Bryant v. Astrue
ORDER granting 24 Plaintiff's Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; denying 26 Defendant's Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; and adopting 30 Memorandum and Recommendations. Signed by Chief Judge James C. Dever III on 3/15/2012. (Sawyer, D.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
No. 7: ll-CV-54-D
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Commissioner of the Social Security
On February 10,2012, Magistrate Judge Daniel issued a memorandum and recommendation
("M&R") [D.E. 30]. In the M&R, Judge Daniel recommended that the court grant Ray Bryant's
("Bryant" or "plaintiff') motion for judgment on the pleadings [D.E. 24], deny Michael J. Astrue's
("Commissioner" or "defendant") motion for judgment on the pleadings [D.E. 26], and remand the
case to the Commissioner for further administrative proceedings. M&R 1. On February 16,2012,
the Commissioner objected to the M&R [D.E. 31]. Bryant did not respond.
"The Federal Magistrates Act requires a district court to make a de novo determination of
those portions ofthe [magistrate judge's] report or specified proposed findings or recommendations
to which objection is made." Diamond v. Colonial Life & Accident Ins. Co., 416F.3d310, 315 (4th
Cir. 2005) (alteration in original) (emphasis and quotation omitted); see 28 U.S.C. § 636(b). Absent
a timely objection, "a district court need not conduct a de novo review, but instead must only satisfy
itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation."
Diamond, 416 F.3d at 315 (quotation omitted).
The court has reviewed the M&R, the record, and the Commissioner's objections. As for
those portions of the M&R to which no party objected, the court is satisfied that there is no clear
error on the face of the record.
The court has reviewed de novo the portions of the M&R to which the Commissioner
objected. The Commissioner objects to Judge Daniel's recommendation that the court remand the
case pursuant to sentence six of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). Def.'s Obj. [D.E. 31] 3-6; see M&R 10-13.
Judge Daniel recommended that the court do so to allow the Commissioner to consider "new and
material evidence to determine whether [P]laintiffwas disabled prior to August 21,2010." M&R
14; see 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). Judge Daniel recommended that, on remand, the Commissioner consider
a subsequent award ofbenefits to Bryant. M&R 10. Bryant received a notice ofaward in which the
Commissioner found that Bryant was disabled as ofAugust 21, 2010, the day following the issuance
ofthe unfavorable decision in this case. See Pl.'s Reply [D.E. 29], Ex. 1 ("Notice ofAward") 1; Tr.
6. Bryant notes that he based his approved claim on "the same conditions considered in the first
application." M&R 13; see PI.'s Reply 5. Because ''there is no intervening gap [between the
awards] during which time [Bryant's] condition could have deteriorated" and because of the
applications' similarities, Judge Daniel concluded that "[the] subsequent :finding of disability can
constitute new and material evidence that could change the outcome of the first decision," and
recommended remand. M&R 11-13; see Smith v. Astrue, No.5: 1O-CV-219-FL, 2011 WL 3905509,
at *2-3 (B.D.N.C. Sept. 2, 2011) (unpublished).
The Commissioner argues that remand is inappropriate because ''the mere existence of the
subsequent decision in plaintiff's favor, standing alone, cannot be evidence that can change the
outcome of his prior proceeding." Def.'s Obj. 4 (alteration and quotation omitted); see Allen v.
Comm'r ofSoc. Sec., 561 F.3d 646,652-55 (6th Cir. 2009). Because Bryant has not provided any
substantive evidence that supported the subsequent notice ofaward and may support an award here,
the Commissioner contends that there is an insufficient basis for remand. Def.'s Obj. 5; see Allm,
561 F.3d at 653.
The Fourth Circuit has not yet determined whether a subsequent benefit award, by itself, may
justify remand pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). However, this court and others in this circuit have
found remand appropriate on materially indistinguishable facts. See,~, Laney v. Astrue, No.7: 10
CV-174-FL, 2011 WL 6046312, at *2 (E.D.N.C. Dec. 5,2011) (unpublished); Smith, 2011 WL
3905509, at *3; Hayes v. Astrue, 488 F. Supp. 2d 560,565 (W.D. Va. 2007) ("[W]here a second
social security application finds a disability commencing at or near the time a decision on a previous
application found no such disability, the subsequent finding of a disability may constitute new and
material evidence."); cf. Atkinson v. Astrue, No. 5:10-CV-298-FL, 2011 WL 3664346, at *17
(E.D.N.C. July 20, 2011) (unpublished) (remand based on subsequent award was inappropriate when
plaintiff provided notice of award without affirming that applications were similar and when
subsequent award included disability onset date that was six months after adverse decision on the
frrst application), memo & recommendations adopted, 2011 WL 3664858 (E.D.N. C. Aug. 18, 2011)
(unpublished). To the extent that the Sixth Circuit in Allen disagreed with this conclusion, this court
is not bound by the Allen court's analysis. Judge Daniel cogently explained why the notice ofaward
was new and material evidence, see M&R 1(}-13, and why a remand was consistent with Wilkins
v. Sec'y Dep't of Health & Human Servs., 953 F.2d 93,96 (4th Cir. 1991) (en banc). This court
cannot add to Judge Daniel's analysis. Accordingly, the Commissioner's objection is overruled.
In sum, the court OVERRULES the objection [D.E. 31] and adopts the M&R [D.E. 30].
Accordingly, plaintiffs motion for judgment on the pleadings [D.E. 24] is GRANTED, defendant's
motion for judgment on the pleadings [D.E. 26] is DENIED, and the court REMANDS this matter
to the Commissioner for further administrative proceedings.
SO ORDERED. This J....!'day of March 2012.
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