Logan v. QRX Pharma LTD et al
OPINION & ORDER: For the foregoing reasons, the Gillis Group is hereby appointed as lead plaintiffs, and the Rosen Law Firm is hereby appointed as class counsel. The Clerk of Court is directed to terminate the motions pending at docket numbers 13 and 16. (As further set forth in this Order) (Signed by Judge Paul A. Engelmayer on 9/14/2015) (kl)
statements in QRx’s press releases regarding the approval of Moxduo, QRx’s main experimental
drug, in the United States. Id. ¶¶ 1, 3. 2 Specifically, the Complaint claims that defendants made
false and/or misleading statements regarding Moxduo’s efficacy and safety, the sufficiency of
QRx’s Moxduo studies, and the likelihood of Moxduo’s approval by the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration (“FDA”). Id. ¶ 3. On April 23, 2014, the FDA, in denying QRx’s Moxduo drug
application, released a memorandum which, the Complaint alleges, disclosed the following for
the first time: that (1) in 2011, QRx had received a “no agreement” letter from the FDA, which
stated that the FDA did not agree with QRx’s study design for approval of Moxduo; (2) QRx had
twice appealed the FDA’s rejection of Moxduo; and (3) in trying to produce favorable test
results, QRx used deceptively designed studies. Id. ¶¶ 3–4. Following these disclosures, the
price of QRx ADRs dropped more than 83%, from $3.40 to $0.42. Id. ¶¶ 5, 31.
The day the Complaint was filed, notice of this action was published on GlobeNewswire,
a “national, business-oriented newswire service.” Dkt. 15, Ex. A, at 1. As required by the
Private Securities Litigation Reform Act (“PSLRA”), 15 U.S.C. § 78u–4(a)(3)(A), the notice
summarized this action and notified members of the putative class that they had 60 days to move
for appointment as lead plaintiff. That 60-day period expired on August 24, 2015.
On August 24, 2015, Logan and the Gillis Group filled separate motions for appointment
as lead plaintiffs and for approval of their respective counsel. Dkt. 13–15 (Logan), 16–18 (Gillis
Group). Logan is represented by Scott+Scott, Attorneys at Law, LLP, and the Gillis Group is
represented by The Rosen Law Firm P.A. (the “Rosen Law Firm”). On September 3, 2015, the
QRx’s main products are drugs that combine two different opioid painkillers, which QRx
claims provide effective analgesia, while decreasing the frequency and severity of opioid-related
side effects. Compl. ¶ 2. QRx’s main experimental drug was Moxduo, comprised of morphine
sulfate and oxycodone hydrochloride, which would have been the first combination drug product
to contain two active opioid ingredients. Id.
Court issued an order, setting a briefing schedule for these motions. Dkt. 21. On September 10,
2015, Logan notified the Court that he does not oppose the Gillis Group’s motion. Dkt. 22.
Explaining this position, Logan “acknowledges that [the Gillis Group] appear[s] to possess the
‘largest financial interest in the relief sought by the class,’ as required by the Private Securities
Litigation Reform Act of 1995, and appear[s] to meet the other requirements for appointment
pursuant to Rule 23 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.” Id. at 1.
Appointment of Lead Plaintiff
The PSLRA governs motions for appointment of lead plaintiff and approval of lead
counsel in putative class actions brought under the securities laws. In re Millennial Media, Inc.
Sec. Litig., Nos. 14 Civ. 7923 (PAE), 14 Civ. 8330 (PAE), 2015 WL 566460, at *4 (S.D.N.Y.
Feb. 10, 2015); Vladimir v. Bioenvision, Inc., No. 07 Civ. 6416 (SHS) (AJP), 2007 WL 4526532,
at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 21, 2007). It directs courts to appoint as lead plaintiff the party or parties
“most capable of adequately representing the interests of class members.” 15 U.S.C. §
78u–4(a)(3)(B)(i). Under the PSLRA, there is a rebuttable presumption that the most adequate
plaintiff is the person or group of persons that: (1) has either “filed the complaint or made a
motion in response to a notice,” id. § 78u–4(a)(3)(B)(iii)(I)(aa); (2) in the determination of the
Court, has the “largest financial interest in the relief sought by the class,” id. § 78u–4(a)(3)(B)
(iii)(I)(bb); and (3) satisfies all the requirements of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23, which
governs class actions, id. § 78u–4(a)(3)(B)(iii)(I)(cc).
As noted, the Gillis Group moves unopposed for appointment as lead plaintiffs. As to
the second and third elements of the PSLRA’s test:
The Gillis Group certifies that they purchased 9,958 shares of QRx during the class
period and lost a total of $34,744.20. Dkt. 18, Exs. 2–3. This financial interest is significant
enough. And in the absence of a prospective lead plaintiff with a larger financial stake in this
case, the Gillis Group’s financial interest renders them suitable to serve as lead plaintiffs. See
Plumbers, Pipefitters & MES Local Union No. 392 Pension Fund v. Fairfax Fin. Holdings Ltd.,
No. 11 Civ. 5097 (JFK), 2011 WL 4831209, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 12, 2011); Jolly Roger
Offshore Fund LTD v. BKF Capital Grp., Inc., No. 07 Civ. 3923 (RWS), 2007 WL 2363610, at
*3 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 16, 2007) (collecting cases).
Rule 23 Requirements
The Rule 23 requirements for class certification are commonly referred to as numerosity,
commonality, typicality, and adequacy. Sykes v. Mel S. Harris & Associates LLC, 780 F.3d 70,
80 (2d Cir. 2015). At this early stage of litigation, however, “‘only the last two
factors—typicality and adequacy—are pertinent.’” Cha v. Kinross Gold Corp., No. 12 Civ. 1203
(PAE), 2012 WL 2025850, at *6 (S.D.N.Y. May 31, 2012) (quoting Constance Sczesny Trust v.
KPMG LLP, 223 F.R.D. 319, 324 (S.D.N.Y. 2004)).
A lead plaintiff’s claims are typical where “each class member’s claim arises from the
same course of events, and each class member makes similar legal arguments to prove the
defendant’s liability.” Sgalambo v. McKenzie, 268 F.R.D. 170, 173–74 (S.D.N.Y.2010)
(citations omitted); see also In re Drexel Burnham Lambert Grp., Inc., 960 F.2d 285, 291 (2d
Cir. 1992). A lead plaintiff is adequate where he “does not have interests that are antagonistic to
the class that he seeks to represent and has retained counsel that is capable and qualified to
vigorously represent the interests of the class that he seeks to represent.” Glauser v. EVCI Ctr.
Colls. Holding Corp., 236 F.R.D. 184, 189 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) (citing Dietrich v. Bauer, 192
F.R.D. 119, 126 (S.D.N.Y. 2000)). To obtain appointment as lead plaintiff, “‘[t]he moving
plaintiff must make only a preliminary showing that the adequacy and typicality requirements
under Rule 23 have been met.’” Khunt v. Alibaba Grp. Holding Ltd., Nos. 15 Civ. 759, 15 Civ.
811, 15 Civ. 991, 15 Civ. 1405 (CM), 2015 WL 1954134, at *11 (S.D.N.Y. May 1, 2015)
(quoting Weinberg v. Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings, Inc., 216 F.R.D. 248, 252 (S.D.N.Y.
Here, the Gillis Group’s claims “are typical of the class because their claims and injuries
arise from the same conduct from which the other class members’ claims and injuries arise.” In
re Oxford Health Plans, Inc. Sec. Litig., 182 F.R.D. 42, 45 (S.D.N.Y. 1998) (citing Drexel, 960
F.2d at 291). As alleged in the Complaint, every member of the putative class “(1) purchased or
acquired [QRx] securities during the class period; (2) at prices allegedly artificially inflated by
defendants’ materially false and misleading statements and/or omissions; and (3) suffered
damages when the truth was disclosed to the market.” Jolly Roger, 2007 WL 2363610, at *4.
Accordingly, the Gillis Group’s claims arise from the same alleged course of conduct as other
class members’ potential claims.
On the facts presently known, the Gillis Group is also an adequate class representative.
They have certified that they are willing to fulfill the duties of lead plaintiffs, Dkt. 18, Ex. 2, and
they have retained counsel with significant experience in securities fraud cases, id. Ex. 4. And
there is, as yet, no indication that the Gillis Group has interests antagonistic to those of the class.
See Plumbers, Pipefitters & MES, 2011 WL 4831209, at *2; Jolly Roger, 2007 WL 2363610, at
Because the Gillis Group has thus far satisfied all of the PSLRA requirements, the Court
finds that they are the most adequate plaintiffs. There has been no credible claim that they “will
not fairly and adequately protect the interests of the class” or are subject to “unique defenses”
that render them incapable of adequately representing the class. 15 U.S.C. § 78u–4(a)(3)(B)
(iii)(II). The Court therefore appoints the Gillis Group as lead plaintiffs.
Appointing Lead Counsel
The most adequate plaintiffs may retain counsel to represent the class, subject to the
Court’s approval. Id. § 78u–(4)(a)(3)(B)(v). “There is a ‘strong presumption in favor of
approving a properly-selected lead plaintiff's decisions as to counsel selection.’” Sallustro v.
CannaVest Corp., Nos. 14 Civ. 2900, 14 Civ. 3079 (PGG), 2015 WL 1262253, at *10 (S.D.N.Y.
Mar. 19, 2015) (quoting In re Adelphia Commc’ns Corp. Sec. & Derivative Litig., No. 03 MDL
1529 (LMM), 2008 WL 4128702, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 3, 2008)). Here, as noted, the Gillis
Group has selected the Rosen Law Firm. Having reviewed the firm’s submissions as to its
pertinent background and experience, including litigating securities class actions, the Court finds
that it is qualified to serve as lead counsel. Accordingly, the Court appoints the Rosen Law Firm
as lead counsel.
For the foregoing reasons, the Gillis Group is hereby appointed as lead plaintiffs, and the
Rosen Law Firm is hereby appointed as class counsel. The Clerk of Court is directed to
terminate the motions pending at docket numbers 13 and 16.
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