Savannah Pepka v. Kohls Department Stores, Inc.

Filing 13

ORDER DENYING TRANSFER re: pldg. (10 in CAC/2:16-cv-04293, 11 in CAC/5:16-cv-01300, 12 in CT/3:16-cv-00315, 16 in FLM/5:15-cv-00482, 10 in FLM/6:16-cv-00525, 14 in FLM/8:16-cv-01049, 14 in FLN/1:16-cv-00150, 15 in ILN/1:15-cv-01303, 45 in MDL No. 2736, 16 in MN/0:15-cv-04510, 12 in NJ/3:16-cv-01663, 14 in NJ/3:16-cv-03580, 14 in NV/2:14-cv-01646, 10 in NV/2:16-cv-01092, 17 in PAE/2:16-cv-01541, 13 in PAE/2:16-cv-01763, 10 in PAE/2:16- cv-03306, 12 in PAM/1:16-cv-00108, 10 in PAM/4:16-cv-00356, 14 in TXE/1:16-cv-00180, 12 in WIE/2:15-cv-01180), ( 4 in MDL No. 2736), ( 1< /a> in MDL No. 2736), ( 6 in MDL No. 2736) The motion to transfer, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1407, is DENIEDSigned by Judge Sarah S. Vance, Chair, PANEL ON MULTIDISTRICT LITIGATION, on 10/ 4/2016. Associated Cases: MDL No. 2736, CAC/2:16-cv-04293, CAC/5:16-cv-01300, CT/3:16-cv-00315, FLM/5:15-cv-00482, FLM/6:16-cv-00525, FLM/8:16-cv-01049, FLN/1:16-cv-00150, ILN/1:15-cv-01303, MN/0:15-cv-04510, NJ/3:16-cv-01663, NJ/3:16-cv-03580, NV/2:14-cv-01646, NV/2:16-cv-01092, PAE/2:16-cv-01541, PAE/2:16-cv-01763, PAE/2:16-cv-03306, PAM/1:16-cv-00108, PAM/4:16-cv-00356, TXE/1:16-cv-00180, WIE/2:15-cv-01180 (DP)

Download PDF
UNITED STATES JUDICIAL PANEL on MULTIDISTRICT LITIGATION IN RE: KOHL’S TELEPHONE CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT (TCPA) LITIGATION MDL No. 2736 ORDER DENYING TRANSFER Before the Panel:* Plaintiff in an action pending in the Northern District of Illinois (Ankcorn) moves under 28 U.S.C. § 1407 to centralize twenty actions in that district. The actions, which are listed on the attached Schedule A, are pending in a total of twelve districts. The Panel has been informed of four additional related federal actions. Responding plaintiffs’ positions on centralization vary. Plaintiffs in the District of Nevada Spencer and Central District of California Pepka actions support centralization in the Northern District of Illinois. Plaintiffs in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania Winner action oppose inclusion of their action in the proposed MDL, as does plaintiff in the Central District of California Barshay action, a potential tag-along case. Plaintiffs in three Florida actions,1 all of which are individual actions, also oppose inclusion of their actions in an MDL, and further argue that any other individual actions (i.e., non-class actions) should be excluded. Plaintiff in the District of Minnesota Larsen action opposes centralization in any forum. Responding defendants2 support centralization in the Northern District of Illinois of all actions except for the Winner action, as to which they take no position. On the basis of the papers filed and the hearing session held, we deny the Ankcorn plaintiff’s motion. Most of these actions share certain factual issues arising from allegations that defendants violated the Telephone Consumer Protection Act and, in some cases, analogous state law, by using an automatic dialing system to repeatedly make debt collection calls to plaintiffs’ cell phones without their express consent.3 At least with respect to those actions, factual issues encompass defendants’ * Certain Panel members who could be members of the putative classes in this litigation have renounced their participation in these classes and participated in this decision. 1 These actions are the Middle District of Florida Montalbo and Pritchard actions, and the Northern District of Florida Simmons action. 2 Responding defendants are Kohl’s Department Stores, Inc., Kohl’s Corporation, Capital One, N.A., and Capital One Financial Corporation. 3 The Winner action involves telemarketing text messages, rather than debt collection calls. (continued...) -2practices, policies, and procedures with respect to making debt collection calls and obtaining and recording recipients’ consent (and any revocation thereof), as well as the nature of the dialing system or systems used. But these issues, while common, appear to be relatively straightforward, and discovery is unlikely to be unusually burdensome or time-consuming. In contrast, the amount of individualized discovery into such matters as the number of calls each plaintiff received, the process and documentation involving in obtaining that plaintiff’s consent, and the timing and circumstances surrounding revocation seems likely to be quite significant. The procedural disparity among the cases also weighs against centralization. Whereas some of the actions have been commenced only within the past several months, others have been pending far longer. For example, the Spencer action was filed in October 2014, and had a discovery cutoff of July 8, 2016. Similarly, the discovery cutoff in Eastern District of Wisconsin Hernandez, which was filed in October 2015, was August 31, 2016.4 Centralization at this juncture thus appears unlikely to produce significant efficiencies.5 Finally, the record indicates that many of these cases may be susceptible to fairly quick resolution. Of the 28 actions originally included on the Section 1407 motion, eight have since been voluntarily dismissed, and five others appear to have been resolved, but not yet formally closed in their respective districts.6 This pattern of dismissals suggests that centralization is not necessary. See In re: Live Face on Web, LLC, Copyright Litig., 148 F. Supp. 3d 1373, 1374 (J.P.M.L. 2015) (“[W]e have found that a ‘trend of quick dismissals’ can signal that centralization is not warranted.”) (quoting In re: ArrivalStar S.A. Fleet Mgmt. Sys. Patent Litig., 802 F. Supp. 2d 1378, 1379 (J.P.M.L.2011)). 3 (...continued) Plaintiff in the Barshay potential tag-along action contends that her action is akin to Winner in that it involves telemarketing text messages, as well as phone calls. The complaints in several of the other constituent actions (e.g., the District of New Jersey Levin action and the Middle District of Pennsylvania Cranor action) do not identify the nature of the subject calls. 4 After the discovery cutoffs passed in Spencer and Hernandez, the actions were stayed pending our decision on centralization. 5 See, e.g.,In re: Lifewatch, Inc., Tel. Consumer Prot. Act. (TCPA) Litig., 140 F. Supp. 3d 1342, 1343 (J.P.M.L. 2015) (denying centralization, in part because of the procedural disparity of the subject actions). In re: Credit Prot. Ass’n, L.P., Tel. Consumer Prot. Act. (TCPA) Litig., — F. Supp. 3d —, 2016 WL 3101832, at *1 (J.P.M.L. June 2, 2016) (same). 6 These actions include the three Florida actions referenced in footnote 1, the Middle District of Florida Thompson action, and the District of Nevada Self-Forbes action. -3IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the motion for centralization of these actions is denied. PANEL ON MULTIDISTRICT LITIGATION Sarah S. Vance Chair Marjorie O. Rendell Lewis A. Kaplan R. David Proctor Charles R. Breyer Ellen Segal Huvelle Catherine D. Perry IN RE: KOHL’S TELEPHONE CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT (TCPA) LITIGATION MDL No. 2736 SCHEDULE A Central District of California PEPKA v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 2:16-04293 FERRER v. KOHL'S CORPORATION, C.A. No. 5:16-01300 District of Connecticut MANNING v. KOHL'S DEPT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 3:16-00315 Middle District of Florida MONTALBO v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 5:15-00482 THOMPSON v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 6:16-00525 PRITCHARD v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 8:16-01049 Northern District of Florida SIMMONS v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 1:16-00150 Northern District of Illinois ANKCORN v. KOHL'S CORPORATION, C.A. No. 1:15-01303 District of Minnesota LARSEN v. CAPITAL ONE BANK, NA, ET AL., C.A. No. 0:15-04510 District of Nevada SPENCER v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 2:14-01646 SELF-FORBES v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 2:16-01092 District of New Jersey MASLATON v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 3:16-01663 LEVIN v. CAPITAL ONE FINANCIAL CORPORATION, ET AL., C.A. No. 3:16-03580 - A2 MDL No. 2736 Schedule A (Continued) Eastern District of Pennsylvania WINNER, ET AL. v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 2:16-01541 MCFADDEN v. KOHL'S CORPORATION, C.A. No. 2:16-01763 RAMSEY v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 2:16-03306 Middle District of Pennsylvania COOK v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 1:16-00108 CRANOR v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., C.A. No. 4:16-00356 Eastern District of Texas BUZAN, ET AL. v. KOHL'S CORPORATION, C.A. No. 1:16-00180 Eastern District of Wisconsin HERNANDEZ v. KOHL'S DEPARTMENT STORES, INC., ET AL., C.A. No. 2:15-01180

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?