Arnold v. Town of Camillus, New York et al
MEMORANDUM-DECISION AND ORDER granting 17 Motion for Reconsideration: The Court hereby ORDERS that Plaintiff's motion for reconsideration (Dkt. No. 17) is GRANTED; and the Court further ORDERS that Plaintiff's New York Human Rights Law claims are REMANDED; and the Court further ORDERS that the Clerk of the Court shall serve a copy of this Memorandum-Decision and Order on the parties in accordance with the Local Rules. Signed by U.S. District Judge Mae A. D'Agostino on 7/16/21. (ban, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
TOWN OF CAMILLUS, NEW YORK,
THOMAS WINN, Camillus Police
Chief, JAMES NIGHTINGALE,
Camillus Police Captain, MARY ANN
COOGAN, Camillus Town Supervisor,
DAVID CALLAHAN, JOY FLOOD,
DICK GRIFFO, STEVEN JAMES, MIKE
LaFLAIR MARY LUBAR, JOHN DOES(S),
BOSMAN LAW FIRM, LLC
3000 McConnellsville Road
Blossvale, New York 13308
Attorneys for Plaintiff
AJ BOSMAN, ESQ.
BOND, SCHOENECK & KING, PLLC
One Lincoln Center
Syracuse, New York 13202-1355
Attorneys for Defendants
DAVID M. FERRARA, ESQ.
KSENIYA PREMO, ESQ.
Mae A. D'Agostino, U.S. District Judge:
MEMORANDUM-DECISION AND ORDER
Plaintiff, Patricia Arnold, filed this action in the Onondaga County Supreme Court, on
October 13, 2020. Dkt. No. 1 at ¶ 1. Plaintiff asserted claims for discrimination on the basis of
her gender and retaliation in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and the New York State Human Rights
Law against Defendants Town of Camillus, New York; Camillus Police Chief Thomas Winn;
Camillus Police Captain James Nightingale; Town Supervisor Mary Ann Coogan; Camillus Town
Board members David Callahan, Joy Flood, Dick Griffo, Steven James, Mike LaFlair, and Mary
Lubar; John Doe(s); and Jane Doe(s). Dkt. No. 2 at 9-11. Plaintiff also asserted a claim for
intentional or reckless infliction of emotional distress against Defendant Nightingale. Id. at 11.
Lastly, Plaintiff asserted claims for tortious interference and prima facie tort against Defendants
Nightingale and Winn. Id. at 12.
In a Memorandum-Decision and Order dated February 1, 2021, the Court granted-in-part
and denied-in-part Plaintiff's motion to remand her state law claims, remanded Plaintiff's state law
tort claims to the Onondaga County Supreme Court, and dismissed Plaintiff's claims for violations
of the New York State Human Rights Law. Dkt. No. 15. On February 3, 2021, Plaintiff filed a
motion to reconsider, asking the Court to remand Plaintiff's claims for violations of the New York
State Human Rights Law. Dkt. No. 17. Defendants filed a response opposing Plaintiff's motion
on February 23, 2021. Dkt. No. 18. Based on the following, Plaintiff's motion is granted.
For a complete recitation of the relevant background, the parties are referred to the Court's
February 1, 2021 Memorandum-Decision and Order. See Dkt. No. 15.
Motion to Remand
Motions for reconsideration proceed in the Northern District of New York under Local
Rule 7.1(g). "In order to prevail on a motion for reconsideration, the movant must satisfy
stringent requirements." In re C-TC 9th Ave. P'ship v. Norton Co., 182 B.R. 1, 2 (N.D.N.Y.
1995). Such motions "will generally be denied unless the moving party can point to controlling
decisions or data that the court overlooked — matters, in other words, that might reasonably be
expected to alter the conclusion reached by the court." Shrader v. CSX Transp., Inc., 70 F.3d 255,
257 (2d Cir. 1995). The prevailing rule "recognizes only three possible grounds upon which
motions for reconsideration may be granted; they are (1) an intervening change in controlling law,
(2) the availability of new evidence not previously available, or (3) the need to correct a clear
error of law or prevent manifest injustice." In re C-TC 9th Ave. P'ship, 182 B.R. at 3 (citation
omitted). "[A] motion to reconsider should not be granted where the moving party seeks solely to
re[-]litigate an issue already decided." Shrader, 70 F.3d at 257.
Here, there is no intervening change in controlling law, nor is there new evidence not
previously available. Therefore, Plaintiff's motion for reconsideration is seeking to prevent
manifest injustice. Plaintiff asserts that the Court inadvertently missed her alternative claim for
relief, leave to serve a late Notice of Claim with respect to her claims for violations of New York
Human Rights Law. Dkt. No. 17-1 at 4. Plaintiff claims that the Court failed to consider
remanding these claims so that Plaintiff could seek leave to serve a late Notice of Claim. Id.
The Court agrees that remand, rather than dismissal, of Plaintiff's New York Human
Rights Law claims is appropriate. While the parties debate whether Plaintiff is entitled to request
leave to file a late notice of claim, that is ultimately a question that this Court cannot decide. See
Henneberger v. Cty. of Nassau, 465 F. Supp. 2d 176, 200 (E.D.N.Y. 2006). As the Court noted in
its decision, courts have applied the notice of claim requirement strictly and have dismissed
actions for a plaintiff's failure to comply, Croci v. Town of Haverstraw, 175 F. Supp. 3d 373, 388
(S.D.N.Y. 2016) (quoting Hardy v. N.Y. City Health & Hosp. Corp., 164 F.3d 789, 793-94 (2d
Cir. 1999)), however, Plaintiff's attempt to seek an extension presents a question reserved for the
New York state courts. Henneberger, 465 F. Supp. 2d at 200. Indeed, some state courts appear
to have granted plaintiffs extensions regarding claims brought pursuant to Town Law § 67 despite
not stating specifically that Town Law § 67 was the operative statute. See Flynn v. Town of
Oyster Bay, 256 A.D.2d 341 (2d Dep't 1998); Guarneri v. Town of Oyster Bay, 224 A.D.2d 695,
695 (2d Dep't 1996); Andreyev v. Town of Babylon, 28 A.D.3d 653 (2d Dep't 2006). Thus,
Plaintiff's motion to reconsider is granted.
Scope of Remand
Defendants' opposition to Plaintiff's motion to remand seeks clarification as to the extent
of remand regarding Plaintiff's state law claims. Dkt. No. 18 at 7. The Court notes that all parties
have expressed an interest to have all claims litigated together. See Dkt. No. 9-5 at 2; Dkt. No. 11
at 4. However, the Court is unaware of any authority, and the parties do not present any,
indicating that it may remand only a single issue to the state court. Indeed, 28 U.S.C. § 1447 only
discusses remanding a "case" not an issue or motion. Further, the parties do not present the Court
with any authority that the Court may reinstate its jurisdiction after remanding a case. Thus,
Plaintiff's state law claims are remanded in their entirety.
However, it is within the Court's discretion to "impose a stay, sua sponte, pending
resolution of the notice of claim issue in the state court to avoid confusion and duplicate effort."
MS by Cassavell-Sivere v. Rye Neck Union Free Sch. Dist., No. 18-CV-8283, 2019 WL 2071114,
*3 (S.D.N.Y. May 10, 2019) (citing Brown v. Metro. Transp. Auth., 717 F. Supp. 257, 261
(S.D.N.Y. 1989)). Similarly, it is within the Court's discretion to consider a motion to amend the
complaint following remand in order to reconsider the exercise of supplemental jurisdiction. See
Hudson United Bank v. LiTenda Mortg. Corp., 142 F.3d 151, 160 (3d Cir. 1998); Wilson v.
Dallas Cty. Hosp. Dist., 715 Fed. Appx. 319, 324 (5th Cir. 2017); Fillmore v. Brush Wellman,
Inc., No. 3:03CV7477, 2004 WL 527167, *1 (N.D. Ohio Feb. 5, 2004).
As the parties have a expressed an interest in litigating these issues together, the Court will
impose a stay sua sponte pending the resolution of the notice of claim issue in the state court. At
which point, Plaintiff may amend her complaint to include her state law claims. Plaintiff should
discuss with Defendants whether Defendants would be willing to waive any potential statute of
limitation defense regarding Plaintiff's state law claims should she choose to dismiss her action in
state court and then bring her state law claims in an amended complaint, thereby avoiding the
parallel litigation that both parties have expressed interest in avoiding.
After carefully reviewing the entire record in this matter, the parties' submissions and the
applicable law, the Court hereby
ORDERS that Plaintiff's motion for reconsideration (Dkt. No. 17) is GRANTED; and the
ORDERS that Plaintiff's New York Human Rights Law claims are REMANDED; and
the Court further
ORDERS that the Clerk of the Court shall serve a copy of this Memorandum-Decision
and Order on the parties in accordance with the Local Rules.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: July 16, 2021
Albany, New York
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