Herring v. Capra
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS for 43 Report and Recommendations. I have reviewed the portions of the Petition as to which no objection has been raised, and find no error, clear or otherwise. Thus, the R&R is adopted as the decision o f the Court. As the Petition makes no substantial showing of a denial of a constitutional right, a certificate of appealability will not issue. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). The Clerk of Court is respectfully directed to close the case. SO ORDERED. (Signed by Judge Cathy Seibel on 12/20/16) (yv)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT
SUPERINTENDENT M. CAPRA,
Before the Court is Petitioner’s objection, (Doc. 49), to the Report and Recommendation
of United States Magistrate Judge Lisa Margaret Smith (“R&R”), (Doc. 43), recommending that
Petitioner’s application for a writ of habeas corpus be denied.
A District Court reviewing a report and recommendation “may accept, reject, or modify,
in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 636(b)(1)(C). The district court “may adopt those portions of the report to which no ‘specific,
written objection’ is made, as long as the factual and legal bases supporting the findings and
conclusions set forth in those sections are not clearly erroneous or contrary to law.” Adams v.
N.Y. State Dep’t of Educ., 855 F. Supp. 2d 205, 206 (S.D.N.Y. 2012) (quoting Fed. R. Civ. P.
72(b)) (citing Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 149 (1985)). “A party that objects to a report and
recommendation must point out the specific portions of the report and recommendation to which
they [sic] object.” J.P.T. Auto., Inc. v. Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc., 659 F. Supp. 2d 350,
352 (E.D.N.Y. 2009). If a party fails to object to a particular portion of a report and
recommendation, further review thereof is generally precluded. See Mario v. P & C Food Mkts.,
Inc., 313 F.3d 758, 766 (2d Cir. 2002). The court must review de novo any portion of the report
to which a specific objection is made. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); United States v. Male
Juvenile, 121 F.3d 34, 38 (2d Cir. 1997). When a party makes only conclusory or general
objections, or simply reiterates the original arguments made below, a court will review the report
only for clear error. Alaimo v. Bd. of Educ., 650 F. Supp. 2d 289, 291 (S.D.N.Y. 2009).
“Furthermore, [even] on de novo review, the Court generally does not consider arguments or
evidence which could have been, but were not, presented to the Magistrate Judge.” United
States v. Vega, 386 F. Supp. 2d 161, 163 (W.D.N.Y. 2005).
Petitioner objects only to the Magistrate Judge’s recommendation that the Court deny
Petitioner’s claim that he was deprived of a fair trial because Juror 11 slept during some of the
testimony and some of the deliberations. The trial court inquired of Juror 11 during the
testimony and no party raised an objection or requested her removal at that time. Only the
objection to the retention of Juror 11 during deliberations was preserved for review and actually
reviewed by the state courts. In that regard, this Court cannot say that the decisions of the
Appellate Division and Court of Appeals that the trial judge acted within his discretion in not
discharging the juror was “contrary to, or involved an unreasonable application of, clearly
established federal law,” or were “based on an unreasonable determination of the facts.” 28
U.S.C. § 2254(d).
As the Magistrate Judge noted, a claim of deprivation of the right to a fair jury based on
juror misconduct requires Petitioner to show prejudice. (See R&R, at 12 (citing cases).)
Petitioner here states in conclusory fashion that he was prejudiced but has not pointed to
anything specific regarding the juror’s participation in the deliberations that prejudiced him.
Further, it was within the discretion of the trial judge – who was able to personally observe the
situation – to credit Juror 11’s assurance that she was able to discharge her duties over Juror 7’s
accusation that she was not. See Wainwright v. Witt, 469 U.S. 412, 424-26 (1985) (trial court in
best position to assess alleged juror misconduct); United States v. Aiello, 771 F.2d 621, 629 (2d
Cir. 1985) (trial judge has “wide discretion to decide upon the appropriate course to take, in view
of his personal observations of the jurors and parties”), abrogated on other grounds by Rutledge
v. United States, 517 U.S. 292 (1996). Petitioner has not overcome the “dual layers of
deference,” Renico v. Lett, 559 U.S. 766, 778 (2010), arising from the trial judge’s discretion and
the deference a habeas court is obliged to apply to state-court decisions under § 2254(d).
I have reviewed the portions of the Petition as to which no objection has been raised, and
find no error, clear or otherwise.
Thus, the R&R is adopted as the decision of the Court. As the Petition makes no
substantial showing of a denial of a constitutional right, a certificate of appealability will not
issue. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). The Clerk of Court is respectfully directed to close the case.
Dated: December 20, 2016
White Plains, New York
CATHY SEIBEL, U.S.D.J.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?