Royal Park Investments SA/NV v. U.S. Bank National Association
ORDER denying 396 Letter Motion to Stay. For the foregoing reasons, Royal Parks request for a stay (Dkt. 396) is DENIED. SO ORDERED. (Signed by Magistrate Judge Robert W. Lehrburger on 8/13/2018) Copies Faxed By Chambers. (ama)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
ROYAL PARK INVESTMENTS SA/NV,
individually and on behalf of all others similarly :
- against :
U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, as
14 Civ. 2590 (VM) (RWL)
ORDER DENYING STAY
ROBERT W. LEHRBURGER, United States Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiff Royal Park Investments SA/NV (“Royal Park”) requests a stay of further
proceedings in this residential mortgage-backed securities (“RMBS”) case.
reasons set forth below, the request is DENIED.
This case has been the subject of several prior decisions. Familiarity with the facts
from those decisions is presumed. For present purposes, the following background is
Royal Park brought this action on behalf of itself and a putative class of investors
in the RMBS held by 21 separate trusts. Defendant U.S. Bank National Association (“U.S.
Bank”) is the trustee of those trusts. Royal Park claims that U.S. Bank breached its
contractual and fiduciary obligations by failing to enforce its rights to require the RMBS
issuers to repurchase defective loans underlying the securities.
backed by more than 86,000 residential mortgages.
The securities are
Royal Park bases its request for a stay on two pending decisions, one involving
class action status, and the other discovery. On July 10, 2018, the Honorable Victor
Marrero, United States District Judge, issued an order denying class certification (the
“Class Decision”). Shortly thereafter, Royal Park petitioned the Second Circuit pursuant
to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23(f), which provides that the Court of Appeals may
consider a Rule 23 decision on an interlocutory appeal. On July 9, 2018, following
extensive briefing and argument, this Court granted a protective order against the parties
engaging in expert sampling discovery (the “Protective Order”). On July 23, 2018, Royal
Park filed objections to the Protective Order with Judge Marrero.
Royal Park contends that a stay is justified at this juncture because potential
reversal of both the Class Decision and the Protective Order would materially alter Royal
Park’s litigation strategy as well as what loans would need to be reunderwritten during
The parties disagree about which standard applies to Royal Park’s request. Royal
Park argues that it is the “good cause” standard for staying discovery pursuant to Federal
Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c)(1). U.S. Bank contends that, instead, the appropriate test
is the four-factor test typically applied to determine whether stays should be issued
pending appeal of a decision. See, e.g., In re Petrobas Securities, 193 F. Supp. 3d 313,
315-16 (S.D.N.Y. 2016) (applying four-factor test in context of Rule 23(f) petition). The
four factors are (1) whether the stay applicant has made a strong showing that it is likely
to succeed on the merits; (2) whether the applicant will be irreparably injured absent a
stay; (3) whether issuance of the stay will substantially injure the other parties interested
in the proceeding; and (4) where the public interest lies. Nken v. Holder, 556 U.S. 418,
434 (2009). The Court need not determine which standard applies, however, because
under either standard a stay is not warranted.
To begin, one of Royal Park’s two pillars supporting their request has fallen away,
or at least weakened substantially. On May 22, 2018, the Second Circuit issued a
mandate denying a nearly identical Rule 23(f) petition filed by Royal Park in its RMBS
case against trustee HSBC Bank USA N/A. See Mandate, Royal Park Investments
SA/NV v. HSBC Bank USA National Association, No. 14 Civ. 8175 (S.D.N.Y. May 22,
2018), ECF No. 477 (“HSBC”). And on August 7, 2018, the Second Circuit denied Royal
Park’s Rule 23(f) petitions in two additional cases against trustees that are very similar to
this one. See Mandate, Royal Park Investments SA/NV v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., No.
14 Civ. 9764 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 7, 2018), ECF No. 479 (“Wells Fargo”); Royal Park
Investments SA/NA v. Deutsche Bank National Trust Company, No. 14 Civ. 4394
(S.D.N.Y. Aug. 7, 2018), ECF No. 634. In other words, at this point in time, the Second
Circuit has thrice denied Rule 23(f) petitions in Royal Park investor cases against RMBS
trustees. Although Royal Park’s Rule 23(f) petition in the present case is pending, there
is no reason to expect any different outcome. In short, the pendency of Royal Park’s Rule
23(f) petition provides no meaningful support for a stay.
Nor does the pendency of Royal Parks’ objections to the Protective Order warrant
a stay. Most notably, Royal Park’s likelihood of success of prevailing on its objections
are slim to none. As set forth in the Protective Order, every court in this district to have
considered the issue to date – four district judges and two magistrate judges – have
determined that expert sampling discovery is not warranted in investor actions against
trustees. Each decision has endorsed the reasoning of the other decisions. Again, there
is no basis to believe that Royal Park’s objections in this case will have a different
As to irreparable injury or prejudice to Royal Park in the absence of a stay, Royal
Park is correct that a reversal of the Protective Order would result in Royal Park’s
reunderwriting a specific set of representative loans and that proceeding down a path of
reunderwriting a different set of loans based on a theory not using sampling poses the
potential for a greater expenditure of resources by Royal Park. But even in the unlikely
event that the Protective Order were reversed, Royal Park would not need to start over.
Rather, it will be conducting further underwriting to further strengthen its case. There is
no reason that the previous reunderwriting of 3,736 loans for which Royal Park claims
U.S. Bank had actual notice need be abandoned.
Royal Park thus does not face
substantial prejudice, and it certainly does not face irreparable harm from expenditure of
On the flip side, if a stay is granted, the Court agrees with Royal Park that U.S.
Bank would neither be prejudiced nor confronted with the prospect of irreparable harm.
The stay would be temporary and would simply put expert discovery and further
proceedings on hold. As Royal Park aptly points out, there is little to no concern for fading
memories and loss of evidence, because all fact discovery has been completed.
Lastly, the public interest does not weigh either in favor of or against a stay. The
public has an interest in both having litigation completed in a timely fashion, which cuts
against a stay, as well as avoiding extra cost, which cuts in favor of a stay.
Royal Park stresses that the courts in both HSBC and Wells Fargo issued stays
pending appeal. But in both cases, unlike here, the parties agreed to a stay, and, in both
cases, the stay issued while the Rule 23(f) petition was pending.1 As noted earlier, Royal
Park’s Rule 23(f) petitions are no longer pending in those cases as the Second Circuit
has denied them.
Considering all relevant factors, and taking into account the uniform case law in
this district with respect to expert sampling discovery in investor RMBS cases against
trustees, the Court does not find a stay to be warranted. Royal Park has not demonstrated
good cause for a stay under either Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c)(1) or the fourfactor test applicable to stays pending objection or appeal.
For the foregoing reasons, Royal Park’s request for a stay (Dkt. 396) is DENIED.
ROBERT W. LEHRBURGER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
August 13, 2018
New York, New York
Copies transmitted to all counsel of record.
See Wells Fargo, No. 14 Civ. 9764 (S.D.N.Y. June 6, 2018), ECF No. 478; HSBC, No.
14 Civ. 8175 (S.D.N.Y. March 1, 2018), ECF No. 459 (HSBC agreed to a stay provided
that it applied to all coordinated actions).
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