J & J Sports Productions, Inc. v. Diaz
ORDER granting 9 Motion for Default Judgment. Counsel is reminded to read the order in its entirety for further information. Signed by Senior Judge James C. Fox on 11/28/2012. (Edwards, S.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
J & J SPORTS PRODUCTIONS, INC.,
MARINO ESTEBAN DIAZ ,
INDIVIDUALLY and d/b/a VELVET
ROOM BAR AND LOUNGE,
This matter is before the court the Motion for Judgment Default [DE-9] filed by Plaintiff.
I. PROCEDURAL mSTORY
Plaintiff initiated this action against Defendant on April 28, 2012, by filing a Complaint
alleging Defendant unlawfully intercepted and broadcast a program to which Plaintiff owned
the exclusive nationwide closed-circuit rights, for the purpose of commercial advantage or
private fmancial gain in violation of 47 U.S.C. §§ 553 and 605, and also alleging a claim for
conversion under North Carolina law. The record shows that Defendant was served with
process pursuant to Rule 4 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure on June 4,2012. See
Executed Summons [DE-5]. Defendant did not file a responsive pleading to the Complaint,
and the Clerk of Court for the Eastern District ofNorth Carolina entered entry of default
against Defendant on August 14,2012 [DE-8]. Plaintiff now moves for Default Judgment
against Defendant, who has not filed a response to the motion.
II. FINDINGS OF FACT
Upon default, the well-pleaded facts alleged in the Complaint are deemed admitted. See
Ryans v. Homecomings Fin. Network, 253 F.3d 778, 780 (4th Cir. 2001). Based upon Plaintiffs
Complaint, the court finds the following facts:
Plaintiff "was granted the exclusive nationwide commercial distribution (closed-circuit)
rights to The Floyd Mayweather, Jr. v. Shane Mosley, Welterweight Championship Fight
Program [hereinafter "Program"] telecast nationwide on May I, 2010." CompI. [DE-I]
marketed the sub-licensing rights in the Program to commercial customers, such as bars,
restaurants, and nightclubs. Id at ~ 9-10. Defendant, an individual d/b/a Velvet Room Bar and
Lounge, exhibited the Program without Plaintiffs authorization at Defendant's Raleigh, North
Carolina, location. Id
A. Default Judgment
The court finds that it has subject matter jurisdiction over this matter, and that service on
Defendant was obtained in accordance with Rule 4. Accordingly, this court has personal
jurisdiction over Defendant. The Clerk of Court having filed entry of default on August 14,
2012, the court concludes that the procedural requirements for entry of default judgment have
Although Plaintiff meets the technical requirements for entry of default judgment, the
inquiry does not stop there. It is well settled that upon default, the facts alleged in the Complaint
are deemed admitted. See Ryan v. Homecomings Fin. Network, 253 F.3d 778, 780 (4th Cir.
2001). The court, however, determines whether the facts, as alleged, support a claim and the
relief sought. Id. In its motion for default judgment, Plaintiff seeks an award of damages,
attorneys fees, and costs under § 605, and additional damages for its common law claim of
Section 605 prohibits unauthorized individuals from intercepting "radio communication"
and divulging or publishing the "existence, contents, substance, purport, effect, or meaning of
such intercepted communication to any person." 47 U.S.C. § 605(a). An aggrieved party is
entitled to actual damages or statutory damages. 47 U.S.c. § 605(e)(3)(C)(i). Statutory damages
may be awarded in a sum of not less than $1,000 or more than $10,000, as the court considers
just. 47 U.S.c. § 605(e)(3)(C)(i)(II). Violations that are willful and for purposes of direct or
indirect commercial advantage or private financial gain may also, in the court's discretion, be
subject to an enhancement of up to $100,000 in damages. 47 U.S.c. § 605(e)(3)(C)(ii).
The court finds that the allegations in the Complaint establish that Defendant violated §
8-12 [DE-I]. The court also finds that Plaintiffhas established that
Defendant's violation of § 605 was willful and for commercial advantage. CompL
also Gagliardi Aff. ~ 9 [DE-9-3]("[T]0 the best of my knowledge our programming is not and
cannot be mistakenly, innocently or accidentally intercepted.").
In determining the amount of statutory damages, courts have used one of three
approaches: (l) multiplying the number ofpatrons by the cost if each patron had paid a
residential fee to watch the program; (2) imposing damages in an amount approximate to the
licensing fee a defendant should have paid plaintiff, or (3) a flat amount J&J Sports Prods., Inc.
v. Brazilian Paradise, LLeNo. 4:1O-cv-3I13-TLW-SVH, 2011 WL 1584107, at *6 (D.S.C.
April 27, 2011). In this case, the court finds it just to award Plaintiff the amount it would have
charged Defendant to sublicense the Program, or $4,200. See Ex. 1, Gagliardi Aff. [DE-9-3J.
With regard to enhanced damages, courts have considered the following factors in
determining an appropriate amount: " 'repeated violations over an extended period of time;
substantial unlawful monetary gains; significant actual damages to plaintiff; defendant's
advertising for the intended broadcast of the event; and defendant's charging a cover charge or
charging premiums for food and drinks.' "J&J Sports Prods., Inc. v. Lara Sport House Corp.,
No. 1:1O-cv-01369, 2011 WL 4345114, *6 (E.D.va. Aug. 26,2011 (quoting Kingvision Pay
Per-View, Ltd v. Villalobos, 554 F. Supp.2d 375, 383 (N.D.N.Y. 2008)). Plaintiff requests
enhanced damages in the amount of $100,000, an amount the court finds to be excessive in this
case. Rather, considering the aforementioned factors in this case, including the fact that
Defendant charged a cover charge and the need for deterrence of willful violations, the court
finds that $10,000 in additional damages pursuant to § 605(e)(3)(C)(ii) to be just.
Plaintiff also seeks attorneys fees and costs pursuant to § 605( e)(3)(B)(iii). In support of
its request, Plaintiff submits the declaration ofits counsel, Jeremy Todd Browner [DE-9-1 J. The
court finds the amount of attorneys fees requested, $1,101.50, to be reasonable. Plaintiff's
request for attorneys fees and costs, therefore, is ALLOWED.
As the court previously mentioned, Plaintiff also seeks additional damages under its state
law claim for conversion. The court, however, finds that awarding such damages would amount
to a double recovery, and therefore Plaintiffs' request for damages for conversion is DENIED.
See J&J Sports Prods., Inc. v. Romenski, 845 F. Supp. 2d 703, 707 (W.D.N.C. 2012)("Plaintiff
may not recover conversion damages in addition to actual or statutory damages under Section
605.")(citingJoe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. Dock Street Enters., Inc., No. 11-1973,2011 WL
6141058, at *5 n. 5 (D.Md. Dec. 8,2011); J &JSports Prod, Inc. v. J.R. 'Z Neighborhood Sports
Grille, Inc., No. 9-3141, 2010 WL 1838432, at *2 (D.S.C. Apr. 5, 2010)).
For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiffs Motion for Default Judgment [DE-9] is
ALLOWED. It is hereby ORDERED, ADJUDGED and DECREED that Plaintiff shall have and
recover of Marino Esteban Diaz, Individually and d/b/a Velvet Room Bar and Lounge the
amount of $14,200 in damages and $1,012.50 in attorneys fees, with interest accruing at the legal
rate from the date of this judgment until paid. Plaintiff also is entitled to costs. The Clerk of
Court is DIRECTED to close this case.
This the ~ day of November, 2012.
ES C. FOX
Senior United States District Judge
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