Lanier v. Lee
DECISION AND ORDER: ORDERED, that Petitioners Letter Motion (Dkt. No. 8) is DENIED. Signed by Senior Judge Lawrence E. Kahn on 3/8/17. (served on petitioner by regular mail)(alh, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
DECISION AND ORDER
Petitioner Shateek Lanier filed a motion to stay his pending petition for a writ of habeas
corpus. Dkt. No. 8 (“Letter Motion”); see also Dkt. No. 1 (“Petition”). According to his
submission, Petitioner retained counsel to assist him with filing a state-court motion, pursuant to
New York Criminal Procedure Law (“CPL”) section 440.10, seeking to vacate his conviction.
Letter Mot. at 1–2.1 He now asks the Court to stay this action pending the outcome of the CPL
section 440.10 motion. Id. at 1. Petitioner’s Letter Motion is denied.
When a district court is presented with a “mixed petition” containing both exhausted and
unexhausted claims, it may dismiss the petition without prejudice or retain jurisdiction over the
petition and stay further proceedings pending exhaustion of state remedies. Rhines v. Weber, 544
U.S. 269, 275–76 (2005). This “stay and abeyance” procedure is only available where the
petitioner can show (1) “good cause” for failing to “exhaust his claims first in state court” and (2)
that his unexhausted claims are not “plainly meritless.” Id. at 277.
The cited page numbers refer to those generated by the Court’s electronic filing system
(“ECF”). The CPL section 440.10 motion appears to have been filed on February 17, 2017. Letter
Mot. at 2. Counsel was apparently retained for purposes of litigating only the CPL section 440.10
motion. Id. Petitioner is proceeding pro se in this Court.
Petitioner did not identify what issues he raised in the CPL section 440.10 motion,
making it impossible for this Court to determine whether they are part of his pending federal
habeas petition. Letter Mot. If the issues in his CPL motion are not part of the Petition, the
Petition is not “mixed” with respect to those issues, and a stay to permit exhaustion is
inappropriate. Rhines, 544 U.S. at 277; Mills v. Girdich, No. 03-CV-341, 2008 WL 4371362,
at *1 (W.D.N.Y. Sept. 17, 2008); Hall v. Conway, No. 04-CV-6011, 2008 WL 2559371, at *1
(W.D.N.Y. June 23, 2008).2 Additionally, Petitioner has not provided any basis for the Court to
find good cause for his failure to exhaust the unidentified issues sooner, and he has not explained
why the issues are not plainly meritless. Letter Mot.
In sum, Petitioner has not made the required showing to warrant a stay, and his motion is
Accordingly, it is hereby:
ORDERED, that Petitioner’s Letter Motion (Dkt. No. 8) is DENIED; and it is further
ORDERED, that the Clerk of the Court shall serve copies of this Decision and Order on
the parties in accordance with the Local Rules.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
March 08, 2017
Albany, New York
Petitioner has not moved to amend his Petition to include any new claims. Cf., e.g.,
Hall, 2008 WL 2559371, at *1–2 (noting amendment of the petition and a subsequent motion for
a stay as the proper procedure for such unexhausted claims).
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