Wilson v. Langford
ORDER: ORDERED that petitioner's motion for a preliminary injunction (Dkt. No. 19 ) is DENIED. Signed by Senior Judge Gary L. Sharpe on 12/16/16. (served on petitioner by regular mail) (alh, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
DEWAYNE ROY WILSON,
DEWAYNE ROY WILSON
Petitioner, pro se
Ray Brook Federal Correctional Institution
P.O. Box 900
Ray Brook, NY 12977
HON. RICHARD HARTUNIAN
United States Attorney
Attorney for Respondent
P.O. Box 7198
100 South Clinton Street
Syracuse, NY 13261-7198
CHARLES E. ROBERTS
Assistant United States Attorney
GARY L. SHARPE
Senior United States District Judge
Petitioner Dewayne Roy Wilson filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to
28 U.S.C. §2241 in which he argues that the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) failed to properly
calculate his sentence by giving him credit for 102 days of prior custody. See Dkt. No. 1,
Petition. The respondent answered the petition, and petitioner filed a reply. Dkt. No. 6,
Response to Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus, Dkt. Nos. 6-1 through 6-3, Exhibits; Dkt.
No. 7, Memorandum of Law in Support of Petitioner's Application for Relief Pursuant to 28
U.S.C. §2241; Dkt. No. 7-1 through 7-3, Exhibits.
Petitioner has now filed a document captioned "Motion for Preliminary Injunction
Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(a)." Dkt. No. 19 at 1-6. 1 He also filed a supporting affidavit
and exhibits. Dkt. No. 19 at 7-9, "Affidavit of DeWayne Roy Wilson In Support of His Motion
for Preliminary Injunction Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(a);" 10-16, Exhibits. In the motion,
petitioner argues that prison officials violated his First Amendment and due process rights by
interfering with his ability to pursue administrative remedies. Dkt. No. 19 at 4-6. He seeks a
"preliminary injunction" against Warden Breckon and other prison officials to stop them from
"violating" his right to use the grievance process, and from retaliating against him for
attempting to pursue administrative remedies. See Dkt. No. 19, Motion at 2-3. Petitioner
also states that counselor "Gilbert hindered the adequate processing of outgoing certified
mail to the U.S. Court of Appeals." Id. at 5. He claims his "Writ of Mandamus" was
dismissed as a result of Gilbert's actions, constituting a denial of access to the courts. Id.
In his affidavit, petitioner explains that on or about August 23, 2016, he was placed in
"the S.H.U." based on his "custody level points." Dkt. No. 19 at 7. He filed an administrative
remedy on or about August 25, 2016, in which he complained about the involvement of
Officers T. Caron and C. Hogg in the "loss of property and destruction of religious items[.]"
Id. He claims that the Administrative Remedy Coordinator did not receive his papers until
November 15, 2016, and rejected them as untimely "when this was not the case," because
"prison officials had failed to process [his] Administrative Remedies to deter [his] complaints."
The cited page numbers refer to those generated by the Court's electronic filing system (ECF).
Id. at 8. Petitioner further claims he was released from S.H.U. on August 25, 2016, but lost
his job as a form of retaliation for filing administrative remedies. Id. He also states another
inmate advised him officers were angry with him, and he should "stop writing officers up." Id.
at 9. On or about November 17, 2016, petitioner states Unit Manager Bolt told him, "I know
you like to write a lot, and my advise to you is to make sure you are right about your claims."
Id. at 9. He claims he is "concerned about any plans" Bolt "may have in the future and [he]
brought this to the attention of the psychology staff." Id.
Petitioner's request for a preliminary injunction is denied. Injunctive relief is an
"extraordinary and drastic remedy" that should not be granted as a routine matter. Munaf v.
Green, 553 U.S. 674, 689-90 (2008) (citation omitted). A party seeking injunctive relief must
ordinarily show "(1) irreparable harm; and (2) either (a) a likelihood of success on the merits
or (b) sufficiently serious questions going to the merits to make them a fair grounds for
litigation and a balance of hardships tipping decidedly in the movant's favor." Lynch v. City of
New York, 589 F.3d 94, 98 (2d Cir. 2009) (quoting Plaza Health Labs., Inc. v. Perales, 878
F.2d 577, 580 (2d Cir. 1989)); see Munaf, 553 U.S. at 690 ("a party seeking a preliminary
injunction must demonstrate, among other things, 'a likelihood of success on the merits.'")
(quoting Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao do Vegetal , 546 U.S. 418, 428
(2006)) (further citations omitted).
Injunctive relief does not sound in habeas corpus because the only relief available in a
habeas corpus action is release from custody. See, e.g., Nelson v. Campbell, 541 U.S. 637,
643 (2004) ("constitutional claims that merely challenge the conditions of a prisoner's
confinement, whether the inmate seeks monetary or injunctive relief, fall outside of that core
[of habeas relief] and may be brought pursuant to §1983 in the first instance."). In any event,
most the claims raised in petitioner's motion and affidavit, and the relief he seeks, are not
related to the claims in his amended habeas petition in which he challenges the BOP's
calculation of his sentence. Rivers v. Costello, No. 9:08-CV-0107 (TJM/RFT), 2009 WL
1707119 at *2 (N.D.N.Y. Jun. 17, 2009); Chavis v. Ryan, No. 9:05-CV-0100 (FJS), 2007 W L
446440 at *1-2 (N.D.N.Y. Feb. 7, 2007). The one exception is his argument that Counselor
Gilbert did not adequately process his mail, and that as a result, a writ of mandamus he sent
to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals was dismissed. Dkt. No. 19 at 5. The Court notes
that the writ of mandamus was not dismissed without adjudication by the Second Circuit. On
December 7, 2016, the Second Circuit issued a Mandate in which the court denied
petitioner's writ of mandamus without prejudice to renewal if the "district court fails to take
action" on his pending habeas petition "within six months." Dkt. No. 18, Mandate.
Further, except in limited circumstances that are not relevant here, a court may not
order injunctive relief as to non-parties to an action. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(d); Chavis, 2007
WL 446440 at *2. With the exception of Warden Breckon, petitioner requests an order
enjoining prison officials from interfering with his attempts to file grievances pending
resolution of his habeas petition. Dkt. No. 19 at 1-7. But m ost of the people he names are
not parties to the underlying habeas proceeding. Thus, this Court may not issue an
injunction in this action with respect to any actions of those parties. See Ariola v. LaClair,
No. 9:07-CV-0057 (GLS), 2007 W L 1026365 at *1 (N.D.N.Y. Apr. 2, 2007) (denying motion
for a preliminary injunction against the New York State Division of Parole because the relief
sought was unrelated to the grounds set forth in the habeas petition, and the Division of
Parole was not a party to the habeas action). Petitioner also has not show n irreparable
harm, as he must in order to obtain an injunction. Lynch, 589 F.3d at 98.
Finally, claims related to conditions of confinement, including access to mail, use of
the administrative grievance process and retaliation claims, are more properly brought in a
civil rights action pursuant to Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Fed. Bureau of
Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971). See, e.g., Nelson, 541 U.S. at 643. If petitioner wants to
challenge the conditions of his confinement, including claims that prison officials are
preventing him from pursuing administrative remedies or grievances and subjecting him to
retaliation, he may not do so in this case. Instead, he may file a separate Bivens action to
pursue any challenge to the conditions of his confinement.2
WHEREFORE, it is
ORDERED that petitioner's motion for a preliminary injunction (Dkt. No. 19) is
DENIED; and it is
ORDERED that the Clerk serve a copy of this decision and order upon the parties in
accordance with the Local Rules.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
December 16, 2016
Albany, New York
"Bivens created a cause of action for damages caused by unconstitutional acts of federal agents acting
under color of their federal authority." Hallock v. Bonner, 567 F. Supp. 2d 334, 337 (N.D.N.Y. 2008); see Thomas
v. Ashcroft, 470 F.3d 491, 496 (2d Cir. 2006) (Bivens causes of action must allege a deprivation of a constitutionally
protected right by federal agents acting under federal authority.). For instance, Bivens actions may include claims
that prison officials conspired or retaliated against a federal prisoner. See Willis v. Nally, No. 9:04-CV-1176
(DNH/RFT), 2009 WL 1044595 at *1 (N.D.N.Y. Apr. 20, 2009) (Bivens suit alleging, among other things, that
defendant prison officials conspired to retaliate against the plaintiff by filing false incident report against him); Mumin
v. Johnson, No. 1:07-CV-4973, 2008 WL 976268 at *3 (E.D.N.Y. Apr. 9, 2008) (liberally construing a plaintiff's claim
that prison official defendants retaliated against him for filing grievances and lawsuits and violated his constitutional
rights in processing his grievances under Bivens ("the equivalent of 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action for federal prisoners")).
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