Clifford v. Trump
COMPLAINT against Donald J. Trump. (Filing Fee $ 400.00, Receipt Number 0208-15005277)Document filed by Stephanie Clifford.(Keenan, Catherine)
Case 1:18-cv-03842 Document 1 Filed 04/30/18 Page 1 of 7
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
Stephanie Clifford a.k.a. Stormy Daniels,
Civil Action No.
- againstDonald J. Trump,
APRIL 30, 2018
COMPLAINT FOR DEFAMATION AND JURY DEMAND
Plaintiff Stephanie Clifford a.k.a. Stormy Daniels ("Ms. Clifford" or "Plaintiff'), by and
through her attorneys, for her complaint alleges as follows:
Plaintiff Ms. Clifford, an individual, is a resident of the State of Texas.
Defendant Donald J. Trump ("Mr. Trump" or "Defendant"), an individual, is a
resident of the State of New York.
JURISDICTION AND VENUE
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332, this Court has original jurisdiction over Plaintiff's
claims based on the parties' diversity of citizenship and because the amount in controversy exceeds
Venue is appropriate in this judicial district, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1391, because
this Court has personal jurisdiction over Defendant and by reason of the fact that, among other
things, this is a judicial district in which the Defendant resides.
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Ms. Clifford began an intimate relationship with Mr. Tmmp in the summer of2006
in Lake Tahoe.
In May 2011, Ms. Clifford agreed to cooperate with In Touch Magazine in
connection with an article about her relationship with Mr. Tmmp that the magazine was preparing
at the urging of Ms. Clifford's ex-husband, who approached the magazine without approval from
Ms. Clifford. She did so only after being told that the magazine was going to be mnning the story
with or without her cooperation.
A few weeks later, in Las Vegas, Nevada, Ms. Clifford was approached and
threatened by a man regarding her intention to tell the story of her relationship with Mr. Tmmp.
The threat occurred in the presence of Ms. Clifford's infant daughter, in a parking lot.
The man approached Ms. Clifford in the parking lot and said to her, "Leave Tmmp
alone. Forget the story."
The man then leaned around and looked at Ms. Clifford's infant daughter and said,
"That's a beautiful little girl. It'd be a shame if something happened to her mom." The man then
Ms. Clifford was shaken by the experience and understood the man's statement to
be a direct threat.
Because Ms. Clifford was frightened, however, she did not go to the police mId did
not seek to go public with her story at that time. She likewise did not go to the police at that time
because she was concerned about her relationship at the time and the impact that disclosure of the
threat might have on her relationship.
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The story was never run by In Touch because, on information and belief, after the
magazine called Mr. Trump seeking comment, his attorney Michael Cohen threatened and
intimated the magazine into not proceeding with the story.
Mr. Trump was elected President of the United States on November 8, 2016.
Thereafter, on or about April 17,2018 and on behalf of Ms. Clifford, a sketch of
the man who threatened her in 20 II was released publicly. The sketch was created in consultation
with Ms. Lois Gibson, one of the foremost forensic artists in the world. Ms. Gibson met with Ms.
Clifford for an extended period of time while compiling the sketch and asked her numerous
questions about the encounter and the assailant.
The next day, on April 18, 2018, Mr. Trump, from his verified personal Twitter
account (@reaIDonaldTrump) posted the following false statement regarding Ms. Clifford, the
sketch, and her account of the threatening incident that took place in 2011 :
A sketch years later about a nonexistent man. A total can job, playing the Fake News Media
for Fools (but they know it)!
The statement posted by Mr. Trump was in response to another tweet posted by the
account DeplorablyScottish (@ShennaFoxMusic) which showed side-by-side images ofthe sketch
of Ms. Clifford's harasser and a picture of Ms. Clifford and her husband.
Mr. Trump's statement falsely attacks the veracity of Ms. Clifford's account ofthe
threatening incident that took place in 2011. It also operates to accuse Ms. Clifford of committing
a crime under New York law, as well as the law of numerous other states, in that it effectively
states that Ms. Clifford falsely accused an individual of committing a crime against her when no
such crime occurred. Mr. Trump's statement is false and defamatory. In making the statement,
Mr. Trump used his national and international audience ofmillions of people to make a false factual
statement to denigrate and attack Ms. Clifford. Mr. Trump knew that his false, disparaging
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statement would be read by people around the world, as well as widely reported, and that Ms.
Clifford would be subjected to threats of violence, economic harm, and reputational damage as a
At the time Mr. Trump made the statement, Mr. Ttump knew his statement was
false or was made with reckless disregard for the ttuth or falsity of his statement.
Mr. Ttump's false statement about Ms. Clifford is defamation per se because,
among other things, it charged Ms. Clifford with committing a serious crime.
Ms. Clifford has suffered damage as a result ofMr. Trump's false and defamatory
statement in an amount to be proven at trial but in excess of $75,000.
CAUSE OF ACTION FOR DEFAMATION
Plaintiff restates and re-alleges each and every allegation in Paragraphs 1 through
20 above as iffully set forth herein.
On or about April 18, 2018, Mr. Trump made the above mentioned false statement
regarding Ms. Clifford, her account of the 2011 threatening incident, and the sketch of the man
who threatened her: "A sketch years later about a nonexistent man. A total con job, playing the
Fake News Media for Fools (but they know it)!"
Mr. Tmmp's statement was made in writing online and released by Mr. Trump with
the intent that it be widely disseminated and repeated. Indeed, Mr. Trump knows that his personal
Twitter account has an audience of over 50 million followers and that the Twitter post would be
repeated and reported upon by other news and media outlets online, in print, and on television and
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Mr. Trump's defamatory statements clearly identified Ms. Clifford and the
statement was made in response to Ms. Clifford releasing the sketch. It was apparent on its face
to those who read the statement that Mr. Trump's defamatory statement was about Ms. Clifford.
Mr. Trump's statement was defamatory per se.
The plain import of the statement is an attack on the truthfulness of Ms. Clifford
and is reasonably understood to state that Ms. Clifford is lying about the threatening encounter and
the sketch of the man responsible.
Moreover, by calling the incident a "con job" Mr. Trump's statement would be
understood to state that Ms. Clifford was fabricating the crime and the existence of the assailant,
both of which are prohibited under New York law, as well as the law of numerous other states
Thus, both on its face, and because ofthe facts and circumstances known to persons
who read or heard the statement, it was apparent that Mr. Trump meant to convey that Ms. Clifford
is a liar, someone who should not be trusted, that her claims about the threatening encounter are
false, and that she was falsely accusing the individual depicted in the sketch of committing a crime,
where no crime had been committed.
Mr. Trump's defamatory statement was false because Ms. Clifford was in fact
threatened in 2011 as she has recounted and the sketch was the result of her recollection regarding
the appearance ofthe assailant.
Mr. TJump made his statement either knowing it was false, had serious doubts about
the truth of his statement, or made the statement with reckless disregard for its truth or falsity.
Given the circumstances surrounding the threatening incident in 20 II, namely that
Ms. Clifford had not at the time gone public with her story and very few people Imew of the
possible In Touch story, it is reasonable to infer that the person who threatened Ms. Clifford could
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have only been acting directly or indirectly on behalf of Mr. Trump and/or Mr. Cohen. Thus, Mr.
Trump may have actual knowledge of the incident and ofthe falsity of his statement.
Alternately, ifMr. Trump in fact had no direct or indirect connection to the incident,
then Mr. Trump necessarily acted in reckless disregard of the truth or falsity of his statement
because he would have no way ofknowing one way or the other as to whether the incident occUlTed.
Nevertheless, and in spite of this, he chose to defame and disparage Ms. Clifford to his audience
of over 50 million Twitter followers and many more worldwide.
Mr. Trutnp's statement exposed Mr. Clifford to hatred, contempt, ridicule, and
shame, and discouraged others from associating or dealing with her.
As a result, Ms. Clifford has suffered damages in an amount to be proven at trial,
including but not limited to, harm to her reputation, emotional harm, exposure to contempt,
ridicule, and shame, and physical threats of violence to her person and life.
In pmticular, since the statement, Ms. Clifford has been exposed to death threats
and other threats of physical violence, causing her both emotional and economic damages.
By way of exmnple only, Ms. Clifford has had to retain the services of professional
bodyguards and other protective services to ensure her personal safety.
Ms. Clifford's damages exceed $75,000.
In making the defmnatory statement identified herein, Mr. Trump acted with malice,
oppression, or fraud, and is thus responsible for punitive damages in an amount to be proven at
trial according to proof.
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PRAYER FOR RELIEF
Compensatory damages in an amount to be proven at trial;
Pre-judgment and post-judgment interest;
Costs of suit; and
For such other and further relief as the Court may deem just and proper.
DEMAND FOR TRIAL BY JURY
Plaintiff demands a trial by jury on all causes so triable.
Dated: April 30, 2018
/s/ Catherine R. Keenan
Catherine R. Keenan, Esq.
Federal Bar No. CK5925
66 Field Point Road
Greenwich, CT 06830
Tel: (203) 661-4200
Fax: (203) 661-3666
AVENATTI & ASSOCIATES, APC
Michael J. Avenatti (Pro Hac Vice
520 Newport Center Drive, Suite 1400
Newport Beach, CA 92660
Tel: (949) 706-7000
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