Downing v. Colvin
ORDER GRANTING 24 Plaintiff's Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings, and DENYING 26 Defendant's Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings. This matter is REMANDED to the Commissioner for further proceedings. Signed by US District Judge Terrence W. Boyle on 5/28/2014. (Fisher, M.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
MICHAEL L. DOWNING,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting
Commissioner of Social Security,
This matter is before the Court on the parties' cross-motions for judgment on the
pleadings pursuant to Rule 12(c) ofthe Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. A hearing was held on
the motions before the undersigned on May 7, 2014, at Elizabeth City, North Carolina. For the
reasons discussed below, the decision of the Acting Commissioner is remanded for further
On September 30, 2011, plaintiff protectively filed an application for disability insurance
benefits pursuant to Title II of the Social Security Act, as well as an application for supplemental
security income pursuant to Title XVI of the Social Security Act. In both applications, plaintiff
alleged an onset date of December 1, 2008. After his claims were denied initially and upon
review, an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) conducted a hearing and considered plaintiff's
claims de novo. The ALJ found that plaintiff had not been under a disability and was not entitled
to benefits under either Title II or Title XVI. The decision of the ALJ became the final decision
of the Commissioner when the Appeals Council denied plaintiff's request for review. Plaintiff
then timely sought review in this Court.
Under the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), and 1383(c)(3), this Court's review of
the Commissioner's decision is limited to determining whether the decision, as a whole, is
supported by substantial evidence and whether the Commissioner employed the correct legal
standard. Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389,401 (1971). Substantial evidence is "such
relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion."
Johnson v. Barnhart, 434 F.3d 650, 653 (4th Cir. 2005) (per curiam) (internal quotation marks
An individual is considered disabled if he is unable "to engage in any substantial gainful
activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be
expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period
of not less than [twelve] months." 42 U.S.C. § 1382c(a)(3)(A). The Act further provides that an
individual "shall be determined to be under a disability only if his physical or mental impairment
or impairments are of such severity that he is not only unable to do his previous work but cannot,
considering his age, education, and work experience, engage in any other line of substantial
gainful work which exists in the national economy." 42 U.S.C. § 1382c(a)(3)(B).
Regulations issued by the Commissioner establish a five-step sequential evaluation
process to be followed in a disability case. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4), 416.920(a)(4). The
claimant bears the burden of proof at steps one through four, but the burden shifts to the
Commissioner at step five. See Bowen v. Yuckert, 482 U.S. 137, 146 n.5 (1987). If a decision
regarding disability can be made at any step of the process, however, the inquiry ceases. See 20
C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4), 416.920(a)(4).
At step one, if the Social Security Administration determines that the claimant is
currently engaged in substantial gainful activity, the claim is denied. If not, then step two asks
whether the claimant has a severe impairment or combination of impairments. If the claimant
has a severe impairment, it is compared at step three to those in the Listing of Impairments
("Listing") in 20 C.F.R. Pt. 404, Subpt. P, App. 1. If the claimant's impairment meets or
medically equals a Listing, disability is conclusively presumed. If not, at step four, the claimant's
residual functional capacity (RFC) is assessed to determine if the claimant can perform his past
relevant work. If so, the claim is denied. If the claimant cannot perform past relevant work, then
the burden shifts to the Commissioner at step five to show that the claimant, based on his age,
education, work experience, and RFC, can perform other substantial gainful work. If the
claimant cannot perform other work, then he is found to be disabled. See 20 C.F.R. §
At step one, the ALJ found that plaintiff met the insured status requirements and had not
engaged in substantial gainful activity since his alleged onset date, and at step two found that
plaintiffhad the following severe impairments: degenerative disc disease, chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease (COPD), anxiety, depression, osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease, and
hypertension. At step three, the ALJ found that plaintiff did not have an impairment or
combination of impairments that met or medically equaled a Listing. The ALJ found that
plaintiff had an RFC to perform light work with postural, environmental, and mental limitations.
At step four, the ALJ found that plaintiff could not perform his past relevant work, but found at
step five that, considering plaintiff's age, education, work experience, and RFC, jobs existed in
significant numbers in the national economy that plaintiff could perform.
The ALJ' s RFC finding is not supported by substantial evidence and remand is therefore
appropriate. Light work requires the ability to lift twenty pounds occasionally, ten pounds
frequently, and a good deal of either walking or standing or a good deal of sitting with some
pushing and pulling of arm or leg controls. 20 C.F .R. § 404.1567. Plaintiff underwent surgery at
L4-L5, L5-S1 in June 2012. In December 2012, plaintiff was still experiencing bilateral leg pain
and markedly restricted range of motion restriction in his back. Tr. 734. Plaintiff also continued
to require a "fairly high opioid dosage" to manage his pain. !d. Plaintiff testified at the hearing
before the ALJ that even after his surgery he continued to use a cane most of the time because his
leg will give out if he stands more than five to ten minutes. Tr. 28.
Though the ALJ noted that plaintiffs cane does not appear to have been prescribed by a
doctor, he did not rely on medical records following plaintiffs surgery in June 2012 that would
suggest that use of a cane was unnecessary. Moreover, the ALJ did not appear to consider that xrays performed six months after plaintiffs surgery revealed significant L5-S 1 degenerative
changes which could account for plaintiffs continued pain in his back and legs. Tr. 734. The
vocational expert testified that the Dictionary of Occupational Titles would require the ability to
frequently reach, handle, and finger bilaterally in order to qualify for two of the jobs cited using
the ALJ' s RFC, which would not be available if plaintiff were found to require the use of cane.
Tr. 36. There is inadequate testimony from the VE relating to the performance of the remaining
job cited, a bus monitor, if plaintiffs cane were required due to his pain and the threat of his leg
giving out. An RFC finding should reflect the claimant's ability to perform sustained workrelated activities in a work setting on regular and continuing basis, meaning eight-hours per day,
five days per week. SSR 96-8p; Hines v. Barnhart, 453 F.3d 559, 562 (4th Cir. 2006). In light
of the evidence discussed above, the Court finds that substantial evidence does not support the
ALJ' s RFC finding and that remand is appropriate in order to more fully account for plaintiff's
symptoms and their effects on the job-base available to him.
For the foregoing reasons, plaintiff's motion [DE 24] is GRANTED, defendant's motion
[DE 26] is DENIED, and the decision of the Acting Commissioner is REMANDED for further
proceedings consistent with the foregoing.
SO ORDERED. This ;J"day of~ 2014.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?