Floyd v. On the Rox Entertainment LLC et al
ORDER granting 134 Motion for Default Judgment. Signed by District Judge Terrence W. Boyle on 6/3/2021. (Stouch, L.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
No . 5:19-CV-131-BO
ABM ENTERTAINMENT WORLDWIDE, INC. , )
LA WREN CE FLOYD,
This cause comes before the Court on plaintiffs motion for entry of default judgment
against defendant ABM Entertainment Worldwide, Inc. The motion is GRANTED.
Plaintiff brought this action against multiple defendants for matters arising out of a
concert planned for July 22, 2017 in Fayetteville, North Carolina in which defendant ABM
Entertainment Worldwide, Inc. ("ABM"), through their agent, Gabriel N. Dotel, was the
representative and road manager for the "main act," Ronny Kevin Roldan Velasco . A contract
entered into by the parties called for plaintiff to organize a venue and pay the associated costs for
a concert to be performed on July 22 , 2017. Plaintiff incurred various expenses in reliance on
AB M 's representation, yet the performance never materialized. On June 16, 2017, plaintiff made
a payment of $12,666.00 to ABM for travel expenses, as requested, despite ABM's knowledge
that the main act would be unable to travel and perform.
Plaintiff asserts three claims for relief: (1) fraud in the inducement, (2) unfair and
deceptive trade practices, and (3) unjust enrichment. Defendant failed to appear in this action
after service of the complaint and summons were made on April 13 , 2021. Clerk ' s default was
entered against defendant on January 9, 2020. On March 16, 2021 , the Court directed plaintiff to
reduce his claims against the remaining defendants to judgment. Plaintiff now moves for default
Plaintiff seeks entry of default judgment under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(b ).
After the entry of default, the wel l-pleaded factual allegations in plaintiffs complaint are deemed
admitted. Ryan v. Homecomings Fin. Network, 253 F.3d 778, 780 (4th Cir. 2001). The Court
must then "determine whether the well-pleaded allegations in [the] complaint support the relief
sought in this action." Id. The Court concludes that the allegations support the relief sought.
The Plaintiffs first claim for relief is for fraud in the inducement. Proof of fraud in the
inducement necessarily constitutes a violation of Chapter 7 5 and shifts the burden of proof from
plaintiff to defendant. Media Netw ork v. Long Haym es Carr, Inc., 197 N.C. App. 433,453
(2009). Elements of fraud in the inducement are: "(1) False representation or concealment of a
material fact, (2) reasonably calculated to deceive, (3) made with intent to deceive, (4) which
does in fact deceive, (5) resulting in damage to the injured party ." Id. at 453 (quoting Rowan
County Bd. of Educ. v. U.S. Gypsum Co., 418 S.E.2d 648, 658 (1992)). Plaintiff has adequately
alleged that defendant ABM knew or should have known that its client was not cleared to travel
to the United States and thus would be unable to fulfill his obligation to perform. However,
defendant asked for and recei ved a sum of $12,666.00 for "travel expenses," even though that
money was not used for its intended purpose. Plaintiff relied on this representation and incurred
associated expenses. Accordingly, plaintiff is entitled to relief on this claim.
Additionally, Plaintiff asserts relief for a violation of North Carolina's unfair and
deceptive trade practices statute. N.C. Gen. Stat. § 7.5-1.1. "A practice is unfair when it offends
established public po licy as well as when the practice is immoral, unethical , oppressive,
unscrupulous, or substantially injurious to consumers." Bumpers v. Cmty. Bank ofN. Virginia,
367 N.C. 81 , 91 (2013). Defendant ABM acted in a way that was both unethical and substantially
injurious to the plaintiff. In spite of defendant ABM's knowledge, or the fact that it should have
known, that its client would not be able to fulfi ll the terms of his contract, ABM asked the
plaintiff for a sum of $12,666.00 under the guise of using it on impending travel expenses,
received the sum, and failed to organize transport or performance of the main act as promised.
Furthermore, defendant ABM, fu lly aware of the main act's ongoing inability to obtain the
appropriate travel visa, furthered such deception by promising make-up performances that also
failed to materialize.
Plaintiffs final claim is for entitlement to relief for unjust enrichment. In order to state a
prima facie claim for unjust enrichment, a party must show that: (1) one party conferred a benefit
on the other, (2) the benefit was not conferred officiously, (3) the benefit was not conferred
gratuitously, (4) the benefit is measurable and measurable, and (5) defendant consciously
accepted the benefit. See D. W. H. Painting Co., In c. v. D. W. Ward Constr. Co., Inc., 174 N.C.
App. 327, 334 (2005) (citation omitted). Plaintiff alleges that, at defendant ABM ' s request, he
paid defendant ABM a measurable amount for the main act's flight and travel expenses on the
expectation that defendant ABM would ensure the main act's appearance and performance at the
venue specified in their contract. However, defendant ABM, which either knew or should have
known that its client could not travel, never organized such transport. This measurable sum was
accepted by defendant ABM via wire transfer on June 6, 2017. Based on the admitted facts,
plaintiff is entitled to relief on his unjust enrichment claim.
Accordingly, plaintiff has demonstrated that defendant is liable for damages. Plaintiff has
submitted a calculation of damages supported by affidavit. These damages amount to $12,666.00
in actual damages for the travel expenses fee plaintiff paid to defendant ABM. Pursuant to N.C.
Gen. Stat. §75-16, Plaintiff is further entitled to treble damages for unfair and deceptive trade
practices, which in this case amount to $37,998.00. See N.C. Gen. Stat.§ 75- 16. In total, the
Court awards plaintiffs $50,664.00 in damages and $1,400.00 for reasonable attorney ' s fees and
other costs, as well as interest from the date of filing at the legal rate.
Plaintiff's motion [DE 134] for entry of default judgment against defendant ABM
Entertainment Worldwide, is GRANTED. Default judgment against defendant is hereby entered
in the amount of $50,664.00 for damages and $1,400.00 for attorney fees . Post-judgment interest
shall accrue pursuant to 28 U.S .C. § 1961(a). The clerk is DIRECTED to close this case as to
SO ORDERED, this
day of June, 2021.
RRENCE W. BOYLE
UNITED STATES DISTRIC
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