Szakacs v. Commissioner of Social Security

Filing 24

DECISION AND ORDER: that Mr. Olinsky's Dkt. No. 15 motion for an award of attorney's fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 406(b) is Granted in the amount of $12,536.40; that the amount of $12,536.40 in attorney's fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 406(b) shall be paid to Mr. Olinsky out of the sums that Defendant has withheld from Plaintiff's and his dependents' past-due benefits; that, upon his receipt of attorney's fees in the amount of $12,536.40, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 406(b), Mr. Olinsky shall immediately refund to Plaintiff the previously awarded EAJA sum of $5,300.00. This case remains closed. Signed by Magistrate Judge Therese Wiley Dancks on 10/13/2020. (hmr)

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Case 5:18-cv-00664-TWD Document 24 Filed 10/13/20 Page 1 of 9 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK _____________________________________________ CHAD S., Plaintiff, v. 5:18-CV-664 (TWD) COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY, Defendant. _____________________________________________ APPEARANCES: OF COUNSEL: OLINSKY LAW GROUP Attorney for Plaintiff 300 South State Street Suite 420 Syracuse, New York 13202 HOWARD D. OLINSKY, ESQ. U.S. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMIN. OFFICE OF REG’L GEN. COUNSEL REGION II Attorney for Defendant 26 Federal Plaza - Room 3904 New York, New York 10278 SIXTINA FERNANDEZ, ESQ. THÉRÈSE WILEY DANCKS, United States Magistrate Judge DECISION AND ORDER Currently before the Court is Plaintiff’s counsel’s (“Mr. Olinsky”) motion for attorney’s fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1). (Dkt. No. 15.) I. BACKGROUND Mr. Olinsky represented Plaintiff in a civil action before this Court, seeking judicial review of the Commissioner of Social Security’s (“Defendant” or “Commissioner”) denial of Plaintiff’s application for disability benefits under the Social Security Act. On October 26, 2018, Case 5:18-cv-00664-TWD Document 24 Filed 10/13/20 Page 2 of 9 Mr. Olinsky filed a brief in support of remand arguing substantial evidence did not support the Administrative Law Judge’s (“ALJ”) decision. (Dkt. No. 8.) Defendant responded. (Dkt. No. 9.) This Court found the ALJ failed to adequately consider Plaintiff’s mental impairment and remanded this matter to Defendant for further administrative action pursuant to sentence four of Section 405(g). (Dkt. Nos. 10, 11.) Mr. Olinsky continued to represent Plaintiff post-remand. Upon remand, the ALJ issued a fully favorable decision granting Plaintiff disability insurance benefits. (Dkt. No. 15-2.) In its notice to Plaintiff, Defendant stated it withheld $12,193.00 from his past-due benefits to pay for legal services. (Dkt. No. 15-4 at 4.) Moreover, Mr. Olinsky is seeking attorney fees related to benefits received for Plaintiff’s two dependents. (Dkt. No. 15-1 at ¶¶ 79.) To that end, Defendant withheld $3,023.95 from L.S. (Dkt. No. 15-5 at 2) and $3,025.45 for K.E.S to pay for legal services. (Dkt. No.15-6 at 2.) Thus, the total amount of past-due benefits Defendant withheld is $18,242.40. Mr. Olinsky submitted and collected on a fee petition to the ALJ for $5,706.00 from Plaintiff for work done at the agency level. (Dkt. No. 15-1 at ¶ 10.) In a Stipulation and Order filed November 21, 2019, Plaintiff was awarded $4,900.00 in attorney’s fees and $400.00 in costs under the Equal Access to Justice Act (“EAJA”), 28 U.S.C. § 2412. (Dkt. Nos. 13, 14.) Mr. Olinsky now seeks attorney’s fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) for 25% of the past due benefits, or $18,242.40. However, because Mr. Olinsky already received $5,706.00 at the administrative level, he is only entitled to a total of $12,536.401 for work completed in 1 In his application, Mr. Olinsky requested $18,809.65 in Section 406(b) fees. (Dkt. No. 51-1.) However, the evidence provided in the Important Information Letter (Dkt. No. 15-4), Notice in Change in Benefits to L.S. (Dkt. No. 15-5), and Notice in Change in Benefits to K.E.S (Dkt. No. 15-6), does not support Mr. Olinsky’s request. Notably, Defendant pointed out this difference in their response letter and Mr. Olinsky did not address the difference in his reply. Nevertheless, 2 Case 5:18-cv-00664-TWD Document 24 Filed 10/13/20 Page 3 of 9 federal court. Id. Defendant responded, expressing no opinion as to the propriety of his fee request but did suggest the fee application is untimely. (Dkt. No. 20.) Mr. Olinsky replied. (Dkt. No. 23.) II. DISCUSSION A. Timeliness In the Second Circuit, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(d)(2)(B) provides the applicable limitations period for filing Section 406(b) motions for attorney’s fees. See Sinkler v. Berryhill, 932 F.3d 83, 88 (2d Cir. 2019). Practically speaking, that means a prevailing attorney has 14 days to submit a fee application from the date the claimant receives their notice of award from the Commissioner regarding the benefits calculation. Id. at 91. Notwithstanding the deadline for filing set forth in the Rule, a court is free to “enlarge th[e] filing period where circumstances warrant.” Id. at 89. Here, Plaintiff’s notice of award was dated February 27, 2020, and his dependents’ notices were dated March 8, 2020. (Dkt. Nos. 15-4, 15-5, 15-6.) Mr. Olinsky filed his Section 406(b) motion on March 20, 2020. (Dkt. No. 15.) Though Mr. Olinsky’s application was filed beyond the 14-day window after Plaintiff obtained his notice of benefits, the application is timely relative to Plaintiff’s dependents. Mr. Olinsky argues his application is timely because he filed within 14 days from the last notice of award that would account for the total amount of attorney’s fees applicable in this case. (Dkt. No. 23.) For support, Mr. Olinsky cites Sinkler and notes the rationale in that case was to relate the time of filing fee applications to when the prevailing party learns of the final award from the Commissioner. In other words, it does not make sense to file a fee application before should Mr. Olinsky have evidence that he is entitled to a greater fee due to the amount of past due benefits, the Court will entertain a supplemental application for attorney’s fees. 3 Case 5:18-cv-00664-TWD Document 24 Filed 10/13/20 Page 4 of 9 knowing the total you are seeking. See Sinkler, 932 F.3d at 88 (noting that an attorney who “must await the Commissioner’s award of benefits on remand cannot be expected to file an application for attorney’s fees that are statutorily capped by the amount of an as-yet-unknown benefits award.”) Here, Mr. Olinsky filed within 14-days from the last applicable notice of award. Therefore, the Court finds the fee application is timely. B. The Requested Fee Under 42 U.S.C. § 406, a prevailing claimant’s fees are payable out of the benefits the claimant recovers, and such fees may not exceed 25 percent of past-due benefits. See Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 792 (2002). “[Section] 406(a) governs fees for representation in administrative proceedings; § 406(b) controls fees for representation in court.” Id. at 794 (citing 20 CFR § 404.1728(a)). For representation of a claimant at the administrative level, an attorney may file a fee petition. See Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 794 (citing 42 U.S.C. § 406(a)). In response to such a petition, “the agency may allow fees ‘for services performed in connection with any claim before’ it; [however,] if a determination favorable to the benefits claimant has been made, . . . the Commissioner of Social Security ‘shall . . . fix . . . a reasonable fee’ for an attorney’s services.” See Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 794 (quoting 42 U.S.C. § 406(a)(1)). With respect to proceedings before a court, the statute provides “for fees on rendition of ‘a judgment favorable to a claimant.’” See Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 794 (quoting 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A)). As part of its judgment, a court may allow “a reasonable fee . . . not in excess of 25 percent of the total of the past-due benefits” awarded to the claimant. 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A). This fee is payable “out of, and not in addition to, the amount of [the] past-due benefits.” Id. 4 Case 5:18-cv-00664-TWD Document 24 Filed 10/13/20 Page 5 of 9 In addition, the EAJA “effectively increases the portion of past-due benefits the successful Social Security claimant may pocket.” Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 796 (citation omitted). Pursuant to the EAJA, a court may award a claimant “fees payable by the United States if [its] position in the litigation was not ‘substantially justified.’” Id. (citation omitted). “EAJA fees are determined not by a percent of the amount recovered, but by the ‘time expended’ and the attorney’s ‘[hourly] rate,’ § 2412(d)(1)(B), capped in the mine run of cases at $125 per hour, § 2412(d)(2)(A).” Id. (citation and footnote omitted). A court may award fees under both the EAJA and Section 406(b), but the claimant’s counsel must “‘refun[d] to the claimant the amount of the smaller fee.’” Id. (citation omitted). “‘Thus, an EAJA award offsets an award under Section 406(b), so that the [amount of the total past-due benefits the claimant actually receives] will be increased by the . . . EAJA award up to the point the claimant receives 100 percent of the past-due benefits.’” Id. (quotation omitted). In Gisbrecht, the Supreme Court held “§ 406(b) does not displace continent-fee agreements as the primary means by which fees are set for successfully representing Social Security benefits claimants in court.” Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 807. “Rather, § 406(b) calls for court review of such arrangements as an independent check, to assure that they yield reasonable results in particular cases.” Id. (footnote omitted). The Gisbrecht Court noted “[c]ourts that approach fee determinations by looking first to the contingent-fee agreement, then testing it for reasonableness, have appropriately reduced the attorney’s recovery based on the character of the representation and the results the representation achieved.” Id. at 808 (citations omitted). “If the benefits are large in comparison to the amount of time counsel spent on the case, a downward adjustment is . . . in order.” Id. (citing Rodriquez v. Bowen, 865 F.2d 739, 747 (6th Cir. 1989) (reviewing court should disallow “windfalls for 5 Case 5:18-cv-00664-TWD Document 24 Filed 10/13/20 Page 6 of 9 lawyers”)). “In this regard, the court may require the claimant’s attorney to submit . . . as an aid to the court’s assessment of the reasonableness of the fee yielded by the fee agreement, a record of the hours spent representing the claimant and a statement of the lawyer’s normal hourly billing charge for noncontingent-fee cases.” Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 808 (citing Rodriquez, 865 F.2d at 741). Likewise, in Wells v. Sullivan, 907 F.2d 367 (2d Cir. 1990), the Second Circuit held “§ 406(b) does not invalidate all contingent fee arrangements it merely sets their upper limit and because such arrangements effectuate congress’s objective of securing adequate representation for social security claimants, a requested fee based on a contingent fee arrangement should be enforced unless the court finds it to be unreasonable.” Id. at 370. The court noted that, “because § 406(b) requires the district court to review the reasonableness of any requested fee, contingent fee agreements cannot simply be adopted as per se reasonable in all social security cases.” Id. (citations omitted). However, the court recognized “that a contingency agreement is the freely negotiated expression both of a claimant’s willingness to pay more than a particular hourly rate to secure effective representation, and of an attorney’s willingness to take the case despite the risk of nonpayment.” Id. (citing Rodriguez, 865 F.2d at 746) (other citations omitted). Furthermore, the court stated it “ought normally to give the same deference to these agreements as [it] would to any contract embodying the intent of the parties.” Wells, 907 F.2d. at 370 (citations omitted). Thus, in determining the reasonableness of a contingent fee agreement, courts should consider “whether the contingency percentage is within the 25% cap; . . . whether there has been fraud or overreaching in making the agreement, and whether the requested amount is so large as to be a windfall to the attorney.” Id. (citations omitted). “Should the district court find that the 6 Case 5:18-cv-00664-TWD Document 24 Filed 10/13/20 Page 7 of 9 agreement provides an unreasonable fee under the circumstances, the court may reduce the fee provided it states the reasons for and the amounts of the deductions.” Id. (citation omitted). Finally, “[a]lthough the reviewing court may not use the lodestar method to calculate the fee due, a record of the number of hours spent on the case in federal court may assist a court in determining whether a given fee is reasonable.” Benton v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., No. 03 CV 3154, 2007 WL 2027320, *2 (E.D.N.Y. May 17, 2007) (citation omitted). In this case, to determine whether the fee award Mr. Olinsky seeks under § 406(b) is reasonable, the Court will begin by looking at the contingency-fee agreement between Plaintiff and his counsel. This agreement provides, in pertinent part, that “the attorney fee will be 1/4 (25 percent) of the past due benefits[.]” (Dkt. No. 15-3 at 2.) There is no evidence this agreement was the result of fraud or overreaching. Moreover, the agreement seeks no more than the maximum allowed under the relevant statute. Thus, the only issue the Court need address is whether the amount of fees Mr. Olinsky seeks would result in a windfall to him. As noted above, Mr. Olinsky’s record of the time he expended in federal court and the tasks he performed related to the federal court litigation is one factor the Court may consider in determining reasonableness. Mr. Olinsky’s records indicate he spent a total of 27.8 hours of work related to this case. (Dkt. No. 15-1 at ¶ 15.) Of those hours, 21.7 are attorney hours and 6.1 are paralegal hours. Id. Here, Mr. Olinsky seeks an award of $12,536.40 in fees, which is based on twenty-five percent of Plaintiff’s past-due benefits the Social Security Administration has withheld. Mr. Olinsky suggests assuming a $100 per hour rate for the paralegal work, which accounts for $610.00 of the total fee. Thus, by dividing the remainder of the total fee sought, $11,926.40, by the 21.7 attorney hours expended for work before this Court, the effective hourly rate would be $549.60. 7 Case 5:18-cv-00664-TWD Document 24 Filed 10/13/20 Page 8 of 9 To determine whether fees in this amount would result in a windfall to Mr. Olinsky, the Court must consider the following factors: “(1) whether the attorney’s efforts were particularly successful for the plaintiff, (2) whether there is evidence of the effort expended by the attorney demonstrated through pleadings which were not boilerplate and through arguments which involved both real issues of material fact and required legal research, and finally, ... (3) whether the case was handled efficiently due to the attorney’s experience in handling social security cases.” Fura v. Astrue, No. 08–CV–0689, 2011 WL 1541307, *3 (N.D.N.Y. Apr. 21, 2011) (quoting Porter v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 2009 WL 2045688 (N.D.N.Y. July 10, 2009)) (other citation omitted). A review of the record demonstrates Mr. Olinsky’s efforts were particularly successful for Plaintiff and it appears he was able to handle this case efficiently, at least in part, because of his experience with Social Security cases. Thus, the Court concludes that, in light of the total amount of time Mr. Olinsky expended on this case at both the administrative and district court level, his expertise in handling Social Security cases, the complexity of the issues in this case, the success he achieved in this case, and the inherent uncertainty of non-payment that is always involved when entering into a contingency fee agreement, as well as the lack of any evidence of fraud or overreaching in this case, an award of fees in the amount of $12,536.40 pursuant to § 406(b) would be reasonable for the type and amount of work he expended before this Court. III. CONCLUSION After reviewing the entire record in this matter, the parties’ submissions and the applicable law, and for the above-stated reasons, the Court hereby ORDERS that Mr. Olinsky’s motion for an award of attorney’s fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) is GRANTED in the amount of $12,536.40; and the Court further 8 Case 5:18-cv-00664-TWD Document 24 Filed 10/13/20 Page 9 of 9 ORDERS that the amount of $12,536.40 in attorney’s fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) shall be paid to Mr. Olinsky out of the sums that Defendant has withheld from Plaintiff’s and his dependents’ past-due benefits; and the Court further ORDERS that, upon his receipt of attorney’s fees in the amount of $12,536.40, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b), Mr. Olinsky shall immediately refund to Plaintiff the previously awarded EAJA sum of $5,300.00.2 This case remains closed. Dated: October 13, 2020 Syracuse, New York 2 The Court notes Mr. Olinsky asserts he has only received $4,700.00 of the total EAJA fee and has not received $400.00 that was allocated in that award for costs. 9

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