Pratt v. Pitt County Department of Social Services et al
PROTECTIVE ORDER - Signed by U.S. Magistrate Judge Robert T. Numbers, II on 7/17/2017. Sent to Constance Pratt at PO Box General Mail Winston-Salem, NC 27102 via US Mail. (Briggeman, N.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
FILE NO. 4:16-CV-00198-BR
RETHA ALLBRITTON, SOPHIA ELLIS, )
KEISHA ADAMS, MARGARET DIXON, )
JANE DAWSON, and LINDA MIZELLE, )
This matter is one in which Plaintiff has sought a Protective Order to apply to the
production of her medical records. In addition to this issue, the Court recognizes that certain
personnel information for the Defendants is protected as confidential under the State Statutes of
North Carolina (see, N.C.G.S. 153A-98). This Court directed the parties to confer to attempt to
agree on a Protective order [D.E. 49]. Having been advised that the parties were unable to reach
consensus on this, the Court enters this Order.
The Court has determined it to be in the best interests of both parties to facilitate the
discovery process by maintaining certain information as confidential and to restrict the
dissemination of such information in compliance with HIPAA N.C.G.S. § 153A-98, and other
Accordingly, pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure, good cause having been shown and the Court deeming it just and proper to do so, it is
hereby ORDERED that:
This Order governs the handling and disclosure of all materials produced, given,
or filed herein by the parties and designated as "CONFIDENTIAL" during the discovery phase
of this action. A separate order will be entered at the appropriate time regarding the use of
CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION during the trial or trials of any matter or issue herein. For
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purposes of this Order, CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION includes, but is not limited to,
confidential personnel information pursuant to N.C. Gen. Stat. § 153A-98, and confidential
medical and mental health treatment records.
"Document" means all writings, drawings, graphs, charts, recordings, and
any other documents as defined in Rule 34 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
"Material" means any document, any answer to any interrogatory or other
discovery request in this action, any portion of any deposition (including deposition exhibits) in
this action, and any other information produced, given, or filed in this action.
"Parties" means Plaintiff CONSTANCE PRATT, and Defendants RETHA
ALLBRITTON, SOPHIA ELLIS, KEISHA ADAMS, MARGARET DIXON, JANE DAWSON,
and LINDA MIZELLE.
3. Procedure for Designating Information as Confidential.
A party or witness may designate as CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION any
material produced in the course of discovery that contains confidential information by writing,
typing, or stamping on the face of such material the words "CONFIDENTIAL," or by otherwise
notifying counsel for the parties in writing, and, in the case of deposition transcripts and exhibits,
also the court reporter, at the time of the production of the document or within 20 days of receipt
of the deposition transcript. In the event CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION is contained in any
written response to a discovery request, in any deposition transcript, or in any exhibit thereto, the
confidential portion of such response, transcript, or exhibit shall be separately bound, and the
words "CONFIDENTIAL" shall be placed thereon.
In the event confidential, proprietary or sensitive material is inadvertently
produced without placing the designation "CONFIDENTIAL" thereon, the party or witness may,
subsequent to the production (or subsequent to the 20-day period for designating deposition
Case 4:16-cv-00198-BR Document 51-2 Filed 07/13/17 Page 2 of 7
transcripts), designate the material as CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION. In such event, the
material shall be treated in accordance with the terms of this Order from the time of the
Should a party object to the designation of any material as CONFIDENTIAL
INFORMATION, that party may appeal to the Court for a ruling that the material shall not be so
treated. Until the Court enters an order, if any, changing the designation of the material, it shall
be treated as CONFIDENTIAL as provided in this Order.
Disclosure and Use of Confidential Information.
Provided that the requesting party and that party's counsel shall adhere strictly to
the provisions of this Order with respect to all materials designated as Confidential, Counsel for
the requesting party may have access to, inspect and copy CONFIDENTIAL MATERIALS
sought through legitimate discovery means (except as described below), and no objection shall
be raised to the production of any information or documents, or the answering to any
interrogatories or deposition questions, on the grounds that said information, documents or
answers are or may be considered confidential by the producing party, unless said information
was inadvertently produced and/or such information was intended to be confidential when
The production or disclosure of CONFIDENTIAL MATERIALS pursuant to the
terms of this Order by the producing party shall not waive or prejudice the right of the producing
party to object to the production or admissibility of documents or information on grounds other
than confidentiality in this action or in any other action. It is specifically agreed that making the
materials or documents available for inspection and the production of the materials or documents
shall not constitute a waiver by the parties of any claim of confidentiality, and the production of
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such materials or documents shall not be considered as an acknowledgment that the materials or
documents may be admissible into evidence at the trial of this action.
Except upon further order of the Court, CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION, and
information derived therefrom, shall be disclosed only to the parties, counsel for the parties in
this action; their legal assistants and other staff members; outside companies engaged by
attorneys for the parties to photocopy such documents; public officials, or employees of the Pitt
County Department of Social Services, who provide material assistance in the legal
representation of the Defendants; a deponent in the action (during a deposition or in preparation
therefor) when the Confidential materials are materially related to the questions asked to or
testimony of such deponent; any court reporter utilized for depositions in the course of this
litigation and their staff, for purposes of preparing transcripts; representatives of the insurers for
the defendants; experts consulted or assisting the parties in this action; and the Court and its
All CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION, and information derived therefrom, shall
be used solely in the prosecution or defense of this action and shall not be used or disclosed by
any person for any other purpose.
Any person other than the parties, counsel of record, employees of counsel,
employees of the insurers of defendants, employees of the Pitt County Department of Social
Services, the Court, its personnel, court reporters and their staff must execute a form as is
attached hereto as Exhibit A prior to the disclosure of CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.
Counsel shall keep a record of all persons to whom disclosures are made and shall retain in their
possession, custody, and control all the written statements signed by those persons.
CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION, and any documents containing information derived
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therefrom, including copies of such documents, shall be returned to counsel by persons given
access to them as soon as practicable.
The restrictions on disclosure or use of materials designated "CONFIDENTIAL"
set forth in this Order shall not apply to any such information to the extent that it:
Was known to the requesting party at the time of its disclosure by the
producing party, and can be demonstrated as such; or
Is now, or later becomes, available to the public or the party through
means other than disclosure which violates this Order.
Procedure for Filing Documents under Seal.
The filing of sealed documents should be accomplished under the provisions of
Local Civil Rule 79.2, of the Eastern District of North Carolina.
Disposition of Documents.
After the final disposition of this action, including the conclusion of any and all
appeals, all CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION maintained in sealed files of the Court shall be
returned to counsel for the party or witness filing such CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.
After termination of this action, each receiving party shall return all documents
marked "CONFIDENTIAL" to the conveying party, except that counsel of record may retain one
copy of each item.
Each person who receives CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION submits himself or
herself to the personal jurisdiction of the Court, wherever he or she shall be, for the enforcement
of this Order.
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Nothing in this protective order shall require disclosure of material which the
conveying party contends is protected from disclosure by the attorney-client privilege, or as
constituting attorney work product materials.
This protective order shall not prevent either party from applying to the court for
relief therefrom, or from applying to the court for further or additional protective orders, or from
agreeing between themselves to modification of this protective order, subject to the approval of
This Protective Order shall constitute an order of a court of competent jurisdiction
permitting the disclosure of discoverable materials under the provisions of N.C. Gen. State §
It is so ORDERED this _ _ _ day of July, 2017.
Dated: July 17, 2017
Robert T. Numbers, II
Honorable Robert T. Numbers, II
United States Magistrate Judge
United States Magistrate Judge
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Agreement concerning material covered by a Protective Order entered in the
United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina.
The undersigned hereby acknowledges that she/he has read the Protective Order entered
by the Court dated
, 2017, in the civil action entitled CONSTANCE
PRATT v. RETHA ALLBRITTON, SOPHIA ELLIS, KEISHA ADAMS, MARGARET DIXON
and JANE DAWSON, File No. 4:16-CV-00198-BR, filed in the United States District Court for
the Eastern District of North Carolina, Eastern Division, understands the terms thereof, and
agrees to be bound by such terms. The undersigned hereby acknowledges that she/he is subject
to the jurisdiction of the United States District Court with regard to this protective order and
understands (1) that the violation of the Stipulated Consent Protective Order shall subject the
offender to such penalties, damages and other relief as may be permitted by law, and (2) that the
jurisdiction of the Court regarding this Order survives any settlement, discontinuance, dismissal,
judgment, or other disposition of this action.
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