Kelley v. Enviva LP et al
ORDER GRANTING 26 Defendants' Motion to Dismiss. This action is dismissed without prejudice. The clerk shall enter judgment and close this matter. Signed by US District Judge Terrence W. Boyle on 3/31/2014. Copy mailed to pro se plaintiff via US Mail. (Fisher, M.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
ENVIVA, LP, JOHN KEPPLER, NORB HINTZ, )
ENVIV A PELLETS AHOSKIE, LLC, ENVIV A )
PELLETS NORTHAMPTON, LLC, ENVIVA
PELLETS SOUTHAMPTON, LLC, "JOHN DOE )
JAMES KELLEY d/b/a KELLEY
This matter is before the Court on defendants' motion to dismiss pursuant to Federal
Rules of Civil Procedure 12(b)(2), (5), and (6) [DE 26]. The motion is ripe for adjudication. For
the reasons stated herein, defendants' motion is GRANTED.
Prose plaintiff filed his complaint in Onslow County Superior Court on August 12, 2013.
A single summons was issued the same day to: Enviva LP, John Keppler, Norb Hintz, Enviva
Pellets Ahoskie LLC, Enviva Pellets Northampton LLC, Enviva Pellets Southampton LLC, and
"John Doe Corporation(s) and/or Partnership(s)." The summons did not identify any person or
agent to be served on behalf of any of the corporate defendants. Plaintiff then attempted to serve
all defendants by mailing copies of the summons and complaint to two different addresses.
After learning that plaintiff had filed the complaint and attempted to obtain service on
them, defendants removed the case to this Court on September 11, 2013, based on diversity
jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1332, 1441, and 1446. On October 9, 2013, defendants
filed the instant motion to dismiss. On November 6, 2013, plaintiff attempted to re-serve each
defendant with process by serving summonses endorsed by the state court. Plaintiff did not
provide an affidavit of service. On December 16, 2013, this Court entered an order which
granted in part defendants' motion to dismiss by staying the case until proper service was made.
[DE 24]. The order informed plaintiff that he had 120 days from the date of removal to this Court
to obtain proper service and that defendants could renew their motion to dismiss at the
appropriate time. [DE 24 at 4]. On December 31, 2013, plaintiff obtained summonses from the
Clerk for this Court and issued one to each of the six named defendants and issued a seventh
summons directed to "Enviva Holdings LP," which is neither a named defendant nor mentioned
in the complaint. The 120 day time period expired on January 9, 2014. Defendants filed a motion
to dismiss on January 30, 2014 arguing that plaintiff has still not obtained proper service.
The Court previously found that all of plaintiffs attempts at service prior to December
16, 2013 were insufficient. [DE 24]. Plaintiff has only made one more attempt at service, with
the summonses issued on December 31,2013, and therefore the Court only analyses that attempt
in ruling on defendants' motion to dismiss. This Court previously held that "post-removal service
must be accomplished pursuant to a subpoena issued by this Court and in accordance with the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure." [DE 24 at 3].
On or about January 2, 2014, plaintiff attempted to serve defendants by mail. "Any
person who is at least 18 years old and not a party may serve a summons and complaint." FED. R.
Civ. P. 4(c). Although service by mail is allowed, there is still a requirement for who may affect
service. "It is well established that [Rule 4(c)(2)] prohibits service of process by a party in all
forms. Thus a plaintiff . . . may not effectuate service by sending a copy of the summons and
complaint through certified mail." Wilson v. SunTrust Bank, Inc., 2011 WL 1706763,
(W.D.N.C. May 4, 2011). Therefore, plaintiffs latest attempt at service is void.
Further, plaintiff has run out of time to correct his service deficiencies. Plaintiffs 120 day
deadline provided by FED. R. Civ. P. 4(m) expired on January 9, 2014. "If a defendant is not
served within 120 days after the complaint is filed, the court - on motion or on its own after
notice to the plaintiff- must dismiss the action without prejudice against that defendant or order
that service be made within a specified time." FED. R. Civ. P. 4(m). However, the Court must
"allow additional time if there is good cause for the plaintiffs failure to effect service in the
prescribed 120 days, and [the rule] authorizes the court to relive a plaintiff of the consequences
of an application of this subdivision even if there is no good cause shown." Advisory Committee
Notes on FED. R. Clv. P. 4; see also Henderson v. United States, 517 U.S. 654, 662 (1996)
(stating that there is "discretion to enlarge the 120 day period for service, even if there is no good
cause shown.") (quoting Advisory Committee Notes on FED. R. Crv. P. 4); DiPaulo v. Potter,
570 F.Supp.2d 802, 805 (M.D.N.C. 2008).
Here, plaintiff is proceeding pro se and has made three good faith attempts to properly
serve defendants. However, he has failed in each attempt and the process has now dragged on for
201 days. Plaintiff can only point to his lack of counsel and belief that his attempts at service
were proper as reasons for which he has failed to properly serve defendants. Neither constitute
good cause. See Hansan v. Faifax Cnty. Sch. Bd., 405 Fed. App'x 793, 794 (4th Cir. 2010) ("Pro
se status ... is insufficient to establish good cause, even where the pro se plaintiff mistakenly
believes that service was made properly.") (unpublished). Further, this Court explicitly warned
Note that there was some doubt about whether good cause was necessary because the Fourth Circuit held in
Mendez v. Elliot, 45 F.3d 75, 80 (4th Cir. 1995), that a showing of good cause was necessary. However, Mendez was
decided when the prior version of the rule, Rule 40), which clearly required a showing of good cause, was in effect.
plaintiff that service must be made "in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure."
[DE 24 at 3].
In his response to the defendants' motion, plaintiff argues that he committed an act of
"excusable neglect" in providing service in compliance with the North Carolina Rules of Civil
Procedure instead of the Federal Rules. In light of the Court's explicit ruling that service must be
made in compliance with the Federal Rules, this argument is not sufficient to justify extending
plaintiffs service deadline. Plaintiff also attempts to show that it was not he who mailed the
summonses to defendants but a Martha Kelley who is not a party to this action. However the
sworn affidavit supporting this contention is directly contrary to plaintiffs original certification
of service. Further Martha's affidavit was signed after defendants' motion to dismiss was filed,
whereas Mr. Kelley's original certification was completed before defendants' motion. Therefore
the Court rejects plaintiffs attempt to offer contrary facts regarding service.
Although the Fourth Circuit has "repeatedly expressed a strong preference that, as a
general matter, ... claims and defenses be disposed of on their merits," here plaintiff has failed
to meet the proper service requirements and offers no justifiable reason for doing so. See
Colleton Preparatory Acad, Inc. v. Hoover Universal, 616 F.3d 413, 417 (4th Cir. 2010)
(discussing default rulings). Therefore, the Court will not extend plaintiffs deadline to properly
serve defendants and dismisses this action without prejudice. See FED. R. Crv. P. 4(m).
For the foregoing reasons, defendants' motion to dismiss [DE 26] is GRANTED and this
action is DISMISSED without prejudice pursuant to FED. R. CIV. P. 4(m). The Clerk is
DIRECTED to enter judgment accordingly and close the file.
This the _31_ day of March, 2014.
T RRENCE W. BOYLE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDO
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