Portillo v. Aponte et al
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION. For the reasons stated above, defendant's motion to dismiss (Docket #23) should be granted. Portillo should be permitted 21 days to file a second amended complaint in the event he believes that he can cure the defects in his excessive force claim. The Court notes also that a record attached by plaintiff to his motion papers states that he is a "monolingual Spanish Speaker." Baik Letter. Any amended filing must contain a clear explanation that the new ame nded complaint was composed by Portillo and that it has been accurately translated. re: 23 MOTION to Dismiss the 17 Amended Complaint filed by Manuel Aldir, Jennifer Webb. Objections to R&R due by 10/26/2017. (Signed by Magistrate Judge Gabriel W. Gorenstein on 10/11/2017) Copies Sent By Chambers. (rjm)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
16 Civ. 4731 (VEC) (GWG)
JENNIFER WEBB, MANUEL ALDIR, and
GABRIEL W. GORENSTEIN, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Plaintiff Jamie Portillo, currently an inmate at the Coxsackie Correctional Facility in
Coxsackie, New York, brings this lawsuit pro se pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, making claims
regarding an incident that occurred while he was being transported from a medical clinic at
Rikers Island to East Elmhurst Hospital. The defendants have moved to dismiss the complaint
for failure to state a claim pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6).1 For the reasons
stated below, the motion to dismiss should be granted, with Portillo given leave to file an
amended complaint as to his claim of excessive force.
For the purpose of deciding the defendants’ motion to dismiss, the Court assumes the
allegations in Portillo’s complaint are true and draws all reasonable inferences in his favor. See,
e.g., Brown Media Corp. v. K&L Gates, LLP, 854 F.3d 150, 156-57 (2d Cir. 2017).
See Notice of Motion, filed Mar. 3, 2017 (Docket # 23); Defendants’ Memorandum of
Law in Support of Their Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint, filed Mar. 3, 2017 (Docket
# 24); Plaintiff Opposition to Defendant’s Motion [to] Dismiss Action, filed May 11, 2017
(Docket # 29) (“Pl. Opp’n”); Defendants’ Reply Memorandum of Law in Further Support of
Their Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint, filed June 1, 2017 (Docket # 32) (“Defs.
On a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, a court’s
consideration is limited to the factual allegations in [the complaint], which are
accepted as true, to documents attached to the complaint as an exhibit or
incorporated in it by reference, to matters of which judicial notice may be taken,
or to documents either in plaintiff[’s] possession or of which plaintiff[ ] had
knowledge and relied on in bringing suit.
Brass v. Am. Film Tech., 987 F.2d 142, 150 (2d Cir. 1993) (citing Cortec Indus., Inc. v. Sum
Holding L.P., 949 F.2d 42, 47-48 (2d Cir. 1991)); accord Halebian v. Berv, 644 F.3d 122, 130
n.7 (2d Cir. 2011). Furthermore, in light of Portillo’s pro se status, the Court has considered
factual allegations contained in his submissions opposing the defendants’ motion where they
amplify claims made in the complaint. See, e.g., London v. N.Y. State Dep’t of Homeless
Servs., 2014 WL 3720401, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. July 29, 2014) (considering factual allegations from
pro se plaintiff’s opposition submissions when deciding motion to dismiss); Woods v. Goord,
2002 WL 731691, at *1 n.2 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 23, 2002) (considering pro se prisoner’s factual
allegations in briefs as supplementing complaint); Burgess v. Goord, 1999 WL 33458, at *1 n.1
(S.D.N.Y. Jan. 26, 1999) (“In general, a court may not look outside the pleadings when
reviewing a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss. However, the mandate to read the papers of pro se
litigants generously makes it appropriate to consider plaintiff’s additional materials, such as his
opposition memorandum.”) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting Gadson v.
Goord, 1997 WL 714878, at *1 n.2 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 17, 1997)).
On October 13, 2015, while detained at the Anna M. Kross Correctional Facility
(“A.M.K.C.”) on Rikers Island, New York, Portillo collapsed in the hallway from “a mild
stroke.” Amended Complaint, filed Nov. 28, 2016 (Docket # 17) (“Am. Compl.”), at 4; Jamie
Portillo Medical Records, dated Oct. 13, 2015 (attached to Pl. Opp’n) (“Medical Records”). A
doctor who reported to the scene said Portillo had lost consciousness and had facial numbness,
“facial droop”, and weakness in his right leg. Medical Records. Portillo says that, despite
explaining to corrections officers that he could not walk, he was forced to walk to the medical
clinic at A.M.K.C., which caused him to fall and injure himself. Am. Compl. at 4. Portillo does
not explain who was present during this incident, who forced him to walk, or how he was
Portillo was then placed in shackles and handcuffs and taken to East Elmhurst Hospital,
escorted by Corrections Officers (“C.O.s”) Jennifer Webb, Manuel Aldir, and Lycha Gasanov.
Id. Portillo claims that he was again forced to walk, despite repeatedly telling the officers and a
doctor at the hospital that he was unable to do so. Id.; Pl. Opp’n at 1.2 Portillo said that he was
dizzy, his vision was blurry, and all he remembered was being dragged by his arms in the
hospital. Am. Compl. at 4. He asserts that a doctor and C.O. Webb picked Portillo up by the
arms and “let him go,” which caused Portillo to fall face-first and injure himself. Id. He alleges
the fall caused him to injure his ankles, face, arms, nose, stomach, temple, back, and neck. Pl.
Opp’n at 1-2. He alleges that x-rays and other tests were conducted, and that he was given
medication for his injuries. Am. Compl. at 5. Portillo later complained that his ankles were
“swollen and bruised from being shackled when he was transported to the hospital on October
13,” and that “[h]e ha[d] had trouble walking from the ankle injuries since that date.” See Email
from Agnes Baik, undated (attached to Pl. Opp’n) (“Baik Letter”). He alleges that C.O.s Aldir
and Gasanov “did nothing to help [Portillo] or the situation” while he was forced to walk or
when he was dropped by C.O. Webb, “they just watched and laughed.” Am. Compl. at 4-5.
Construed liberally, Portillo’s claims are that (1) C.O. Webb used excessive force against
Portillo’s motion papers do not specify which of the officers “forced him to walk.” Pl.
Opp’n at 1, 4.
him, based on his fall in the hospital; and (2) C.O.s Gasanov and Aldir either failed to intervene
while he was being “forced to walk” by C.O. Webb or were deliberately indifferent to his
II. APPLICABLE LAW
A. Standard for Motion to Dismiss
A defendant may move to dismiss pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6)
where the plaintiff “fail[s] to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.” To survive such a
motion, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to “state a claim to
relief that is plausible on its face.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (internal
quotation marks omitted) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). As
the Supreme Court noted in Iqbal,
A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that
allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for
the misconduct alleged. The plausibility standard is not akin to a “probability
requirement,” but it asks for more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has
Id. (citations omitted). “[W]here the well-pleaded facts do not permit the court to infer more
than the mere possibility of misconduct,” a complaint is insufficient under Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 8(a) because it has merely “alleged — but it has not shown — that the pleader is
entitled to relief.” Id. at 679 (brackets and internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting Fed. R.
Civ. P. 8(a)(2)).
Pro se plaintiff filings are liberally construed, and “a pro se complaint, however inartfully
pleaded, must be held to less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers.”
Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007) (per curiam) (citations and internal quotation marks
omitted); accord Littlejohn v. City of New York, 795 F.3d 297, 322 (2d Cir. 2015); see also Hill
v. Curcione, 657 F.3d 116, 122 (2d Cir. 2011) (review of pro se complaint for sufficiency
requires “special solicitude, interpreting the complaint to raise the strongest claims that it
suggests”) (citation, brackets, and internal quotation marks omitted). However, even the
pleadings of these plaintiffs “must contain factual allegations sufficient to raise a right to relief
above the speculative level.” Dawkins v. Gonyea, 646 F. Supp. 2d 594, 603 (S.D.N.Y. 2009)
(internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555); accord Ford v.
Rodriguez, 2016 WL 6776345, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 16, 2016).
B. 42 U.S.C. § 1983
“To state a claim under § 1983, a plaintiff must allege the violation of a right secured by
the Constitution and laws of the United States, and must show that the alleged deprivation was
committed by a person acting under color of state law.” West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988);
see 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Section 1983 does not create any federal rights; rather, it provides a
mechanism to enforce rights established elsewhere. Gonzaga Univ. v. Doe, 536 U.S. 273, 285
(2002); accord Ross v. Woods, 412 F. App’x 392, 393 (2d Cir. 2011) (summary order).
Additionally, “personal involvement of defendants in alleged constitutional deprivations is a
prerequisite to an award of damages under § 1983.” Victory v. Pataki, 814 F.3d 47, 67 (2d Cir.
2016) (internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting Farrell v. Burke, 449 F.3d 470, 484 (2d Cir.
2006)); see also Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 672 (“In a § 1983 suit . . . . Absent vicarious liability, each
Government official, his or her title notwithstanding, is only liable for his or her own
1. Excessive Force
“[T]he right of pretrial detainees to be free from excessive force amounting to
punishment is protected by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.” United
States v. Walsh, 194 F.3d 37, 47 (2d Cir. 1999) (citing Bell v. Wolfish, 441 U.S. 520, 535
(1979)).3 At one time, a pretrial detainee asserting an excessive force claim had to satisfy a
subjective and objective element similar to what is required to prove an Eighth Amendment
claim. Id. at 47-48. Specifically, a plaintiff had to show that the alleged wrongdoing was
“objectively sufficiently serious or harmful enough” to cause a constitutional violation, “contrary
to contemporary standards of decency and repugnant to the conscience of mankind,” id. at 50
(citations and internal quotation marks omitted), and that the alleged wrongdoer subjectively
“had the necessary level of culpability, shown by actions characterized by wantonness in light of
the particular circumstances surrounding the challenged conduct,” Sims v. Artuz, 230 F.3d 14,
21 (2d Cir. 2000) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted).
In Kingsley v. Hendrickson, 135 S. Ct. 2466 (2015), however, the Supreme Court held
that when force is “purposefully or knowingly” used against a pretrial detainee, the detainee
must show only that the force “was objectively unreasonable.” Id. at 2473. Kingsley thus
altered the test previously used in the Second Circuit for claims arising under the Fourteenth
Amendment. See Ross v. Corr. Officers John and Jane Does 1-5, 610 F. App’x 75, 76 n.1 (2d
Cir. 2015) (summary order); Vargas v. City of New York, 2017 WL 1214434, at *12 (E.D.N.Y.
Mar. 31, 2017); Carmona v. City of New York, 2016 WL 4401179, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 1,
2016); see also Darnell v. Pineiro, 849 F.3d 17, 35 (2d Cir. 2017) (recognzing that Kingsley has
overruled Second Circuit law in the Fourteenth Amendment “deliberate indifference” context).
We assume that Portillo was a pretrial detainee and not a convicted prisoner on the date
of the incident, October 13, 2015, because he made no assertion that he was “convicted” in his
original complaint but did make such an assertion when he filed his amended complaint on
November 18, 2016. Am. Compl. at 2, 6. Defendants additionally do not appear to oppose this
assumption. See Defs. Reply at 4 n.1 (acknowledging that “[i]t is unclear . . . whether Plaintiff
was a pretrial detainee” when the incident occurred).
Kingsley held that
objective reasonableness turns on the facts and circumstances of each particular
case. A court must make this determination from the perspective of a reasonable
officer on the scene, including what the officer knew at the time, not with the
20/20 vision of hindsight. A court must also account for the legitimate interests
that stem from the government’s need to manage the facility in which the
individual is detained, appropriately deferring to policies and practices that in the
judgment of jail officials are needed to preserve internal order and discipline and
to maintain institutional security.
Kingsley, 135 S. Ct. at 2473 (citations, brackets, and internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting
Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 386, 396 (1989); and Bell, 441 U.S. at 540, 547). Factors to
consider in judging the objective reasonableness of a use of force include:
the relationship between the need for the use of force and the amount of force
used; the extent of the plaintiff’s injury; any effort made by the officer to temper
or to limit the amount of force; the severity of the security problem at issue; the
threat reasonably perceived by the officer; and whether the plaintiff was actively
Id.; accord Perez v. Ponte, 236 F. Supp. 3d 590, 621 (E.D.N.Y. 2017); Carmona, 2016 WL
4401179, at *2.
2. Failure to Intervene
“It is widely recognized that all law enforcement officials have an affirmative duty to
intervene to protect the constitutional rights of citizens from infringement by other law
enforcement officers in their presence.” Terebesi v. Torreso, 764 F.3d 217, 243 (2d Cir. 2014)
(internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting Anderson v. Branen, 17 F.3d 552, 557 (2d Cir.
1994)). As such, an officer who fails to intervene where he or she observes or has reason to
know that excessive force is being used or a constitutional violation has been committed by a
fellow officer is liable for the preventable harm caused by that officer. Anderson, 17 F.3d at
557; accord Porter v. Goord, 467 F. App’x 21, 23 (2d Cir. 2012) (summary order); Baines v.
City of New York, 2017 WL 3425746, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 9, 2017). Although liability may
attach only where there was “a realistic opportunity to intervene to prevent the harm from
occurring,” Anderson, 17 F.3d at 557, “[w]hether an officer had sufficient time to intercede or
was capable of preventing the harm being caused by another officer is an issue of fact for the
jury unless, considering all the evidence, a reasonable jury could not possibly conclude
otherwise,” id.; accord Terebesi, 764 F.3d at 243-44; Stephens v. Venettozzi, 2016 WL 929268,
at *11 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 24, 2016); Bowen v. Patrick, 2012 WL 3743409, at *7 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 29,
3. Deliberate Indifference
A prisoner may make a constitutional claim arising out of medical treatment where he or
she can show “deliberate indifference” to his or her medical needs.
[D]eliberate indifference to serious medical needs of prisoners constitutes the
unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain proscribed in the Eighth Amendment.
This is true whether the indifference is manifested by prison doctors in their
response to the prisoner’s needs or by prison guards in intentionally denying or
delaying access to medical care or intentionally interfering with the treatment
Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 104-05 (1976) (citations, footnotes, and internal quotation marks
omitted); accord Spavone v. N.Y. State Dep’t of Corr. Servs., 719 F.3d 127, 138 (2d Cir. 2013).
A pretrial detainee enjoys similar protections under the Due Process Clause of the 14th
Amendment. See Darnell, 849 F.3d at 29. To establish that a prison official was deliberately
indifferent toward an inmate’s health, a pretrial detainee must satisfy two prongs: (1) “an
‘objective prong’ showing that the challenged conditions were sufficiently serious to constitute
objective deprivations of the right to due process”; and (2) “a ‘subjective prong’ — perhaps
better classified as a ‘mens rea prong’ or ‘mental element prong’ — showing that the officer
acted with at least deliberate indifference to the challenged conditions.” Id.
Under the objective prong, the alleged medical need must be “sufficiently serious.”
Hathaway v. Coughlin, 37 F.3d 63, 66 (2d Cir. 1994) (citation and internal quotation marks
omitted). A “sufficiently serious” medical need is “a condition of urgency, one that may
produce death, degeneration, or extreme pain.” See id. (citation and internal quotation marks
omitted). “Factors that have been considered include the existence of an injury that a reasonable
doctor or patient would find important and worthy of comment or treatment; the presence of a
medical condition that significantly affects an individual’s daily activities; or the existence of
chronic and substantial pain.” Chance v. Armstrong, 143 F.3d 698, 702 (2d Cir. 1998) (citations,
brackets, and internal quotation marks omitted).
As with claims of excessive use of force, the Supreme Court’s decision in Kingsley
altered the subjective prong where a claim is made by a pretrial detainee. See Darnell, 849 F.3d
at 34-35 (“Following the Supreme Court’s analysis in Kingsley, there is no basis for the
reasoning . . . that the subjective intent requirement for deliberate indifference claims under the
Eighth Amendment . . . must apply to deliberate indifference claims under the Fourteenth
to establish a claim for deliberate indifference to conditions of confinement under
the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, the pretrial detainee must
prove that the defendant-official acted intentionally to impose the alleged
condition, or recklessly failed to act with reasonable care to mitigate the risk that
the condition posed to the pretrial detainee even though the defendant-official
knew, or should have known, that the condition posed an excessive risk to health
or safety. In other words, the “subjective prong” (or “mens rea prong”) of a
deliberate indifference claim is defined objectively.
Id. at 35; accord Brown v. City of New York, 2017 WL 1390678, at *11 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 17,
2017). As was previously true, there is no liability for “negligently inflicted harm.” Kingsley,
135 S. Ct. at 2472 (emphasis and internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting Cty. of Sacramento
v. Lewis, 523 U.S. 833, 849 (1998)); accord Darnell, 849 F.3d at 36.
Portillo’s description of the circumstances in which he fell is vague and not entirely
consistent. In his amended complaint he states that he was in shackles and handcuffs when he
reached the hospital, and that after he explained to C.O. Webb and a doctor at the hospital that he
could not walk, “they picked me up, let me go and I immediately fell causing me to injure
myself” and that at this time he was being “dragged” by his arms. Am. Compl. at 4. In his
opposition to defendants’ motion he claims that the officers escorting him “forcefully took
plaintiff against his will by the arms while shackled by the hands and feet, and ‘forced him to
walk’, to wit, then plaintiff fell face forward.” Pl. Opp’n at 1.
The circumstances under which Portillo fell to the floor are critical to determining
whether he has stated an excessive force claim. At the time he was being transported, Portillo
had had a “minor stroke.” See Am. Compl. at 4. The external symptoms of the stroke and the
officers’ knowledge of the diagnosis are not clear from the complaint, however. Thus it is not
clear that “forcing [Portillo] to walk” would cause him any serious harm. Cf. Jones v.
Westchester Cty., 182 F. Supp. 3d 134, 141, 151 (S.D.N.Y. 2016) (excessive force claim stated
where plaintiff had suffered injury to knee, hip, and lower back from fall and corrections officers
forced him to walk though they knew he was in severe pain). Without the officers’ having
knowledge that being forced to walk could cause serious harm, the mere act of “forcing”
plaintiff to walk could not support a claim of excessive force. See, e.g., D’Attore v. City of New
York, 2013 WL 1180395, at *6 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 15, 2013) (no excessive force claim where
officer transported wheelchair-bound inmate down hallway in reckless and violent manner),
appeal dismissed, No. 15-1722 (2d Cir. Jul. 28, 2015); Prescott v Riker Island Med. Staf., 2011
WL 1435218, at *6 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 12, 2011) (motion to dismiss granted where plaintiff “at
most” showed shoves, pushes, and shackling during transport from hospital to Rikers “may have
caused some aggravation to [plaintiff’s] pre-existing injuries”).
Of more significance are the circumstances under which C.O. Webb and the doctor were
responsible for Portillo falling to the ground. Portillo’s allegations, however, do not show that
C.O. Webb and the doctor deliberately or even recklessly dropped Portillo to the floor. See, e.g.,
Jones, 182 F. Supp. 3d at 152; Goodwine v. Nat’l R.R. Passenger Corp., 2014 WL 795756, at *2,
*9 (E.D.N.Y. Feb. 27, 2014); Pooler v. Hempstead Police Dep’t; 897 F. Supp. 2d 12, 26
(E.D.N.Y. 2012). Portillo’s descriptions of the incident say only that he was “let . . . go” or that
because he was forced to walk, “to wit, then plaintiff fell face forward.” Am. Compl. at 4. Pl.
Opp’n at 1. To be sure, Portillo’s allegations that the fall caused “injuries” to his head, neck,
face, arm, and leg distinguish Portillo’s claim from cases in which no discernible physical injury
resulted from the use of force. Cf. Arnold v. Westchester Cty., 2012 WL 336129, at *7
(S.D.N.Y. Feb. 3, 2012) (“forced fall” allegedly caused by officers making shackled pretrial
detainee walk quickly down hallway not constitutional violation where inmate did not claim the
fall caused him any notable physical injury). Portillo, however, gives no explanation of the
nature of his injuries. See Am. Compl. at 4.
In light of these deficiencies, the Court cannot conclude that the complaint shows that
C.O. Webb used excessive force.
It is clear, however, that Portillo has not stated a failure to intervene claim against C.O.s
Aldir and Gasanov. Even if Portillo’s pleading showed that the fall to the ground was the result
of excessive force — a prerequisite to a failure to intervene claim, see, e.g., Walker v. City of
New York, 2014 WL 12652345, at *12 (E.D.N.Y Sept. 3, 2014) (“To prevail on a failure to
intervene claim a plaintiff must demonstrate the existence of an underlying constitutional
violation in which the defendant officer failed to intervene.”) (collecting cases), aff’d, 638 F.
App’x 29 (2d Cir. 2016) — the allegations do not suggest that C.O.s Aldir and Gasanov had “a
realistic opportunity to intervene to prevent the harm from occurring,” Anderson, 17 F.3d at 557.
In the absence of such an opportunity, they cannot be liable for any failure to intervene.
To the extent that Portillo intended to raise a claim that C.O.s Webb, Aldir, or Gasanov
were deliberately indifferent to his medical needs, such a claim must also be dismissed. Portillo
concedes that the officers were taking him to a hospital to receive treatment for his stroke.
See generally Am. Compl. at 4. It may be that Portillo intended to claim that defendants failed
to offer him “adequate medical attention” for his inability to walk. See Pl. Opp’n at 2.
Assuming arguendo that the temporary inability to walk is a sufficiently serious medical
condition, Portillo’s pleadings do not allege facts from which a reasonable person could believe
defendants knew or should have known that a “substantial risk of serious harm” existed simply
because they required Portillo to walk to a hospital bed after a mild stroke. To the extent Portillo
claims defendants should have provided him with a wheelchair, see Pl. Opp’n at 2, this is best
characterized as a disagreement as to the method of addressing his inability to walk, and thus not
grounds for a section 1983 claim. See Chance, 143 F.3d at 703 (“It is well-established that mere
disagreement over the proper treatment does not create a constitutional claim.”); accord
Washington v. Artus, — F. App’x —, 2017 WL 3911573, at *2 (2d Cir. Sept. 7, 2017). To the
extent defendants were negligent, no Eighth or Fourteenth Amendment claim can arise from
such negligence. See Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 835-36 (1994); accord Darnell, 849 F.3d
Notwithstanding the defects in the complaint, the Second Circuit has stated that courts
should not dismiss pro se complaints “without granting leave to amend at least once when a
liberal reading of the complaint gives any indication that a valid claim might be stated.” Cuoco
v. Moritsugu, 222 F.3d 99, 112 (2d Cir. 2000) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted);
accord Pearson v. Reid-Robinson, 632 F. App’x 19, 19 (2d Cir. 2016) (summary order); see also
Milanese v. Rust-Oleum Corp., 244 F.3d 104, 110 (2d Cir. 2001) (leave to file amended
complaint should not be denied absent evidence of undue delay, bad faith, undue prejudice to
non-movant, or futility) (citing Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962)). Although Portillo
has amended his complaint once, he did so at a time when he was unaware of the potential
defects in his claims. While the Court sees no cure that can be made to the failure-to-intervene
and deliberate indifference claims, it is possible that the excessive force claim could withstand a
motion to dismiss if pled with appropriate facts.
For the reasons stated above, defendant’s motion to dismiss (Docket # 23) should be
granted. Portillo should be permitted 21 days to file a second amended complaint in the event he
believes that he can cure the defects in his excessive force claim.
The Court notes also that a record attached by plaintiff to his motion papers states that he
is a “monolingual Spanish Speaker.” Baik Letter. Any amended filing must contain a clear
explanation that the new amended complaint was composed by Portillo and that it has been
PROCEDURE FOR FILING OBJECTIONS TO THIS
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l) and Rule 72(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure, the parties have fourteen (14) days (including weekends and holidays) from service
of this Report and Recommendation to file any objections. See also Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(a), (b), (d).
A party may respond to any objections within 14 days after being served. Any objections and
responses shall be filed with the Clerk of the Court, with copies sent to the Hon. Valerie E.
Caproni at 40 Foley Square, New York, New York 10007. Any request for an extension of time
to file objections or responses must be directed to Judge Caproni. If a party fails to file timely
objections, that party will not be permitted to raise any objections to this Report and
Recommendation on appeal. See Thomas v. Am, 474 U.S. 140 (1985); Wagner & Wagner. LLP
v. Atkinson. Haskins, Nellis, Brittingham. Gladd & Carwile. P.C., 596 F.3d 84, 92 (2d Cir.
Dated: October 11, 2017
New York, New York
Copy sent to:
Coxsackie Correctional Facility
P.O. Box 999
Coxsackie, NY 12051-0999
Counsel by ECF
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