Beal Stream Ventures, LLC v. Lightstone Group et al
OPINION AND ORDER REMANDING CASE: For the foregoing reasons, the Court sua sponte determines that it lacks subject matter jurisdiction to entertain this case. The Clerk of the Court respectfully is requested to remand this case to New York Supreme Court for further proceedings. SO ORDERED. (Signed by Judge Mary Kay Vyskocil on 11/15/2023) (ama) Transmission to Docket Assistant Clerk for processing.
DATE FILED: 11/15/2023
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
BEAL STREAM VENTURE, LLC,
LEADING BUILDERS GROUP LLC, STONEHILL &
TAYLOR ARCHITECTS, P.C., NEILL E. PARKER
JR., MOXY NEW YORK CITY LOWER EAST SIDE,
MARRIOT INTERNATIONAL, INC., MICHAELS
BOYD INC., and ROCKWELL GROUP LTD,
OPINION AND ORDER
MARY KAY VYSKOCIL, United States District Judge:
On June 30, 2023, Defendants Lightstone Group (“Lightstone”) and Leeding Builders
Group LLC (“Leeding”) removed this case from the Supreme Court of the State of New York,
County of New York pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 1446(a). [ECF No. 1]. Defendants Lightstone
and Leeding have since filed proof of service of the Notice of Removal on all parties to the action.
[ECF Nos. 7, 9]. To date, Plaintiff Beal Stream Ventures, LLC has not appeared in this Court or
sought remand. The Court—as it is independently obligated to do—has assessed whether the
Court has subject matter jurisdiction to hear this action and whether removal was otherwise proper.
See Henderson v. Shinseki, 562 U.S. 428, 434 (2011); In re Tronox Inc., 855 F.3d 84, 95 (2d Cir.
2017). The Court concludes that it is without subject matter jurisdiction to hear the case, and, as
such, the case must be remanded to state court for any further proceedings.
Plaintiff Beal Stream Ventures, LLC, an art gallery operating in New York City, alleges
that Defendants were excavating and directing the excavation of a lot immediately behind the
gallery, when Plaintiff discovered that water had seeped into its ground floor. Complaint [ECF
No. 1-1] (“Compl.”) ¶¶ 32–35. Plaintiff alleges that Defendants’ negligence caused water from
the lot to escape onto Plaintiff’s property, causing water damage to fine art, monitors, cameras,
lenses, music equipment, and a 3D printer. Compl. ¶¶ 36–38.
On May 28, 2023, Plaintiff sued Defendants in the Supreme Court of the State of New
York, County of New York, filing a Summons and Complaint. See generally Compl. [ECF No.
1-1]. Plaintiff asserted a claim for negligence against Defendants. See Compl. ¶¶ 39–46. On June
30, 2023, Defendants Lightstone and Leeding timely removed the action to this Court, pursuant to
28 U.S.C. Section 1441, invoking the Court’s diversity jurisdiction. See [ECF No. 1] (“Removal
Notice” or “Notice”) ¶¶ 15, 17; 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). In its Notice of Removal, Defendants
Lightstone and Leeding stated that the Complaint had not yet been served on Defendants but that
they became aware of the action by virtue of an internal investigation. Notice ¶ 3. In the Removal
Notice, Defendants Lightstone and Leeding state that “the citizenship of the parties are completely
diverse and the amount plaintiff seeks exceeds $75,000 exclusive of interest and costs.” Notice ¶
15. Moreover, the Removal Notice states that Defendants Lightstone and Leeding “have consented
to removal, and none of the other co-defendants has been served with the Complaint based on
NYSCEF docket.” Notice ¶ 19. To date, Plaintiff has not appeared in this Court.
The Court Lacks Subject Matter Jurisdiction
Because Defendants Lightstone and Leeding removed this case on the basis of the Court’s
diversity jurisdiction, Notice ¶¶ 15, 17, they bear the burden of demonstrating that diversity
jurisdiction actually exists. See Lupo v. Hum. Affs. Int’l, Inc., 28 F.3d 269, 273 (2d Cir. 1994).
Given “congressional intent to restrict federal court jurisdiction” and “the importance of preserving
the independence of state governments,” the Court must “construe the removal statute narrowly,
resolving any doubts against removability.” Lupo, 28 F.3d at 274 (emphasis added) (internal
Under Section 1332(a), “federal courts have jurisdiction to hear cases between diverse
parties ‘where the matter in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $75,000[.]’ ” Tagger v.
Strauss Grp. Ltd., 951 F.3d 124, 126 (2d Cir. 2020) (quoting 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)). Section 1332
requires “complete diversity,” meaning that “all plaintiffs must be citizens of states diverse from
those of all defendants.” Id. Diverse parties consist of citizens of different states or “citizens of a
State and citizens or subjects of a foreign state[.]” Id. (quoting 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(2)). For
purposes of Section 1332, the citizenship of an LLC “is determined not by the LLC’s place of
incorporation or principal place of business, but by the citizenship of each member of the LLC.”
Agility Logistics Corp. v. Elegant USA, LLC, No. 09-CV-4719, 2009 WL 3094898, at *1 (S.D.N.Y.
Sept. 25, 2009) (citing Carden v. Arkoma Assoc., 494 U.S. 185, 195–96 (1990)).
Defendants Lightstone and Leeding concede that the Plaintiff is a limited liability
company. See Notice ¶ 4. However, the Notice fails to allege the identity or the citizenship of
each member of Plaintiff LLC, and instead solely alleges that “Plaintiff . . . is a domestic limited
liability company with its principal place of business at 511 S. Gulley, Dearborn, Michigan
48124.” See Notice ¶ 4. However, the citizenship of an LLC “is [not] determined  by the LLC’s
place of incorporation or principal place of business.”
Agility Logistics Corp, 2009 WL
3094898, at *1. Additionally, while the Notice alleges that “[u]pon information and belief, none
of the members of [Defendants Lightstone and Leeding] are residents of the State of Michigan,”
see Notice ¶ 7, it fails to provide the actual identities or citizenships of these members for
purposes of diversity.
As such, because Defendants Lightstone and Leeding fail to properly allege the LLC
citizenship for purposes of diversity, the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction under 28
U.S.C. Section 1332, and removal was improper.
This Case shall be Remanded For Lack of Subject Matter Jurisdiction
“If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter
jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded.” 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c) (emphasis added). This provision
authorizes a district court to remand a case sua sponte at any time upon finding that it lacks subject
matter jurisdiction. See Mitskovski v. Buffalo & Fort Erie Pub. Bridge Auth., 435 F.3d 127, 133
(2d Cir. 2006). Here, Defendants Lightstone and Leeding fail to meet their burden of showing that
diversity exists. The Court therefore is compelled to remand for lack of federal subject matter
For the foregoing reasons, the Court sua sponte determines that it lacks subject matter
jurisdiction to entertain this case. The Clerk of the Court respectfully is requested to remand this
case to New York Supreme Court for further proceedings.
Date: November 15, 2022
New York, NY
MARY KAY VYSKOCIL
United States District Judge
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