United States of America v. $107,573.00 in U.S. Currency
DEFAULT JUDGMENT OF FORFEITURE in favor of Plaintiff. Signed by Chief US District Judge Richard E. Myers II on 11/19/2021. (Waddell, K.)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
Case No. 7:21-CV-00022-M
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
$107,573.00 IN U.S . CURRENCY,
DEFAULT JUDGMENT OF
This matter comes before the court on Plaintiffs Motion for Default Judgment [DE 18].
Plaintiff alleges that Defendant is a seizure of $107,573 in United States currency ("USC") from
Edwin Joel Ramirez Gonzalez, Junior Rafael Almonte Tejera, and Joel Michael Vasquez, which
constitutes "money furnished or intended to be furnished by any person in exchange for a
controlled substance or listed chemical in violation of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C.
§§ 801 et seq., proceeds traceable to such an exchange, and/or money used or intended to be used
to facilitate a violation of the Controlled Substances Act." Compl. at ,r 1; Declaration of Task Force
Officer Michael C. Ellis, ,r 6, DE 1-1. According to the declarant in this case, Gonzalez, Tejera,
and Vasquez were passengers in a vehicle stopped by law enforcement for speeding and weaving
in traffic; when one of the officers approached, he could smell marijuana; the officer' s searches of
the vehicle and the passengers yielded the currency, which was in large, rubber-banded bundles.
Deel. at 3-5. Officer Ellis attested that " [t]he large amount and bundling of USC with rubber bands
is common with individuals smuggling USC obtained through criminal activity. This manner of
packaging USC is also consistent with previous seizures through investigations and traffic stops
of individuals involved in drug trafficking and criminal activity." Id. at ,r 20.
The search also revealed two Apple iPhones (one with a telephone number taped to the
back), traces of cocaine, and a "burnt marijuana cigar''; when asked previously whether any drugs
were in the vehicle, the passengers all answered in the negative. Id. at 12-13. The declarant
concluded that " [b ]y the large amount of bulk United States currency, plus the manner it was
packaged and transported, the inconsistent stories of the vehicle' s occupants, and the totality of
the circumstances leading up to this point, [the detective on scene] believed that the United States
currency located was obtained illegally and would be used for criminal activity." Id. at ,r 77. All
three passengers signed receipts for the items seized from the vehicle. Id. at iM[ 78-86. A "K9"
officer alerted to the odor of illegal drugs from the evidence bag which held the USC. Id. at ,r,r 91 ,
92. The following day, the evidence bag containing the USC was taken to a bank and the currency
was counted. Id. at 94-100.
It appears from the record that Plaintiff provided direct notice of this in rem forfeiture
matter to known claimants Tejera, Vasquez, and Gonzalez (DE 6-1 , 6-2, 6-3 ). In fact, Tejera filed
letters in March, April, and May 2021 seeking to claim "his" money. See DE 9, 10, 11. On May
24, 2021 , this court acknowledged the letters and specifically directed Tejera to file a proper claim
and answer in accordance with all applicable rules. Order, DE 8. When Tejera failed to do so,
Plaintiff filed a motion for entry of default; suspecting that Tejera, who was proceeding pro se,
may not have understood the court's previous order, the court denied Plaintiffs motion and
provided Tejera another opportunity to file a proper claim and answer. Order, DE 15. Tejera
never responded and has filed nothing in the case since June 8, 2021.
In addition to providing direct notice of this action, Plaintiff published the requisite notice
on an official internet government forfeiture site in accordance with Rule G( 4) of the Supplemental
Rules of Admiralty or Maritime Claims and Asset Forfeiture (the "Supplemental Rules") (DE 71). Accordingly, with due notice having been provided by the United States as required under the
Supplemental Rules, the court finds that:
The verified Complaint and attached Declaration of Task Force Officer Michael C.
Ellis [DE 1, DE 1-1) satisfy the requirements of Fed. R. Civ. P. Supp. R. G(2);
Process was duly issued in this cause and the defendant was duly seized by the
United States Marshal Service pursuant to said process;
No person has filed a proper claim to the Defendant nor any answer to the Plaintiff's
Complaint within the time fixed by law and in accordance with the requirements of the
On October 7, 2021, this court entered default in this action (DE 17);
The present motion was mailed to the known prospective claimants on October 21 ,
2021 [DE 18), but the court received no response within the time required pursuant to Local Civil
Rule 7.l(f)(l); and
The well-pied allegations of the Complaint with respect to the Defendant are taken
as admitted, as no one has appeared to deny the same.
Based upon the above findings, it is hereby
ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that:
The motion is GRANTED and default judgment is entered against the Defendant;
All persons claiming any right, title, or interest in or to the Defendant are held in
The Defendant is forfeited to the United States of America for disposition according
The United States shall have clear title to the Defendant and may warrant good title
to any subsequent purchaser or transferee pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 853(n)(7); and
Upon the entry of this judgment, the Clerk of Court is DIRECTED to close this
SO ORDERED this
;;reday ofNovember, 2021.
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RICHARD E. MYERS II
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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