Gregory Poole Equipment Company v. JP Electric, Inc. et al
ORDER HOLDING IN ABEYANCE 16 Plaintiff's Motion for Entry of Default, DENYING WITHOUT PREJUDICE 17 JP Electric's Motion for Leave to File an Answer, and GRANTING 24 Defendants' Motion to Dismiss Counterclaims by JP Electric. Signed by US District Judge Terrence W. Boyle on 10/9/2014. Copy mailed to JP Electric, care of Jacqueline Pfendler, via US Mail, to 6936 Timbercroft Lane, Fayetteville, NC, 28314. (Fisher, M.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, FOR
THE USE OF GREGORY POOLE
JP ELECTRIC, INC.; WALBRIDGE
ALDINGER COMPANY; LIBERTY
MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY; and )
TRAVELERS CASUALTY AND
SURETY COMPANY OF AMERICA,
This cause comes before the Court on plaintiff's motion for entry of default [DE 16],
defendant JP Electric, Inc.'s motion for leave to file an answer [DE 17] and defendants' motion
to dismiss and to strike "counterclaim against co-defendants" of defendant JP Electric, Inc. [DE
24]. For the reasons discussed below, JP Electric, Inc.'s motion is DENIED WITHOUT
PREJUDICE, defendants' motion to dismiss and strike is GRANTED, and plaintiff's motion for
entry of default is HELD IN ABEYANCE.
The complaint in this action was filed on March 14, 2014. [DE 1]. On May 27, 2014,
defendant JP Electric, Inc.'s ("JP") authorized agent was served with the summons and
complaint by the Cumberland County Sheriff. [DE 15]. Pursuant to the provisions of FED. R.
Crv. P. 12, JP was required to serve an answer or otherwise respond to the Complaint within 21
days after being served with the summons and complaint. As such an answer or responsive
pleading on behalf of JP was to be filed in this action on or before June 17,2014. Plaintifffiled
for an entry of default on July 15, 2014. JP did not file any document at all with the Court until
July 21, 2014, which was its motion for leave to file an answer. [DE 17]. Then on July 22, 2014,
JP filed what it termed a counterclaim, but what is properly viewed as a crossclaim, against its
codefendant Walbridge Aldinger Company ("Walbridge"). [DE 18]. Defendants' Walbridge,
Liberty Mutual Insurance Company ("Liberty Mutual"), and Travelers Casualty and Surety
Company of America ("Travelers") move to dismiss and strike the crossclaim. [DE 24].
This is a Miller Act suit where the Gregory Poole Equipment Company ("Gregory
Poole") seeks to recover $14,682.47 plus interest and reasonable attorneys' fees allegedly owed
by JP pursuant to a contract for equipment and supplies furnished to construct a project at Camp
Lejuene, NC. Gregory Poole also alleges claims against Walbridge, as contractor for the project,
and Liberty Mutual and Travelers, as sureties, on a payment bond that those defendants had
executed and delivered in accordance with the Miller Act, 40 U.S.C. § 3131, et seq.
The only person who has filed documents on behalf of defendant JP is Jacqueline
Pfendler, the President of JP. Miss Pfendler does not appear to be an attorney admitted to the bar
of this Court, 1 and no attorney has filed a notice of appearance as counsel for JP.
The law is well-established in this Court that a corporation cannot appear pro se - it may
appear only through licensed counsel. Rowland v. Cal. Men's Colony, Unit II Men's Advisory
Counsel, 506 U.S. 194, 202 (1993); see also RZS Holdings AVV v. PDVSA Petroleo S.A., 506
F.3d 350, 354 n.3 (4th Cir. 2007). However, as Ms. Pfendler has sought to fight this matter pro
se on behalf of her corporation and has not been notified by the Court that JP must appear only
through licensed counsel, the Court will allow JP extra time in which to attempt to obtain an
Ms. Pfendler acknowledges that she is a small business owner and cannot afford an attorney. [DE 17 at I].
attorney. Further, the Fourth Circuit has long expressed a general policy which favors the
resolution of cases on the merits. Island Creek Coal Co. v. Lake Shore, Inc., 832 F.2d 274, 279
(4th Cir. 1987).
Accordingly, JP's motion for leave to file an answer is DENIED WITHOUT
PREJUDICE to a similar motion being filed by licensed counsel who has filed a notice of
appearance with this Court. Similarly, defendants' motion to dismiss and strike JP's crossclaim
is GRANTED and the crossclaim is DISMISSED and STRUCK WITHOUT PREJUDICE to the
crossclaim being filed at a later date by licensed counsel. Gregory Poole's motion for entry of
default is HELD IN ABEYANCE until November 14, 2014 or until the Court considers a
properly filed motion for leave to file an answer if one is filed before or on November 14, 2014.
Finally, JP is NOTIFIED that a business entity may not appear in this Court without duly
_!i_ day of October, 2014.
RRENCE W. BOYLE
UNITED STATES DISTRIC
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