Oliver v. Berryhill
MEMORANDUM AND AND ORDER denying 12 Motion for Summary Judgment; granting 16 Motion for Summary Judgment; and the Commissioner's decision is AFFIRMED. Signed by Magistrate Judge David S. Cayer on 1/8/18. (tob)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
CIVIL NO. 3:17-CV-206-DSC
SHIRLEY D. OLIVER,
NANCY A. BERRYHILL,
Acting Commissioner of Social
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
THIS MATTER is before the Court on Plaintiff’s “Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings”
(document #12) and Defendant’s “Motion for Summary Judgment” (document #16), as well as the
parties’ briefs and exhibits.
The parties have consented to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)
and these Motions are ripe for disposition.
Having considered the written arguments, administrative record, and applicable authority,
the Court finds that Defendant’s decision to deny Plaintiff Social Security benefits is supported by
substantial evidence. Accordingly, the Court will deny Plaintiff’s Motion for Judgment on the
Pleadings; grant Defendant’s Motion for Summary Judgment; and affirm the Commissioner’s
The Court adopts the procedural history as stated in the parties’ briefs.
Plaintiff filed the present action on April 17, 2017.
She assigns error to the
Administrative Law Judge (ALJ)’s formulation of her Residual Functional Capacity (“RFC”).1
See Plaintiff’s “Memorandum ...” at 3-8 (document #13).
Specifically, Plaintiff argues that the
ALJ erred in evaluating Dr. Tuan Huynh’s consultative medical opinion.
The parties’ cross-Motions are ripe for disposition.
II. STANDARD OF REVIEW
The Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) and § 1383(c)(3), limits this Court's review of
a final decision of the Commissioner to: (1) whether substantial evidence supports the
Commissioner’s decision, Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 390, 401 (1971); and (2) whether
the Commissioner applied the correct legal standards.
Hays v. Sullivan, 907 F.2d 1453, 1456
(4th Cir. 1990); see also Hunter v. Sullivan, 993 F.2d 31, 34 (4th Cir. 1992) (per curiam). The
District Court does not review a final decision of the Commissioner de novo.
Schweiker, 795 F.2d 343, 345 (4th Cir. 1986); King v. Califano, 599 F.2d 597, 599 (4th Cir. 1979);
Blalock v. Richardson, 483 F.2d 773, 775 (4th Cir. 1972).
As the Social Security Act provides, “[t]he findings of the [Commissioner] as to any fact,
if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive.”
42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
In Smith v.
Heckler, 782 F.2d 1176, 1179 (4th Cir. 1986), quoting Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401
(1971), the Fourth Circuit defined “substantial evidence” thus:
Substantial evidence has been defined as being “more than a scintilla and do[ing]
more than creat[ing] a suspicion of the existence of a fact to be established. It
means such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to
The Social Security Regulations define “Residual Functional Capacity” as “what [a claimant] can still do despite
his limitations.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1545(a). The Commissioner is required to “first assess the nature and extent of
[the claimant’s] physical limitations and then determine [the claimant’s] Residual Functional Capacity for work
activity on a regular and continuing basis.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1545(b).
support a conclusion.”
See also Seacrist v. Weinberger, 538 F.2d 1054, 1056-57 (4th Cir. 1976) (“We note that it is the
responsibility of the [Commissioner] and not the courts to reconcile inconsistencies in the medical
The Fourth Circuit has long emphasized that it is not for a reviewing court to weigh the
evidence again, nor to substitute its judgment for that of the Commissioner, assuming the
Commissioner’s final decision is supported by substantial evidence.
Hays v. Sullivan, 907 F.2d
at 1456 (4th Cir. 1990); see also Smith v. Schweiker, 795 F.2d at 345; and Blalock v. Richardson,
483 F.2d at 775. Indeed, this is true even if the reviewing court disagrees with the outcome – so
long as there is “substantial evidence” in the record to support the final decision below.
v. Schweiker, 683 F.2d 838, 841 (4th Cir. 1982).
III. DISCUSSION OF CLAIM
The question before the ALJ was whether Plaintiff became “disabled” at any time as that
term is defined for Social Security purposes.2
Plaintiff challenges the ALJ’s formulation of her RFC. The ALJ is solely responsible for
assessing a claimant’s RFC.
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1546(c) & 416.946(c).
In making that
assessment, the ALJ must consider the functional limitations resulting from the claimant’s
the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 301, et seq., the term “disability” is defined as an:
inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable
physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can
be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months . . . .
Pass v. Chater, 65 F. 3d 1200, 1203 (4th Cir. 1995).
medically determinable impairments. SSR96-8p at *2. However, it is the claimant’s burden to
establish her RFC by demonstrating how those impairments impact her functioning.
C.F.R. §§404.1512(c) & 416.912(c); see also, e.g., Stormo v. Barnhart, 377 F.3d 801, 806 (8th
Cir. 2004) (“[t]he burden of persuasion . . . to demonstrate RFC remains on the claimant, even
when the burden of production shifts to the Commissioner at step five”); Plummer v. Astrue, No.
5:11-cv-00006, 2011 WL 7938431, at *5 (W.D.N.C. Sept. 26, 2011) (Memorandum and
Recommendation) (“[t]he claimant bears the burden of providing evidence establishing the degree
to which her impairments limit her RFC”) (citing Stormo), adopted, 2012 WL 1858844 (May 22,
2102), aff’d, 487 F. App’x 795 (4th Cir. Nov. 6, 2012).
The Fourth Circuit has held that “remand may be appropriate . . . where an ALJ fails to
assess a claimant's capacity to perform relevant functions, despite contradictory evidence in the
record, or where other inadequacies in the ALJ's analysis frustrate meaningful review.” Mascio v.
Colvin, 780 F.3d 632, 636 (4th Cir. 2015) (quoting Cichocki v. Astrue, 729 F.3d 172, 177 (2d Cir.
2013). This explicit function-by-function analysis is not necessary when functions are irrelevant
It is only after that function-by-function analysis has been completed that RFC
may "be expressed in terms of the exertional levels of work, sedentary, light, medium, heavy, and
very heavy.” Id.
The ALJ’s RFC determination here is supported by Plaintiff’s testimony, medical records
and treatment history. To the extent that Plaintiff is challenging the ALJ’s credibility determination,
the Court finds that the ALJ applied the correct legal standard and her credibility determination is
supported by substantial evidence.
Plaintiff assigns error to the ALJ’s evaluation of Dr. Huynh’s consultative opinion. Dr.
Huynh examined Plaintiff in November 2015, and completed a statement on her ability to engage
in physical activities. (Tr. 24, 343–52).
The ALJ provided a detailed and well-supported
explanation of why she gave great weight to Dr. Huynh’s overall assessment but only little weight
to a particular aspect of the assessment that reflects a “patent internal inconsistency” and conflicts
with “the weight of the evidence in the record as a whole.” (Tr. 24).
Dr. Huynh indicated in the medical-source statement that Plaintiff could stand for only one
hour total, and walk for only one hour total, during an eight-hour workday. (Tr. 24, 348). As the
ALJ explained, “it is clear from a review of the entirety of Dr. Huynh’s report that he did not intend
to limit the claimant to such an extreme.” (Tr. 24).
The ALJ explained that Dr. Huynh found that Plaintiff could engage in postural activities
— such as climbing ramps, stairs, ladders, and scaffolds —occasionally3; had full strength and
range of motion in all extremities, with relatively few insensate areas and normal peripheral pulses;
and had only mild postural limitations and mild exertional limitations in standing, moving about,
and traveling. He also found that Plaintiff could travel without a companion for assistance, did
not require the use of a cane or another assistive device to ambulate, and could walk a block at a
reasonable pace on rough or uneven surfaces. (Tr. 24, 345–46, 348, 350, 352).
are clearly inconsistent with the single finding that Plaintiff could not walk or stand more than an
hour during the workday.
The ALJ’s explanation is entirely reasonable. It would be inconsistent to find that Plaintiff
could climb ramps, stairs, ladders, and scaffolds for more total hours in the day than she could
“The ability to perform a function on an ‘occasional’ basis corresponds to one-third of an eight hour workday.”
Dugger v. Colvin, No. 5:15-cv-00020-MOC, 2015 WL 6455390, at *7 (W.D.N.C. Oct. 26, 2015) (citing SSR 83-10,
1983 WL 31251, at *5-6 (1983).
stand or walk. It would also be inconsistent to find that someone with generally normal
neurological, musculoskeletal, and range-of-motion findings on physical examination would be
extremely limited in her ability to stand and walk (Tr. 23) (describing the physical-examination
findings as “almost entirely unremarkable”). The ALJ has given good reasons for her treatment of
Dr. Huynh’s opinion. See Koonce v. Apfel, 166 F.3d 1209, 1999 WL 7864, at *2 (4th Cir. 1999)
(“An ALJ’s determination as to the weight to be assigned to a medical opinion will generally not
be disturbed absent some indication that the ALJ has dredged up ‘specious inconsistencies’ or has
not given good reason for the weight afforded a particular opinion.”) (citation omitted).
Although the medical records establish that Plaintiff experienced pain and mental and
emotional difficulties to some extent, as the Fourth Circuit has noted, it is the ALJ’s responsibility,
not the Court’s, “to reconcile inconsistencies in the medical evidence.”
Seacrist, 538 F.2d at
Substantial evidence exists to support the ALJ’s assessment of the medical records,
Plaintiff’s credibility, and her ultimate determination that Plaintiff was not disabled.
NOW THEREFORE, IT IS ORDERED:
Plaintiff’s “Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings” (document #12) is DENIED;
Defendant’s “Motion for Summary Judgment” (document #16) is GRANTED; and the
Commissioner’s decision is AFFIRMED.
The Clerk is directed to send copies of this Memorandum and Order to counsel for
Signed: January 8, 2018
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