Pizarro et al v. Alight Financial Advisors, LLC
ORDER granting 1 Motion to Compel. Respondent AFA shall provide responses to Petitioners' Request Nos. 31 and 32 on or before March 3, 2021. Denying without prejudice 16 Motion to Change Venue. Denying 19 Motion to Expedite. Signed by Magistrate Judge David Keesler on 2/17/21. (mga)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
CASE NO. 3:20-MC-157-FDW-DCK
JAIME PIZARRO et al.,
ALIGHT FINANCIAL ADVISORS, LLC,
THIS MATTER IS BEFORE THE COURT on Petitioners’ “…Rule 45 Motion To
Compel Production Against Alight Financial Advisors, LLC” (Document No. 1); “Petitioners’
Rule 45(f) Motion To Transfer” (Document No. 16); and “Petitioners’ Motion To Expedite
Briefing Schedule On Motion To Transfer” (Document No. 19). These motions have been referred
to the undersigned Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b), and are ripe for review.
Having carefully considered the motions and the record, the undersigned will grant the motions in
part and deny the motions in part.
Petitioners initiated this action with the filing of their “…Rule 45 Motion To Compel
Production Against Alight Financial Advisors, LLC” (Document No. 1) on October 6, 2020.
Petitioners seek to compel Alight Financial Advisors, LLC (“Respondent” or “AFA”) “to produce
documents responsive to the subpoena issued on March 23, 2020.” (Document No. 1, p. 2). The
motion to compel has been fully briefed. See (Document Nos. 9 and 15).
On January 28, 2021, Petitioners filed a “…Rule 45(f) Motion To Transfer” (Document
No. 16). Petitioners’ recent motion suggests that this matter be transferred to the United States
Case 3:20-mc-00157-FDW-DCK Document 29 Filed 02/18/21 Page 1 of 6
District Court for the Northern District of Georgia where two related actions are pending - Pizarro,
et al. v. The Home Depot Inc., et al., 1:18-CV-01566 (N.D. Ga. filed Apr. 12, 2018) ( the “Main
Case”) and Pizarro, et al. v. The Home Depot, Inc., et al., 1:20-CV-04660 (N.D. Ga. filed Oct. 27,
2020). (Document No. 17, p. 2). Both Georgia actions are presided over by the Honorable William
M. Ray II (“Judge Ray”). Id. Petitioners note that they filed a “companion motion” (the “FE
Motion”) to the instant motion in this Court, against Financial Engines Advisors, LLC (“FE”).
The FE Motion was originally filed in the Northern District of California on October 27, 2020,
and then transferred to the Northern District of Georgia on or about November 5, 2020.
“Petitioners’ Motion To Expedite Briefing Schedule On Motion To Transfer” (Document
No. 19) was also filed with this Court on January 28, 2021. Respondents oppose the motions to
transfer and expedite. See (Document Nos. 23 and 26).
On February 9, 2021, Petitioners filed a “Notice Of Supplemental Authority In Support Of
Petitioners’ Rule 45 Motion To Compel Against Alight Financial Advisors, LLC” (Document No.
25). Petitioners’ “Notice…” provides that Judge Ray held a hearing on February 4, 2021, and
“indicated that he would grant Petitioners’ Motion to Compel against FE in substantial part and
require FE to disclose data regarding the fees FE charged each of its over 1,000 401(k) plan clients
(see Dkt. No. 18 at 35) in an anonymized format.” (Document No. 25, pp. 1-2) (citations omitted).
The undersigned notes that an “Order Granting Plaintiff’s Motion To Compel Against
Financial Engines Advisors, LLC” was entered by Judge Ray on February 12, 2021. See Pizarro,
et al. v. The Home Depot, Inc., et al., 1:20-CV-04660-WMR, Document No. 33 (N.D. Ga. Feb.
The pending motions before this Court are now ripe for review and disposition.
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STANDARD OF REVIEW
Rule 26 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that:
Parties may obtain discovery regarding any nonprivileged
matter that is relevant to any party’s claim or defense and
proportional to the needs of the case, considering the importance of
the issues at stake in the action, the amount in controversy, the
parties’ relative access to relevant information, the parties’
resources, the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues,
and whether the burden or expense of the proposed discovery
outweighs its likely benefit. Information within this scope of
discovery need not be admissible in evidence to be discoverable.
Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(b)(1). The rules of discovery are to be accorded broad and liberal construction.
See Herbert v. Lando, 441 U.S. 153, 177 (1979); and Hickman v. Taylor, 329 U.S. 495, 507
(1947). However, a court may “issue an order to protect a party or person from annoyance,
embarrassment, oppression or undue burden or expense.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(c)(1).
Whether to grant or deny a motion to compel is generally left within a district court’s broad
discretion. See Lone Star Steakhouse & Saloon, Inc. v. Alpha of Va., Inc., 43 F.3d 922, 929 (4th
Cir. 1995) (denial of motions to compel reviewed on appeal for abuse of discretion); Erdmann v.
Preferred Research Inc., 852 F.2d 788, 792 (4th Cir. 1988) (noting District Court’s substantial
discretion in resolving motions to compel); and LaRouche v. National Broadcasting Co., 780 F.2d
1134, 1139 (4th Cir. 1986) (same).
Petitioners are also plaintiffs in the underlying action Pizarro et al. v. The Home Depot,
Inc., et al., 1:18-CV-01566-WMR (N.D. Ga.), and “are current and former participants of the
Home Depot FutureBuilder 401(k) plan (the “Plan”).” (Document No. 2, p. 2). Petitioners
summarize their position as follows:
They have sued the Plan fiduciaries under ERISA, asserting
breaches of fiduciary duty for, inter alia, allowing Alight Financial
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Advisors, LLC (“AFA”) to charge unreasonable fees to Plan
participants for managing the assets in accounts of participants who
enrolled in the Professional Management Program offered by the
Plan and administered by AFA. Among other indicators of the
unreasonableness of the fees charged to Plan participants, Plaintiffs
allege that AFA charges participants of other 401(k) plans
substantially less for the same or similar services, and that the Plan
fiduciaries totally failed to conduct any investigation in that regard.
As that information is key to their Excessive Fee claims, and since
the fiduciaries of the Plan did not collect that information, Plaintiffs
issued a subpoena to AFA seeking documents or data that showed
the fees that AFA charges participants of other 401(k) plans for the
same sort of managed account services it provided to participants of
the Home Depot Plan. AFA strongly resisted producing responsive
documents and/or data, claiming, inter alia, that the sought-after
information required that it reveal “commercially sensitive and
confidential documents about its business.” AFA persisted in
asserting that confidentiality objection throughout many of the
parties’ “meet and confer” discussions, even though Plaintiffs had
pointed out that the fees that AFA charges for those services had
been filed in publicly available reports with the Department of
Labor, and disclosed on at least an annual basis to participants in all
of those other plans, and the thousands, if not tens or hundreds of
thousands, of participants who receive that fee information are not
restricted in further publicizing the fee data.
(Document No. 2, pp. 2-3).
In the underlying action, Petitioners make very similar allegations regarding AFA’s
predecessor, Financial Engines Advisors, LLC (“FE”). (Document No. 2, p. 4). Petitioners
contend that “the Home Depot fiduciaries employed imprudent processes when deciding to engage
AFA, and in allowing FE and AFA to charge participants unreasonably high fees for managed
account services.” Id.
By the instant motion, Petitioners seek to compel Respondent to provide complete
responses to its Request for Production of Documents Nos. 31 and 32, regarding “documents or
other data showing the fees AFA charged to participants in other plans” served on AFA in a
subpoena duces tecum on or about March 23, 2020. (Document No. 3-1).
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Respondent AFA opposes Petitioners’ motion(s) and asserts that Request Nos. 31 and 32
“go too far,” although they will provide “a Rule 30(b)(6) witness who will testify on these topics
(among many others), as requested in plaintiffs’ separate subpoena to testify to AFA.” (Document
No. 9, p. 3) (citation omitted). Respondent contends that these Requests impose a burden that is
disproportionate to the needs of this case and seek information that is subject to confidential
agreements between AFA and its customers who are not parties to this litigation. (Document No.
9, pp. 4-5). Respondent argues that if production is required, Petitioners should bear the costs.
(Document No. 9, pp. 13) (citations omitted).
After careful consideration of the parties’ arguments, the undersigned finds that the motion
to compel should be granted. Although the undersigned made this determination before reviewing
Judge Ray’s finding regarding the FE Motion, the undersigned observes that Judge Ray’s order
compels information that is nearly identical to the information sought here. See Pizarro, et al. v.
The Home Depot, Inc., et al., 1:20-CV-04660-WMR, (Document No. 33, p. 2) (citing Document
No. 2-1, p. 25).
The undersigned had considered holding a telephone conference to attempt to bridge the
parties’ differences and assist with an agreed-upon plan for production; however, in light of Judge
Ray’s recent decision granting the related FE Motion, the undersigned will forgo a telephone
conference or hearing in the interests of judicial economy. Instead, the undersigned directs the
parties to review Judge Ray’s instructive decision and arrange for a production of documents
responsive to Request Nos. 31 and 32 that is consistent with the Order from the Northern District
of Georgia. See Pizarro, et al. v. The Home Depot, Inc., et al., 1:20-CV-04660-WMR, Document
No. 33 (N.D. Ga. Feb. 12, 2021).
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To the extent the parties here are unable to promptly execute a plan for the ordered
production herein, they are directed to raise any further dispute with the Honorable William M.
Ray II, who is presiding over the underlying action in the Northern District of Georgia. This Court
regrets any delay already caused to our sister court in Georgia, and hopes the parties here will
accomplish the necessary discovery without further judicial intervention.
IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED that Petitioners’ “…Rule 45 Motion To Compel
Production Against Alight Financial Advisors, LLC” (Document No. 1) is GRANTED.
Respondent AFA shall provide responses to Petitioners’ Request Nos. 31 and 32 on or before
March 3, 2021.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that “Petitioners’ Rule 45(f) Motion To Transfer”
(Document No. 16) is DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED “Petitioners’ Motion To Expedite Briefing Schedule On
Motion To Transfer” (Document No. 19) is DENIED.
Signed: February 17, 2021
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