Millennium Pipeline Company, L.L.C. v. Certain Permanent and Temporary Easements in (No Number) Thayer Road, S.B.L. No. 63.00-1-24.1, Town of Erin, County of Chemung, New York
ORDER granting Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment 39 . Plaintiff is hereby directed to prepare a proposed order effectuating this Decision and Order, and to submit it to the Court within 20 days of the date of entry of this Decision and Or der. The proposed order must be submitted to defendant Hendricks, for his approval as to form, 10 days after the date of entry of this Decision and Order. If Hendricks objects to any of the terms of the proposed order, he must inform the Court of h is objections no later than 20 days of the date of entry of this Decision and Order. The parties are hereby directed to work together to attempt to agree on a schedule for discovery or other matters that need to be resolved in advance of a trial on t he issue of just compensation. Within 20 days of the date of entry of this Decision and Order, the parties must inform the Court whether they have agreed on a mutually agreeable schedule, or, if they cannot agree on such a schedule, to submit their respective requests in that regard. Defendants' motion for leave to amend the answer 35 is denied. Signed by Hon. David G. Larimer on 4/12/11. (EMA)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
MILLENNIUM PIPELINE COMPANY, L.L.C.,
DECISION AND ORDER
CERTAIN PERMANENT AND TEMPORARY
EASEMENTS IN (NO NUMBER) THAYER ROAD,
S.B .L. NO. 63.00-1-24.1, TOWN OF ERIN, COUNTY
OF CHEMUNG, NEW YORK,
This action was commenced by Millennium Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (“Millennium”),
seeking an order pursuant to the Natural Gas Act, 15 U.S.C. § 717, et seq., granting Millennium
temporary and permanent easements in certain real property (“Property”) located in Chemung
County, New York. The primary purpose of the easements would be to allow Millennium to
construct a natural gas pipeline on or adjacent to the Property, which is owned by defendant
On February 15, 2008, the Court granted Millennium a preliminary injunction granting
Millennium a temporary easement over the Property for the purpose of constructing and maintaining
a gas pipeline. According to the terms of the injunction, the pipeline itself was to be built “on land
adjacent to the Property,” and the purpose of the easement was to allow Millennium to enter the
Property “for the purposes of accessing, constructing, testing and operating a natural gas pipeline on
land adjacent to the Property ... .” Dkt. #14 at 2. Millennium was required to post a $100,000 bond,
with defendant’s compensation left for future determination at trial. Id.
Hendricks took an appeal from that order to the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit,
which on December 12, 2008, dismissed the appeal on the ground that “there ha[d] not yet been a
formal determination of the underlying action,” which rendered the Court of Appeals “without
jurisdiction to consider many of the arguments [Hendricks] raise[d] regarding factual and legal issues
that ha[d] not yet been addressed by the district court.” The court added that “these issues should
be raised before the district court in the first instance, and, in the event an appeal is taken from a final
judgment on the merits, the issues may again be raised before this Court.” Dkt. #25.
Millennium now moves for summary judgment. According to Millennium, the pipeline has
been completed, and the only thing that remains is for this Court to enter judgment in Millennium’s
favor, granting it a permanent easement over Hendricks’s property, and to limit Hendricks’s damages
to the just compensation set forth in Rule 71.1 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.1
In addition, Hendricks has moved for leave to amend his answer to include Columbia Gas
Transmission (“Columbia”) as a party to this action, and to add a counterclaim against Millennium
and Columbia. Millennium opposes that request.
Millennium also originally moved for the appointment of a commission to determine just
compensation in accordance with Rule 71.1, which provides that if one of the parties has demanded a
jury trial, the court in its discretion may order that the issue of just compensation be determined by a
commission of three persons appointed by the court, rather than by a jury.
Though Hendricks had requested a jury trial, he has since withdrawn that request. Dkt. #49-2 at
1-2. Based on Hendricks’s withdrawal of that request, Millennium has also withdrawn its motion for
appointment of a commission, and both sides have now consented to have the issue of just compensation
tried to the Court. See Transcript, Feb. 22, 2011 (Dkt. #61) at 3.
I. Motions for Summary Judgment: General Principles2
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(c) provides that summary judgment shall be granted to
the movant “if the pleadings, the discovery and disclosure materials on file, and any affidavits show
that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the movant is entitled to judgment as
a matter of law.” “An issue of fact is genuine if the evidence is such that a reasonable jury could
return a verdict for the nonmoving party. A fact is material if it might affect the outcome of the suit
under the governing law.” Roe v. City of Waterbury, 542 F.3d 31, 35 (2d Cir. 2008), cert. denied,
130 S.Ct. 95 (2009) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).
In determining whether the moving party is entitled to summary judgment, the court must
“constru[e] the evidence in the light most favorable to the non-moving party and draw[ ] all
reasonable inferences in [his] favor.” Allianz Ins. Co. v. Lerner, 416 F.3d 109, 113 (2d Cir. 2005).
See also Graham v. Henderson, 89 F.3d 75, 79 (2d Cir. 1996) (“The evidence of the party opposing
summary judgment is ‘to be believed, and all justifiable inferences are to be drawn in [that party’s]
favor’”) (quoting Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 255 (1986)). The nonmoving party
cannot defeat a well-founded motion for summary judgment merely on the strength of a conclusory
assertion that fact issues exist, however. “When the moving party has carried its burden under Rule
56(c), its opponent must do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to the
material facts. ... Where the record taken as a whole could not lead a rational trier of fact to find for
the nonmoving party, there is no ‘genuine issue for trial.’” Matsushita Elec. Industrial Co. v. Zenith
Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586-587 (1986).
Since Rule 71.1, which governs proceedings to condemn real and personal property by eminent
domain, “does not provide a standard for reviewing and deciding objections to a condemnation
complaint,” Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Co. v. Property Interests Necessary to Conduct Gas
Storage Operations, No. CV-09-167, 2010 WL 5104991, at *1 (D.Mont. Dec. 9, 2010), the party seeking
condemnation may properly move for summary judgment pursuant to Rule 56. Id.; Kansas Pipeline Co.
v. A 200 Foot by 250 Foot Piece of Land, 210 F.Supp.2d 1253 (D.Kan. 2002).
II. Procedure under the Natural Gas Act
The Natural Gas Act (“NGA” or “Act”) provides the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
(“FERC”) with jurisdiction over the transportation and sale of natural gas in interstate commerce.
See 15 U.S.C. § 717(b). Section 7(c) of the Act requires companies to obtain from FERC a
“certificate of public convenience and necessity” before constructing or operating interstate natural
gas facilities. 15 U.S.C. § 717f(c). FERC may “attach to the issuance of the certificate and to the
exercise of the rights granted thereunder such reasonable terms and conditions as the public
convenience and necessity may require.” 15 U.S.C. § 717f(e).
Section 7(h) of the Act vests the holder of a FERC certificate of public convenience with the
power to condemn necessary property. Specifically, it provides:
When any holder of a certificate of public convenience and necessity cannot acquire by
contract, or is unable to agree with the owner of property to the compensation to be paid for,
the necessary right-of-way to construct, operate, and maintain a pipe line or pipe lines for the
transportation of natural gas, and the necessary land or other property, in addition to
right-of-way, for the location of compressor stations, pressure apparatus, or other stations or
equipment necessary to the proper operation of such pipe line or pipe lines, it may acquire
the same by the exercise of the right of eminent domain in the district court of the United
States for the district in which such property may be located ... .
To obtain an order of condemnation from the district court under the NGA, the movant
“must, at minimum, [show]: ‘(1) that it holds a FERC certificate authorizing the relevant project,
(2) that the land to be taken is necessary to the project; and (3) that the company and the landowners
have failed to agree on a price for the taking ... .’” Transwestern Pipeline Co. v. 17.19 Acres of
Property Located in Maricopa County, 550 F.3d 770, 776 (9th Cir. 2008) (quoting National Fuel Gas
Supply Corp. v. 138 Acres of Land, 84 F.Supp.2d 405, 416 (W.D.N.Y. 2000)). Thus, “[o]nce a
[certificate] is issued by the FERC, and the gas company is unable to acquire the needed land by
contract or agreement with the owner, the only issue before the district court in the ensuing eminent
domain proceeding is the amount to be paid to the property owner as just compensation for the
taking.” Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline, L.L.C. v. Decoulos, 146 Fed.Appx. 495, 498 (1st Cir.
III. Application to this Case
In the case at bar, Millennium obtained a FERC certificate in 2002, and FERC amended the
certificate in 2006. The substance of the amendments apparently related to some revisions to the
pipeline project and some other matters that are not of particular importance to the motions before
me.3 Millennium then went forward with construction of the pipeline.
It is clear, then, that Millennium holds a FERC certificate for the project, and that
Millennium and Hendricks have failed to agree on a price. In addition, FERC determined that the
pipeline project served the public convenience and necessity, and there is no indication that
Hendricks sought judicial review of the FERC certificate, which, by statute, would only have been
available in the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. See 15 U.S.C. § 717r; Guardian Pipeline,
LLC v. 529.42 Acres of Land, 210 F.Supp.2d 971, 974 (N.D.Ill. 2002) (stating that “[t]he validity
and conditions of the FERC Certificate cannot be collaterally attacked in district court,” and that
review of a FERC certificate “is the exclusive province of the appropriate court of appeals”).
Hendricks does not, in fact, seek to challenge the FERC certificate itself; he alleges that, by
constructing the pipeline on his property, Millennium has failed to comply with the terms of that
certificate, and with this Court’s preliminary injunction. In support of his position, Hendricks notes
that the Court’s prior injunction order provided that the pipeline was to be built on “land adjacent
to the Property.” Hendricks also cites page 111 of the FERC certificate, which states, inter alia, that
“[t]he authorized facility locations shall be as shown in the final supplemental EIS [environmental
impact statements], as supplemented by final alignment sheets,” that “before the start of any
construction, Millennium ... shall ... file with the Secretary any revised detailed survey alignment
maps/sheets,” and that “[a]ll requests for modifications of environmental conditions of the order or
site specific clearances must be written and must reference locations designated on these alignment
maps/sheets.” Dkt. #8-3 at 49. According to Hendricks, the alignment sheets submitted to FERC
FERC’s 2006 certificate stated that Millennium sought to reconfigure the pipeline project in
some respects concerning its general route. See Dkt. #8-2 at 3.
by Millennium indicated that the pipeline would be located north of Hendricks’s northern property
line, in other words, that the pipeline itself would not cross any part of Hendricks’s property.
Millennium apparently concedes that some drawings submitted to FERC did indicate that the
pipeline would be located entirely north of Hendricks’s property, although the requested easement
was shown as crossing a portion of the Property. According to Millennium, Hendricks later supplied
Millennium with a survey of his property, as a result of which the property line was adjusted on later
drawings that Millennium filed with FERC, showing that the pipeline itself crossed a portion of the
Property. In other words, the location of the pipeline was not changed, and the pipeline was built
in the location indicated in the documents originally filed with FERC, but it turned out that
Hendricks’s property line was farther north than those earlier documents had indicated.
After considering both sides’ submissions, I conclude that Millennium is entitled to summary
judgment, for a number of reasons. First, to the extent that Hendricks seeks to challenge any aspect
of the FERC certificate, he may not do so here. For one thing, he failed to seek administrative
review under the NGA, see 15 U.S.C. § 717r(a), and judicial review is only available in the Court
of Appeals. 15 U.S.C. § 717r(b). See Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Co. V. Dolyniuk Family
Trust, No. A1-03-66, 2005 WL 1398692, at *2 (D.N.D. June 7, 2005) (“District Courts ... are limited
to jurisdiction to order condemnation of property in accord with a facially valid certificate.
Questions of the propriety or validity of the certificate must first be brought to [FERC] upon an
application for rehearing and the Commissioner’s action thereafter may be reviewed by a United
States Court of Appeals”).
As stated, Hendricks contends that Millennium failed to comply with the FERC certificate,
because Millennium represented to FERC that the pipeline itself would not cross any part of
Hendricks’s property. It appears, however, that Hendricks was well aware, during the FERC
proceedings, that the pipeline would cross a portion of his property; it was presumably for that very
reason that he provided Millennium with his own property survey, which (correctly, it appears)
placed his property line farther north than had been indicated on some of the documents filed by
Millennium.4 Any challenges to the project on that ground, then, should have been taken up with
FERC in the first instance.
In addition, assuming arguendo that the pipeline as built is in violation of the FERC
certificate, this Court has no jurisdiction to enforce a FERC certificate. A district court’s role in
proceedings involving FERC certificates is circumscribed by statute, and when a landowner contends
that the certificate holder is not in compliance with the certificate, “that challenge must be made to
FERC, not the court.” Guardian Pipeline, 2008 WL 1751358, at *16 n.6; Portland Natural Gas
Transmission Sys. v. 4.83 Acres of Land, 26 F.Supp.2d 332, 339 (D.N.H. 1998) (stating that “[t]he
relevant statute and regulations place the power to police compliance [with a FERC certificate]
squarely upon FERC,” and that the district “court’s jurisdiction extends solely to examining the
scope of the certificate and ordering condemnation of property as authorized in the certificate”).
Although this Courts’ preliminary injunction order also granted Millennium a temporary
easement over the Property to allow Millennium to construct and maintain a gas pipeline “on land
adjacent to the Property,” I do not believe that Hendricks has demonstrated any basis for holding
Millennium in contempt, or for granting Hendricks any equitable relief in connection with that order.
It is obvious from the papers filed in support of the preliminary injunction motion that the purpose
of the injunction was to enable Millennium to build the pipeline as authorized by the FERC
certificate. Indeed, this Court had no power to grant relief beyond that required to enable
Millennium to carry out the pipeline project in accordance with the terms of the FERC certificate.
See Tennessee Gas Pipeline Co. v. Massachusetts Bay Transp. Auth., 2 F.Supp.2d 106, 110 (D.Mass.
1998) (“The District Court’s sole charge and authority is to evaluate the scope of the FERC
Certificate, and order the condemnation of property in accordance with that scope”); Rockies Express
Pipeline LLC v. 77.620 acres more or less, No. 08-3127, 2008 WL 3849911, at *1 (C.D.Ill. Aug.
At oral argument on the pending motions, Hendricks stated that he mailed a copy of a survey,
prepared by a licensed surveyor, to Millennium “repeatedly,” apparently to show that Millennium’s
surveys were inaccurate. Dkt. #61 at 13.
15, 2008) (“When a FERC Certificate holder seeks condemnation, the district court’s jurisdiction
is ‘limited to evaluating the scope of the FERC Certificate and ordering condemnation as authorized
by that certificate’”) (quoting Guardian Pipeline, LLC v. 529.42 Acres of Land, 210 F.Supp.2d 971,
974 (N.D.Ill. 2002)). Again, to the extent that Hendricks contends that Millennium has violated the
terms of the FERC certificate, such a claim is beyond the jurisdiction of this Court.5
Hendricks also contends that the Second Circuit’s decision dismissing his interlocutory
appeal suggests that factual issues remain in this case that preclude the entry of summary judgment.
He notes the Court of Appeals’ reference to “factual and legal issues that ha[d] not yet been
addressed by the district court,” which, the court stated, “should be raised before the district court
in the first instance ... .” Dkt. #25.
While the Second Circuit did not identify the issues it was referring to, Hendricks’s briefs
on appeal raised a number of arguments concerning alleged errors by this Court in connection with
the issuance of the preliminary injunction. Hendricks asserted, for example, that this Court erred by
failing to conduct an evidentiary hearing before issuing the injunction, and by issuing an overbroad
The Court of Appeals did not, however, state or suggest that there were any genuine issues
of material fact that would preclude the entry of summary judgment by the district court. All that
the court did was find that it lacked jurisdiction to consider the arguments raised by Hendricks,
which, the court stated, should be considered by this Court in the first instance. I do not read the
Although there are statements in the case law that a district court’s authority is limited to
providing for “enforcement” of the FERC certificate, see, e.g., Transwestern Pipeline, 550 F.3d at 778
n.9; Northern Natural Gas Co. v. Approximately 9117.53 acres in Pratt, Kingman, Reno Counties, Kan.,
No. 10-1232, 2011 WL 947091, at *7 (D.Kan. Mar. 15, 2011), it is apparent from those cases that they
were referring to courts’ ability to “enforce” a FERC certificate by ordering condemnation of the
property that is the subject of the certificate, not to any ability to remedy the certificate holder’s alleged
noncompliance with the terms of the certificate. See, e.g., Steckman Ridge GP, LLC v. An Exclusive
Natural Gas Storage Easement Beneath 11.078 Acres, No. CIV. A. 08-168, 2008 WL 4346405, at *5
(W.D.Pa. Sept. 19, 2008) (discussing district court’s power to “enforce [certificate holder’s] right to
condemn” property pursuant to FERC certificate); Northwest Pipeline G.P. v. Francisco, No. C08-0601,
2008 WL 4547216, at *5 (W.D.Wash. Oct. 3, 2008) (stating that “district courts have a limited scope of
review under § 717f(h),” and that they “are limited to jurisdiction to order condemnation of property in
accord with a facially valid certificate”) (internal quote omitted).
Second Circuit’s decision, then, as indicating that any of the issues raised by Hendricks have merit,
or that they would not be suitable for adjudication by this Court as a matter of law.
Having reviewed the papers submitted by Hendricks both here and at the Court of Appeals,
I find no impediment to the entry of summary judgment for Millennium. To the extent that
Hendricks has identified any factual issues, those relate to the measure and extent of his damages,
not to Millennium’s entitlement to condemnation in accordance with the FERC certificate.
The one issue raised by Hendricks that warrants some comment is his contention that this
Court should not have issued a preliminary injunction, and should not grant summary judgment for
Millennium, without first finding that Millennium attempted in good faith to agree with Hendricks
on a price for the land or property rights sought by Millennium. Federal courts are split as to whether
the NGA requires the movant to have negotiated in good faith with a landowner as a prerequisite to
relief through eminent domain. Compare Transwestern Pipeline, 550 F.3d at 776 (to obtain order
of condemnation, plaintiff must show, inter alia, “that it engaged in good faith negotiations with the
landowner”), with Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline, L.L.C. v. Decoulos, 146 Fed.Appx. 495, 498 (1st
Cir. 2005) (“Absent any credible authority making good faith negotiation a requirement precedent
to the condemnation action, we decline the invitation to create one in this case”) (citations omitted),
and Steckman Ridge GP, LLC v. An Exclusive Natural Gas Storage Easement Beneath 11.078 Acres,
No. 08-168, 2008 WL 4346405, at *13 n.3 (W.D.Pa. Sept. 19, 2008) (stating that courts that have
imposed a good-faith requirement “gave no explanation why they adopted such a requirement,” that
in none of the cases imposing such a requirement did the courts refuse to authorize condemnation
on the ground that the FERC certificate holder had failed to negotiate in good faith, and concluding
that “[t]he plain language of the NGA does not impose an obligation on a holder of a FERC
certificate to negotiate in good faith before acquiring land by exercise of eminent domain”) (quoting
Kansas Pipeline Company v. A 200 Foot By 250 Foot Piece of Land, 210 F.Supp.2d 1253, 1257
(D.Kan. 2002)). See also Guardian Pipeline, L.L. C. v. 295.45 Acres of Land, No. 08-C-28, 2008
WL 1751358, at *14 (E.D. Wis. April 11, 2008) (collecting cases, and concluding that the NGA does
not obligate the condemnor, as a jurisdictional prerequisite, to negotiate in good faith with the
landowner,” but adding that coercive, unfair, or fraudulent tactics may render any agreement void
or voidable as to the landowner).
Even if the Act does require a showing of good faith, however, I find that such a requirement
has been met here. In fact, this Court expressly found, in granting the preliminary injunction, that
there had “been good faith attempts by the company in an effort to resolve and reach an
accommodation as to the just compensation.” Transcript, Feb. 14, 2008 (Dkt. #39-5) at 38. I noted
that “Mr. Hendricks himself admits that he has never made a demand for a specific amount,” and that
“even though there has not been agreement, I find that the plaintiff has made good faith efforts to
do that over a period of time, increasing its offer severalfold apparently.” Id.
If anything, the record suggests that Hendricks has never displayed any interest in agreeing
on a price for the sought-after easements. He succinctly summed up his position at oral argument,
stating that he had written “a letter to the president of Millennium saying [his] property was posted,
they did not have access to [his] property and to keep off.” Dkt. #61 at 14. While the Court does
not mean to suggest that Hendricks himself had any obligation to engage in good-faith negotiations,
it seems disingenuous for him now to complain that Millennium failed to do so, in light of
Hendricks’s unyielding opposition to any entry by Millennium onto his property.
I conclude, then, that the only issue remaining for resolution here is that of just compensation.
See Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline, 146 Fed.Appx. at 498 (“[o]nce a [certificate] is issued by the
FERC ... the only issue before the district court in the ensuing eminent domain proceeding is the
amount to be paid to the property owner as just compensation for the taking”); see, e.g., Northwest
Pipeline Corp. v. Ross, No. C05-1605, 2008 WL 1744617, at *1 (W.D.Wash. Apr. 11, 2008). That
matter, however, implicates Hendricks’s motion for leave to amend his answer.
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IV. Hendricks’s Motion for Leave to Amend
Hendricks has moved for leave to amend his answer to include Columbia Gas Transmission
(“Columbia”) as a party to this action, and to add a counterclaim against Millennium and Columbia,
seeking compensatory and punitive damages and civil contempt penalties. Dkt. #35 at 6 ¶ 18. In
addition, in his Rule 26 disclosures submitted to the Court, Hendricks has stated that he seeks $1.9
million in compensatory damages, $500,000 in punitive damages, treble damages for Millennium’s
removal of timber from his property, and monetary penalties for contempt based on Millennium’s
alleged failure to comply with this Court’s February 15, 2008 preliminary injunction order. See Dkt.
#34 at 22.
In general, in cases involving takings that “are ‘partial takings,’ rather than complete takings,
‘the measure of just compensation is the difference between the fair and reasonable market value of
the land immediately before the taking and the fair and reasonable market value of the portion that
remains after the taking. This same test applies when the taking is merely an easement.’” Hardy
Storage Co., LLC v. An Easement to Construct, Operate and Maintain 12-inch and 20-inch Gas
Transmission Pipelines across Properties in Hardy, No. 2:06CV7, 2009 WL 304736, at *3
(N.D.W.Va. Feb. 6, 2009) (quoting United States v. Banisadr Bldg. Joint Venture, 65 F.3d 374, 378
(4th Cir. 1995)). See also Columbia Gas Transmission Corp. v. Rodriguez, 551 F.Supp.2d 460, 462
(W.D.Va. 2008) (“‘Market value,’ rather than the value to the condemnor or the owner, is the proper
measure of just compensation”) (quoting United States v. Petty Motor Co., 327 U.S. 372, 377-78
I therefore see no basis to allow Hendricks to amend his answer to seek damages beyond
what would constitute “just compensation” under the Act. In any event, the Court need not
determine the precise measure of damages available to Hendricks at this point. The issue of just
compensation remains to be tried before the Court, and the parties will have an opportunity at the
appropriate time to present their arguments concerning the correct measure of compensation due to
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Hendricks’s motion to add Columbia as a party is based on his contention that Columbia
owns 47.5% of Millennium (the remaining 52.5% is owned by two other corporations). See Dkt. #35
at 9. The evidence before me, however, indicates that Millennium holds the FERC certificate, that
Millennium is the party seeking condemnation here, and that Millennium is the sole holder of the
easement previously granted by this Court. There is no showing that Columbia has had any
involvement in the events leading up to this case, or that Columbia could be held liable for any
compensation to which Hendricks is ultimately found to be entitled. Hendricks’s motion is therefore
Plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment (Dkt. #39) is granted. Plaintiff is hereby directed
to prepare a proposed order effectuating this Decision and Order, and to submit it to the Court within
twenty (20) days of the date of entry of this Decision and Order. The proposed order must be
submitted to defendant Hendricks, for his approval as to form, within ten (10) days after the date of
entry of this Decision and Order. If Hendricks objects to any of the terms of the proposed order, he
must inform the Court of his objections no later than twenty (20) days of the date of entry of this
Decision and Order.
The parties are hereby directed to work together to attempt to agree on a schedule for
discovery or other matters that need to be resolved in advance of a trial on the issue of just
compensation. Within twenty (20) days of the date of entry of this Decision and Order, the parties
must inform the Court whether they have agreed on a mutually agreeable schedule, or, if they cannot
agree on such a schedule, to submit their respective requests in that regard.
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Defendants’ motion for leave to amend the answer (Dkt. #35) is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DAVID G. LARIMER
United States District Judge
Dated: Rochester, New York
April 12, 2011.
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