Trustees Of The New York City District Council Of Carpenters Pension Fund, Welfare Fund, Annuity Fund, and Apprenticeship, Journeyman Retraining, Educational and Industry Fund et al v. Coastal Environmental Group Inc.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER: For the foregoing reasons, the Clerk of Court is directed to enter judgment in favor of Petitioners and against Coastal in the amount of $69,918.99which consists of the arbitration award of $57,926.01 plus 36;11,992.98 in attorneys' fees and costs incurred in the instant actionplus prejudgment interest on the arbitration award at the rate of 5.25% per annum from the date of the award (August 17, 2015) to the date of judgment. Post-judgment interest will accrue pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1961. The Clerk of Court is further directed to close this case. (Signed by Judge Gregory H. Woods on 12/16/2016) (cla)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
TRUSTEES OF THE NEW YORK CITY
DISTRICT COUNCIL OF CARPENTERS
PENSION FUND, WELFARE FUND,
ANNUITY FUND, AND APPRENTICESHIP,
EDUCATIONAL AND INDUSTRY FUND, et al., :
COASTAL ENVIRONMENTAL GROUP, INC., :
DOC #: _________________
DATE FILED: 12/16/2016
GREGORY H. WOODS, United States District Judge:
The Trustees of the New York City District Council of Carpenters Pension Fund, Welfare
Fund, Annuity Fund, and Apprenticeship, Journeyman Retraining, Educational and Industry Fund;
the Trustees of the New York City Carpenters Relief and Charity Fund; the New York City and
Vicinity Carpenters Labor Management Corporation (the “Funds”); and the New York City District
Council of Carpenters (the “Union,” and collectively with the Funds, the “Petitioners”) seek to
confirm an arbitration award obtained against Coastal Environmental Group, Inc. (“Coastal” or
“Respondent”) pursuant to Section 301 of the Labor Management Relations Act (“LMRA”), 29
U.S.C. § 185. 1 For the following reasons, the award is confirmed.
Petitioners styled their petition as one brought “under Section 502(a)(3) of the Employee Retirement Security Act of
1974 (“ERISA”), as amended, 29 U.S.C. § 1132(a)(3); section 301 of the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947
(“LMRA”), as amended, 29 U.S.C. § 185; and/or section 9 of the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 9.” ECF No. 8,
Am. Pet. to Confirm Arbitration Award, ¶ 1. The Court treats the petition as one brought under Section 301 of the
LMRA. The Court will not consider the petition under ERISA because “an action to confirm an arbitration award is not
an appropriate vehicle for adjudication of ERISA claims for damages.” Ottley v. Schwartzberg, 819 F.2d 373, 377 (2d Cir.
1987); see also New York City Dist. Council of Carpenters Pension Fund v. E. Millenium Constr., Inc., No. 03-cv-5122 (DAB),
2003 WL 22773355, at *1 n.1 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 21, 2003) (declining to consider the plaintiff’s ERISA claims for the same
reason). Nor will the Court consider the petition under the FAA, since the FAA does not apply to actions within the
scope of Section 301 of the LMRA. Santos v. Gen. Elec. Co., No. 10-cv-6948 (JSR), 2011 WL 5563544, at *8 & n.13
(S.D.N.Y. Sept. 29, 2011); accord Westerbeke v. Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd., 304 F.3d 200, 222 (2d Cir. 2002) (“[T]he FAA is no
longer applicable to actions to enforce arbitration awards brought pursuant to § 301 of the LMRA.”); see also id. at 221-22
Pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement between Coastal and the Union (the “CBA”),
Coastal was required to pay benefit contributions to the Funds at certain specified rates for all
employees covered by the CBA. ECF No. 16, Decl. of Chris Ozard (“Ozard Decl.”), ¶ 10 & Ex. A,
at 29-35.2 The CBA also required Coastal to furnish its books and payroll records when requested
by the Funds to ensure that Coastal had made all required benefit contributions. Id. ¶ 11 & Ex. A, at
With respect to dispute resolution, the CBA provided that “[s]hould any dispute or
disagreement arise between the parties hereto, or between the Union and any employer-member
signatory hereto, concerning any claim arising from payments to the Fund[s] of principal and/or
interest which is allegedly due, either party may seek arbitration of the dispute before the impartial
arbitrator designated hereunder.” Id. Ex. A, at 36. The CBA also provided that “[t]he arbitrator
shall have full and complete authority to decide any and all issued raised by the submission and to
award appropriate damages” and that “[t]he arbitrator’s award . . . shall be final and binding upon
the parties hereto and the individual Employer, if any, and shall be wholly enforceable in any court
of competent jurisdiction.” Id. Ex. A, at 37. It further provided that “[t]he cost of the arbitration,
including the fees to be paid to the arbitrator, shall be included in the award and shall be borne by
the losing party.” Id.
The Funds conducted an audit of Coastal’s books and payroll records covering the period of
October 8, 2010 through June 29, 2013 in order to determine whether Coastal had remitted the
proper amount of contributions to the Funds. Ozard Decl. ¶ 14. A dispute arose between the
(lamenting the “unfortunate tendency of courts in this Circuit to conflate review of awards under the FAA and under §
301 [of the LMRA]” and noting that “it would be error to collapse the analysis under the two statutes.”).
The CBA between Coastal and the Union was executed in September 2010. Before the CBA lapsed, Coastal agreed to
continue to be bound to the CBA through the signing of an Interim Compliance Agreement, which extended the CBA’s
terms through the time period relevant to the arbitration award at issue here. Ozard Decl., ¶¶ 8-9; id. Ex. B.
parties when Coastal failed to remit the unpaid contributions revealed by the audit. Id. ¶ 15.
Pursuant to the CBA, the Funds initiated arbitration.
After providing notice to both parties, the arbitrator held a hearing in August 2015. Id. ¶¶
18-19 & Ex. E (Award) at 1. At the hearing, Petitioners appeared through counsel and submitted
testimony and other evidence in support of their position. Id. Ex. E, at 1. No representative
appeared at the hearing on behalf of Coastal. Id. at 1-2. On August 17, 2015, the arbitrator
determined that, based on the “substantial and credible” evidence presented at the hearing, Coastal
owed the Funds $30,343.96 in unpaid benefit contributions, $4,485.56 in interest, $6,105.95 in
liquidated damages, $259.01 in late payment interest, $736.73 in non-audit late payment interest,
$254.80 in assessments to the Promotional Fund, $400.00 in court costs, $1,500 in attorneys’ fees,
$500 for the arbitrator’s fee, and $13,340.00 in audit costs, for a total award of $57,926.01. Id. at 2-3.
The arbitrator also awarded interest, to accrue at the rate of 5.25% from the date of issuance of the
award. Id. at 3.
On July 27, 2016, Petitioners commenced the instant confirmation action, asserting that
Coastal had not satisfied the award. See ECF No. 1. On August 1, 2016, Petitioners filed an
amended petition. ECF No. 8. The Court directed Petitioners to file any declarations and affidavits
with which it intended to support its petition by November 10, 2016 and directed Coastal to file any
opposition by December 1, 2016. ECF No. 11. On November 10, 2016, Petitioners filed their
motion for summary judgment. ECF No. 13.
Petitioners served their amended petition and summons on Coastal on October 14, 2016.
ECF No. 10. They served the Court’s scheduling order on October 27, 2016, ECF No. 12, and they
served their motion for summary judgment on November 10, 2016. ECF No. 18. Despite being
properly served with the amended petition, Petitioners’ motion for summary judgement, and the
Court’s order setting forth deadlines for opposing that motion, Coastal has not appeared in this
A. The Arbitration Award
“Section 301 of the [LMRA], 29 U.S.C. § 185, provides federal courts with jurisdiction over
petitions brought to confirm labor arbitration awards.” Local 802, Associated Musicians of Greater N.Y.
v. Parker Meridien Hotel, 145 F.3d 85, 88 (2d Cir. 1998). “Confirmation of a labor arbitration award
under LMRA § 301 is a summary proceeding that merely makes what is already a final arbitration
award a judgment of the Court.” N.Y. Med. Ctr. of Queens v. 1199 SEIU United Healthcare Workers
East, No. 11-cv-04421 (ENV)(RLM), 2012 WL 2179118, at *4 (E.D.N.Y. June 13, 2012) (internal
quotation marks omitted).
“Because [t]he federal policy of settling labor disputes by arbitration would be undermined if
courts had the final say on the merits of [arbitration] awards, an arbitrator’s award resolving a labor
dispute is legitimate and enforceable as long as it draws its essence from the collective bargaining
agreement and is not merely an exercise of the arbitrator’s own brand of industrial justice.” Local 97,
Int’l Bhd. of Elect. Workers v. Niagara Mohawk Power Corp., 196 F.3d 117, 124 (2d Cir. 1999) (citation
and internal quotation marks omitted); see also Harry Hoffman Printing, Inc. v. Graphic Communications
Int’l Union, Local 261, 950 F.2d 95, 97 (2d Cir. 1991) (“[A]s long as the arbitrator is even arguably
construing or applying the contract and acting within the scope of his authority, that a court is
convinced he committed serious error does not suffice to overturn his decision.” (internal quotation
marks omitted)). “Generally speaking, unless the award is procured through fraud or dishonesty, the
decision should not be disturbed.” Niagara Mohawk, 196 F.3d at 124.
When a petition to confirm an arbitration award is unopposed, courts should generally treat
“the petition and accompanying record . . . as akin to a motion for summary judgment.” D.H. Blair
& Co. v. Gottdiener, 462 F.3d 95, 109 (2d Cir. 2006). Thus, like unopposed summary judgment
motions, unopposed confirmation petitions “must fail where the undisputed facts fail to show that
the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Id. at 110 (internal quotation marks
Here, there is no indication that the arbitrator’s award was procured through fraud or
dishonesty or that the arbitrator was acting in disregard of the CBA or outside the scope of his
broad authority to resolve any dispute between the parties regarding contributions. Rather, the
record indicates that the arbitrator based his award on undisputed evidence that Coastal failed to
make $30,343.96 of benefit contributions to the Funds, in violation of the CBA. The record also
indicates that the arbitrator based his award of interest and various costs on the provisions of the
CBA and related agreements, as well as undisputed testimony. Accordingly, Petitioners’ motion is
granted and the award is confirmed.
B. Post-award Prejudgment Interest and Attorney’s Fees and Costs
Petitioners have also requested that the Court award prejudgment interest at the rate of
5.25%—the post-award rate set by the arbitrator—for the period between the award and the date of
judgment in this action. Am. Pet., ECF No. 8, at 7. The Second Circuit has noted that in the
context of actions to confirm arbitration awards there is “a presumption in favor of prejudgment
interest.” Waterside Ocean Navigation Co. v. Int’l Navigation Ltd., 737 F.2d 150, 154 (2d Cir. 1984).
Accordingly, district courts in this Circuit “have exercised their discretion to award prejudgment
interest when confirming arbitration awards under collective bargaining agreements pursuant to
§ 301 of the LMRA, when the CBAs indicated that an arbitration award was ‘final and binding.’”
Serv. Employees Int’l Union, Local 32BJ, AFL-CIO v. Stone Park Assocs., LLC, 326 F. Supp. 2d 550, 555
(S.D.N.Y. 2004) (collecting cases). Moreover, the arbitrator has already awarded this interest.
Ozard Decl., Ex. E, at 3. Accordingly, it will be encompassed within the Court’s confirmation of
the arbitrator’s award.
C. Attorneys’ Fees and Costs
Petitioners also request $11,377.50 in attorneys’ fees and $615.48 in costs. Generally, “in a
federal action, attorney’s fees cannot be recovered by the successful party in the absence of statutory
authority for the award.” Int’l Chem. Workers Union, Local No. 227 v. BASF Wyandotte Corp., 774 F.2d
43, 47 (2d Cir. 1985). Section 301 of the LMRA does not provide for the recovery of attorneys’
fees. Id. However, “[p]ursuant to its inherent equitable powers . . . a court may award attorney’s
fees when the opposing counsel acts ‘in bad faith, vexatiously, wantonly, or for oppressive reasons.’”
Id. (quoting F.D. Rich Co. v. United States ex rel. Indus. Lumber Co., 417 U.S. 116, 129 (1974)). In the
context of confirmation proceedings, “the guiding principle has been stated as follows: when a
challenger refuses to abide by an arbitrator’s decision without justification, attorney’s fees and costs
may properly be awarded.” Id. (quoting Bell Prod. Eng’rs Ass’n v. Bell Helicopter Textron, Div. of Textron,
Inc., 688 F.2d 997, 999 (2d Cir. 1982)).
Here, an award of fees and costs is justified. By entering into the CBA, Coastal agreed to
submit to arbitration of disputes at the option of either party to the agreement. Coastal failed to
participate in the arbitration proceeding, despite having been duly notified of the hearing. Coastal
also failed to satisfy the award, and subsequently failed to oppose the instant petition to confirm the
award. In so doing, Coastal has failed to offer any justification for its refusal to abide by the
decision of the arbitrator. See, e.g., E. Millenium Constr., 2003 WL 22773355, at *3 (awarding fees and
costs where defendant “chose not to participate in the arbitration proceedings or even to oppose
Plaintiffs’ application for confirmation of the arbitration award”). Moreover, Petitioners are entitled
under the CBA to collect reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs incurred in collecting delinquent
contributions. Ozard Decl. Ex. A, at 33. The Funds’ Collection Policy3 further states that
“[a]ttorneys’ fees shall be assessed against a delinquent employer, at the same hourly rate charged to
the Funds for such services . . . for all time spent by Collection Counsel in collection efforts” and
that “[a]ll recoverable costs actually incurred in court or other legal actions or the collection of
delinquent contributions . . . shall be assessed against the delinquent employer.” Id. Ex. C, at 8-9.
Coastal is bound to the Funds’ Collection Policy by the CBA. Ozard Decl., Ex. A, at 46-47.
Finally, an award of attorneys’ fees will further the federal policy in favor of settling labor disputes
In support of their request for fees and costs, Petitioners submitted an invoice, listing the
completed tasks, attorneys’ hourly rates, and billed hours, as well as their costs. ECF No. 17, Decl.
of Todd Dickerson, Ex. F. In total, Petitioners incurred 51.2 hours of legal work at the rates of
$300/hour for partners and “of counsel,” $225/hour for associates and law clerks, and $100/hour
for paralegals. Id. ¶¶ 4-9 & Ex. F. Petitioners’ costs consist primarily of the court filing fee and
process server charges. Id. Ex. F.
The Court has reviewed these contemporaneous records and has determined that the
amounts requested are reasonable. See ECF No. 17, Decl. of Todd Dickerson, Ex. F. Accordingly,
Petitioners’ request for attorneys’ fees and costs is granted.
For the foregoing reasons, the Clerk of Court is directed to enter judgment in favor of
Petitioners and against Coastal in the amount of $69,918.99—which consists of the arbitration
award of $57,926.01 plus $11,992.98 in attorneys’ fees and costs incurred in the instant action—plus
prejudgment interest on the arbitration award at the rate of 5.25% per annum from the date of the
award (August 17, 2015) to the date of judgment. Post-judgment interest will accrue pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 1961.
The Clerk of Court is further directed to close this case.
Dated: December 16, 2016
New York, New York
_ _ __ _
GREGORY H. WOODS
United States District Judge
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