WILLINGHAM v. The University of North Carolina et al
ORDER DENYING AS MOOT 11 Defendants' Motion to Strike, DENYING AS MOOT 13 Defendants' Motion to Dismiss, and DENYING 15 Defendants' Motion to Transfer Case. This matter may proceed in its entirety. Signed by US District Judge Terrence W. Boyle on 11/18/2014. (Fisher, M.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
MARY C. WILLINGHAM,
THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA,
A Body Politic and Corporate Institution of the
State ofNorth Carolina, THE UNIVERSITY OF
NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL,
a Constituent Institution of the University of
This matter is before the Court on the defendants' motion to dismiss [DE 13], defendants'
motion to transfer case [DE 15], and defendants' motion to strike [DE 11]. A hearing was held
on the motion to transfer on November 17, 2014 in Raleigh, North Carolina. For the reasons
stated herein, the motion transfer is DENIED, and the remaining motions are DENIED AS
Plaintiff, Mary Willingham is a former employee of the University of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill (UNC-Chapel Hill). Plaintiff was hired around October 2003, and was promoted in
December 2004. Plaintiff then became disillusioned by her first-hand experiences working with
UNC-Chapel Hill's student athletes and sought another position within the area of academic
support. On or about January 15, 2010, defendants hired plaintiff to serve as full-time assistant
director for UNC-Chapel Hill's Center for Student Success and Academic Counseling
("CSSAC"). In September 2010, Ms. Willingham met with an attorney from UNC-Chapel Hill's
Office of University Counsel and the faculty athletic chair for more than 2 hours to report her
personal knowledge about the improper, unethical, and corrupt treatment that UNC-Chapel Hill
athletes had received from faculty or staff. Plaintiff received no response or follow up from the
University Counsel and began speaking with a writer for the News & Observer ("N&O")
newspaper concerning her personal knowledge concerning the inappropriate services that UNCChapel Hill's managers and staff provided to student athletes to keep them eligible to compete in
the "revenue sports."
Plaintiff alleges that she informed her supervisor at the time that she was speaking with
an N&O reporter who, despite his initial assurances that he could not stop her from speaking
with the press, began to retaliate against her shortly thereafter. Ultimately, plaintiff alleges that
she was retaliated against by UNC-Chapel Hill and filed this suit. Plaintiff asserts claims against
defendants for First Amendment reprisal pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and for retaliation
pursuant to the North Carolina Whistleblower Act, as codified in N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 126-48, et
seq. ("Whistleblower Act").
Defendants request that this Court transfer this case to the District Court for the Middle
District of North Carolina pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a) provides, in
For the convenience of parties and witnesses, in the interest of justice, a district
court may transfer any civil action to any other district or division where it might
have been brought. ...
The policy underlying the statute is to "prevent the waste of time, energy, and money, and to
protect litigants, witnesses, and the public against unnecessary inconvenience and expense." Van
Dusen v. Barrack, 376 U.S. 612, 616 (1964) (citations omitted). The decision whether to transfer
under § 1404(a) is a case-specific determination that is committed to the sound discretion of the
trial court. Memsys, Inc. v. Act Tech. Seed Fund, L.L.C., 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 58895, *7
(E.D.N.C. Jun. 14, 2010) (citing Southern Ry. Co. v. Madden, 235 F.2d 198,201 (4th Cir.1956)).
At the hearing, defendants stated that their motion to transfer venue was filed mostly out
of a concern for convenience. The defendants said that they were concerned that hearings and a
trial could take place in any division within this District which would be inconvenient to the
parties and potential witnesses in the case. Plaintiff correctly noted that Orange County, the
location of the events underlying this action, the parties, and potential witnesses, is much closer
to this Court's Raleigh location than the potential locations in the Middle District of Greensboro
and Winston-Salem. The Court indicated that proceedings would be held in the Raleigh Division
of the Eastern District of North Carolina. Defendants conceded that the final decision on the
matter of venue was soundly within this Court's discretion and that the Raleigh Division would
represent the most convenient venue for all of the parties. Defendants did not articulate any other
reasoning in support of their motion to transfer at the hearing effectively abandoning the other
arguments made in their briefing in support of the motion.
The Court finds that plaintiff filed this matter in Wake County Superior Court before its
removal to this Court, that the Raleigh Division of the Eastern District of North Carolina is most
proximate to the parties and potential witnesses in this matter. Accordingly, in exercise of its
discretion and in the interests of justice and convenience for the parties, the Court denies the
motion to transfer venue.
Defendants represent that the two other pending motions before this Court have been
rendered moot by the Court's granting of plaintiffs motion to amend. [DE 28]. Plaintiff did not
object to this representation. Accordingly, the Court denies as moot the pending motion to
dismiss and motion to strike.
For the foregoing reasons, the defendant's motion to transfer is DENIED and the motions
to strike and to dismiss are DENIED AS MOOT. This matter may proceed in its entirety.
This the~ day of November, 2014.
TERRENCE W. BOYLE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUD
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