Bourne Co. v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation et al
DECLARATION of Jeremiah Horan in Support re: 28 MOTION for Summary Judgment.. Document filed by Bourne Co.. (Fakler, Paul)
Bourne Co. v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation et al
Ross Charap (RG2584) Paul M Fakler (PF-0249)
Julie Stark OS-8925)
Amnda J. Schaffer (AS-2004) MOSES & SINGER LLP 405 Lexington Avenue
New York, New
A tt for Plaintff Bou Ca
UNTED STATES DISTRCl COURT
SOUIRNDISTRCl OF NEW
07 Civ. 8580 (DAB)
TWNTETH śNTY FOX FILM
CORPORATION, FOX BROADCATING FOX śNTY COMPAN, TWNTETH
DECLARTION OF JEREMIAH HORA
TELEVISION, INC, TWNTETH śNTY
FOX HOME ENTRTAINMNT, INC, FUZZY
DOOR PRODUCfONS, INC, TI CATOON MACFARAN, WALTER MUHY,
NETWORK, INC, SETH
1. I handle licensing and copyrghts at Bourne Co. ("Bourne") and, as such, I am fully
famiar with the facts set forth in this declaration and the documents attached hereto. I submit this
declaration in support of Boure's Motion for Summry Judgment on Liabilty and in Opposition to
Defendants' Motion for Summry Judgment on Fair Use.
Discovery of the Infringement
2. Typically, when we reject a license request, we monitor the requesting part or
program to be sure that our song is not used without our permssion. In the case of "I Need a Jew"
("Jew") from the episode of the animted television series "Famiy Guy" entitled "When You Wish
Upon a Weinstein" (the "Episode"), the Episode did not air until several years after we rejected the
license request. Consequently, we would not have been monitorig Famiy Guy for the rejected use
at the time the Episode was finally released.
3. In March of 2007, Jonathan Stone, a Boume employee alerted me and the President
of Bourne, Marco Berrocal, to a You Tube video of the performnce of "Jew". Upon hearig "Jew"
we knew instantly the song was a copy of "Star" with anti-Semitic lyrcs that were lily
to offend a
broad section of the general public.
4. The company imediately began researchig whether it had issued a license for
"Jew." We checked our computer files and our paper back-up files for a license for this use.
5. We also directed a music editor from one of our subsidiaries, Wilam Ryden, to
perform a musicological comparion of "Star" and "Jew."
6. After conducting these inquies we concluded that "Jew" was indeed an unlicensed
7. We then researched the extent to which the Episode and "Jew" had been broadcast,
distributed or otherwse exploited. We learned that in addition to being broadcast on the Cartoon
Network several times and once on Fox, the Episode had been released on DVD and was enjoyig
8. We then contacted our attorney, Thoma Levy, to discuss our next steps.
9. On June 21, 2007, Mr. Levy sent a letter to Fox on our behalf in which he notified
Fox that "Jew" is an unlicensed copy
of "Star," and demaded that Fox cease and desist all
exploitation of the Episode and "Jew." Mr. Levy also demanded an accounting for all exploitation
of the Episode and "Jew," demanded acknowledgment of receipt of our letter, and inormed Fox
that Bourne intended to seek legal redress if our demads were not met.
10. Fox initially began settlement discussions, but repeatedly delayed providing any
substantive responses or proposals. After a series of such delays, and at a point where we were no
longer getting any responses from Fox, Bourne filed its Complaint against the Defendants on
The Reputation and Value of Star
11. "Star" is one of the most famous songs in the world. It is considered a standard and
is licensed worldwide for television, fil, commercials, musical recordings, live performnces and
other uses. It is one of the "crown jewels" of the Boume music publishing catalogue and a valuable
source of licensing income for Bourne. Star has been recorded by
well over 100 different recording
12. Synchronition licenses (or "synch" licenses) are licenses for the use of songs in
audiovisual works such as fil, television shows, commercial. Synch licenses frequentlyalso include
the riht to ditribute the audioviua work in various audioviual formts includig DVDs. The fees
generated from synch licensing make up a substatial part of the income generated by
a clasic song
associated with a particular
such as "Star," particularly
when the song becomes famous and widely
theme, such as "Star's" association with wholesomeness and sweetness.
13. Bourne also frequently licenses" Star" for use in comedy programs, including when
the song is used in sketches for comedic effect. Consequently,there is an establihed market for
comedic synchroniation uses of "Star." Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a true and correct copy
of a samplig of synchronition licenses we have issued for our songs for use in television
comedies or for other comedic purposes.
14. For example, we licensed "Star" for use in an episode of "Prietime Glick" where
Chevy Chase impersonated Jimy Cricket singing" Star." See Exh. A
15. We also licensed "Star" to NBC for use in various episodes of Saturday Night Live
over the course of several years for use in comedy sketches. See Exh. A
16. We have also licensed "Star" for use in several television sitcoms, including, "The
Super Dave Osborne Show," "Perfect Strangers" and "WKRP in CIcIrati." See Exh. A
17. We also license many
of our other songs for comedic uses. Examples of comedic
motion pictures and videos that have featured our songs are: "Click," "Anger Management,"
"Gremls," "Greedy," "Shrek the Third," "Son of the Mask," "Heartbreak Kid," "Alvin and the
Chipmun" and a music video of "Crazy Frog." Examples of television sitcoms that have licensed
our other songs include: "Da Ali G Show," "The Office (BBC Version)," "Archie Bunr's Place,"
"Al In the Famiy," "Maude," "Famiy Ties," "The Cosby
Show," "Newhart," "Laverne and
Shirley," "M'°A'°'S'°'H," "Different Strokes," "The Jeffersons," "Who's The Boss," "Mork &
"Ful House," "Dharm & Greg," "Rhoda," "Happy Days," "The Odd Couple," "Cheers" and
"Marred With Children." See Exh. A.
18. The comedic use of a song in synchronization with an audiovisual work can and
often does include contrasting the lyrcs and theme of the song with the visuals playig on screen for
a humorous effect.
example, we licensed "Some Day
Price Wil Come" and "Whistle While You
Work" to the Carol Burnett Show for use in a comedy sketch about Snow White in which the
audience revisits the fair tale pricess at the castle fifteen years after marrg her fair tale price.
She and her iconic regalia are bedraggled and worse for wear and she is scrubbing floors while
singing "Some Day My Price Wil Come" contrasting the drudgery
of her lie with the theme of
hopefulness in the song. Durig the sketch Bashful the dwarf comes to visit and makes amorous
advances towards her after whitlig the tUe of "Whistle While You Work." The price is
portrayed throughout as effemiate and wholly disinterested in Snow White and in the end of the
sketch when he chooses to die rather than kiss her, she flees her lie of drudgery with BashfuL. See
20. We licensed "Unforgettable" -- another of our "crown jewels" -- for use on
"America's Funiest Home Videos" where the song was played durig a visual montage of funy
home videos featurig children, pets and adults in memorable but extremely silly situations relating
to the lyrcs of the song. See Exh. A
21. We also licensed "Unforgettable" for use in an amusing Heineken beer commerciaL.
For that use, our song plays in the background while a man and a woman are drig Heineken
beer. She takes a sip from his glass, leaving him with less than her, and when she turns her head, he
humorously 11 corrects 11 the sitution by switching their glasses. See Exh. A
22. On another occasion, we licensed "Unforgettable" for a scene in an episode of the
sitcom "Wil & Grace" in which two of the pricipal characters, Karen and Jack, reflect on their
lives together and suddenly break into an exaggerated, Las Vegas lounge-stye rendition of the song.
23. We licensed "Black
Magic Woman," for use in a number of episodes of VHl's "I
Love the 70's," including one in which the song was played durg a segment featurg the horror
movie "Carre," and another in which it was played durg a segment about the breakup of the
Beatles -- a clear joke on the "evil" inluence of Y oko Ono on the band. See Exh. A
24. There is also an established market for derivative works licenses to change the lyrcs
to popular songs and we most certainly issue these tyes of licenses as long as we are comfortable
that the use wi not harm the value of the song by, for example, creating negative associations with
the song in the mid of the public.
25. For example, Boure issued a synch license for a derivative work consisting of
changed lyrcs for the song" Are You Lonesome Tonight" for use in the movie comedy" Game
Plan." In that fil, the star, Duane "The Rock" Johnson sings the song in a funy manner to lure
his pouting daughter our of her locked room, while the famiy dog howls at the singing
performnce. He changes the song's original lyrcs half way
through to joke about his attempt to
cheer his daughter up. See Exh. A
26. We also licensed a lyrc change derivative work for the song "On the Good Ship
Lollipop" for use in the motion picture" Child Star-The Shirley Temple Story." See Exh. A
27. Although "Star" has not yet been licensed in this way, Bourne certainly
a comedic or satirc use of "Star" with lyrc changes so long as the derivative work did not tarnish or
harm the public's association of "Star" with its theme of wholesome hopefulness and reward.
28. Indeed, Bourne has licensed several songs for comedic use on Famiy Guy in scenes
depicting or discussing various ireverent or provocative themes.
29. For example, we licensed "Unforgettable" for use in a Famiy Guy scene where a
very drunk Peter confesses to the famiy dog, Brian, that he loves him more than his wie Lois.
Brian and Peter then break into song, singing "Unforgettable" over a visual of them that mimics the
famous Natalie/Nat King Cole video from the late 90's. See Exh. A
30. We licensed "On The Good Ship Lollpop" for use in a Famiy Guy scene in which
evil baby Stewie sings the song to exploit the adorable and endearig association it has in the mid
of the public. Everyone is so captivated by Stewie's performnce of this classic song that they fail to
see that his luggage is loaded with firearm, explosives and other weaponry as it passes through the
x-ray machines. See Exh. A
31. We licensed "Popcorn" for a Famiy Guy scene in which 70s celebrity Charo gytes
and sings a breathy interpretation of the instrumental as a guest on the Merv Grifin show while
Merv is "popping" pils, which are presumbly ilcit. See Exh. A
32. We licensed "Witch Doctor" for use in a Famiy Guy scene in which Quagmie
comments on gay marrage by makig a pun about intercoure and the breaks into his trademarked
laughter which devolves into the nonsensical choru of "Witch Doctor." See Exh. A
33. As should be clear from the above examples, Bourne does not object to licensing its
songs for comedy, includig ireverent or "edgy" comedy.
34. Defendants' particular use of "Star," however, is precisely
the kid of highly
offensive comedic content and lyrc change we would not want associated with "Star."
35. If television shows and other simar potential licensees were allowed to use Star
without payig for a license, as Defendants did, the cumulative loss in license fees would obviously
cause harm to the market for Star.
36. Such unlicensed comedic uses would also compete with and substitute for our
licensed comedic uses.
37. For example, at any given point in time, there are only so many comedic uses for
"Star" that wi be made. If one network sitcom, for example, were to use "Star" as part of a joke on
the show durig a given season, a competing sitcom would avoid using "Star" so as not to appear as
though they were copyig the firt show. That second sitcom, which would have paid a license fee,
wi now choose another song to include in the show. In other words, every
time "Star" is used
without a license, one less licensed use of "Star" may be made and that is one less license fee that we
wi earn. Also, unlicensed programs and movies using "Stat' would compete directly
substitute for our licensed programs and movies when distributed in the DVD and other home
I declare under penalty of pe~ur that the foregoing is true and correct.
Executed on May 22, 2008, at New York, NY.
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