Ceglia v. Zuckerberg et al
DECLARATION signed by Alexander H. Southwell re 318 MOTION to Dismiss filed by Mark Elliot Zuckerberg, Facebook, Inc. filed by Mark Elliot Zuckerberg, Facebook, Inc.. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit D to Lesnevich Supplemental Report (Exhibit A), # 3 Exhibit E to Lesnevich Supplemental Report (Exhibit A))(Snyder, Orin)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
PAUL D. CEGLIA,
MARK ELLIOT ZUCKERBERG and
Civil Action No. 1:10-cv-00569-RJA
ALEXANDER H. SOUTHWELL
I, ALEXANDER H. SOUTHWELL, hereby declare under penalty of perjury that the
following is true and correct:
I am an attorney licensed to practice law in the State of New York and admitted to
practice before this Court. I am a partner in the law firm of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP
(“Gibson Dunn”), counsel of record for Mark Elliot Zuckerberg and Facebook, Inc.
(“Facebook”) in the above-captioned matter. I make this declaration, based on personal
knowledge, in further support of Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss (Doc. No. 318) and to provide
the Court with the supplemental expert report of Gus R. Lesnevich, forensic document examiner
and handwriting expert, pursuant to the Court’s expedited discovery orders. See July 1, 2011
Order (Doc. No. 83) at 3; August 18, 2011 Order (Doc. No. 117) ¶ 9.
Specifically, Defendants submit Mr. Lesnevich’s supplemental expert report
pursuant to their continuing obligation to “provide to the Court and Plaintiff all reports
documenting the findings” of the court-ordered examination. Doc. No. 83 at 3.
I refer the Court to Mr. Lesnevich’s initial expert report (Doc. No. 329) for a
complete description of his experience and qualifications, his conclusions, and the factual bases
for those conclusions. A true and correct copy of the redacted supplemental expert report of Gus
R. Lesnevich is attached hereto as Exhibit A. Defendants have redacted from the publicly-filed
version of Mr. Lesnevich’s supplemental expert report documents, materials, and information
designated as confidential pursuant to the parties’ Joint Stipulated Protective Order (Doc. No.
Mr. Lesnevich examined the hard-copy documents produced by Ceglia on July
15, 2011. When it became apparent that there were discrepancies in the handwriting on the
versions of the Work for Hire Document that Ceglia had produced, Mr. Lesnevich conducted
further examination of those images. Specifically, Mr. Lesnevich compared the handwriting on
the: (1) image of the Work for Hire Document in TIFF file format sent by Ceglia to Paul
Argentieri on June 27, 2010; (2) image of the Work for Hire Document attached to Ceglia’s
Complaint, filed June 30, 2010; (3) image of the Work for Hire Document taken by Ceglia’s
expert Valery Aginsky during his January 13, 2011 examination of the Work for Hire Document;
and (4) image of the Work for Hire Document taken by Defendants’ expert Peter V. Tytell
during Defendants’ July 14, 2011 examination of the Work for Hire Document present by Paul
Argentieri (collectively, the “Questioned Documents”). Ceglia has proffered each of those
images as an image of the same physical document. In this course of this analysis, Mr.
Lesnevich observed several handwriting anomalies on both pages 1 and 2 of the Work for Hire
In his initial expert report, Mr. Lesnevich described his findings of at least 20
significant dissimilarities between the handwritten interlineations on page 1 of the Questioned
Documents and concluded, to the highest degree of certainty possible, beyond any reasonable
doubt, that Ceglia has proffered at least two different physical documents as the Work for Hire
Document. See Doc. No. 329 at 30.
On June 4, 2011, Ceglia filed, among other reports, the expert reports of James A.
Blanco and Larry F. Stewart (Doc. Nos. 415, 416), both of which mischaracterized the
conclusions Mr. Lesnevich reached in his initial expert report. In particular, Messrs. Blanco and
Stewart mistakenly argued that Mr. Lesnevich had concluded that the first page of the Work for
Hire Document presented for inspection in 2011 was a forgery appended to a genuine second
Continuing his court-ordered examination and in response to the reports of
Ceglia’s experts, Mr. Lesnevich conducted two different modes of analysis, both of which are
described in the attached supplemental report.
First, in order to correct Plaintiff’s experts’ mischaracterization of his conclusions
and to provide all findings of his court-ordered examination, Mr. Lesnevich determined whether
the images of the handwritten signatures and dates of signature on page 2 of the Questioned
Documents are, in fact, of the same physical document. This is the same type of analysis that
Mr. Lesnevich described in his initial expert report, now on the handwritten features that appear
on page 2 of the Questioned Documents rather than page 1 (the page containing all references to
the purported “The Face Book”).
As described further in the attached supplemental report, Mr. Lesnevich
identified at least 12 significant dissimilarities among and between the
handwritten signatures and dates on page 2 of the Questioned
Documents—findings that confirm his earlier conclusion that the
Questioned Documents are images of at least two different physical
documents (both pages 1 and 2).
Second, in his supplemental expert report, Mr. Lesnevich describes his ongoing
analysis and examination of handwriting on both page 1 and 2 of the Work for Hire document,
specifically, the initials on page 1 and the signatures and dates of signature on page 2. To
perform this type of analysis, Mr. Lesnevich compared the questioned handwritten entries to 43
known signatures, 12 known sets of initials, and multiple other known handwritten exemplars of
Mark Zuckerberg and 11 known signatures of Paul Ceglia. This is a different type of analysis
than that described in Mr. Lesnevich’s initial expert report, and responds to the reports of
As described further in the attached supplemental report, Mr. Lesnevich
concluded that the questioned “Mark Zuckerberg” signature and date of
signature on the Work for Hire Document, as well as the questioned “MZ”
initials, were not written by Mark Zuckerberg.
Those conclusions were based, in part, on the numerous instances of
hesitation and re-touching in the questioned Zuckerberg signature and date
of signature on the Work for Hire document; significant differences in line
quality and letter formation and design between the questioned and known
handwritten entries; and numerous differences in ending strokes,
slant/slope qualities, and vertical-alignment between the questioned “MZ”
initials on the Work for Hire document and several known handwritten
exemplars that Mr. Lesnevich observed.
Mr. Lesnevich also concluded that the questioned “Paul Ceglia” signature
and date of signature on the Work for Hire document are tracings—that is,
near-identical reproductions that were not naturally drawn.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?