Arroyo v. Kent Security Services
NOTICE OF REASSIGNMENT This case has been reassigned to this Court. All counsel and pro se Plaintiffs must familiarize themselves with the Courts Individual Rules and Practices, which are available at https://nysd.uscourts.gov/hon-jennifer-h-rearde n, including the Court's Individual Rules of Practice in Civil Pro Se Cases. Unless and until the Court orders otherwise, all prior orders, dates, and deadlines shall remain in effect notwithstanding the reassignment. Any conference or oral a rgument before or directed by the Magistrate Judge will proceed as ordered. However, all previously scheduled appearances or conferences before the District Judge are hereby adjourned pending further notice from the Court. Within three weeks of th e filing of this Order, the parties are hereby ORDERED to confer and prepare, and Defendants are ORDERED to file on ECF and serve on pro se Plaintiff, a joint letter updating the Court on the status of the case. The joint letter shall not exceed f ive (5) double-spaced pages. The Clerk of Court is respectfully directed to mail this Order, along with Judge Rearden's Individual Rules of Practice in Civil Cases and Individual Rules of Practice in Civil Pro Se Cases, to pro se Plaintiff. SO ORDERED. (Signed by Judge Jennifer H. Rearden on 1/17/2023) (jca)
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 1 of 21
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
22 Civ. 00073 (JHR)
NOTICE OF REASSIGNMENT
Kent Security Services,
JENNIFER H. REARDEN, District Judge:
This case has been reassigned to this Court. All counsel and pro se Plaintiffs must
familiarize themselves with the Court’s Individual Rules and Practices, which are available at
https://nysd.uscourts.gov/hon-jennifer-h-rearden, including the Court’s Individual Rules of
Practice in Civil Pro Se Cases. Unless and until the Court orders otherwise, all prior orders,
dates, and deadlines shall remain in effect notwithstanding the reassignment. Any conference or
oral argument before or directed by the Magistrate Judge will proceed as ordered. However, all
previously scheduled appearances or conferences before the District Judge are hereby adjourned
pending further notice from the Court.
Within three weeks of the filing of this Order, the parties are hereby ORDERED to confer
and prepare, and Defendants are ORDERED to file on ECF and serve on pro se Plaintiff, a joint
letter updating the Court on the status of the case. The joint letter shall not exceed five (5)
double-spaced pages, and shall provide the following information, to the extent it is relevant, in
The names of counsel and current contact information;
A brief statement of the nature of the claims and the principal defenses;
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 2 of 21
A brief explanation of why jurisdiction and venue lie in this Court. In any action
in which subject matter jurisdiction is founded on diversity of citizenship
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332, the letter must explain the basis for the parties’
belief that diversity of citizenship exists. Where any party is a corporation, the
letter shall state both the place of incorporation and the principal place of
business. In cases where any party is a partnership, limited partnership, limited
liability company, or trust, the letter shall state the citizenship of each of the
entity’s members, shareholders, partners, and/or trustees;
A statement of all existing deadlines, due dates, and/or cut-off dates;
A statement of any previously scheduled conferences or arguments with the
Court that have not yet occurred, and the matters that were to be addressed;
A brief description of any outstanding motions, including the date such motions
were filed and the nature of the relief sought;
A statement and description of any pending appeals;
A detailed statement of all discovery to date, including the number of depositions
taken by each party and any remaining discovery that is essential in order for the
parties to engage in meaningful settlement negotiations;
A brief description of the status of prior settlement discussions, without
disclosing exact offers and demands;
A statement of whether the parties have discussed employing alternative dispute
resolution mechanisms and whether the parties believe that (a) a settlement
conference before a Magistrate Judge; (b) participation in the District’s
Mediation Program; and/or (c) the retention of a private mediator would be
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productive and, if so, when (e.g., within the next 60 days, after the deposition of
the plaintiff is completed, at the close of fact discovery, etc.);
An estimate of the length of trial; and
Any other information that the parties believe may assist the Court in advancing
the case, including, but not limited to, a description of any dispositive or novel
issue raised by the case.
If this case has been settled or otherwise terminated, the parties need not submit the joint
letter or appear, provided that a stipulation of discontinuance, voluntary dismissal, or other
appropriate proof of termination is filed on the docket prior to the joint letter submission
deadline, using the proper ECF Filing Event. See S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules &
Instructions §§ 13.17-13.18, 13.20, available at http://nysd.uscourts.gov/ecf_filing.php.
Requests for extensions or adjournment of dates not affected by this Order may be made only in
accordance with the Court’s Individual Rules and Practices, including the Court’s Individual
Rules of Practice in Civil Pro Se Cases, which are available at https://nysd.uscourts.gov/honjennifer-h-rearden.
The Clerk of Court is respectfully directed to mail this Order, along with Judge Rearden’s
Individual Rules of Practice in Civil Cases and Individual Rules of Practice in Civil Pro Se
Cases, to pro se Plaintiff.
Dated: January 17, 2023
New York, New York
JENNIFER H. REARDEN
United States District Judge
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Effective: January 9, 2023
INDIVIDUAL RULES AND PRACTICES IN CIVIL PRO SE CASES
JENNIFER H. REARDEN, United States District Judge
Pro Se Office
United States District Court
Southern District of New York
40 Foley Square
New York, New York 10007
1. Pro se parties may not contact the Court directly. All communications with the
Court by a pro se party (including written, electronic, and telephone communications)
should be addressed to the Pro Se Office.
2. Each pro se party must maintain a current mailing address of record. If a pro se party’s
mailing address changes, the pro se party must inform the Pro Se Office promptly. Pro
se parties may use the S.D.N.Y. Notice of Change of Address Form for this purpose. If
a pro se party fails to maintain a current mailing address of record, the pro se party’s
claims may be dismissed.
3. Unless otherwise provided in these Rules and Practices, communications with the Court
by parties represented by counsel in a civil pro se case shall be governed by Judge
Rearden’s Individual Rules and Practices in Civil Cases.
4. All requests for adjournments or extensions of time must be made in writing and must
state: (1) the original date; (2) the number of previous requests for adjournment or
extensions of time; (3) whether those previous requests were granted or denied; (4) the
reason(s) for the requested extension; (5) whether the adversary consents, and, if not,
the reason(s) given by the adversary for declining to consent; and (6) the date of the
parties’ next scheduled appearance before the Court, as well as any other existing
deadlines, and whether the requested adjournment or extension would affect those other
deadlines or any other scheduled dates.
Requests for extensions of deadlines regarding a matter that has been referred to a
Magistrate Judge shall be addressed to that Magistrate Judge. Absent an emergency,
any request for an extension or adjournment shall be made at least two business
days prior to the scheduled deadline or date. Requests for extensions made after the
expiration of the original deadline or date will ordinarily be denied.
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 5 of 21
FILING OF PAPERS
5. No documents or court filings may be sent directly to Chambers. A pro se party may
instead file papers with the Court by:
Delivering them in person to the Pro Se Office at 40 Foley Square, Room 105,
New York, New York 10007;
Mailing them to the Pro Se Intake Office at 500 Pearl Street, New York, New
York 10007 (Attention: Pro Se Intake);
Emailing them as an attachment in PDF format to Temporary_Pro_Se_
Filing@nysd.uscourts.gov, in which case the pro se party should follow the
instructions contained in the April 1, 2020 Addendum to the S.D.N.Y.
Electronic Case Filing Rules and Instructions; or
Filing them on ECF, if the pro se party has filed a Motion for Permission for
Electronic Case Filing (available online and in the Pro Se Office) and been
granted such permission by the Court.
6. To ensure timely service of documents, including Court orders, non-incarcerated pro se
parties are encouraged to consent to receive electronic service through ECF. To do so, a
pro se party should review the Pro Se Consent to Receive Documents Electronically
instructions, and then submit a Consent to Electronic Service.
7. If a pro se party consents to electronic service, or if the Court grants a Motion for
Permission for Electronic Case Filing on ECF under Rule 5.iv, that party will not
receive hard copies of any document filed on ECF or served by email.
8. Absent a pro se party consenting to receipt of electronic service, counsel in pro se cases
must serve a pro se party with a paper copy of any document that is filed electronically
and must file with the Court a separate Affidavit of Service. Submissions filed without
proof of service on the pro se party will not be considered.
9. All requests for discovery by a pro se party should be sent to counsel for the party from
whom discovery is sought (if the party is represented by counsel). Discovery requests
should not be sent to the Court. In the event of any discovery disputes, the parties are
required to confer in an effort to resolve the dispute without Court intervention. If the
parties are unable to resolve their dispute, either party may file a letter-motion, not to
exceed six double-spaced pages, explaining the nature of the dispute and requesting an
informal conference. The opposing party must promptly file any responsive letter,
which shall not exceed six double-spaced pages.
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 6 of 21
10. Any requests for relief, other than requests for an informal conference to address a
discovery dispute as per Rule 9, shall be submitted in the form of a motion that
conforms to the requirements of Local Civil Rule 7.1 of the S.D.N.Y. Local Rules.
11. Filing and Service. Unless otherwise ordered by the Court, oppositions to motions
shall be served and filed within four weeks of receipt of the motion papers, and reply
papers, if any, shall be served and filed within two weeks of receipt of opposition
papers. Motion papers are deemed filed and served pursuant to this Rule in accordance
with the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules and Instructions, the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure, and the S.D.N.Y. Local Rules. Pursuant to Sections 3 and 9 of the
Electronic Case Filing Rules and Instructions:
Where documents are filed on ECF, a document filed electronically is deemed
filed on the date and time stated on the Notice of Electronic Filing from the
Court. Electronic service is complete for parties who are ECF users and have
received a Notice of Electronic Filing (and for service on pro se parties, only
following the Court’s approval of a Motion for Permission for Electronic Case
Filing, as per Rule 5.iv, or the pro se party’s consent to electronic service
according to Rule 6, above).
Attorneys and pro se parties who are not ECF users must be served with a paper
copy of any electronically filed pleading or other document. Service of such
paper copy must be made according to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and
the Local Rules. Such paper service must be documented by electronically
filing a proof of service. Where the Clerk scans and electronically files
pleadings and documents on behalf of a pro se party, the associated Notice of
Electronic Filing constitutes service. For pro se litigants, paper documents filed
with the Court, and subsequently scanned and docketed to the ECF system, shall
be deemed filed on the date the documents are received by the Court.
12. Oral Argument. Unless otherwise ordered by the Court, argument will not be heard.
INITIAL CASE MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE
13. The Court will convene an initial case management conference for such purposes as
expediting disposition of the action, addressing scheduling, and facilitating settlement.
Incarcerated parties may not be able to attend the initial case management conference or
other conferences. If incarcerated parties do not have counsel, a family member or
other representative may attend the conference. If a representative is designated, the
representative should call Chambers at (212) 805-0230 and ask for the location of the
conference. The Judge will also have a transcript of the conference sent to the
incarcerated party. If an incarcerated party does not have counsel and a representative
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 7 of 21
cannot attend a conference, the pro se party should write to the Judge regarding any
issue the pro se party wishes to have addressed at the conference.
14. Within 30 days of the completion of discovery, unless otherwise ordered by the Court,
a pro se plaintiff shall file a concise Pretrial Statement. This Statement need not take
any particular form, but it must contain the following: 1) a statement of the facts the
plaintiff hopes to prove at trial; 2) a list of all documents or other physical objects that
the plaintiff plans to put into evidence at trial; and 3) a list of the names and addresses
of all witnesses the plaintiff intends to have testify at trial. The Statement must be
sworn by the plaintiff to be true and accurate based on the facts known by the plaintiff.
The pro se plaintiff shall submit an original of this Statement to the Pro Se Office (or on
ECF, if the Court has approved a pro se plaintiff’s Motion for Permission for Electronic
Case Filing) and serve a copy on all defendants or their counsel, if they are represented.
The original Statement must include a certificate stating the date a copy was mailed (or
served on ECF, if applicable) to the defendant(s) or their counsel. Two weeks after
service of the plaintiff's Statement, the defendant(s) must file and serve a similar
Statement containing the same information.
15. At the time of filing the Pretrial Statement, any parties represented by counsel must also
submit proposed Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, if the case is to be tried to
the Court, or a proposed Jury Charge, if it will be tried before a jury. In addition, the
pro se party may file (but is not required to file) either proposed Findings of Fact and
Conclusions of Law or a proposed Jury Charge.
PRO SE CLINIC
16. This District offers a Pro Se Law Clinic to assist non-incarcerated persons who are
parties in civil cases and do not have lawyers. The Clinic may be able to provide a nonincarcerated pro se litigant with advice in connection with the pro se party’s case. The
Pro Se Law Clinic is run by a private organization called the New York Legal
Assistance Group (“NYLAG”); it is not part of, or run by, the Court (and therefore
cannot, among other things, accept paper filings on behalf of the Court, which must still
be made by any unrepresented party through the Pro Se Intake Unit). An unrepresented
party can make an appointment with NYLAG by completing an intake form online or
via smartphone; by visiting the kiosk at the Courthouse; or by calling (212) 659-6190
and leaving a message.
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 8 of 21
Effective: January 6, 2023
INDIVIDUAL RULES AND PRACTICES IN CIVIL CASES
JENNIFER H. REARDEN, United States District Judge
United States District Court
Southern District of New York
500 Pearl Street, Room 1010
New York, NY 10007
500 Pearl Street
Unless otherwise ordered by Judge Rearden, these Individual Rules and Practices apply to
all civil matters except for civil pro se cases, which shall follow Judge Rearden’s Individual
Rules and Practices in Civil Pro Se Cases, available at https://www.nysd.uscourts.gov/honjennifer-h-rearden.
1. Guidelines for All Submissions
A. ECF. In accordance with the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules and Instructions,
except as otherwise expressly provided, all documents required to be filed with the
Court must be filed electronically. Counsel must register promptly as ECF filers and
enter an appearance in the case. Counsel are responsible for updating their contact
information on ECF as needed, and for checking the docket regularly, regardless of
whether they receive an ECF notification of case activity. For assistance with
updating contact information, please contact the ECF Help Desk at
email@example.com or (212) 805-0800; do not file a letter-motion advising
the Court of the change.
B. Text-Searchable Submissions. Every electronic submission, except for submissions
that shall be provided in Microsoft Word format as required under these Rules and
Practices, or as otherwise provided in the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules and
Instructions, should be in text-searchable format created by converting the document
electronically to PDF. Whenever possible, if a PDF is created by scanning a printed
document (for instance, in the case of a pre-existing documentary exhibit), the party
should use software to render the PDF text-searchable.
C. Formatting. Unless otherwise ordered by the Court or as set forth in these Rules and
Practices, the typeface, margins, and spacing of all papers submitted to the Court shall
conform to the requirements of the S.D.N.Y. Local Rules, including Local Civil Rule
2. Communications with Chambers
A. Letters. Except as provided below, communications with Chambers shall be by
letter, not to exceed five double-spaced pages. Letters should be filed electronically
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 9 of 21
on ECF in accordance with the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules and
Instructions. Letters seeking relief should (if consistent with the S.D.N.Y. Local
Rules and the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules and Instructions) be filed on
ECF as letter-motions in accordance with Rule 5.J below, not as ordinary letters.
Copies of correspondence between counsel shall not be sent to the Court, except as
exhibits to a properly filed document.
B. Telephone Calls. Communications with Chambers, including requests for extensions
or adjournments, shall be by letter or letter-motion filed on ECF in accordance with
these Rules and Practices. For questions that cannot be answered by reference to
these Rules and Practices, or for urgent matters requiring immediate attention, call
Chambers at (212) 805-0230.
C. Faxes. Faxes to Chambers are not permitted.
D. Hand Deliveries. Hand deliveries should be left with the Court Security Officers at
the Worth Street entrance of the Courthouse. If a hand delivery requires the Court’s
immediate attention, ask the Court Security Officers to notify Chambers that an
urgent package has arrived.
E. Requests for Adjournments or Extensions of Time. All requests for extensions of
time or adjournment of motions, pretrial conferences, or other matters must be made
not less than two business days before the scheduled deadline or date. All such
requests must be made in writing and filed on ECF as letter-motions, and should
state: (1) the original date; (2) the number of previous requests for adjournment or
extensions of time; (3) whether those previous requests were granted or denied; (4)
the reason(s) for the requested extension; (5) whether the adversary consents, and, if
not, the reason(s) given by the adversary for declining to consent; and (6) the date of
the parties’ next scheduled appearance before the Court, as well as any other existing
deadlines, and whether the requested adjournment or extension would affect those
other deadlines or any other scheduled dates. If the requested adjournment or
extension would affect any other scheduled deadlines or dates, a proposed Revised
Scheduling Order must be attached. A Microsoft Word version of the Revised
Scheduling Order must be emailed to ReardenNYSDChambers@nysd.uscourts.gov.
Requests for extensions made after the expiration of the original deadline or date will
ordinarily be denied.
F. Related and Consolidated Cases. After an action has been accepted as related to a
prior filing, all future court papers and correspondence must contain the docket
number of the new filing, as well as the docket number of the case to which it is
related (e.g., 12 Civ. 1234 [rel. 11 Civ. 4321]). After two or more actions have been
consolidated for all purposes under a single docket number pursuant to Rule 42(a)(2)
of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, all future court papers and correspondence
should be filed only under that docket number and should reference only that docket
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 10 of 21
A. Attendance by Principal Trial Counsel. The attorney who will serve as principal
trial counsel must appear at all conferences with the Court.
B. Initial Case Management Conference. The Court will generally schedule a Federal
Rule of Civil Procedure 16 conference within two months of the filing of the
Complaint. The Notice of Initial Pretrial Conference will be filed on ECF. The
Notice will direct the parties to file on ECF, approximately one week prior to the
conference, a joint proposed Case Management Plan and Scheduling Order (using
Judge Rearden’s fillable Civil Case Management Plan and Scheduling Order), as well
as a joint letter. At that time, one courtesy copy of the pleadings should also be
emailed to ReardenNYSDChambers@nysd.uscourts.gov.
At the conference, all parties should be prepared to discuss any pending or
anticipated motions, as well as the basis for subject matter jurisdiction.
In cases invoking the Court’s diversity jurisdiction, the parties’ joint letter
a. If any party is a corporation, that party’s place of incorporation and the
principal place of business, as defined in Hertz Corp. v. Friend, 559 U.S.
b. If any party is a partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company,
or trust, the citizenship of each entity’s members, shareholders, partners,
C. Discovery Disputes. Follow Local Civil Rule 37.2 of the S.D.N.Y. Local Rules, with
the following modifications: Any party wishing to raise a discovery dispute with the
Court must first confer in good faith with the opposing party—in person, virtually, or
by telephone—in an effort to resolve the dispute. Conferring in writing does not
satisfy this requirement. If the dispute is not resolved, the party may file a lettermotion on ECF pursuant to Rule 5.J below, not to exceed six double-spaced pages,
explaining the nature of the dispute and requesting an informal conference. Such a
letter-motion must include a representation that the parties engaged in a good faith
meet-and-confer process that proved unsuccessful. If the opposing party wishes to
respond to the letter-motion, it should call Chambers promptly to advise that a
responsive letter will be forthcoming. Any such responsive filing shall not exceed
six double-spaced pages and must be filed on ECF within three business days of
the filing of the letter-motion. Consistent with Local Civil Rule 5.1, any letter-motion
or responsive filing shall quote or attach only those portions of the depositions,
interrogatories, requests for documents, requests for admissions, or other discovery or
disclosure materials, together with the responses and objections thereto, that are the
subject of the discovery dispute or are otherwise cited in the party’s filing. No other
documents shall be submitted absent further order of the Court.
D. Participation by Junior Attorneys. To assist in the training of the next generation
of attorneys, the Court strongly encourages relatively inexperienced attorneys—in
particular, attorneys with less than five years’ experience—to participate in all
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 11 of 21
courtroom proceedings. Further, the Court is amenable to having multiple attorneys
speak on behalf of a single party if doing so creates an opportunity for a lawyer who
is relatively inexperienced. All attorneys appearing before the Court should be
prepared to address any matters likely to arise at the proceeding and must have the
authority to bind their clients with respect to the matters reasonably anticipated to be
addressed (for example, by agreeing to a discovery or briefing schedule).
4. Applications for Temporary Restraining Orders
A. Any party wishing to seek a temporary restraining order should file a motion for a
temporary restraining order, supporting documents, and a proposed order on ECF in
accordance with the procedures in the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules and
Instructions. Information on filing an application ex parte may be found in Section 6
of the Electronic Case Filing Rules and Instructions. Where the motion is made on
notice to the other parties, the movant should simultaneously serve the documents on
any party that will not receive electronic service on ECF.
B. Unless the requirements of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 65(b) are met, the movant
shall confer with its adversary before making an application for a temporary
restraining order or other emergency relief.
C. In addition to filing the proposed temporary restraining order in accordance with the
S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules and Instructions, the movant shall file a lettermotion stating whether:
The adversary has been notified, and whether the adversary consents to
temporary injunctive relief; or
The requirements of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 65(b) are satisfied, and
no notice is necessary.
D. If the movant’s adversary has been notified but does not consent to temporary
injunctive relief, the movant must bring the application to the Court at a mutually
agreeable time, so that the Court may hear argument from both sides in reaching a
E. The movant should then email ReardenNYSDChambers@nysd.uscourts.gov, giving
notice of the filing and the time frame requested for Court action. Where the motion
is made on notice, all parties should be copied on the email. If the matter is time
sensitive and Chambers does not respond within two hours, the movant may call
Chambers before the end of the business day at (212) 805-0230.
A. Pre-Motion Conferences in Civil Cases. A pre-motion conference is required only
for discovery-related motions (including discovery letter-motions addressed in Rule
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 12 of 21
3.C). A pre-motion conference will not be held for any other motion. To arrange a
pre-motion conference, follow Rule 3.C governing discovery disputes.
B. Memoranda of Law. Motion papers must conform to Local Civil Rule 11.1 of the
S.D.N.Y. Local Rules, including the requirements for typeface, margins, and spacing.
Unless prior permission has been granted, memoranda of law in support of and in
opposition to motions are limited to 25 double-spaced pages, and reply memoranda
are limited to 10 double-spaced pages. All memoranda, regardless of length, shall
contain a table of authorities. Memoranda of 10 pages or more shall include a table
of contents. Neither the table of authorities nor the table of contents shall count
against the page limit. Sur-reply memoranda will not be accepted absent leave of the
Court. Requests to exceed these page limits, except for replies, must be made five
business days before the deadline. Requests to exceed the page limit for replies must
be made two business days before the deadline.
C. Filing of Motion Papers. Motion papers shall be filed promptly after service.
D. Notices of Motions when Filing Under Seal. When leave is sought to file a motion
under seal or with redactions, the parties must comply with Rule 9.
E. Courtesy Copies. The movant shall email a courtesy copy of all motion papers,
including oppositions, replies, and exhibits, to
F. Oral Argument on Motions. Parties may request oral argument by letter (filed on
ECF) at the time of filing their moving, opposing, or reply papers. The letter shall
detail why oral argument would be beneficial. The requesting party’s memorandum
of law shall also include the words “ORAL ARGUMENT REQUESTED” on the
cover page. The Court will determine whether argument will be heard and, if so, will
inform counsel of the argument date.
G. Timetable for Deciding a Motion. If a motion is not decided within 60 days of the
date that it was fully briefed, counsel for the movant shall email a letter to
H. Preliminary Injunction Motions. The Court generally follows the procedure for the
conduct of non-jury trials described in Rule 7.D below.
I. Default Judgments. Any party seeking a default judgment must do so pursuant to
the procedure set forth in Attachment A. Per Attachment A, parties seeking default
judgment shall not proceed by order to show cause.
J. Letter-Motions. When letters seeking relief are permitted by the S.D.N.Y. Local
Rules and the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules and Instructions, including
requests for adjournments, extensions, and pre-motion conferences, such letters shall
be filed on ECF as letter-motions, not as ordinary letters.
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 13 of 21
K. Proposed Orders, Stipulations, and Judgments. All proposed orders, stipulations,
and judgments must be submitted as attachments or exhibits to an application to the
Court filed on ECF and must explain the purpose of the proposed order, stipulation,
or judgment. The parties must also email a Microsoft Word version of proposed
orders, stipulations, and judgments to ReardenNYSDChambers@nysd.uscourts.gov.
L. Motions to Exclude Testimony of Experts. Unless the Court orders otherwise,
motions to exclude expert testimony, pursuant to Rules 702-705 of the Federal Rules
of Evidence and the Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharms., Inc., 509 U.S. 579 (1993), line
of cases, must be made by the deadline for dispositive motions and should not be
treated as motions in limine.
M. Summary Judgment Motions.
Absent good cause, the Court will not ordinarily have summary judgment
practice in a non-jury case.
Any party moving for summary judgment shall provide all other parties with
an electronic copy, in Microsoft Word format, of the movant’s Statement of
Material Facts Pursuant to Local Civil Rule 56.1 of the S.D.N.Y. Local Rules.
Opposing parties must reproduce each entry in the movant’s Rule 56.1
Statement and set out the opposing party’s response directly beneath it. In any
additional statements of material facts filed by an opposing party the first
entry should be numbered where the movant left off. In addition, to
streamline the summary judgment briefing process, the Court strongly
encourages the parties to negotiate and submit, prior to or along with the
movant’s Rule 56.1 Statement, a Joint Rule 56.1 Statement setting out all facts
on which the parties agree.
With respect to any deposition transcript that is supplied, in whole or in part,
in connection with a summary judgment motion, the index to the deposition
should be included if it is available.
The parties should provide the Court with an electronic, text-searchable copy
of any hearing or deposition transcript, or portion thereof, on which the parties
rely, if such a copy is available, unless doing so would be unduly burdensome.
Memoranda of law should include sections discussing the relevant
background and facts. Parties should not merely incorporate by reference
their Local Civil Rule 56.1 Statements or Counterstatements.
6. Other Pretrial Guidance
A. Settlement Agreements. The Court will not retain jurisdiction to enforce
confidential settlement agreements. If the parties prefer that the Court retain
jurisdiction to enforce an agreement, the parties must place the terms of their
settlement agreement on the public record. The parties may either provide a copy of
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 14 of 21
the settlement agreement for the Court to endorse or include the terms of their
settlement agreement in their stipulation of settlement and dismissal.
B. Diversity Jurisdiction Cases. In any action in which subject matter jurisdiction is
founded on diversity of citizenship pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332, the party asserting
that such jurisdiction lies shall, prior to the Initial Pretrial Conference, file on ECF a
letter not to exceed six double-spaced pages, explaining the basis for that party’s
position. Where any party is a corporation, the letter shall state both the place of
incorporation and the principal place of business. In cases where any party is a
partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company, or trust, the letter shall
state the citizenship of each entity’s members, shareholders, partners, and/or trustees.
C. Bankruptcy Appeals. Unless otherwise ordered, briefs must be submitted in
accordance with the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. Counsel may seek to
extend the default deadlines by submitting a stipulation on ECF (with a courtesy copy
in Microsoft Word format emailed to ReardenNYSDChambers@nysd.uscourts.gov),
not later than five business days before the brief is due.
7. Trial Procedures
A. Joint Pretrial Order. Unless otherwise ordered by the Court, within 30 days of the
date for the completion of discovery, the parties shall file on ECF a proposed Joint
Pretrial Order, which shall include the following:
The full caption of the action.
The names, places of business, addresses, telephone numbers, and email
addresses of trial counsel.
A brief statement by the plaintiff regarding the basis of subject matter
jurisdiction, and a brief statement by each other party as to the presence or
absence of subject matter jurisdiction. Such statements shall include citations
to all relevant statutes and facts as to citizenship and jurisdictional amount.
A brief summary by each party of the claims and defenses that the party
asserts remain to be tried, including citations to any statutes on which the
party relies. Such summaries shall also identify any claims and defenses
previously asserted that are not to be tried. The summaries should not recite
any evidentiary matter.
A statement regarding the number of trial days needed and whether the case is
to be tried to a jury.
A statement as to whether all parties have consented to trial by a Magistrate
Judge, without identifying which parties do or do not consent.
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 15 of 21
Any stipulations or statements of fact or law to which all parties consent. In a
jury case, the parties should memorialize any stipulations or agreed statements
of fact in a standalone document that can be marked and admitted at trial.
A list of all trial witnesses, indicating whether such witnesses will testify in
person or by deposition, whether such witnesses will require an interpreter
(and, if so, which party will pay for the interpreter), and a brief summary of
the substance of each witness’s testimony. Absent leave of Court, a witness
listed by both sides shall testify only once (with the defendant permitted to go
beyond the scope of the direct on cross-examination). Counsel should confer
A designation by each party of deposition testimony to be offered in its case in
chief and any counter-designations and objections by any other party. In
addition to a designation list, the parties shall provide the complete deposition
transcripts with color-coded highlighting indicating the portions designated by
each party and the objections listed in the margins.
A list from each party of exhibits to be offered in its case in chief, with one
asterisk indicating exhibits to which no party objects on grounds of
authenticity, and two asterisks indicating exhibits to which no party objects on
any ground. If a party objects to an exhibit, the objection should be noted by
indicating the grounds for the objection, with citations to the Federal Rules of
Evidence and any other authority. Objections not made will be waived. If
any party believes that the Court should rule on the objection in advance of
trial, that party should include a notation to that effect (e.g., “Advance Ruling
A statement of the damages claimed and any other relief sought, including the
manner and method used to calculate any claimed damages and a breakdown
of the elements of such claimed damages.
A statement of whether the parties consent to less than a unanimous verdict.
B. Required Pretrial Filings. Each party shall file and serve with the Joint Pretrial
In all cases, motions addressing any evidentiary issues or other matters that
should be resolved in limine.
In all cases where a party believes it would be useful to the Court, a Pretrial
Memorandum of Law.
In jury cases, requests to charge and proposed voir dire questions.
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 16 of 21
In non-jury cases, proposed Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law. The
proposed findings of fact should be detailed and should include citations to the
proffered trial testimony and exhibits, as there may be no opportunity for posttrial submissions.
C. Additional Submissions in Jury Cases. At the time the Joint Pretrial Order is filed
in a jury case, each party shall mail or hand deliver to the Court and serve on
opposing counsel, but not file on ECF, all documentary exhibits and demonstratives.
All exhibits shall be submitted to Chambers in digital form on a CD-ROM, DVD,
flash drive, or external hard drive; in addition, the Court shall be provided with a hard
copy set of the exhibits. All exhibits should be pre-marked. With documentary
exhibits, the parties shall also email a list of all exhibits sought to be admitted, both in
hard copy and in Microsoft Word format, to
ReardenNYSDChambers@nysd.uscourts.gov. The list shall contain four columns
labeled as follows: (1) “Exhibit No.”; (2) “Description” (of the exhibit); (3) “Date
Identified”; and (4) “Date Admitted.” The parties shall complete the first two
columns but leave the third and fourth columns blank, for use by the Court. Counsel
shall ensure that they have custody of all original exhibits. The Court does not retain
them, and the Clerk is not responsible for them. Demonstratives that will not be
introduced into evidence need not be listed, but they must be shared with the Court
and opposing counsel.
D. Additional Submissions in Non-Jury Cases. At the time the Joint Pretrial Order is
filed in a non-jury case, each party shall mail or hand deliver to the Court and serve
on opposing counsel, but not file on ECF, the following:
Copies of affidavits constituting the direct testimony of each trial witness,
except for the direct testimony of an adverse party, a person whose attendance
is compelled by subpoena, or a person from whom the Court has agreed to
hear live direct testimony at trial. Three business days after submitting such
affidavits, counsel for each party shall submit a list of all affiants whom he or
she intends to cross-examine at trial. Only those witnesses who will be crossexamined need appear at trial. The original signed affidavits should be
brought to trial to be marked as exhibits.
At the close of trial, the affidavits constituting the direct testimony of all
witnesses who were called at trial shall be publicly filed on ECF by the party
who called the witnesses.
All deposition excerpts that will be offered as substantive evidence, as well as
a one-page synopsis of the excerpts from each deposition. Each synopsis
shall include page citations to the pertinent pages of the deposition transcripts.
All documentary exhibits shall be submitted to Chambers in digital form on a
CD-ROM, DVD, flash drive, or external hard drive; the most critical exhibits
may also be submitted in hard copy. The parties shall email a Microsoft Word
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 17 of 21
document listing all exhibits sought to be admitted to
E. Filings in Opposition. Any party may file the following documents within one
week of the filing of the Joint Pretrial Order, but not less than three business days
before the scheduled trial date:
Objections to another party’s requests to charge or proposed voir dire
Opposition to any motion in limine.
If the party has submitted a Pretrial Memorandum of Law pursuant to Rule
7.B.ii, a reply to any unanticipated legal argument in another party’s Pretrial
F. Courtesy Copies. Two courtesy copies of all documents identified in Rules 7.A, B,
D.i, and E above should be mailed or hand delivered to Chambers on the date on
which they are to be served or filed.
8. Policy on the Use of Electronic Devices
A. Standing Order M10-468. Attorneys’ use of personal electronic devices (including
mobile phones) and general purpose computing devices (such as laptops and tablets)
within the Courthouse and its environs is governed by Standing Order M10-468.
When Court permission is required under the Standing Order, attorneys seeking to
bring electronic devices to the Court should email a completed Model Court Order to
ReardenNYSDChambers@nysd.uscourts.gov five business days before the relevant
trial or hearing. Upon the Court’s approval, Chambers will coordinate with the
District Executive’s Office to issue the order and forward a copy to counsel. The
order must be presented upon bringing the electronic device(s) into the Courthouse.
B. Mobile Phones. The Court welcomes parties to use mobile phones appropriately in
the courtroom. As noted in Standing Order M10-468, however, phones must be
silenced at all times. Non-compliance with this Rule will result in forfeiture of the
device for the remainder of the proceeding.
C. General Purpose Computing Devices. In order for an attorney to bring any
“General Purpose Computing Device,” as defined in Standing Order M10-468, into
the Courthouse, the attorney should email a completed Model Court Order to
Chambers pursuant to Rule 8.A. As noted in the Standing Order, all General Purpose
Computing Devices must be silenced at all times. Non-compliance with this Rule
will result in forfeiture of the device or equipment for the remainder of the
9. Redactions and Sealed Filings
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 18 of 21
A. Redactions Not Requiring Court Approval. The parties are referred to Federal
Without prior permission from the Court, parties may redact two categories of
information from public court filings: “sensitive information,” and information
requiring “caution.” Unless necessary, parties should not include in public filings the
five categories of “sensitive information” (i.e., social security numbers [use the last
four digits only], names of minor children [use the initials only], dates of birth [use
the year only], financial account numbers [use the last four digits only], and home
addresses [use the City and State only]). Without Court approval, parties may also
redact from public filings the six categories of information requiring “caution”
records [including information regarding treatment and diagnosis], employment
history, individual financial information, proprietary or trade secret information, and
information regarding an individual’s cooperation with the Government).
B. Redactions and Sealed Filings Requiring Court Approval. Except for redactions
permitted by Rule 9.A, all redactions or sealing of public court filings require Court
approval. To be approved, any redaction or sealing of a court filing must be narrowly
tailored to serve whatever purpose justifies the redaction or sealing and must
otherwise be consistent with the presumption in favor of public access to judicial
documents. See, e.g., Lugosch v. Pyramid Co. of Onondaga, 435 F.3d 110, 119-20
(2d Cir. 2006). In general, the parties’ consent, or the fact that information is subject
to a confidentiality agreement between litigants, is not sufficient to overcome the
presumption in favor of public access to judicial documents. See, e.g., In re Gen.
Motors LLC Ignition Switch Litig., No. 14-MD-2543 (JMF), 2015 WL 4750774, at *4
(S.D.N.Y. Aug. 11, 2015).
C. Procedures for Filing Sealed or Redacted Documents. Any party seeking to file a
document under seal or in redacted form shall proceed as follows:
Meet and Confer. The party seeking leave to file sealed or redacted
materials should meet and confer with any opposing party (or any third party
seeking confidential treatment of the information) in advance to narrow the
scope of the request. When a party seeks leave to file a document under seal
or in redacted form on the ground that an opposing party or third party has
requested it, the filing party shall notify the opposing party or third party that
it must file on ECF, within three business days of the filing party’s lettermotion seeking leave to file under seal or in redacted form, a letter explaining
the need to seal or redact the document.
Sealed Document(s). The party shall electronically file a letter-motion
seeking leave to file a document under seal on ECF in accordance with
Standing Order 19-MC-583 and Section 6 of the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case
Filing Rules and Instructions. The letter-motion itself shall be filed in public
view, should explain the reasons for seeking to file the document under seal,
and should not include confidential information. The proposed sealed
document shall be separately and contemporaneously filed under seal on ECF
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 19 of 21
(with the appropriate level of restriction) and electronically related to the
motion (or to the relevant Court order, if the Court previously granted leave to
file the document under seal). Note that the summary docket text, but not the
document itself, will be open to public inspection and, thus, should not
include confidential information sought to be filed under seal.
Redacted Document(s). Where a party wishes to file a document in redacted
form, the party shall electronically file a letter-motion seeking leave to file a
document in redacted form on ECF in accordance with Standing Order 19MC-583 and Section 6 of the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules and
Instructions. The letter-motion itself shall be filed in public view, should
explain the reasons for seeking to file the document in redacted form, and
should not include confidential information. At the same time, the party shall:
(1) publicly file on ECF and electronically relate to the letter-motion a copy of
the document with the proposed redactions; and (2) file under seal on ECF
(with the appropriate level of restriction) and electronically relate to the
motion an unredacted copy of the document with the proposed redactions
Submission by Email. Any party unable to comply with the requirement for
electronic filing under seal on ECF, or who believes that a particular
document should not be electronically filed at all, shall file a letter-motion by
email, seeking leave of the Court to file in a different manner. Such lettermotions may be emailed to ReardenNYSDChambers@nysd.uscourts.gov as
text-searchable PDF attachments, with copies simultaneously delivered to all
counsel. In the subject line, the cover email should state clearly: (1) the
caption of the case, including the lead party names and docket number; and
(2) a brief description of the contents of the letter. Parties shall not include
substantive communications in the body of the email. Unless otherwise
ordered by the Court, letter-motions seeking leave to file in a different manner
shall not exceed five double-spaced pages.
10. Protective Orders. All parties wishing to propose a protective order must submit a
proposed protective order that conforms as closely as possible to the Court’s model
Protective Order. The proposed protective order must be accompanied by a cover letter
that states whether the parties have adopted, without alteration, the Court’s model
Protective Order, or whether the parties propose alterations. Any proposed changes must
be reflected in a redline that should be filed as an exhibit to the proposed protective order.
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 20 of 21
Effective: January 6,
DEFAULT JUDGMENT PROCEDURE
1. Wait not less than 30 days after service is effected to allow for receipt of an
appearance by mail.
2. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(a) and Local Civil Rule 55.1 of
the S.D.N.Y. Local Rules, obtain a Certificate of Default for each defaulting
party. Consistent with ECF Rule 16.1 of the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing
Rules and Instructions, the party seeking a default judgment must file on ECF a
completed Proposed Clerk’s Certificate of Default Form and an affidavit or
declaration in support of the request containing the information required by
Local Civil Rule 55.1. Only after the Clerk has reviewed the party’s request and
the Clerk’s Certificate of Default is entered on the docket may a party seek a
3. A party seeking a default judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
55(b)(1) shall do so in accordance with Local Civil Rule 55.2(a) of the S.D.N.Y.
Local Rules and ECF Rule 16.4 of the S.D.N.Y. Electronic Case Filing Rules
4. A party seeking a default judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
55(b)(2) and Local Civil Rule 55.2(b) of the S.D.N.Y. Local Rules, shall file a
motion for default judgment on ECF. A party seeking a default judgment should
not proceed by order to show cause.
5. In connection with the motion for default judgment in Paragraph 4 above, a
movant shall file the following on ECF:
a. An attorney’s declaration or affidavit setting forth the basis for entering a default
A description of the method and date of service of the summons and
The procedural history beyond service of the summons and complaint, if
Whether, if the default is applicable to fewer than all of the defendants, the
Court may appropriately order a default judgment on the issue of damages
prior to resolution of the entire action;
The proposed damages and the basis for each element of damages, including
interest, attorneys’ fees, and costs;
Evidence in support of the proposed damages, including contemporaneous
records and other such documentation; and
Legal authority for why an inquest into damages is or is not necessary.
Case 1:22-cv-00073-JHR-KHP Document 26 Filed 01/17/23 Page 21 of 21
b. A proposed default judgment.
c. Copies of all of the pleadings.
d. A copy of the affidavit of service of the summons and complaint.
e. A Certificate of Default from the Clerk of Court.
6. One courtesy copy of each of the documents listed in Paragraph 5 shall be mailed or
hand delivered to the Court. In addition, one courtesy copy of each of the documents
listed in Paragraph 5(a), (b), (d), and (e) shall be emailed to
ReardenNYSDChambers@nysd.uscourts.gov. In accordance with Rule 1.B, except for
the proposed default judgment listed in Paragraph 5(b), which shall be transmitted to the
Court in Microsoft Word format, such documents shall be provided to the Court in textsearchable PDF format.
7. Consistent with Local Civil Rule 55.2(c) of the S.D.N.Y. Local Rules, all papers
submitted to the Court in connection with a default judgment referenced in Paragraphs
3-5 above shall simultaneously be mailed to the party against whom a default judgment
is sought at the last known residence of such party (if an individual), or the last known
business address of such party (if a person other than an individual). Proof of such
mailing shall be filed with the Court on ECF. If the mailing is returned, a supplemental
affidavit shall be filed with the Court setting forth that fact, together with the reason
provided for return, if any.
8. The Court will review the motion for default judgment and, if appropriate, issue an order
setting a date and time for a default judgment hearing. If the Court issues such an order,
the movant must then serve on the party against whom default judgment is sought the
Court’s order setting a date and time for the hearing. The plaintiff must file proof of
such service on the docket in the manner and date specified in the Court’s order.
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