Bahena et al v. Park Avenue South Management LLC et al
MEMORANDUM AND OPINION: For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiffs' Motion, (Doc. 167), is GRANTED. The Clerk's Office is respectfully directed to terminate the motion at Document 167. (Signed by Judge Vernon S. Broderick on 8/9/2017) (rj)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
VICENTE BAHENA, et al.,
PARK AVENUE SOUTH MANAGEMENT :
LLC, et al.,
MEMORANDUM & OPINION
Bruce E. Menken
Grace C. Cretcher
Scott S. Simpson
Beranbaum Menken LLP
New York, New York
Counsel for Plaintiffs
VERNON S. BRODERICK, United States District Judge:
Plaintiffs Vicente Bahena, Jonas Bahena, Jose Cruz Ayala, and Rafael Rodriguez bring
this action against Defendants Park Avenue South Management, LLC, Gilanco Holdings, LLC,
2500 ACP Partners, LLC, EMO Realty Partners, LLC, Amsterdam Realty Partners, LLC,
Maurice McKenzie, and Edward Ostad (collectively “Defendants”) on behalf of themselves and
a putative class and collective of similarly situated employees of Defendants. Plaintiffs allege
that Defendants failed to pay them overtime wages in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act,
29 U.S.C. § 201 et seq. (the “FLSA”), and New York Labor Law, § 190 et seq. The parties
reached a settlement. Before me is Plaintiffs’ unopposed motion for: (1) preliminary approval
of a class settlement agreement; (2) conditional certification of the proposed class; (3) approval
of the proposed notice of the settlement; and (4) appointment of class counsel and class
representatives. For the reasons set forth herein, Plaintiff’s motion is GRANTED.
Factual and Procedural Background
I assume the parties’ familiarity with this case and refer the parties to my prior ruling
granting conditional certification as a collective action for a recitation of a more complete factual
background. (See Doc. 121.) Plaintiffs and members of the settlement class are current and
former employees of Defendants who worked as building superintendents and porters in
buildings owned, operated, or managed by Defendants between March 2009 and the present.
(Am. Compl. ¶¶ 1, 50.)1 Plaintiffs allege that Defendants violated the FLSA and wage and hour
laws of New York by failing to pay them overtime wages for all hours worked in excess of 40 in
all workweeks, failing to pay them the required minimum wage, and failing to provide the
required notices. (Id. ¶¶ 56-58.)
Plaintiffs commenced this action by filing the Complaint on March 2, 2015. (Doc. 1.)
On May 19, 2015, Plaintiffs filed their Amended Complaint. (Doc. 26.) On September 16,
2016, I granted Plaintiffs’ motion for conditional certification as a collective action pursuant to
Section 216(b) of the FLSA. (Doc. 120.) On February 27, 2017, I granted the parties’ request to
hold discovery in abeyance pending mediation. (Doc. 158.) On May 15, 2017, the parties
participated in a mediation session at which they reached a settlement in principle. (Doc. 162.)
On June 30, 2017, Plaintiffs filed their unopposed motion to approve the settlement agreement,
certify the settlement class, authorize the class notice, and schedule a fairness hearing along with
the memorandum of law in support and declaration of Bruce Menken, with exhibits. (Docs. 167,
“Am. Compl.” refers to the First Amended Complaint, filed May 19, 2015. (Doc. 26.)
Preliminary Approval of the Class Settlement
District courts have discretion to approve proposed class action settlements. Maywalt v.
Parker & Parsley Petroleum Co., 67 F.3d 1072, 1079 (2d Cir. 1995). The parties and their
counsel are in a unique position to assess the potential risks of litigation, and thus district courts
in exercising their discretion often give weight to the fact that the parties have chosen to settle.
See Yuzary v. HSBC Bank USA, N.A., No. 12 Civ. 3693 (PGG), 2013 WL 1832181, at *1
(S.D.N.Y. Apr. 30, 2013).
Review of a proposed settlement generally involves preliminary approval followed by a
fairness hearing. Silver v. 31 Great Jones Rest., No. 11 CV 7442 (KMW)(DCF), 2013 WL
208918, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 4, 2013). To grant preliminary approval, a court need only find
“probable cause to submit the [settlement] proposal to class members and hold a full-scale
hearing as to its fairness.” In re Traffic Exec. Ass’n-E. R.R.s, 627 F.2d 631, 634 (2d Cir. 1980)
(internal quotation marks omitted). Preliminary approval is typically granted “where the
proposed settlement appears to be the product of serious, informed, non-collusive negotiations,
has no obvious deficiencies, does not improperly grant preferential treatment to class
representatives or segments of the class and falls within the range of possible approval.” Silver,
2013 WL 208918, at *1 (quoting In re Initial Pub. Offering Sec. Litig., 226 F.R.D. 186, 191
(S.D.N.Y. 2005)) (internal alteration omitted).
Having reviewed Plaintiffs’ submissions, including the Settlement Agreement2 and the
Declaration of Bruce Menken, I conclude that the settlement is the result of substantial
“Settlement Agreement” refers to the Proposed Class and Collective Action Settlement Agreement. (Doc. 167-3.)
investigative efforts, (Menken. Decl. ¶¶ 7-11; Pls.’ Mem. 3),3 arm’s length negotiations,
(Menken. Decl. ¶¶ 23-32; Pls.’ Mem. 18), and that its terms are within the range of possible
settlement approval, (Menken. Decl. ¶¶ 40-41; Pls.’ Mem. 19).
Conditional Certification of the Proposed Class and Appointment of Class
Counsel, Class Representatives, and Settlement Administrator
I provisionally certify for settlement purposes the following “Settlement Class” under
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23(e). The Settlement Class is defined as: all superintendents
and porters who worked in a building or buildings managed, owned, or operated by Defendants
between March 3, 2009 and the date of this order. (See Settlement Agreement § 2.30.)
To be certified under Rule 23(a), a class must meet that section’s four requirements—
numerosity, commonality, typicality, and adequacy of representation—as well as one element of
Rule 23(b). In light of the fact that the Settlement Class has approximately seventy-four
members, (Pls.’ Mem. 14), Plaintiffs satisfy the numerosity requirement because “numerosity is
presumed at a level of 40 members,” Consol. Rail Corp. v. Town of Hyde Park, 47 F.3d 473, 483
(2d Cir. 1995). The Settlement Class also satisfies the commonality requirement because
Plaintiffs and the class members share common issues of fact and law, including whether
Defendants failed to pay them overtime wages and whether the alleged violations were willful.
See Silver, 2013 WL 208918, at *2. In light of the fact that Plaintiffs and the class members are
or were all porters and/or superintendents, Plaintiffs’ claims are typical of those of the Settlement
Class. With respect to adequacy of the class representatives, there is nothing to suggest that
Plaintiffs’ interests are antagonistic to those of the other class members. Finally, the proposed
“Menken Decl.” refers to the Declaration of Bruce E. Menken in Support of Plaintiffs’ Consent Motion to Approve
Settlement Agreement, Certify Settlement Class, Authorize Class Notice, and Schedule Fairness Hearing, dated June
30, 2017. (Doc. 167-1.) “Pls.’ Mem.” refers to the Memorandum of Law in Support of Plaintiffs’ Consent Motion
to Approve Settlement Agreement, Certify Settlement Class, Authorize Class Notice, and Schedule Fairness
Hearing, filed June 30, 2017. (Doc. 168.)
Settlement Class satisfies Rule 23(b)(3) because “questions of law or fact common to class
members predominate over any questions affecting only individual members,” Fed. R. Civ. P.
23(b)(3), and because class adjudication “will conserve judicial resources and is more efficient
for class members,” see Silver, 2013 WL 208918 at *2.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23(g)(1)(A) requires that a district court consider the
following in appointing class counsel: “(i) the work counsel has done in identifying or
investigating potential claims in the action; (ii) counsel’s experience in handling class actions,
other complex litigation, and the types of claims asserted in the action; (iii) counsel’s knowledge
of the applicable law; and (iv) the resources that counsel will commit to representing the class.”
Based upon the investigations done by Mr. Menken and his colleagues in this case, (see Menken.
Decl. ¶¶ 7-11), and their previous work as class counsel in similar cases, (see id. ¶¶ 33-39), I
conclude that Mr. Menken meets the requirements of Rule 23(g). Accordingly, I appoint
Plaintiffs’ counsel, Bruce E. Menken of the law firm Beranbaum Menken LLP, as class counsel.
I also appoint Vicente Bahena, Jonas Bahena, Jose Cruz Ayala, and Rafael Rodriguez as class
Approval of Class Notice
Rule 23(c)(2)(B) requires for a class, such as this one, certified under Rule 23(b)(3), that
the court must direct to class members the best notice that is practicable
under the circumstances, including individual notice to all members who
can be identified through reasonable effort. The notice must clearly and
concisely state in plain, easily understood language: (i) the nature of the
action; (ii) the definition of the class certified; (iii) the class claims, issues,
or defenses; (iv) that a class member may enter an appearance through an
attorney if the member so desires; (v) that the court will exclude from the
class any member who requests exclusion; (vi) the time and manner for
requesting exclusion; and (vii) the binding effect of a class judgment on
members under Rule 23(c)(3).
I have reviewed the proposed notice submitted by Plaintiffs, (Doc. 167-2), and conclude that it
constitutes the best notice practicable under the circumstances and meets the requirements of due
process. In addition, I note that Plaintiffs will provide English and Spanish copies of the notice.
Accordingly, Plaintiffs’ proposed notice is approved.
Fairness Hearing Schedule
I will hold a fairness hearing on December 1, 2017, at 11:00 a.m., in courtroom 518,
Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse, 40 Foley Square, New York, New York 10007.
At this hearing, I will determine: (1) whether the proposed settlement of this action on the terms
and conditions provided for in the Settlement Agreement is fair, just, reasonable, adequate, and
in the best interest of the Settlement Class; (2) whether I should approve the Settlement
Agreement; and (3) whether I should enter a Final Judgment of Dismissal. To the extent
Plaintiffs will seek to recover attorney’s fees, Plaintiffs are directed to submit contemporaneous
billing records for each attorney who worked on the case at the time they file their motion for
final settlement approval. In addition, Plaintiffs are directed to provide courtesy copies on or
before November 20, 2017 of their submissions, which shall include a proposed order for final
For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiffs’ Motion, (Doc. 167), is GRANTED. The Clerk’s
Office is respectfully directed to terminate the motion at Document 167.
August 9, 2017
New York, New York
Vernon S. Broderick
United States District Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?