Harris v. Saul
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER The 14 Motion for Summary Judgment is DENIED; the 16 Motion for Summary Judgment is GRANTED; and the Commissioner's decision is AFFIRMED. Signed by Magistrate Judge David S. Cayer on 6/4/2021. (mek)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:20-CV-00129-DSC
CHARLES PATRICK HARRIS,
ANDREW M. SAUL,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
THIS MATTER is before the Court on Plaintiff’s “Motion for Summary Judgment”
(document #14) and Defendant’s “Motion for Summary Judgment” (document #16), as well as the
parties’ briefs and exhibits.
The parties have consented to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)
and these Motions are ripe for disposition.
The Court finds that Defendant’s decision to deny Plaintiff Social Security benefits is
supported by substantial evidence. Accordingly, the Court will deny Plaintiff’s Motion for
Summary Judgment; grant Defendant’s Motion for Summary Judgment; and affirm the
I. PROCEDURAL HISTORY
The Court adopts the procedural history as stated in the parties’ briefs.
Plaintiff filed the present action on June 1, 2020. He assigns error to the Administrative
Law Judge’s assessment of his symptoms and subjective complaints. Plaintiff’s “Brief …” at 2125 (document #15). Plaintiff contends that as a result, the ALJ also erred in the hypothetical he
posed to the Vocational Expert and in his consideration of the V.E.’s testimony. Id. at 21, 25-26
(document #15). Finally, Plaintiff assigns error to the ALJ’s evaluation of medical records
submitted after the hearing but before the decision issued. Id. at 21, 27-29.
The Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) and § 1383(c)(3), limits this Court's review of
a final decision of the Commissioner to: (1) whether substantial evidence supports the
Commissioner’s decision, Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 390, 401 (1971); and (2) whether
the Commissioner applied the correct legal standards. Hays v. Sullivan, 907 F.2d 1453, 1456 (4th
Cir. 1990); see also Hunter v. Sullivan, 993 F.2d 31, 34 (4th Cir. 1992) (per curiam). The District
Court does not review a final decision of the Commissioner de novo. Smith v. Schweiker, 795
F.2d 343, 345 (4th Cir. 1986); King v. Califano, 599 F.2d 597, 599 (4th Cir. 1979); Blalock v.
Richardson, 483 F.2d 773, 775 (4th Cir. 1972).
As the Social Security Act provides, “[t]he findings of the [Commissioner] as to any fact,
if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive.”
42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
In Smith v.
Heckler, 782 F.2d 1176, 1179 (4th Cir. 1986), quoting Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401
(1971), the Fourth Circuit defined “substantial evidence” thus:
Substantial evidence has been defined as being “more than a scintilla and do[ing]
more than creat[ing] a suspicion of the existence of a fact to be established. It
means such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to
support a conclusion.”
See also Seacrist v. Weinberger, 538 F.2d 1054, 1056-57 (4th Cir. 1976) (“We note that it is the
responsibility of the [Commissioner] and not the courts to reconcile inconsistencies in the medical
The Fourth Circuit has long emphasized that it is not for a reviewing court to weigh the
evidence again, nor to substitute its judgment for that of the Commissioner, assuming the
Commissioner’s final decision is supported by substantial evidence. Hays v. Sullivan, 907 F.2d at
1456 (4th Cir. 1990); see also Smith v. Schweiker, 795 F.2d at 345; and Blalock v. Richardson,
483 F.2d at 775. Indeed, this is true even if the reviewing court disagrees with the outcome – so
long as there is “substantial evidence” in the record to support the final decision below. Lester v.
Schweiker, 683 F.2d 838, 841 (4th Cir. 1982).
The question before the ALJ was whether Plaintiff became disabled at any time. 1 The
Court has carefully reviewed the record, the authorities and the parties’ arguments. The ALJ
engaged in a well-reasoned credibility analysis (Tr. 19-20), as well as a thorough discussion of the
medical records. (Tr. 16-23). The ALJ found that Plaintiff had the Residual Functional Capacity2
to perform a range of sedentary work limited to occasional overhead reaching and frequent bilateral
handling and fingering, occasional contact with the public, and no exposure to unprotected heights
or dangerous machinery. (Tr. 18-19). The ALJ included those limitations in the hypothetical he
posed to the V.E. (Tr. 61). The ALJ applied the correct legal standards and his conclusion that
Plaintiff was not disabled is supported by substantial evidence.
Under the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 301, et seq., the term “disability” is defined as an:
inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable
physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can
be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months…
Pass v. Chater, 65 F. 3d 1200, 1203 (4th Cir. 1995).
The Social Security Regulations define “Residual Functional Capacity” as “what [a claimant] can still do despite
his limitations.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1545(a). The Commissioner is required to “first assess the nature and extent of
[the claimant’s] physical limitations and then determine [the claimant’s] Residual Functional Capacity for work
activity on a regular and continuing basis.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1545(b).
As to the medical records submitted after the hearing, Plaintiff argues generally that the
Appeals Council “could have corrected” the ALJ’s alleged errors. Plaintiff’s “Brief …” at 27
(document #15). These records did not relate to the time period at issue. The Court finds that the
Appeals Council properly concluded that the records did not raise a reasonable probability of a
different result. (Tr. 2).
NOW THEREFORE IT IS ORDERED:
Plaintiff’s “Motion for Summary Judgment” (document #14) is DENIED;
Defendant’s “Motion for Summary Judgment” (document #16) is GRANTED; and the
Commissioner’s decision is AFFIRMED.
The Clerk is directed to send copies of this Memorandum and Order to counsel for
Signed: June 4, 2021
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