Idearc Media LLC v. Siegel, Kelleher & Kahn LLP
DECISION AND ORDER DISMISSING without prejudice the First Amended Complaint as against Carrie V. Kahn, as Executrix of the Estate of Dennis Kahn; DIRECTING the Clerk of the Court to close this case. Signed by William M. Skretny, Chief Judge on 10/17/2013. (MEAL) - CLERK TO FOLLOW UP -
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
IDEARC MEDIA LLC,
DECISION AND ORDER
SIEGEL, KELLEHER & KAHN LLP, CARRIE
V. KAHN, as Executrix of the ESTATE OF
Plaintiff commenced this diversity action in December 2009 seeking damages
resulting from the failure of Defendant Siegel, Kelleher & Kahn (“SKK”) to pay for
advertising in Verizon print directories published by Plaintiff. On May 3, 2013, this Court
granted Plaintiff’s motion for entry of a default judgment against SKK, but denied the same
with respect to Defendant Carrie V. Kahn, Executrix of the Estate of Dennis Kahn (“the
The denial resulted from the allegation in the First Amended Complaint,
presumed true for the purposes of a default motion, that SKK was a limited liability
partnership (“LLP”), thereby precluding the imposition of the firm’s liability on partner
Dennis Kahn. Plaintiff was ordered to show cause why the action should not be dismissed
against the Estate.
In its response, Plaintiff submitted evidence that a portion of the outstanding debt
owed to it by SKK was incurred prior to that Defendant’s registration as a LLP in June
2007. (Roney Decl. Ex. A); see N.Y. Partnership Law § 26 (b) (precluding individual liability
for only those debts incurred “while such partnership is a registered limited liability
partnership”). Plaintiff further highlights that Dennis Kahn became the sole owner and
managing partner in July 2007. (See Docket Nos. 24-4, 35-8 (affidavits of Dennis Kahn
filed before his death in 2012).) Plaintiff argues that, after this acquisition, SKK no longer
met the definition of a limited liability partnership and Kahn, as the “sole partner,” became
liable for SKK’s debts. This Court agrees that any partnership necessarily dissolved when
Kahn “purchased SKK from [his] partner in July 2007.” (Kahn Aff. ¶ 5, Docket No. 24-4;
Kahn Aff. ¶ 4, Docket No. 35-8.); see Gardiner Int’l v. J.W. Townsend & Assocs., 13 A.D.3d
246, 247, 788 N.Y.S.2d 312, 313 (N.Y.A.D. 1st Dep’t 2004) (a partnership dissolves when
one partner no longer associates with the purposes of the partnership) (citing N.Y.
Partnership Law § 60). Notably, SKK did not contract for any advertising in the one month
period between registration as a LLP and Kahn’s purchase of the firm from his partner.
Plaintiff’s theory of liability in the Amended Complaint, however, is that “[t]o the extent
[SKK] has no assets, Mr. Kahn’s Estate is individually liable for [SKK’s] liabilities under New
York Partnership Law.” (Am. Compl. ¶ 53.) Kahn could not, however, have been a “sole
partner” because a partnership must consist of two or more persons. See N.Y. Partnership
Law § 10(1) (“A partnership is an association of two or more persons to carry on as
co-owners a business for profit and includes for all purposes of the laws of this state, a
registered limited liability partnership.” (emphasis added)).
Contrary to Plaintiff’s
interpretation, this Court does not read N.Y. Limited Partnership Law § 121-801(d) as
permitting a single partner to maintain such a partnership alone. (See Roney Decl. ¶ 5.)
Instead, this subsection provides that the withdrawal of a general partner will not trigger the
dissolution of a limited partnership if there exists at least one other general partner. A
limited partnership nonetheless still requires at least one limited partner in addition to a
general partner. N.Y. Limited Partnership Law § 121-101(h).
It is also unclear from the allegations in the First Amended Complaint and the record
as a whole what the corporate structure of SKK was at any time other than the one month
period the firm was properly registered as a LLP. The First Amended Complaint therefore
does not contain well-pleaded allegations sufficient to support imposing liability against the
Estate. See generally Priestley v. Headminder, Inc., 647 F.3d 497, 505 (2d Cir. 2011). The
complaint is therefore dismissed as against the Estate. This dismissal, however, will be
without prejudice to Plaintiff filing a new complaint asserting an appropriate theory of
liability against the Estate in the event SKK is insolvent.
IT HEREBY IS ORDERED, that the First Amended Complaint is dismissed as
against Carrie V. Kahn, as Executrix of the Estate of Dennis Kahn, without prejudice;
FURTHER, that the Clerk of the Court shall close this case.
October 17, 2013
Buffalo, New York
/s/William M. Skretny
WILLIAM M. SKRETNY
United States District Court
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