Genao Cabral v. Barr et al
DECISION AND ORDER granting 6 Motion to Dismiss and Petition 1 is dismissed as moot. Motion to Dismiss 8 is terminated. Signed by Hon. Frank P. Geraci, Jr. on 1/6/2021. Copy of this Decision and Order mailed to Danny Javier Genao Cabral. (LMD)
Case 6:20-cv-06600-FPG Document 9 Filed 01/06/21 Page 1 of 3
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
DANNY JAVIER GENAO CABRAL,
Case # 20-CV-6600-FPG
DECISION AND ORDER
WILLIAM BARR, United States Attorney
General; CHAD WOLF, Acting Secretary of
the Department of Homeland Security;
THOMAS FEELEY, Field Office Director for
Detention and Removal; JEFFREY SEARLS,
Facility Director, Buffalo Federal
Pro se Petitioner Danny Javier Genao Cabral commenced this habeas proceeding against
the named Respondents pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 (“§ 2241”) challenging his continued
detention in the custody of the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”). Genao Cabral
primarily argues that, as a result of his serious underlying medical conditions, his detention in a
congregate setting during the COVID-19 pandemic violates his constitutional rights. See ECF No.
1 at 1-5. Respondents have filed an unopposed motion to dismiss the Petition as moot based on the
fact that Genao Cabral was released from detention on December 1, 2020, pursuant to an order of
supervision or own recognizance. ECF No. 6 at 1 (citing ECF No. 6-1 ¶ 4). For the reasons
discussed herein, the motion to dismiss is GRANTED.
“‘[A] case is moot when the issues presented are no longer ‘live’ or the parties lack a
legally cognizable interest in the outcome.’” Cnty. of L.A. v. Davis, 440 U.S. 625, 631 (1979)
Case 6:20-cv-06600-FPG Document 9 Filed 01/06/21 Page 2 of 3
(quoting Powell v. McCormack, 395 U.S. 486, 496 (1969)). A party has a “personal stake in the
outcome’ of the lawsuit” when he or she has “suffered, or [is] threatened with, an actual injury
traceable to the defendant and likely to be redressed by a favorable judicial decision.” Lewis v.
Continental Bank Corp., 494 U.S. 472, 477 (1990). “The hallmark of a moot case or controversy
is that the relief sought can no longer be given or is no longer needed.” Martin-Trigona v. Shiff,
702 F.2d 380, 386 (2d Cir. 1983).
Genao Cabral’s petition challenges only the lawfulness of his detention in DHS custody;
the sole relief he seeks is release from detention. See ECF No. 1 at 12. Since he has now received
that relief from Respondents in the form of release under an order of supervision or own
recognizance, there is no longer any effectual relief this Court can provide. Accordingly, the
Petition is moot. See, e.g., Denis v. DHS/ICE of Buffalo, New York, 634 F. Supp. 2d 338, 341
(W.D.N.Y. 2009) (“Because the only relief sought by Denis, and obtainable from this Court, was
release from DHS custody, Denis’ habeas petition became moot upon his release under an order
of supervision, which terminated his custodial detention.”) (citations omitted); see also Tadesse v.
Whitaker, No. 6:18-CV-06682(MAT), 2019 WL 1517563, at *2 (W.D.N.Y. Apr. 8, 2019)
(immigration detainee’s release under an order of supervision mooted petition; rejecting argument
that exception to mootness doctrine applied; finding that petitioner “has not shown a ‘reasonable
expectation’ that he will be subjected to the same action (DHS administrative detention) in the
future; to find otherwise would require the Court to assume that [he] will violate the terms of his
supervised release”). Because the petition no longer presents a live case or controversy within the
meaning of Article III, § 3 of the Constitution, the Court must dismiss it based on the absence of
subject matter jurisdiction. Tadesse, 2019 WL 1517563, at *2 (citing Lewis, 494 U.S. at 477-78).
Case 6:20-cv-06600-FPG Document 9 Filed 01/06/21 Page 3 of 3
For the foregoing reasons, Respondents’ motion to dismiss, ECF No. 6, is GRANTED, and
the Petition, ECF No. 1, is DISMISSED AS MOOT. The Clerk of Court shall terminate ECF No.
8, which is simply a notice of motion that was omitted from Respondents’ motion to dismiss. The
Clerk of Court is further requested to close this case.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: January 6, 2021
Rochester, New York
HON. FRANK P. GERACI, JR.
United States District Court
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