Hachem v. General Electric Inc. et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER re: (62 in 1:17-cv-08457-JMF) CROSS MOTION Striking Improper Notice and Requiring Publication of Corrected Notice Notice of Motion and Motion of Arkansas Teacher Retirement System to Strike Improper Notice and Require Corrected Notice, filed by Arkansas Teacher Retirement System, (56 in 1:17-cv-08457-JMF) MOTION to Intervene, filed by The Cleveland Bakers and Teamsters Pension Fund. With some misgivings given the delay that will result, the Court concludes that its January 19, 2018 Order appointing ATRS as Lead Plaintiff and Labaton Sucharow LLP as Lead Counsel must be vacated and the lead plaintiff process reopened. Accordingly, any member of the putative class who wishes to seek appointment as lead plaintiff shall file a motion by May 4, 2018; and any opposition to a motion shall be filed by May 11, 2018. No replies are permitted absent leave of the Court. Unless and until the Court orders otherwise, a conferenc e shall be held on May 23, 2018, at 4:30 p.m. in Courtroom 1105 of the Thurgood Marshall Courthouse, 40 Centre Street, New York, New York to consider any motions. For the reasons stated above, Cleveland B&T's motion to vacate is GRANTED, and ATRS's cross-motion to strike is DENIED. Further, Cleveland B&T's motion to intervene is GRANTED, as it plainly has a "claim...that shares with the [original] action a common question of law or fact," and the Court does not fi nd that intervention will "unduly delay or prejudice the adjudication of the original parties' rights." Fed. R. Civ. P. 24(b)(1)(B), (b)(3). The Clerk of Court is directed to terminate Docket Nos. 56 and 62. (Signed by Judge Jesse M. Furman on 4/11/2018) Filed In Associated Cases: 1:17-cv-08457-JMF, 1:18-cv-01404-JMF. (ras)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
JIHAD A. HACHEM,
GENERAL ELECTRIC INC., et al.,
THE CLEVELAND BAKERS AND TEAMSTERS PENSION
GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, et al.,
JESSE M. FURMAN, United States District Judge:
In these consolidated securities-fraud putative class actions, familiarity with which is
presumed, the Court must decide whether to reopen the process for appointment of lead plaintiff
and lead counsel. That process was triggered in the first instance by the filing of a complaint on
November 1, 2017, alleging that, between July 21, 2017, and October 20, 2017, the General
Electric Company (“GE”) and certain GE executives made false and misleading statements
principally concerning the results and trends in GE’s “Power segment.” (Docket No. 1
(“Compl.”)). 1 Following the publication of notice concerning those allegations pursuant to the
Unless otherwise noted, all record citations are to the docket in 17-CV-8457 (JMF).
Private Securities Litigation Reform Act (“PSLRA”), the Court appointed the Arkansas Teachers
Retirement System (“ATRS”) as Lead Plaintiff and Labaton Sucharow LLP as Lead Counsel.
(Docket No. 52). On February 20, 2018, however, the Cleveland Bakers and Teamsters Pension
Fund (“Cleveland B&T”) filed a new action alleging that, between February 26, 2013, and
January 24, 2018, GE and certain GE executives made false and misleading statements
concerning not only GE’s Power division, but also its long-term care (“LTC”) insurance
business. (18-CV-1404 (“Cleveland B&T”), Docket No. 1 (“Cleveland B&T Compl.”), ¶¶ 1, 93,
118). Cleveland B&T now moves to intervene and to vacate the Court’s Order appointing ATRS
Lead Plaintiff; ATRS cross-moves to strike a new PSLRA notice published by Cleveland B&T
based on the new claims. (Docket Nos. 56, 62). Thus, both motions raise the same question:
whether the expanded claims and class period in the Cleveland B&T action warrant republication
of notice pursuant to the PSLRA and reopening of lead plaintiff motion practice.
Upon review of the parties’ papers and relevant case law, the Court reluctantly concludes
that republication is warranted and that the lead plaintiff process must be reopened. “Although
courts typically disfavor republication when a complaint is amended, courts have required new
notice where the amended complaint substantially alters the claims or class members.” Waldman
v. Wachovia Corp., No. 08-CV-2913 (SAS), 2009 WL 2950362, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 14, 2009).
The inquiry into whether republication is warranted is qualitative, “turning on a comparison of
the two complaints and an assessment of whether, in light of the amendments, ‘entire classes of
potential lead plaintiffs [were] left out of the notice procedure.’” Dube v. Signet Jewelers Ltd.,
No. 16-CV-6728 (JMF), 2017 WL 1379385, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 14, 2017) (quoting Teamsters
Local 445 Freight Div. Pension Fund v. Bombardier Inc., No. 05-CV-1898 (SAS), 2005 WL
1322721, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. June 1, 2005)). Applying that standard, courts have held that
republication is warranted where, in light of changes in either or both the class period or the
nature of the claims asserted, it is “likely that individuals who could now be considered potential
lead plaintiffs would have disregarded the earlier notice.” Kaplan v. S.A.C. Capital Advisors,
L.P., 947 F. Supp. 2d 366, 367-68 (S.D.N.Y. 2013); see, e.g., Dube, 2017 WL 1379385, at *1; In
re Leapfrog Enters., Inc. Sec. Litig., No. 03-CV-5421 (RMW), 2005 WL 5327775, at *3-4 (N.D.
Cal. July 5, 2005); In re Select Comfort Corp. Sec. Litig., No. 99-CV-884 (DSD) (JMM), 2000
WL 36097395, at *2 (D. Minn. May 12, 2000).
That is the case here. The initial notice listed a class period of only three months —
“between July 21, 2017, and October 20, 2017” — and cited only the underperformance of GE’s
Power segment in describing the putative class claims. (Docket No. 6, Ex. A, at 1). By contrast,
Cleveland B&T’s Complaint covers a class period of almost five years and includes, in addition
to claims regarding General Electric’s Power segment, substantial allegations concerning GE’s
LTC business. (Cleveland B&T Compl. ¶¶ 1, 93). Underscoring the scope of those differences,
while the initial complaint alleged only one stock price drop of $1.51 per share (see Compl. ¶
24), Cleveland B&T’s Complaint alleges additional stock drops, including declines of $1.47,
$1.12, and $1.43 per share, all related to news about GE’s LTC business. (See Cleveland B&T
Compl. ¶¶ 17-24). Taken together, these changes “alter dramatically the gravamen of the
claims alleged against Defendants.” Dube, 2017 WL 1379385, at *1. They “make it likely that
individuals who could now be considered potential lead plaintiffs would have disregarded the
earlier notice, and that ‘[a]llowing plaintiffs in this case to proceed without publishing a new
notice reflecting their additional claims would potentially exclude qualified movants from the
lead plaintiff selection process.’” Kaplan, 947 F. Supp. 2d at 367 (quoting Bombardier, 2005
WL 1322721, at *3).
In arguing otherwise, ATRS cites a related case, Tampa Maritime AssociationInternational Longshoremen’s Association Pension Plan v. General Electric Company, No. 17CV-9888 (JMF), which was filed during the original notice period and consolidated with this
action on December 29, 2017. (Docket No. 16). 2 The Complaint in Tampa Maritime alleged
claims relating not only to GE’s Power segment, but also to its LTC business, and included a
class period of between December 15, 2016, and November 10, 2017. (See 17-CV-9888, Docket
No. 1, at ¶¶ 1, 5). Plaintiff in Tampa Maritime (which, notably, was also represented by Labaton
Sucharow LLP) published a separate PSLRA notice on December 20, 2017, advising investors of
the expanded class period and allegations and noting that the deadline to file lead plaintiff
motions was January 2, 2018 — namely, the deadline set by this Court based upon the original
notice published on November 2, 2017. (See Docket No. 64, Ex. 10, at 5-6; see also id. at Ex. 4).
On its face, that notice might have sufficed, as the gap between it and the Cleveland B&T
Complaint is comparatively smaller, but for one problem: Investors were given only fourteen
days’ notice (a period that included Christmas and New Year’s, no less) of the deadline to file
motions for appointment as lead plaintiff. 3 The PSLRA, however, contemplates sixty days’
notice before the deadline for motions. See 15 U.S.C. § 78u4(a)(3)(A)(II); see In re Crayfish Co.
Sec. Litig., No. 00-CV-6766 (DAB), 2002 WL 1268013, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. June 6, 2002)
ATRS also contends that Cleveland B&T’s motion should be denied because Cleveland
B&T’s losses are “a small fraction of the ATRS’ losses.” (Docket No. 63 (“ATRS Br.”), at 1-2).
But the issue here is not whether Cleveland B&T should be appointed lead plaintiff instead of
ATRS; it is whether the process should be reopened to all putative class members, some of
whom may well have a greater financial interest than both ATRS and Cleveland B&T.
Needless to say, the present predicament could have been avoided had any party alerted
the Court to the material differences between the original notice and the notice published in
connection with Tampa Maritime and sought an appropriate extension of the deadline to file
motions for appointment. No party did so.
(discussing the PSLRA’s timeliness requirements). And separate and apart from what the statute
contemplates, thirteen days during the holiday season does not afford investors sufficient time to
decide whether to seek appointment and file motion papers. (See Docket No. 67, at 8 (noting
that “[m]any public pension funds require board approval prior to making a lead plaintiff motion,
a step favored and sometimes also required by courts”); 18-CV-1404, Docket No. 9, at 4
Accordingly, with some misgivings given the delay that will result, the Court concludes
that its January 19, 2018 Order appointing ATRS as Lead Plaintiff and Labaton Sucharow LLP
as Lead Counsel must be vacated and the lead plaintiff process reopened. As ATRS itself notes
(see ATRS Br. 11-12), the general practice in conducting lead plaintiff motion practice is to use
the “longest, most inclusive” class period available on the theory that it “encompasses more
potential class members and damages.” Hom v. Vale, S.A., No. 15-CV-9539 (GHW), 2016 WL
880201, at *4 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 7, 2016) (citing cases). Here, that calls for using the allegations in
the Cleveland B&T Complaint and the notice issued on February 16. 2018 in connection with
that Complaint as the basis for lead plaintiff motion practice. That notice specified that any
motions for appointment of lead plaintiff would have to be filed by April 17, 2018. (Docket No.
58, Ex. 1). In light of the uncertainty prompted by ATRS’s and Cleveland B&T’s motions,
however, the Court concludes that the deadline should be extended in the interests of justice. See
Coopersmith v. Lehman Bros., Inc., 344 F. Supp. 2d 783, 791 (D. Mass. 2004) (citing cases for
the proposition that “under some circumstances, the PSLRA’s 60 day requirement can be
extended”). Accordingly, any member of the putative class who wishes to seek appointment as
lead plaintiff shall file a motion by May 4, 2018; and any opposition to a motion shall be filed by
May 11, 2018. No replies are permitted absent leave of the Court. Unless and until the Court
orders otherwise, a conference shall be held on May 23, 2018, at 4:30 p.m. in Courtroom 1105
of the Thurgood Marshall Courthouse, 40 Centre Street, New York, New York to consider any
motions. In light of the foregoing, Defendants’ deadline to answer or move to dismiss is
extended to thirty days after the newly appointed lead plaintiff identifies the operative complaint.
For the reasons stated above, Cleveland B&T’s motion to vacate is GRANTED, and
ATRS’s cross-motion to strike is DENIED. Further, Cleveland B&T’s motion to intervene is
GRANTED, as it plainly has a “claim . . . that shares with the [original] action a common
question of law or fact,” and the Court does not find that intervention will “unduly delay or
prejudice the adjudication of the original parties’ rights.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 24(b)(1)(B), (b)(3).
The Clerk of Court is directed to terminate Docket Nos. 56 and 62.
Dated: April 11, 2018
New York, New York
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