Chavez v. Cause yall took my phones I dont know their names
ORDER OF DISMISSAL: Plaintiff's complaint is dismissed as frivolous under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i). The Court certifies under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith, and therefore IFP status is denied for the purpose of an appeal. See Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444-45 (1962). The Clerk of Court is directed to mail a copy of this order to Plaintiff and note service on the docket. (Signed by Judge Laura Taylor Swain on 11/16/2021) (sac) Transmission to Docket Assistant Clerk for processing.
Case 1:21-cv-08526-LTS Document 4 Filed 11/16/21 Page 1 of 3
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
JUAN CARLOS CHAVEZ,
-againstCAUSE YALL TOOK MY PHONE I DON’T
KNOW THEIR NAMES,
ORDER OF DISMISSAL
LAURA TAYLOR SWAIN, Chief United States District Judge:
Plaintiff filed this complaint pro se. By order dated October 20, 2021, the Court granted
Plaintiff’s request to proceed without prepayment of fees, that is, in forma pauperis (IFP). The
Court dismisses the complaint for the reasons set forth below.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
The Court must dismiss a complaint, or portion thereof, that is frivolous or malicious,
fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant
who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B), 1915A(b); see Abbas v. Dixon, 480
F.3d 636, 639 (2d Cir. 2007). While the law mandates dismissal on any of these grounds, the
Court is obliged to construe pro se pleadings liberally, Harris v. Mills, 572 F.3d 66, 72 (2d Cir.
2009), and interpret them to raise the “strongest [claims] that they suggest,” Triestman v. Fed.
Bureau of Prisons, 470 F.3d 471, 474-75 (2d Cir. 2006) (internal quotation marks and citations
omitted) (emphasis in original).
A claim is frivolous when it “lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact.” Neitzke v.
Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 324-25 (1989), abrogated on other grounds by Bell Atl. Corp. v.
Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007); see also Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 32-33 (1992)
(holding that “finding of factual frivolousness is appropriate when the facts alleged rise to the
Case 1:21-cv-08526-LTS Document 4 Filed 11/16/21 Page 2 of 3
level of the irrational or the wholly incredible”); Livingston v. Adirondack Beverage Co., 141
F.3d 434, 437 (2d Cir. 1998) (“[A]n action is ‘frivolous’ when either: (1) the factual contentions
are clearly baseless . . . ; or (2) the claim is based on an indisputably meritless legal theory.”)
(internal quotation marks and citation omitted).
Page one of Plaintiff’s complaint contains the following text: “bit.ly/the keeping.” (ECF 1
at 1.) Pages two and four consist of a drawing of what appears to be a guitar or violin. (Id. at 2
and 2-2.) Page three states, “It’s me, Juan here, w/ Ancona and his other one. I am sorry for the
new complaint.” (Id. at 3.) The named defendants are “cause yall took my phone I don’t know
their names.” (Id.)
Even when read with the “special solicitude” due pro se pleadings, Triestman, 470 F.3d at
474-75, Plaintiff’s claims rise to the level of the irrational, and there is no legal theory on which
he can rely. See Denton, 504 U.S. at 33; Livingston, 141 F.3d at 437. The complaint does not
contain a single fact suggesting that Plaintiff can state a viable claim that falls within the Court’s
District courts generally grant a pro se plaintiff an opportunity to amend a complaint to
cure its defects, but leave to amend is not required where it would be futile. See Hill v. Curcione,
657 F.3d 116, 123-24 (2d Cir. 2011); Salahuddin v. Cuomo, 861 F.2d 40, 42 (2d Cir. 1988).
Because the defects in Plaintiff’s complaint cannot be cured with an amendment, the Court
declines to grant Plaintiff leave to amend.
LITIGATION HISTORY AND WARNING
Plaintiff has filed scores of cases in this and other Districts, both under his own name and
under fictitious names, which have been dismissed for lack of merit or for failure to comply with
Case 1:21-cv-08526-LTS Document 4 Filed 11/16/21 Page 3 of 3
court orders. See, e.g., Natural-Unido v. Broad Corp. Does, ECF 1:21-CV-5586, 7 (S.D.N.Y.
Nov. 3, 2021) (listing twenty cases).
In light of Plaintiff’s litigation history, this Court finds that Plaintiff was or should have
been aware when he filed this complaint that it lacked merit. See Sledge v. Kooi, 564 F.3d 105,
109-110 (2d Cir. 2009) (discussing circumstances where frequent pro se litigant may be charged
with knowledge of particular legal requirements).” Plaintiff is warned that further duplicative or
frivolous litigation in this Court will result in an order barring Plaintiff from filing new actions
IFP without prior permission. See 28 U.S.C. § 1651.
Plaintiff’s complaint is dismissed as frivolous under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i).
The Court certifies under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal from this order would
not be taken in good faith, and therefore IFP status is denied for the purpose of an appeal. See
Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444-45 (1962).
The Clerk of Court is directed to mail a copy of this order to Plaintiff and note service on
November 16, 2021
New York, New York
/s/ Laura Taylor Swain
LAURA TAYLOR SWAIN
Chief United States District Judge
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