Pajak v. New York State Office of Temporary & Total Disability
DECISION AND ORDER: Plaintiff must file and serve the Amended Complaint on Defendant by 12/12/17, and file a Certificate of Service with the Court. If Plaintiff fails to file and serve the Amended Complaint on Defendant by 12/12/17 and file a Certificate of Service, the Clerk of Court shall dismiss the case without further order of this Court. SO ORDERED. Signed by Hon. Frank P. Geraci, Jr. on 11/21/17. (JO)-CLERK TO FOLLOW UP-
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
Case # 16-CV-899-FPG
DECISION AND ORDER
NEW YORK STATE OFFICE OF
TEMPORARY AND TOTAL DISABILITY,
On November 8, 2016, Plaintiff Roseann Pajak filed a Complaint against Defendant New
York State Office of Temporary and Total Disability alleging violations of the Americans with
Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq. ECF No. 1. Plaintiff failed to serve the Complaint on
Defendant for six months in violation of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m). See ECF No. 3.
This Court then issued an Order to Show Cause, ECF No. 3, to which Plaintiff responded. ECF
No. 4. For the reasons that follow, Plaintiff has until December , 2017, to file and serve the
Amended Complaint 1 on Defendant, and file a Certificate of Service.
Under the plain language of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m), if a plaintiff fails to
serve a complaint on a defendant within 90 days of filing the complaint, a court must dismiss the
action without prejudice, order the plaintiff to serve the complaint within a specificed time, or, if
the plaintiff shows good cause for the lapse, extend time for service. Distrcit courts have wide
discretion, however, to grant extensions to serve a complaint both with and without good cause.
Zapata v. City of New York, 502 F.3d 192, 197 (2d Cir. 2007).
Specifically, district courts need only “weigh . . . equitable considerations,” as opposed
to deciding whether good cause exists and then whether to grant an extension in the absence of
A party may amend a pleading to which a responsive pleading is required once “as a matter of course.” Fed. R.
Civ. P. 15(a)(1)(B). Accordingly, the Court accepts Plaintiff’s Amended Complaint.
good cause. Id. When there is no good cause, a district court will not abuse its discretion if “there
are sufficient indications on the record that the district court weighed the impact that a dismissal
or extension would have on the parties.” Id.
The “equitable considerations” include whether the plaintiff was pro se; whether plaintiff
asked for an extension of time to serve; whether the plaintiff made any efforts to serve before and
after the lapse; and the prejudice to both parties. Id. at 197-99. Zapata points out that the Advisory
Committee Notes to the 1993 Amendments of Rule 4(m) state that “an extension might be justified
where the statue of limitations would bar the refiling of an action.” Id. at 198. This Court recently
granted an extension in contemplation of the Advisory Committee’s recommendation. See Soos
v. Niagara County, 195 F. Supp. 3d 458, 464-68 (W.D.N.Y. 2016).
The Court will do so again. Here, while Plaintiff admits that there is no good cause to grant
the extension, 2 an extension is warranted because the “equitable considerations” favor Plaintiff.
Namely, the prejudice to Plaintiff far outweighs any prejudice to Defendant. Without an extension,
the applicable statute of limitations would prevent Plaintiff from refiling her action. Defendant
suffers no comparable prejudice. Defendant had notice of Plaintiff’s claims via her EEOC
complaint. Defendant also endures no prejudice from Plaintiff’s delay or from the extension.
None of the other equitable considerations weigh in Plaintiff’s favor: Plaintiff is
represented by counsel; Plaintiff’s counsel did not request an extension of time to serve the
Complaint; and Plaintiff’s counsel made no effort to serve the Complaint before or after the lapse.
The Court, however, declines to allow “the client to bear the sins of the attorney.” Soos, 195 F.
Supp. 3d at 468. Accordingly, it is hereby
ECF No. 4 at ¶ 9 (“. . . there is admittedly no ‘good cause’ to grant the extension . . .”).
ORDERED, that Plaintiff must file and serve the Amended Complaint on Defendant by
December 12, 2017, and file a Certificate of Service with the Court, and it is further
ORDERED, that if Plaintiff fails to file and serve the Amended Complaint on Defendant
by December 12, 2017, and file a Certificate of Service, the Clerk of Court shall dismiss the case
without further order of this Court.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
November 21, 2017
Rochester, New York
HON. FRANK P. GERACI, JR.
United States District Court
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?