Beasley v. Sessoms & Rogers, P.A. et al
ORDER granting in part 82 Motion for Attorney Fees. Signed by Chief US District Judge James C. Dever III on 11/8/2011. (Sawyer, D.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
VANESSA BEASLEY, on behalf of herself, )
and all others similarly situated,
SESSOMS & ROGERS, P.A.,
LEE C. ROGERS, and
PALISADES COLLECTION, LLC,
Plaintiff Vanessa Beasley ("plaintiff"or "Beasley'') succeeded on two out of five claims in
a straightforward action under the Fair Debt Collections Practice Act against defendants Sessoms
& Rogers, P.A., Lee C. Rogers, and Palisades Collection, LLC (collectively "defendants"). During
the litigation, plaintiff demanded over $500,000 to settle the case. Ultimately, defendants consented
to class certification, and plaintiff (on behalf of the class) accepted an offer of judgment in the
amount of $1,001.00 for herself and $9,000.00 for the class. Beasley now seeks $93,592.50 in
attorney's fees and $909.40 in costs [D.E. 82]. Defendants oppose the motion. As explained below,
the court awards $25,000.00 in attorney's fees and $380.00 in costs.
On February 2,2009, Beasley sued Sessoms & Rogers, P.A., Lee C. Rogers, and Palisades
Collection, LLC, ("Palisades'') alleging a violation of the Fair Debt Collections Practices Act
("FDCPA") [D.E. 1]. In her complaint, Beasley alleged that defendants sent her a letter that violated
the FDCPA by (1) "using false, deceptive, or misleading representations or means in connection with
the collection of any debt in violation of 15 U.S.C. § 1692e and e(10)"; (2) "requiring consumers
who dispute their alleged debts to advise Defendants of 'the nature' oftheir disputes in violation of
15 U.S.C. § 1692g(a)"; (3) "failing to state the amount of the debt in violation of 15 U.S.C. §
1692g(a)(1)"; (4) "failing to inform consumers that their request for verification ofthe alleged debts
must be 'in writing' in violation of 15 U.S.C. § 1692g(a)(4)"; and (5) "failing to inform consumers
that, for the purposes of requesting verification, they are permitted to dispute 'any portion' oftheir
alleged debts, in violation of 15 U.S.C. § 1692g(a)(4)." Compl. [D.E. 1] ~ 65(A)-(E). Beasley also
sought certification as a class on behalf ofall persons in North Carolina who were sent a similar debt
collection letter. See id. mr 55-63.
On June 19,2009, defendants moved to dismiss Beasley's complaint for failure to state a
claim [D.E. 27], which Beasley opposed [D.E. 31.]. On March 1, 2010, the court granted defendants'
motion to dismiss Beasley's first, third, and fifth claims, but allowed Beasley to proceed with her
second and fourth claims [D.E. 52].
On July 9,2010, following discovery, Beasley moved for class certification and indicated
that defendants consented to the certification. Pl.'sMot. Class Cert. [D.E. 55] ~ 12; see also Defs.'
Resp. Pl.'s Mot. Class Cert. [D.E. 62]. On August 16,2010, before the court ruled on Beasley's
motion for class certification, defendants served Beasley with an offer ofjudgment in the amount
of $1,00 1.00 for Beasley, $9,000.00 for the class, reasonable and allowable costs, and reasonable
attorney's fees [D.E. 65-1]. Beasley accepted the offer ofjudgment, and on October 18,2010, the
parties filed a Joint Motion for Class Certification and Preliminary Approval ofAccepted Offer of
Judgment [D.E. 67] and a Joint Motion for Approval ofCy Pres Award and Designation ofCy Pres
Recipients [D.E. 68]. On December 6,2010, the court granted class certification and preliminary
approval ofthe offer ofjudgment [D.E. 70], and the court granted the joint motion regarding Cy Pres
the following day [D.E. 72]. On December 30, 2010, Beasley sent the notice ofthe Accepted Offer
of Judgment to 1,341 class members [D.E. 76-1].
On March 18,2011, the court granted fmal approval ofthe Accepted Offer ofJudgment [D.E.
78] and entered a Class Action Judgment in favor ofBeasley and the class that she represents against
defendants [D.E. 79]. On May 16, 2011, Beasley filed a Motion for Award of Costs and Attorney's
Fees pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(3) and requested $93,592.50 in attorney's fees and $909.40
in costs [D.E. 82]. On June 9, 2011, defendants responded in opposition [D.E. 93] and filed
declarations and exhibits in support [D.E. 94, 95]. On August 11, 2011, Beasley filed a reply and
included the declaration of her attorney Angela O. Martin ("Martin") [D.E. 101, 102]. On August
18, 2011, Beasley filed the supplemental declaration ofher attorney Craig M. Shapiro ("Shapiro"),
in which Shapiro asked for an additional $8,760.00 in fees [D.E. 104]. On August 21, 2011,
defendants filed an objection to ShaPrio's supplemental declaration [D.E. 105].
Section 1692k allows a plaintiff "in the case of any successful action" under the FDCPA to
recover "the costs of the action, together with a reasonable attorney's fee as determined by the
court." 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(3). The FDCPAprovides for an award ofareasonable attorney's fee
"in all but the most unusual circumstances," and the determination of a "reasonable attorney's fee"
is within the sound discretion of the district court. See,~, Carroll v. Wolpoff & Abramson, 53
F.3d 626,628-29 (4th Cir. 1995).
In determining an award of a reasonable attorney's fee, a district court first must calculate
the "lodestar" amount (a reasonable hourly rate multiplied by hours reasonably expended).
Grissom v. Mills Corp., 549 F.3d 313,320-21 (4th Cir. 2008); Carroll, 53 F.3d at 628-29. The
lodestar figure "provides an objective basis on which to make an initial estimate of the value of a
lawyer's services." Hensley v. Eckerhm1, 461 U.S. 424,433 (1983).
After calculating the lodestar figure, a district court should then exclude from the lodestar
figure hours spent on unsuccessful claims that were unrelated to the successful claims. See Hensley,
461 U.S. at 435; Grissom, 549 F.3d at 321; Johnson v. City of Aiken, 278 F.3d 333,337 (4th Cir.
2002). Inmany cases, much ofcounsel's time "will be devoted generally to the litigation as a whole,
making it difficult to divide the hours expended on a claim-by-claim basis," and the district court
therefore may focus "on the significance ofthe overall relief obtained by the plaintiff in relation to
the hours reasonably expended on the litigation." Hensley, 461 U.S. at 435. The court may "attempt
to identifY specific hours that should be eliminated, or it may simply reduce the award to account for
the limited success." Id. at 436-37. "The court necessarily has discretion in making this equitable
judgment." Id. at 437.
The court then applies the JohnsonlBarber factors. See Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433-34 & n.9
(explaining lodestar calculations and approving the twelve-factor test set forth in Johnson v. Georgia
Highway Express. Inc., 488 F.2d 714, 717-19 (5th Cir. 1974), overruled on other grounds by
Blanchard v. Bergero!!, 489 U.S. 87,109 S. Ct. 939,103 L. Ed. 2d 67 (1989)); Barberv. Kimbrell's.
Inc., 577 F.2d 216,226 n.28 (4th Cir. 1978) (adopting Johnson's twelve-factor test).
The JohnsonlBarber factors include:
(1) the time and labor expended; (2) the novelty and difficulty of the
questions raised; (3) the skill required to properly perform the legal services
rendered; (4) the attorney's opportunity costs in pressing the instant litigation;
(5) the customary fee for like work; (6) the attorney's expectations at the
outset of the litigation; (7) the time limitations imposed by the client or
circumstances; (8) the amount in controversy and the results obtained; (9) the
experience, reputation and ability of the attorney; (10) the undesirability of
the case within the legal community in which the suit arose; (11) the nature
and length of the professional relationship between attorney and client; and
(12) attorneys' fees awards in similar cases.
Grissom, 549 F.3d at 321 (quotation omitted). Although the JohnsonlBarber factors often are
subsumed in the district court's determination of the lodestar figure, the court may also consider
these factors in evaluating whether the lodestar figure is reasonable. Hensley, 461 U.S. at 434 n.9.
However, a court need not list each JohnsonlBarber factor or comment on those factors that do not
apply. See, e.g., Bergstrom v. Dalkon Shield Claimants Trust (In re A.H. Robins Co.), 86 F.3d 364,
376 (4th Cir. 1996).
Here, defendants first argue that Beasley should not be awarded any attorney's fee due to
plaintiff's bad faith in compiling the billable hours. See Defs.' Mem. Opp. Mot. Fees [D.E. 93] at
10-12. Assuming without deciding that the court has discretion to decline to award attorney's fees
for such bad fai~ the record reflects sloppy recordkeeping and excessive billing, but not bad faith.
Accordingly, the court rejects defendants' argument and will award reasonable attorney's fees.
In detennining the fee award, the court notes its familiarity with the claims and record in this
case. Cf. Carroll, 53 F.3d at 628 (explaining that the district court has a "ringside view of the
relevant conduct of the parties and the underlying legal dispute" (quotation omitted)). Beasley's
claims in this case involved rudimentary application ofthe FDCPA to a single debt collection letter.
Moreover, the litigation did not present novel or complex legal issues. In fact, at times, plaintiff's
counsel was able to recycle, verbatim, arguments used in prior cases. E.g., compare PI.'s Mem.
Supp. Mot. Dism. Counterclaim [D.E. 18] at 12-14, with Defs.' Mem. Opp. Mot. Fees Ex. 1 (p1.'s
Mem. Supp. Mot. Dism. Counterclaim at 6-9, Evans v. Am. Credit Sys., Inc., No. 8:02-CV-472 (D.
Neb. Nov. 10, 2003)). Beasley's case was a class action, but applying Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 23(a) in this case was straightforward, class certification was largely uncontested, and
plaintiff's counsel apparently had the benefit ofleveraging preexisting work product. Compare PI.' s
Mem. Supp. Mot. Class Cert. [D.E. 56], with Defs.' Mem. Opp. Mot. Fees Ex. 2 at 5-17 (pI.' s Mem.
Sup. Mot. Class Cert., Outten v. Capital Mgmt. Servs., LP, No. 1:09-CV-22152 (S.D. Fl. Jan. 7,
2010)). In sum, the class certification negligibly impacted the work reasonably required in this
routine case. In addition, although plaintiff initially demanded over $500,000 to settle the case, the
case was resolved for a fraction of that amount. See Defs.' Mem. Opp. Mot. Fees 3.
Beasley requests $93,592.50 in attorney's fees and $909.40 in litigation-related expenses.
See Mot Fees W30-44. In making this request, Beasley calculated a lodestar figure of$93,592.50
by multiplying the respective hourly rate ofher three attorneys by each attorney's respective billed
hours. See id. Martin dedicated 112.2 hours to the case, but only charged plaintiff for 106.7 hours
at her hourly rate of $225, yielding a request of $24,007.50. Id. ~~ 31-33. Shapiro dedicated 226
hours to the case, but only charged plaintiff for 220.4 hours at his hourly rate of $300, yielding a
request of $66,210.00. Id.
35,37. O. Randolph Bragg dedicated 8 hours to the case, but only
charged plaintiff for 7.7 hours, at his hourly rate of$450, yielding a request of$3,465 .00. Id. ~~ 39,
41. In addition, Martin and Shapiro incurred expenses of$380.00 and $529.40, respectively. Id. ~~
Initially, the court calculates the lodestar. See, e.g., Hensley, 461 U.S. at 435-37; Grissom,
549 F.3d 320-21. In doing so, the court rejects Shapiro's proposed rate of$300 per hour. Notably,
earlier this year Shapiro's fonner law firm colleague Bragg submitted an affidavit in another federal
case stating that Shapiro's reasonable hourly rate is $225 per hour. See Defs.' Mem. Opp. Mot. Fees
Ex. 6 (Bragg Decl. ~ 15, Jerman v. Carlisle. McNellie.
rum. Kramer & Ulrich, No.1 :06-CV-01397
PAG (N.D. Ohio May 3, 2011)). The $225 rate for Shapiro also aligns with Martin's hourly rate.
See Mot. Fees ~ 32. The court finds that $225 is Shapiro's reasonable hourly rate. Thus, in
calculating the lodestar, the court uses a $225 hourly rate for Shapiro. Similarly, the court has
reviewed the evidence associated with Bragg's request for $450 per hour. After reviewing the record
in this case and considering the reasonable hourly rate within the Eastern District ofNorth Carolina,
the court rejects the notion that $450 per hour is reasonable for Bragg's work in the Eastern District
ofNorth Carolina. Cf. Grissom, 549 F.3d 321-23. Instead, the court fmds that Bragg's reasonable
hourly rate is $350 per hour. Thus, in calculating the lodestar, the court uses a $350 hourly rate for
Bragg. The court also rejects the additional $8,760.00 in fees that Shapiro seeks in his supplemental
declaration [D.E. 104]. The requested fees are unreasonable. See [D.E. 105]. The court also has
reviewed the time entries for Shapiro and Martin and finds that the time requested is grossly
excessive in that many entries are vague, reflect clerical tasks, or reflect a complete absence of
billing judgment. Accordingly, the court reduces Shapiro's and Martin's hours by fifty percent and
calculates the lodestar to be $39,493.75 (i.e., Bragg [7.7 hours multiplied by $350], Shapiro [110.2
hours multiplied by $225], and Martin [53.35 hours multiplied by $225]).
Having calculated the lodestar figure, the court next subtracts "'fees for hours spent on
unsuccessful claims unrelated to successful ones.'" Grissom, 549 F.3d at 321 (quoting City of
Aiken, 278 F.3d at 337). Although strict proportionality between attorney's fees and the amount of
plaintiff's recovered damages is not required, see Yohay v. City ofAlexandria Emps. Credit Union.
Inc., 827 F.2d 967,974 (4th Cir. 1987), the court is to award "some percentage of the [requested
attorney's fees], depending on the degree of success enjoyed by the plaintiff." City of Aiken, 278
F.3dat337. Plaintiff's counsel was successful on two ofthe five claims,t cf. Carroll, 53 F.3dat630,
and defendants "should not have to shoulder the entire financial burden occasioned by [plaintiff's
counsel's] failure to make a reasonable assessment ofthe value of [the] case." Altergott v. Modem
Collection Techniques. Inc., 864 F. Supp. 778, 783 (N.D. m. 1994).
Ifthe court applied a mechanical proportionality, the court would reduce the lodestar figure
from $39,493.75 to $15,797.50. After all, Beasley succeeded on only two out of her five claims.
Nonetheless, the court has reviewed the billing records and considered the claims on which Beasley
succeeded. The records do not permit the court to neatly separate the successful claims from the
unsuccessful claims. However, the court concludes that counsel spent thirty-five percent of their
time on unsuccessful claims. Thus, the court reduces the lodestar figure from $39,493.75 to
Next, the court addresses the relevant JohnsonlBarber factors. In light of the degree of
success obtained, the straightforward nature ofthe FDCPA claims, defendants' conduct during the
litigation (including consenting to class certification and making an offer ofjudgment), counsel's
ability to recycle preexisting work product, the requisite skill required for this case, the amount in
controversy, the results obtained, the undesirability ofthe case within the legal community, and the
nature and length ofthe professional relationship, an award of$25,670.94 is excessive. A reduction
to an attorney's fee award of $25,000.00 is reasonable. This reduction is appropriate in light ofthe
relevant JohnsonlBarber factors, particularly the degree of success obtained, the straightforward
Defendants repeatedly refer to plaintiff having lost "four of six" claims, see, e.g., Defs.'
Mem. Opp. Mot. Fees 1, 8, 27, but plaintiff's complaint contained five claims and this court
dismissed three of them.
nature ofthe case, the amount in controversy, the results obtained, and the skill required. Thus, the
court awards plaintiff a reasonable attorney's fee in the amount of $25,000.00.
As for the other costs, Shapiro requests $529.40 for a round-trip flight between Chicago and
Raleigh on March 18, 2011. Shapiro made the flight in order to attend (along with co-counsel
Martin) the hearing at which the court granted final approval to resolve this case, and Shapiro
incurred the expense after the date of the offer ofjudgment. Nonetheless, Shapiro argues that he
incurred airfare due to this court's rule prohibiting telephonic appearances, and therefore seeks to
Defendants oppose the request and argue that the Order Granting Final Approval ofthe Offer
ofJudgment, entered March 18, 2011, states that defendants were to pay "costs accrued as ofthe date
of the offer" [D.E. 78], and the offer was made on August 16,2010. Mot. Fees' 19. As such,
Shapiro's request for an expense incurred in March 2011 conflicts with the offer ofjudgment.
The court agrees with defendants. Accordingly, the court declines to award the $529.40 that
Shapiro seeks. The court does, however, award the $380.00 in costs that Martin seeks.
In sum, plaintiff's motion for attorney's fees and costs [D.E. 82] is GRANTED in part.
Defendants shall pay $25,000.00 in reasonable attorney's fees and $380.00 in costs.
SO ORDERED. This.8.. day ofNovember 2011.
United States District Judge
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