CARRINGTON et al v. DUKE UNIVERSITY et al
REPLY, filed by Plaintiffs KYLE DOWD, PATRICIA DOWD, DANIEL FLANNERY, RICHARD GIBBS FOGARTY, ZACHARY GREER, IRENE GREER, ERIK S. HENKELMAN, STEVEN W. HENKELMAN, JOHN E. JENNISON, BEN KOESTERER, EDWARD CARRINGTON, MARK KOESTERER, JOYCE KOESTERER, FRED KROM, PETER J. LAMADE, ADAM LANGLEY, CHRISTOPHER LOFTUS, DANIEL LOFTUS, BARBARA LOFTUS, ANTHONY MCDEVITT, GLENN NICK, CASEY J. CARROLL, NICHOLAS O'HARA, LYNNDA O'HARA, DANIEL OPPEDISANO, SAM PAYTON, JOHN BRADLEY ROSS, KENNETH SAUER, III, STEVE SCHOEFFEL, ROBERT SCHROEDER, DEVON SHERWOOD, DANIEL THEODORIDIS, MICHAEL P. CATALINO, BRET THOMPSON, CHRISTOPHER TKAC, TRACY TKAC, JOHN WALSH, JR, MICHAEL WARD, ROBERT H. WELLINGTON, IV, WILLIAM WOLCOTT, MICHAEL YOUNG, GALE CATALINO, THOMAS V. CLUTE, KEVIN COLEMAN, JOSHUA R. COVELESKI, EDWARD J. CROTTY, EDWARD S. DOUGLAS, to Response to 57 MOTION for Rule 26(f) Discovery Conference MOTION for Rule 26(f) Discovery Conference MOTION for Rule 26(f) Discovery Conference MOTION for Rule 26(f) Discovery Conference filed by KYLE DOWD, PATRICIA DOWD, DANIEL FLANNERY, RICHARD GIBBS FOGARTY, ZACHARY GREER, IRENE GREER, ERIK S. HENKELMAN, STEVEN W. HENKELMAN, JOHN E. JENNISON, BEN KOESTERER, EDWARD CARRINGTON, MARK KOESTERER, JOYCE KOESTERER, FRED KROM, PETER J. LAMADE, ADAM LANGLEY, CHRISTOPHER LOFTUS, DANIEL LOFTUS, BARBARA LOFTUS, ANTHONY MCDEVITT, GLENN NICK, CASEY J. CARROLL, NICHOLAS O'HARA, LYNNDA O'HARA, DANIEL OPPEDISANO, SAM PAYTON, JOHN BRADLEY ROSS, KENNETH SAUER, III, STEVE SCHOEFFEL, ROBERT SCHROEDER, DEVON SHERWOOD, DANIEL THEODORIDIS, MICHAEL P. CATALINO, BRET THOMPSON, CHRISTOPHER TKAC, TRACY TKAC, JOHN WALSH, JR, MICHAEL WARD, ROBERT H. WELLINGTON, IV, WILLIAM WOLCOTT, MICHAEL YOUNG, GALE CATALINO, THOMAS V. CLUTE, KEVIN COLEMAN, JOSHUA R. COVELESKI, EDWARD J. CROTTY, EDWARD S. DOUGLAS. (COOPER, CHARLES)
CARRINGTON et al v. DUKE UNIVERSITY et al
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA No. 1:08-cv-119 _____________________________________ ) EDWARD CARRINGTON, et al., ) ) Plaintiffs, ) v. ) ) DUKE UNIVERSITY, et al., ) ) Defendants. ) _____________________________________ ) REPLY MEMORANDUM OF PLAINTIFFS IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO REQUIRE DEFENDANTS TO PARTICIPATE IN THE MANDATORY RULE 26(f) DISCOVERY CONFERENCE Plaintiffs, by and through counsel of record, respectfully submit this, their Reply, to the Responses of the Duke, SANE, and Durham Defendants, and Defendants Wesley Covington and Linwood Wilson in Opposition to the Plaintiffs' Motion to Require Defendants to Participate in the Mandatory Rule 26(f) Discovery Conference. See Doc. Nos. 76, 77, 78 and 79. Defendants' responses make clear that their real agenda in opposing Plaintiffs' motion is forcing a de facto stay of discovery. Defendants, however, whether through a formal motion to stay discovery or through their attempt to unilaterally impose a de facto stay of discovery by refusing to participate in the mandatory Rule 26(f) conference, cannot meet the heavy burden of proving that a stay is justified. It is well established that " `courts generally frown on motions to stay discovery and deny them in the absence of
compelling reasons.' " Evans v. Yum Brands, Inc., 326 F. Supp. 2d 214, 226 (D.N.H. 2004), quoting 3 NEWBERG ON CLASS ACTIONS § 9:43, at 404 (4th ed. 2002).1 There are four primary ways in which the Defendants have failed to show good cause as to why this Court ought to arrest the discovery process. First, Defendants cannot demonstrate that the pending Motions to Dismiss are likely to substantially reduce the amount of discoverable material in this case. Second, Defendants' efforts to preserve electronically stored information ("ESI") are an inadequate alternative to prompt discovery. Third, both the Local and Federal Rules support the prompt commencement of the discovery process in this case. Fourth, the possibility that Michael Nifong might be added as a defendant has no relevance to the current Defendants' discovery obligations. Since, as will be shown in greater detail below, Defendants' justifications for the delay of discovery do not withstand scrutiny, this Court should grant Plaintiffs' motion requiring Defendants to promptly participate in the mandatory Rule 26(f) conference and enter an order making clear that discovery can commence. 1. The Defendants cannot and have not shown that the pending Motions to
Dismiss are likely to be dispositive of the entirety of this case. The vast majority of claims brought by the Plaintiffs are venerable causes of action, including fraud, negligence, intentional infliction of emotional distress, breach of contract, conspiracy, See also FEDERAL PROCEDURE, LAWYERS EDITION § 26:206 (motions to stay discovery "are not favored"); Hovermale v. School Bd. of Hillsborough County, 128 F.R.D. 287, 289 (M.D. Fla 1989) (same); Cohn v. Taco Bell Corp., 147 F.R.D. 154 (N.D. Ill. 1993) (same); Simpson v. Specialty Retail Concepts, Inc., 121 F.R.D. 261 (M.D.N.C. 1988) ("Such motions are not favored."); Kron Medical Corp. v. Groth, 119 F.R.D. 636 (M.D.N.C. 1988) (same). 2
and violations of constitutional rights actionable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Such claims are rarely subject to dismissal at the motion to dismiss stage when there is a well-plead complaint, and the Plaintiffs' complaint certainly qualifies as such. Plaintiffs' complaint provides specific, detailed factual allegations in support of each cause of action. For this reason the Defendants cannot plausibly argue that the Motions to Dismiss are likely to entirely foreclose discovery in this case. The Defendants assert that they will not know what evidence is relevant until this Court rules on their Motions to Dismiss, see, e.g., Durham Response (Doc. No. 76) at 5. Plaintiffs' causes of action arise from and revolve around a core of operative facts that will be the subject of discovery even in the unlikely event that Defendants' motions to dismiss is granted in part. Further, to the extent that any one cause of action might require inquiry into a unique set of evidence beyond the core operative set of facts, one of the attributes of the required Rule 26(f) conference is that such concerns can be discussed and addressed and an appropriate discovery schedule that accounts for such concerns can be created. It is a gross overstatement to suggest that the parties at this stage have no idea about the vast majority of relevant evidence. As such, this Court's resolution of the Motions to Dismiss is likely to have little bearing on what evidence will ultimately be discoverable. 2. Second, the Defendants' efforts to delay discovery are likely to lead to the
loss of ESI and other evidence essential to the just disposition of this case. While the filing of Plaintiffs' motion did prompt Defendants to agree to participate in a conference
to discuss preservation issues, by no means have all preservation issues been resolved or Plaintiffs' concerns regarding preservation been addressed. Notwithstanding the Defendants' preliminary efforts at preservation, evidence will remain vulnerable until the Defendants permit its discovery. As programs and hardware age, data are corrupted. As time passes, memories fade, and documents get lost, misplaced or destroyed. Some preliminary discovery may be necessary simply to ascertain the appropriate scope of preservation and sources of discoverable material. This is especially true as electronic communications among the Defendants are very likely to substantiate many of the Plaintiffs' allegations, and it is therefore essential that the discovery process begin "as soon as practicable" to preserve all such communications. See FED. R. CIV. P. 26(f). 3. A third reason that the Defendants' arguments for delayed discovery must
fail is because they wrongly suggest a local rule or uniform practice of staying discovery pending motions to dismiss. The Defendants attempt to construe Local Rule 16.1 as providing for a mandatory Rule 26(f) meeting only after the Court calendars a scheduling conference. Duke Response (Doc. No. 77) at 6-7. Far from requiring unwarranted delays in the discovery process, however, Local Rule 16.1 is designed to expedite discovery by specifying an absolute deadline for commencement of the discovery process. Where the need for discovery is inevitable and there are serious concerns about the preservation of evidence, Local Rule 16.1 should be interpreted in a way that is consistent with Federal Rule 26. The mandatory meeting should take place "as soon as practicable."
But the Defendants' interpretation of Local Rule 16.1 is not only inconsistent with the Federal Rules, it would also thwart "the just and prompt determination" of this case. Local Rule 1.1. The Defendants' efforts to delay discovery serve only to prolong litigation and increase the cost of these proceedings. If every litigant took this attitude toward commencement of the discovery process, judicial resources would be wasted and justice would be unnecessarily delayed. In the interest of judicial economy, this Court should order the Defendants to participate in the mandatory Rule 26(f) conference. 4. Finally, Plaintiffs' concern that Michael Nifong might be added as a
defendant in this case has no bearing on the existing Defendants' discovery obligations. Defendants argue that this Court should delay discovery because Mr. Nifong could provide additional sources of discoverable evidence. Duke Response (Doc. No. 77) at 9 n.7; Durham Response (Doc. No. 76) at 6. The possibility that there might be other sources of evidence, however, hardly obviates the Defendants of their own duty to participate in the discovery process. Even if Mr. Nifong could produce evidence relevant to every factual dispute in this case, the Defendants' corroborating evidence would be no less discoverable. Moreover, Mr. Nifong could not plausibly be expected to produce a complete record of the Defendants' electronic communications: evidence central to this case that urgently needs to be preserved. In any event, Mr. Nifong will be the subject of discovery, whether he is named as a party or not. The possibility that Mr. Nifong might become a party in this suit is simply irrelevant to the issue before the Court.
For these reasons, Plaintiffs urge the Court to prevent the unnecessary delay of the discovery process. Plaintiffs respectfully request that the Court either order the Defendants to participate in a Rule 26(f) conference or schedule an initial discovery hearing pursuant to Federal Rule 16(a), which will trigger a Rule 26(f) conference. Further, in light of Defendants' responses making clear they are seeking to stay discovery, Plaintiffs respectfully request that the Court enter an order making clear that Defendants' de facto request to stay discovery is denied.
Dated: July 3, 2008
Respectfully submitted, COOPER & KIRK, PLLC /s/ Charles J. Cooper Charles J. Cooper* David H. Thompson* Nicole Jo Moss (N.C. Bar # 31958) 1523 New Hampshire Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Tel. (202) 220-9600 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Email: email@example.com Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (* motion for special appearance has been filed) -and-
THOMAS, FERGUSON & MULLINS, L.L.P. /s/ William J. Thomas William J. Thomas, II (N.C. Bar # 9004) 119 East Main Street Durham, NC 27701 Tel. (919) 682-5648 Email: email@example.com Attorneys for Plaintiffs
CERTITICATE OF SERVICE I hereby certify that on July 3, 2008, I electronically filed the foregoing Reply Memorandum in Support of Motion To Require Defendants To Participate In The Mandatory Rule 26(F) Discovery Conference with the Clerk of the Court using the CM/ECF system which will send notification of such filing to the following counsel: TROUTMAN SANDERS LLP Patricia P. Kerner N.C. State Bar No. 13005 434 Fayetteville Street, Suite 1900 Raleigh, North Carolina 27601 Phone: (919) 835-4117 Fax: (919) 829-8714 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Counsel for Defendants Steven Chalmers, Patrick Baker, Beverly Council, Ronald Hodge, Jeff Lamb, Stephen Mihaich, Michael Ripberger, and Lee Russ FAISON & GILLESPIE Reginald B. Gillespie, Jr. N.C. State Bar No. 10895 5517 Durham Chapel Hill Blvd., Suite 2000 Durham, North Carolina 27727-1729 Phone: (919) 489-9001 Fax: (919) 489-5774 Email: email@example.com Counsel for Defendantst City of Durham, North Carolina and Steven Chalmers STEPTOE & JOHNSON LLP Roger E. Warin* Steptoe & Johnson LLP 1330 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 429-3000 Fax: (202) 429-3902 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org *(Motion for Special Appearance to be filed) Counsel for Defendant City of Durham, North Carolina 8
SMITH MOORE LLP J. Donald Cowan, Jr. N.C. State Bar No. 0968 Dixie T. Wells N.C. State Bar No. 26816 P.O. Box 21927  300 N. Greene Street, Suite 1400 Greensboro, North Carolina 27401 Phone: (336) 378-5329 Fax: (336) 378-5400 Email: email@example.com Email: firstname.lastname@example.org WILMER CUTLER PICKERING HALE AND DORR LLP Jamie Gorelick* (District of Columbia Bar No. 101370) 1875 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20006 Telephone: (202) 663-6500 Facsimile: (202) 663-6363 Email: Jamie.email@example.com Counsel for Defendants Duke University, Aaron Graves, Robert Dean, Richard H. Brodhead, Peter Lange, Tallman Trask, III, John Burness, Larry Moneta, Victor J. Dzau, M.D., Allison Halton, Kemel Dawkins, Suzanne Wasiolek, Matthew Drummond, Counsel for Duke University Health Systems, Inc., Theresa Arico, and Tara Levicy (*motion for special appearance filed) POYNER & SPRUILL LLP Edwin M. Speas, Jr. N.C. State Bar No. 4112 P.O. Box 10096 Raleigh, North Carolina 27605-0096 Phone: (919) 783-6400 Fax: (919) 783-1075 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Counsel for Defendant Mark Gottlieb
KENNON, CRAVER, BELO, CRAIG & MCKEE, PLLC Joel M. Craig N.C. State Bar No. 9179 P.O. Box 51579 4011 University Drive, Suite 300 Durham, North Carolina 27717-1579 Phone: (919) 490-0500 Fax: (919) 490-0873 Email: email@example.com Counsel for Defendant Benjamin Himan MAXWELL FREEMAN & BOWMAN, P.A. James B. Maxwell N.C. State Bar No. 2933 P.O. Box 52396 Raleigh, North Carolina 27717-2396 Phone: (919) 493-6464 Fax: (919) 493-1218 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Counsel for Defendant David Addison PINTO COATES KYRE & BROWN, PLLC Kenneth Kyre Jr. (N.C. Bar # 7848) Paul D. Coates (N.C. Bar # 9753) P.O. Box 4848 Greensboro, NC 27404 Email: email@example.com Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Counsel for J. Wesley Covington As of the date of this filing, no attorney has made an appearance on behalf of the following Defendant. I hereby certify that I served the following Defendants by U.S. Mail: Linwood Wilson 6910 Innesbrook Way Bahama, NC 27503-9700 /s/ Nicole Jo Moss 10