Crain v. DeBartolo
ORDER granting 15 Motion to Seal Document. Signed by Chief Judge James C. Dever III on 4/13/2014. (Sawyer, D.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
ZACHERY MICHAEL CRAIN,
ZACHARY MICHAEL DEBARTOLO,
On March 26, 2014, plaintiff Zachery Michael Crain ("Crain" or "plaintiff'') and defendant
Zachary Michael DeBartolo ("DeBartolo" or "defendant") filed a joint motion [D.E. 15] to seal the
settlement agreement (attached as Exhibit A to defendant's counterclaim). The settlement agreement
is located on the court's docket at [D.E. 9] and is temporarily under seal. The settlement agreement
contains information confidential to both Crain and DeBartolo that would harm each party's
respective competitive standing if publicized. For example, some of the confidential terms in the
settlement agreement relate to the commercialization, maintenance, and enforcement of the patent
at issue in this case.
The parties took reasonable steps in the settlement agreement to maintain the confidentiality
of their business information and to prohibit public access to it. Section eight of the settlement
agreement contains confidentiality provisions prohibiting public disclosure ofthe confidential terms
of the settlement agreement. The court and the parties are unaware of any attempts by others to gain
access to the settlement agreement for an improper purpose. Nonetheless, a third party might attempt
to obtain the settlement agreement to ''unfairly gain a business advantage" over either party.
The settlement agreement concerns a state-court case that was dismissed in 2013, and was
not the subject of public interest. Rather, the state-court case arose from a business dispute between
two private parties. The settlement agreement does not concern a matter of historical importance.
There is a common-law right to inspect and copy judicial records and documents. See, ~.
Nixon v. WamerCommc'ns. Inc., 435 U.S. 589,597 (1978); InreKnightPubl'gCo., 743 F.2d231,
235 (4th Cir. 1984). This right of access to court records, however, is not absolute. See Knight, 743
F.2d at 235. Moreover, the court has supervisory power over its own records and may, in its
discretion, seal documents if the public's right of access is outweighed by competing interests. See
Rushford v. NewYorkerMagazine.Inc., 846F.2d249,253 (4thCir. 1988); Knight, 743 F.2dat235.
A court should consider the following factors in carrying out this balancing test: (1) whether the
records are sought for improper purposes, such as promoting public scandals or unfairly gaining a
business advantage; (2) whether release would enhance the public's understanding of an important
historical event; and (3) whether the public has already had access to the information contained in
the records. See Va. Dep't of State Police v. Washington Post, 386 F.3d 567, 575 (4th Cir. 2004);
Knight, 743 F.2d at 235.
The presence of confidential business information in a document, particularly that which
would provide a commercial advantage to a competitor, weighs heavily in favor of granting a motion
to seal the document.
Pittston Co. v. United States, 368 F.3d 385, 406 (4th Cir. 2004);
Lord Com. v. S & B Technical Prods .. Inc., No. 5:09-CV-205-D, 2012 WL 4056755, at *1
(E.D.N. C. Sept. 14, 20 12) (unpublished) (collecting cases). This principle particularly applies when
the owner has taken reasonable steps to maintain the confidentiality of its business information so
that the public has not already had access to such information. See,
Lord Com., 2012 WL
4056755, at* 1.
The court has reviewed the entire record and applied the common-law balancing test. That
balancing test strongly favors sealing the settlement agreement. Likewise, the First Amendment does
not prohibit sealing the settlement agreement. See Stone v. Univ. ofMd. Med. Sys. Corp., 855 F.2d
178, 180--81 (4th Cir. 1988); Rushford, 846 F.2d at 253; In re Washington Post Co., 807 F.2d 383,
390 (4th Cir. 1986).
In sum, the joint motion to seal [D.E. 15] is GRANTED. The clerk shall retain, under seal,
the settlement agreement (attached as Exhibit A to defendant's counterclaim).
SO ORDERED. This Jl. day of April2014.
C. DEVER III •
Chi fUnited States District Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?