Woods-Jackman v. Greater Enrichment Program, Inc.
ORDER that Defendants motion for judgment as a matter of law is granted and this action is dismissed with prejudice. Signed by Senior Judge Graham Mullen on 1/10/2018. (jaw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
Civil Action No.: 3:16-cv-00718-GCM-DSC
PHILIP KEITH WOODS-JACKMAN,
GREATER ENRICHMENT PROGRAM,
THIS MATTER came on for trial by a jury before this Court on January 8, 2018 on
Plaintiff’s claims for failure to accommodate his religion and retaliatory termination from
employment under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. (“Title
VII”). Plaintiff presented his evidence and rested. After Plaintiff rested, Defendant orally moved
the Court for judgment as a matter of law pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 50(a) on the ground, inter
alia, that a reasonable jury would not have a legally sufficient evidentiary basis to find that
Defendant had at least fifteen employees during the statutory period, which is an element of
Plaintiff’s claims under Title VII.
The Supreme Court has held that although it is not a jurisdictional issue, “the threshold
number of employees for application of Title VII is an element of a plaintiff’s claim for relief . . . .”
Arbaugh v. Y&H Corp., 546 U.S. 500, 516 (2006). The threshold number for application of Title
VII to an employer is “fifteen or more employees for each working day in each of twenty or more
calendar weeks” in the year in which the alleged discriminatory event occurred or the prior year.
42 U.S.C. § 2000e(b); Depaoli v. Vacation Sales Assocs., 489 F.3d 615, 622 (4th Cir. 2007).
Plaintiff did not offer evidence regarding the number of Defendant’s employees, and thus there is
no legally sufficient evidentiary basis from which the jury could find that Defendant had fifteen or
more employees during the statutory period. Accordingly, Defendant is entitled to entry of
judgment as a matter of law under Fed. R. Civ. P. 50(a). See Faulkner v. Woods Transp., Inc., 174
Fed. Appx. 525, 528 (11th Cir. 2006).
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Defendant’s motion for judgment as a matter of
law is granted and this action is dismissed with prejudice.
Signed: January 10, 2018
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