Wultz et al v. Bank of China Limited
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER re: 380 MOTION for Reconsideration re; 364 Memorandum & Opinion, filed by Bank of China Limited. For the foregoing reasons, BOC's motion for reconsideration of the October 25 Order is granted in part. The Clerk of Court is directed to close this motion (Dkt. No. 380). (Signed by Judge Shira A. Scheindlin on 11/19/2013) (cd)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
SHERYL WULTZ, individually, as personal
representative of the Estate of Daniel Wultz,
and as the natural guardian of plaintiff
Abraham Leonard Wultz; YEKUTIEL
WULTZ, individually, as personal
representative of the Estate of Daniel Wultz,
and as the natural guardian of plaintiff
Abraham Leonard Wultz; AMANDA
WULTZ; and ABRAHAM LEONARD
WULTZ, minor, by his next friends and
guardians Sheryl Wultz and Yekutiel Wultz,
OPINION AND ORDER
11 Civ. 1266 (SAS)
- againstBANK OF CHINA LIMITED,
SHIRA A. SCHEINDLIN, U.S.D.J.:
This Court issued an Opinion and Order on October 25, 2013 ('"the
October 25 Order") granting in part and denying in part plaintiffs' motion to
compel defendant Bank of China ("BOC") to produce documents it withheld as
privileged. I On November 6, 2013, BOC filed a motion for limited reconsideration
of the October 25 Order.2 First, BOC asks the Court to "reconsider its finding that
the Bank may not claim privilege over its post-demand letter investigations.,,3
Second, BOC asks the Court to revise its holding as to the application of Chinese
privilege law to documents dated prior to plaintiffs' demand letter to state that
American privilege law should apply to documents pertaining to "other U.S.-based
legal matters" unrelated to the present litigation. 4 Finally, BOC asks the Court to
clarifY whether the October 25 Order holds that BOC cannot assert privilege over
any document if it is unable to provide information pertaining to its "individual
authors and recipients," even if there are other indicia ofprivilege. 5 For the
following reasons, BOC's motion is granted in part.
See Wultz v. Bank o/China, No. 11 Civ. 1266,2013 WL 5797114, at
(S.D.N.Y. Oct. 25, 2013). Familiarity with the facts and procedural history of
the case is presumed.
See 1116/13 Bank of China Limited's Memorandum of Law in
Support of Its Motion for Reconsideration of the Court's Opinion and Order
Entered on October 28,2013 ("BOC Mem."), at 1. BOC refers to the October 25
Order as the October 28 Order because the parties did not receive notice of filing
until October 28, 2013. I will continue to refer to it by the filing date, which was
October 25, 2013.
Id. at 5.
Id. at 6.
The standard for granting a motion for reconsideration pursuant to
Local Rule 6.3 is strict. "Reconsideration will generally be denied unless the
moving party can point to controlling decisions or data that the court overlooked
matters, in other words, that might reasonably be expected to alter the conclusion
reached by the court."6 "Reconsideration of a court's previous order is an
'extraordinary remedy to be employed sparingly in the interests of finality and
conservation of scarce judicial resources.",7 Typical grounds for reconsideration
include "an intervening change of controlling law, the availability of new evidence,
or the need to correct a clear error or prevent manifest injustice."g
Documents Pertaining to Internal Investigation
In the October 25 Order, I held that BOC may not claim attorney-
client privilege or work-product protection over documents concerning
"investigations into the allegations of plaintiffs' demand letter" because I
Shrader v. CSX Transp., Inc., 70 F.3d 255,257 (2d Cir. 1995).
Ojiv. Yonkers Police Dep't, No. 12Civ.8125,2013WL4935588,at
*1 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 11,2013) (quoting Parrish v. Sollecito, 253 F. Supp. 2d 713,
715 (S.D.N.Y. 2003».
Virgin Atl. Airways, Ltd. v. National Mediation Ed., 956 F.2d 1245,
1255 (2d Cir. 1992) (quotation omitted).
previously held that the investigation undertaken by John Beauchemin, the Chief
Compliance Office ofBOC's New York Branch proceeded "without the
involvement of any counsel, and not for the purpose of obtaining legal assistance."Y
BOC asks the Court to reconsider this holding, because the Beauchemin
investigation does not represent the full scope ofBOC's internal investigation into
plaintiffs' demand letter. 10 Rather, BOC describes the internal investigation as
"global in nature," involving the New York branch, the Head Office's Legal and
Compliance Department, and outside counsel, including K&L Gates. ll
BOC's request is hereby granted for the limited purpose of explaining
that BOC may assert attorney-client privilege or work-product protection over
those documents pertaining to its internal investigation provided it can satisfy its
burden of establishing that the privilege or protection is appropriate. I will stress
again that neither attorney-client privilege nor work-product protection applies "to
'an internal corporate investigation ... made by management itself. ",12 To assert
Wultz, 2013 WL 5797114, at *9 (quoting Wultz v. Bank ofChina, No.
11 Civ. 1266,2013 WL 1453258, at * 12 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 9, 2013)).
See BOC Mem. at 2-5.
Id. at 2.
Wultz, 2013 WL 5797114, at *9 (quoting In re Grand Jury Subpoena,
599 F. 2d 504, 511 (2d Cir. 1979)).
privilege over any documents pertaining to the internal investigation into plaintiffs'
demand letter, BOC must show that the communications were made as part of an
internal investigation that proceeded at the direction of counsel for the purpose of
obtaining legal advice.
Documents Pertaining to Other U.S. Legal Matters
In the October 25 Order, I held that Chinese privilege law governs 1)
documents dated prior to plaintiffs' demand letter of January 23, 2008, and 2)
documents dated after the demand letter that do not pertain to its allegations. 13
BOC asks that the Court reconsider its holding "to the extent that it deems Chinese
privilege law to apply to documents located in China that, while not connected
with the instant litigation, do concern other U.S.-based legal matters.,,14
"Communications relating to legal proceedings in the United States or
communications providing advice on American law ... 'touch base' with the
United States and should be governed by American privilege law."15 BOC's
request is granted in order to clarify that American privilege law applies to all
communications that properly "touch base" with U.S. legal matters, even if those
See id at *7.
BOC Mem. at 5.
Wultz, 2013 WL 5797114, at *5 (quoting Gucci America, Inc. v.
Guess?, Inc., 271 F.R.D. 58,66-70 (S.D.N.Y. 2010».
matters are unrelated to the present litigation.
Documents Without Information about Individual Authors or
In the October 25 Order, I held that BOC's privilege logs were
insufficient because they failed to, among other things, identifY individual authors
and recipients and provide information as to whether the communications provided
legal advice or business advice. 16 I ordered BOC to produce "amended [privilege J
logs [whichJmust provide adequate information about the individual authors and
recipients, as well as a basis for claiming either attorney-client privilege or workproduct protection consistent with this Order."17
BOC explains that because the "Legal and Compliance Department of
BOC's Head Office ... frequently made use of group email accounts," those
communications may lack "metadata that can be indexed on a privilege log as to
the individual author, sender, or recipient."18 BOC asks the Court to clarify
whether the October 25 Order mandates the production of such documents, which
may "reveal the substance of confidential communications between BOC and its
counsel, including licensed attorneys," or whether BOC may "clarifY on its
See id at *9-10.
[d. at * 10.
BOC Mem. at 6.
privilege log why, notwithstanding the absence of that metadata," the
communication should be treated as privileged. 19
"The burden of establishing the existence of an attorney-client
privilege, in all of its elements, rests with the party asserting it.,,20 The party
asserting the privilege also bears the burden of showing that the privilege has not
been waived. 21 The October 25 Order does not create a per se rule that any
communication where an individual author or recipient is not identified must be
produced. However, BOC bears the burden of establishing all of the elements of
attorney-client privilege, including that the communication was made with a
licensed attorney.22 BOC must also establish that the privilege was not waived
for example, by disclosure to a third party recipient on the group mailing list. 23
Id. at 6-7.
In re Grand Jury Proceedings, 219 F. 3d 175, 182 (2d Cir. 2000)
(quoting United States v. International Bhd of Teamsters, 119 F.3d 210, 214 (2d
Cir. 1997)) (some quotation marks omitted).
See, e.g., International Bhd of Teamsters, 119 F .3d at 214 (holding
that the party asserting attorney-client privilege bears the burden of establishing
each element of the privilege, including that the "protection" has not been waived).
See Wultz, 2013 WL 5797114, at *8-9. See also Anwar v. Fairfield
Greenwich Ltd, No. 09 Civ. 0118,2013 WL 6043928, at *9 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 8,
See In re Horowitz, 482 F.2d 72,81 (2d Cir. 1973) ("[DJisclosure to a
third party by the party of a communication with his attorney eliminates whatever
privilege the communication may have originally possessed.").
While disclosure to a third party is not an automatic waiver ofprivilege,24 BOC
must provide enough information on its log to allow plaintiffs and the Court to
make a determination as to whether the document is properly withheld. The mere
assertion that communications came from a group email address used by a
department that included licensed lawyers is not sufficient.
For the foregoing reasons, BOC's motion for reconsideration of the
October 25 Order is granted in part. The Clerk of Court is directed to close this
motion (Dkt. No. 380).
New York, New York
November 1)5, 2013
See United States v. Mejia, 655 F.3d 126, 134 (2d Cir. 2011) ("The
existence of a third party somewhere along the line of communication 'does not
destroy the privilege if the purpose of the third party's participation is to improve
the comprehension of the communications between attorney and client. "') (quoting
United States v. Ackert, 169 F.3d 136,139 (2d Cir. 1999)).
David Boies, Esq.
Lee S. Wolosky, Esq.
Steven 1. Froot, Esq.
Marilyn C. Kunstler, Esq.
Jaime Sneider, Esq.
Boies, Schiller & Flexner LLP
575 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10022
Mitchell R. Berger, Esq.
Patton Boggs LLP (DC)
2550 M Street, N. W.
Washington, D.C. 20037
Zachary Carter, Esq.
Lanier Saperstein, Esq.
William G. Primps, Esq.
Neil McDonell, Esq.
Eric Epstein, Esq.
Daniel Goldberger, Esq.
H. Alex Iliff, Esq.
Geoffrey Sant, Esq.
Dorsey & Whitney LLP
51 West 52nd Street
New York, NY 10019
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