Hayes v. Condlin et al

Filing 4

ORDER. Plaintiff's request for preliminary injunctive relief is denied without prejudice to renewal at a later time. The Court certifies under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith, and t herefore in forma pauperis status is denied for the purpose of an appeal. Cf. Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444-45 (1962) (holding that an appellant demonstrates good faith when he seeks review of a nonfrivolous issue). SO ORDERED. (Signed by Judge Kenneth M. Karas on 9/19/22) (yv)

Download PDF
Case 7:22-cv-07295-KMK Document 4 Filed 09/19/22 Page 1 of 2 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK EARL HAYES, Plaintiff, -againstBRADY CONDLIN; STEVEN SCHMOKE, No. 22-CV-7295 (KMK) ORDER Defendants. KENNETH M. KARAS, United States District Judge: Plaintiff, who is proceeding pro se, has filed a motion requesting preliminary injunctive relief. To obtain such relief, Plaintiff must show: (1) that he is likely to suffer “irreparable harm” and (2) either (a) a “likelihood of success on the merits” of his case or (b) “sufficiently serious questions going to the merits to make them a fair ground for litigation and a balance of hardships tipping decidedly” in his favor. UBS Fin. Servs., Inc. v. W.V. Univ. Hosps., Inc., 660 F. 3d 643, 648 (2d Cir. 2011) (citation and quotation marks omitted); Wright v. Giuliani, 230 F.3d 543, 547 (2000) (articulating the same considerations). Preliminary injunctive relief “is an extraordinary and drastic remedy, one that should not be granted unless the movant, by a clear showing, carries the burden of persuasion.” Moore v. Consol. Edison Co. of N.Y., Inc., 409 F.3d 506, 510 (2d Cir. 2005) (quotation marks omitted) (quoting Mazurek v. Armstrong, 520 U.S. 968, 972 (1997)). Plaintiff’s submission does not demonstrate that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm. The Court interprets Plaintiff’s submission such that the basis for the preliminary injunction is that the enforcement of New York’s cigarette tax law is unconstitutional. In short, the harm allegedly visited upon Plaintiff—the enforcement of this law— is not ongoing, nor has Plaintiff put forward allegations establishing the law will likely be enforced against him again. Additionally, Plaintiff has failed to demonstrate that he cannot be compensated monetarily Case 7:22-cv-07295-KMK Document 4 Filed 09/19/22 Page 2 of 2 should such a scenario come to pass—indeed, Plaintiff overtly requests such a financial remedy. Finally, Plaintiff’s submission fails to suggest a likelihood of success on the merits of the constitutionality of the underlying question of the issue, namely the enforcement of the state law cigarette tax, to make them a fair ground for litigation and a balance of hardships tipping decidedly in his favor. Accordingly, Plaintiff’s request for preliminary injunctive relief is denied without prejudice to renewal at a later time. The Court will address the merits of the complaint in due course. CONCLUSION Plaintiff’s request for preliminary injunctive relief is denied without prejudice to renewal at a later time. The Court certifies under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith, and therefore in forma pauperis status is denied for the purpose of an appeal. Cf. Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444-45 (1962) (holding that an appellant demonstrates good faith when he seeks review of a nonfrivolous issue). SO ORDERED. Dated: September 19, 2022 White Plains, New York KENNETH M. KARAS United States District Judge 2

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.


Why Is My Information Online?