Red Wolf Coalition et al v. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service et al
ORDER denying without prejudice 67 Motion to Strike and Motion for Protective Order. Signed by US District Judge Terrence W. Boyle on 11/3/2017. (Stouch, L.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE )
SERVICE, et al.,
RED WOLF COALITION, et al.,
This cause comes before the Court on the federal defendants' motion to strike plaintiffs'
expert designation and motion for protective order. Plaintiffs have responded, and the matter is
ripe for ruling. For the reasons that follow, the federal defendants' motion is denied without
Plaintiffs, three non-profit public interest organizations that advocate on behalf of the wild
red wolf population and other animals which are endangered or threatened with extinction filed
this suit in November 2015 alleging that the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS or
the Service) and other cdefendants have violated Sections 4, 7, and 9 of the Endangered Species
Act (ESA), 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq., and that defendants have failed to comply with the National
Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 4321-47. Plaintiffs challenge defendants' actions
in authorizing the lethal and non-lethal take ofred wolves on private land without first satisfying
the requirements of the governing regulations and in administering the red wolf rules and
regulations in a manner which fails to provide for the conservation of the wild red wolf population.
By order entered September 29, 2016, the Court granted plaintiffs' motion for preliminary
injunction and allowed discovery on plaintiffs' Endangered Species Act citizen suit claims. [DE
63]. A scheduling order was thereafter entered and later amended; discovery in this matter now
concludes on January 26, 2018, and the dispositive motion filing schedule concludes on June 27,
2018. [DE 70]. On October 2, 2017, the USFWS filed the instant motion pursuant to Fed. R. Civ.
P. 26(c) seeking to strike plaintiffs' expert designation of two USFWS employees and seeking a
protective order to prevent plaintiffs from designating these USFWS employees as expert
witnesses for plaintiffs.
USFWS contends that plaintiffs' designation of these two federal
employees as experts against the United States is improper, contravenes criminal ethical
regulations, and creates an undue burden C:tS plaintiffs' own retained expert has proffered an opinion
on the same topics.
Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that a party from whom
discovery is sought may move for a protective order in the court where the action is pending and
that the court may, for good cause, issue an order to protect the party from annoyance,
embarrassment, oppression, or _undue burden or expense. Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c).
The burden of showing good cause rests with the party requesting the protective
order. The party must make a particular request and a specific demonstration of
facts in support of the request as opposed to conclusory or speculative statements
about the need for fl protective order and the harm which would be suffered without
Brittain v. Stroh Brewery Co., 136 F.R.D. 408, 412 (M.D.N.C. 1991) (citations omitted).
USFWS seeks a protective order to preclude plaintiffs from calling Rebecca Harrison,
Ph.D. and Justin Bohling, Ph.D. Dr. Harrison is a USFWS employee who was previously the
assistant recovery coordinator of the red wolf program and is now employed by USFWS as a
supervisory refuge biologist for Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge and Pea Island Refuge.
Dr. Bohling is a USFWS employee who works as a conservation geneticist for the Abernathy Fish
Technology Center in Longview, Washington and who has an interest in red wolf genetic issues.
USFWS notes that neither Dr. Harrison nor Dr. Bohling has been privately retained as experts by
plaintiffs, but that plaintiffs have insisted on preserving their right to present the expert opinions
of Dr. Harrison and Dr. Bohling without regard to whether they are USFWS employees.
Plaintiffs argue, and the Court agrees, that the USFWS's motion is premature. Plaintiffs
have disclosed Drs. Harrison and Bohling as possible adverse experts; plaintiffs have not
subpoenaed Dr. Harrison or Dr. Bohling nor have they sought authorization from the appropriate
ethics official for Dr. Harrison or Dr. Bohling to testify. See 5 C.F.R. § 2635.805 ("Provided that
the employee's testimony will not violate any of the principles or standards set forth in this part,
authorization to provide expert witness service otherwise prohibited. by paragraphs (a) and (b) of
this section may be given by the designated agency ethics official of the agency in which the
employee serves .... "). As it remains a possibility that plaintiffs will not seek to compel testimony
from Drs. Harrison or Bohling, USFWS' motion is premature and is appropriately denied without
For failure to show good cause, the motion to strike and for protective order [DE 67] is
DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
SO ORDERED, this
J_j_ day of November, 2017.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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