D'Alessandro et al v. State of North Carolina et al
ORDER ADOPTING 6 Memorandum and Recommendations, written by US Magistrate Judge Kimberly A. Swank. This matter is now dismissed in its entirety. Signed by US District Judge Terrence W. Boyle on 6/4/2014. Copy mailed to pro se plaintiff via US Mail. (Fisher, M.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
ADAM D' ALESSANDRO, et al.,
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, et al.,
This cause comes before the Court on the memorandum and recommendation of United
States Magistrate Judge Kimberly A. Swank regarding frivolity review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
1915(e)(2). Plaintiffs have filed objections to the memorandum and recommendation (M&R).
For the reasons discussed below, the Court adopts the M&R and dismisses this matter in its
The allegations in plaintiffs' complaint arise from child custody proceedings in Wake
County District Court. Plaintiff D' Alessandro filed this action on behalf of himself and three
minors- two of plaintiffs biological children and one child ofD' Alessandro's ex-wife.
Plaintiffs bring claims for violation of their Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment rights, tortious
interference with custodial rights, fraud, breach of duty in the administration of equal treatment
under the law, and common law conspiracy. Plaintiffs have brought these claims against the
State, its governor, the State Judicial Standards Commission, the State Administrative Office of
the Courts, judges of the North Carolina State Courts, and D' Alessandro's former attorney.
A claim proceeding in forma pauperis may be dismissed at any time if it is frivolous. 28
U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i). A complaint is frivolous if"it lacks an arguable basis either in law or
fact." Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). A court may consider subject matter
jurisdiction on frivolity review. Lovern v. Edwards, 190 F.3d 648, 654 (4th Cir. 1999). To make
a frivolity determination, a court may designate a magistrate judge "to submit ... proposed
findings of fact and recommendations" for the disposition of a variety of motions. 28 U .S.C. §
A district court is required to review de novo those portions of an M&R to which a party
timely files specific objections or where there is plain error. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l); Thomas v.
Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 149-50 (1985). De novo review is not required when an objecting party
makes only general or conclusory objections that do not direct a court to a specific error in the
magistrate judge's recommendations. Orpiano v. Johnson, 687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th Cir. 1982).
Further, when "objections to strictly legal issues are raised and no factual issues are challenged,
de novo review may be dispensed with." !d.
Many of the objections raised by plaintiffs to the M&R are to legal issues. The Court has
reviewed the legal recommendations of Magistrate Judge Swank, including plaintiff
D' Alessandro's representation of the minor plaintiffs, application of the Eleventh Amendment
and the doctrine of sovereign immunity, application of the doctrine judicial immunity,
application of the Rooker-Feldman doctrine, and the appropriateness of a§ 1983 claim against a
private citizen, and finds no plain error. Where D' Alessandro has objected to factual issues
regarding Magistrate Judge Swank's recommendation that certain claims be dismissed under
Rule 12(b)( 6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, he has still failed to provide the Court
with any facts that would support a facially plausible claims and thus has provided no basis upon
which to disturb the recommendation of the magistrate judge. See Bell Atlantic Corp. v.
Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007).
Accordingly, having reviewed the M&R and the objections thereto under the appropriate
standards, the Court ADOPTS the Magistrate Judge Swank's memorandum and recommendation
[DE 6] in its entirety. For the reasons discussed therein, plaintiffs' federal claims are
DISMISSED and the Court DECLINES to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the remaining
state law claims. The clerk is DIRECTED to enter judgment accordingly and to close the file.
SO ORDERED, this
___!f_ day of June, 2014.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT
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