that Dr. LaGrett’s April 2012 report
contained no function-by-function assessment. (Id.) The ALJ also cited specific
inconsistencies in Dr. LeGrett’s two statements. (Id.)
The ALJ afforded Dr. Ganesh’s opinion “very significant weight.” (T. 19.) The
ALJ reasoned that Dr. Ganesh was a “programmatic expert,” her opinion was
consistent with her examination, and her opinion was relatively consistent with the
longitudinal medical evidence in the record. (Id.)
Plaintiff first argues that the ALJ erred by making a “conclusory finding” that the
opinion of the treating physicians were unsupported by appropriate medical findings.
(Dkt. No. 8 at 17 [Pl.’s Mem. of Law].) Plaintiff’s argument is without merit. The ALJ, as
outlined above, provided a detailed and thorough analysis of the medical opinion
evidence in the record. The ALJ outlined the objective medical evidence in the record,
as well as, the medical source statements. (T. 18-20.) The ALJ provided specific
examples in the record which he relied on in making his weight determination. (T. 1920.)
Although Plaintiff argues that objective findings in the record, such as MRIs and
CT scans, support the treating source opinions, it is not enough for Plaintiff to merely
disagree with the weight an ALJ afforded an opinion or cite evidence which could
support Plaintiff’s contention. See Brault v. Soc. Sec. Admin., Comm'r, 683 F.3d 443,
448 (2d Cir. 2012); see also Wojciechowski v. Colvin, 967 F.Supp.2d 602, 605
(N.D.N.Y. 2013) (Commissioner’s findings must be sustained if supported by substantial
evidence even if substantial evidence supported the plaintiff’s position); see also Jones
v. Sullivan, 949 F.2d 57, 59 (2d Cir.1991) (reviewing courts must afford the
Commissioner’s determination considerable deference and cannot substitute own
judgment even if it might justifiably have reached a different result upon a de novo
Plaintiff next argues that the ALJ committed legal error in concluding that the
opinions of the treating sources were inconsistent with Plaintiff’s activities of daily living.
(Dkt. No. 8 at 18-19 [Pl.’s Mem. of Law].) Any error here would be harmless. The ALJ
did not solely rely on Plaintiff’s activities of daily living in weighing the treating source
opinion evidence. Here, the ALJ relied on Plaintiff’s activities of daily living as additional
support in his weight determination. See Domm v. Colvin, 579 F. App’x 27 (2d Cir.
2014) (the Court found that the ALJ had properly pointed to substantial evidence for
giving the treating source narrative statement only probative weight, noting that the
restrictive assessment was inconsistent with the source’s own treatment notes, the
conclusion of other medical sources, and Plaintiff’s testimony regarding her daily
functioning); see Roma v. Astrue, 468 F. App’x 16, 20 (2d Cir. 2012) (ALJ properly took
into consideration plaintiff’s activities of daily living in assessing treating source
Plaintiff argues that the ALJ erred in affording more weight to the one time
examining consultative examiner’s opinion over the opinions of Plaintiff’s treating
sources. (Dkt. No. 8 at 19-21 [Pl.’s Mem. of Law].) It is well settled that an ALJ is
entitled to rely upon the opinions of both examining and non-examining State agency
medical consultants, since such consultants are deemed to be qualified experts in the
field of social security disability. See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1512(b)(6), 404.1513(c),
404.1527(e); see Baszto v. Astrue, 700 F. Supp. 2d 242, 249 (N.D.N.Y. 2010) (“[A]n
ALJ is entitled to rely upon the opinions of both examining and non-examining State
agency medical consultants, since such consultants are deemed to be qualified experts
in the field of social security disability.”).
The Regulations “recognize that the Commissioner's consultants are highly
trained physicians with expertise in evaluation of medical issues in disability claims
who’s “opinions may constitute substantial evidence in support of residual functional
capacity findings.” Lewis v. Colvin, 122 F. Supp. 3d 1, at 7 (N.D.N.Y. 2015) (citing
Delgrosso v. Colvin, 2015 WL 3915944, at *4 (N.D.N.Y. June 25, 2015); see also
Heagney-O'Hara v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 646 F. App'x 123, 126 (2d Cir. 2016); Monette
v. Colvin, 654 F. App’x 516 (2d Cir. 2016); Snyder v. Colvin, No. 15-3502, 667 F. App’x
319 (2d Cir. 2016).
Plaintiff contends that reliance on Dr. Ganesh’s opinion was “particularly
misplaced” because the doctor did not have any of Plaintiff’s treatment records or
objective imaging. (Dkt. No. 8 at 19 [Pl.’s Mem. of Law].) While medical source
opinions that are “conclusory, stale, and based on an incomplete medical record” may
not be substantial evidence to support an ALJ finding, Griffith v. Astrue, No. 08-CV6004, 2009 WL 909630, at *9 n. 9 (W.D.N.Y. March 31, 2009), this is not true where
such opinions are supported by substantially similar findings in treatment notes and
other opinions in the record, Camille v. Colvin, 104 F.Supp.3d 329, 343-344, (W.D.N.Y.
May 19, 2015), aff’d, 652 F. App’x 25 (2d Cir. 2016). Also, Dr. Ganesh ordered and
reviewed an X-ray of Plaintiff’s spine which she took into consideration in formulating
her opinion. (T. 449.) Therefore, the ALJ did not err in his reliance on Dr. Ganesh’s
Of note, Plaintiff does not contend that the ALJ’s RFC determination was not
supported by substantial evidence. Plaintiff only argues that the ALJ committed legal
error in weighing of the medical opinion evidence in the record.
For the reasons stated herein, and further outlined in Defendant’s brief, the ALJ
properly weighed the medical opinion evidence in the record. The ALJ thoroughly
outlined the medical evidence and medical opinions in the record, and he provided
concrete and adequate reasoning for affording the opinions weight. Although deference
is usually given to the opinions of the treating source, the ALJ did not err in affording
weight to the consultative examiner’s opinion where the ALJ determined the opinion
was more consistent with the longitudinal medical record.
B. ALJ’s Credibility Determination
A plaintiff’s allegations of pain and functional limitations are “entitled to great
weight where ... it is supported by objective medical evidence.” Rockwood v. Astrue,
614 F. Supp. 2d 252, 270 (N.D.N.Y. 2009) (quoting Simmons v. U.S. R.R. Ret. Bd., 982
F.2d 49, 56 (2d Cir.1992)). However, the ALJ “is not required to accept [a plaintiff’s]
subjective complaints without question; he may exercise discretion in weighing the
credibility of the [plaintiff’s] testimony in light of the other evidence in the record.”
Genier v. Astrue, 606 F.3d 46, 49 (2d Cir. 2010) (citing Marcus v. Califano, 615 F.2d 23,
27 (2d Cir.1979)). “When rejecting subjective complaints, an ALJ must do so explicitly
and with sufficient specificity to enable the Court to decide whether there are legitimate
reasons for the ALJ’s disbelief.” Rockwood, 614 F. Supp. 2d at 270.
The ALJ must employ a two-step analysis to evaluate the claimant's reported
symptoms. See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1529, 416.929. First, the ALJ must determine
whether, based on the objective medical evidence, a plaintiff’s medical impairments
“could reasonably be expected to produce the pain or other symptoms alleged.” Id. at
§§ 404.1529(a), 416.929(a). Second, if the medical evidence establishes the existence
of such impairments, the ALJ must evaluate the intensity, persistence, and limiting
effects of those symptoms to determine the extent to which the symptoms limit the
claimant's ability to do work. See id.
At this second step, the ALJ must consider: (1) the claimant's daily activities; (2)
the location, duration, frequency, and intensity of the claimant's pain or other symptoms;
(3) precipitating and aggravating factors; (4) the type, dosage, effectiveness, and side
effects of any medication the claimant takes or has taken to relieve his pain or other
symptoms; (5) other treatment the claimant receives or has received to relieve his pain
or other symptoms; (6) any measures that the claimant takes or has taken to relieve his
pain or other symptoms; and (7) any other factors concerning claimant's functional
limitations and restrictions due to his pain or other symptoms. 20 C.F.R. §§
Here, the ALJ determined that Plaintiff’s medically determinable impairments
could reasonably be expected to cause his alleged symptoms; however, Plaintiff’s
statements concerning the intensity, persistence, and limiting effects of those symptoms
was not fully credible. (T. 17.) In making his credibility determination the ALJ relied on
objective medical evidence in the record, treatment notations, Plaintiff’s conservative
treatment modalities, and his good work history. (T. 17-18.) The ALJ also outlined
Plaintiff’s testimony regarding his daily activities, his limitations, and his medications.
Plaintiff argues the ALJ’s credibility determination was not supported by
substantial evidence, the ALJ erred in relying on Plaintiff’s “conservative treatment,” and
the ALJ failed to explain his rationale. (Dkt. No. 8 at 21-23 [Pl.’s Mem. of Law].)
Here, the ALJ’s credibility assessment was supported by substantial evidence.
First, the ALJ did not err in relying on Plaintiff’s activities of daily living in assessing his
credibility. The ALJ did not conclude that Plaintiff’s daily activities, or medical advice to
be more aerobically active, equated with the ability to work. The ALJ properly evaluated
Plaintiff’s testimony regarding the limiting nature of his symptoms to the extent that it
was inconsistent with other evidence in the record. Morris v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., No.
5:12-CV-1795, 2014 WL 1451996, at *8 (N.D.N.Y. Apr. 14, 2014) (“The issue is not
whether Plaintiff's limited ability to undertake normal daily activities demonstrates her
ability to work. Rather, the issue is whether the ALJ properly discounted Plaintiff's
testimony regarding her symptoms to the extent that it is inconsistent with other
Regarding Plaintiff’s “conservative” treatment, the ALJ outlined medical evidence
showing Plaintiff received medication, a TENS unit, physical therapy, and specialist
treatment. (T. 18.) Plaintiff contends the ALJ’s classification of Plaintiff’s treatment as
“conservative” was misleading and the ALJ overlooked notations that Plaintiff “may”
require surgery, but could not afford the required “work-up.” (Dkt. No. 8 at 22-23 [Pl.’s
Mem. of Law].) Here, the ALJ properly outlined Plaintiff’s treatment as indicated in the
record. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1529(c)(3)(iv), 416.929(c)(3)(iv). A plaintiff may be deemed
less credible “if the level or frequency of treatment is inconsistent with the level of
complaints.” SSR 96-7p, 1996 WL 174186, at *8 (July 2, 1996); accord, Sickles v.
Colvin, 12-CV-0774, 2014 WL 795978, at *22 (N.D.N.Y. Feb. 27, 2014) (finding that the
ALJ properly cited Plaintiff's conservative treatment as a reason for discounting
Plaintiff's credibility); see also Phelps v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., No. 1:15-CV-0499, 2-16
WL 3661405, at *8 (N.D.N.Y. July 5, 2016) (ALJ did not err in taking into consideration
plaintiff’s conservative treatment, such as medication management, ER visits, and
treatment by specialists, in making a credibility determination). Further, while the ALJ
noted Plaintiff’s treatment, the ALJ did not base his credibility assessment on that one
factor alone. As stated herein, the ALJ articulated evidence in the record to support his
determination that Plaintiff’s allegations of pain due to his symptoms were not as limited
as alleged. (T. 17-18.)
Finally, Plaintiff contends that the ALJ failed to explain how some normal
examinations were more relevant than “extensive abnormalities” relied on by the
treating sources. (Dkt. No. 8 at 23 [Pl.’s Mem. of Law].) First, Plaintiff does not identify
these “extensive abnormalities.” (Id.) Further, as stated herein, under the substantial
evidence standard of review, it is not enough for Plaintiff to merely disagree with the
ALJ’s weighing of the evidence or to argue that the evidence in the record could support
his position. Plaintiff must show that no reasonable factfinder could have reached the
ALJ’s conclusions based on the evidence in record.
Therefore, for the reasons stated herein, and further outlined in Defendant’s brief,
the ALJ’s credibility assessment was proper and supported by substantial evidence in
ACCORDINGLY, it is
ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motion for judgment on the pleadings (Dkt. No. 8) is
DENIED; and it is further
ORDERED that Defendant’s motion for judgment on the pleadings (Dkt. No. 9) is
GRANTED; and it is further
ORDERED that Defendant’s unfavorable determination is AFFIRMED; and it is further
ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Complaint (Dkt. No. 1) is DISMISSED.
August 17, 2017
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