Mendoza-Ramirez v. USA
ORDER ordering that petr has 20 days from entry of this Order in which to explain to the Court why the Section 2255 Motion to Vacate should not be dismissed as untimely. If petr does not file such explanation w/i 20 days from entry of Order, petn may be dismissed w/o further notice. Petr also has 20 days from entry of Order to return a copy of the Section 2255 Motion to Vacate signed in his own handwriting under penalty of perjury. If petr does not submit such signed Moti on to Vacate w/i 20 days from entry of Order, petn may be dismissed w/o further notice. Clk instructed to mail petr 2255 form to refile his petn. Signed by District Judge Richard Voorhees on 12/2/2013. (Pro se litigant served by US Mail.)(cbb)
DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
WESTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
THIS MATTER is before the Court on Petitioner’s Motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to
Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence by a Person in Federal Custody. (Doc. No. 1).
The Court has conducted an initial screening of the petition under Rule 4(b) and finds
that it appears that the motion is untimely. 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f). Furthermore, Petitioner has not
signed the petition under penalty of perjury.
In 1996, Congress enacted the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (the
“AEDPA”). Among other things, the AEDPA amended 28 U.S.C. § 2255 by imposing a
one-year statute of limitations period for the filing of a motion to vacate. Such amendment
A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to a motion under this section. The limitation
period shall run from the latest of(1) the date on which the judgment of conviction becomes final;
(2) the date on which the impediment to making a motion created by governmental action
in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the movant was
prevented from making a motion by such governmental action;
(3) the date on which the right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court
and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(4) the date on which the facts supporting the claim or claims presented could have been
discovered through the exercise of due diligence.
Here, Petitioner pled guilty to possessing with intent to distribute cocaine, and aiding and
abetting the same, in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1) and 841(b)(1)(B), and 18 U.S.C. § 2,
and reentry of a deported alien, in violation of 8 U.S.C. §§ 1326(a) and (b)(2). (Criminal Case
No. 5:06-cr-58-RLV-CH-1, Doc. No. 23: Judgment). On May 6, 2008, this Court sentenced
Petitioner to 120 months of imprisonment on Count One, and 63 months of imprisonment on
Count Two, to be served concurrently. Judgment was entered on May13, 2008. (Id.). Petitioner
appealed, and on April 29, 2009, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the conviction and
sentence. Petitioner’s conviction became final for purposes of Section 2255(f) ninety days later
on July 28, 2009. Petitioner did not file his Section 2255 motion to vacate, however, until
January 20, 2012. It appears, therefore, that Petitioner’s Motion to Vacate is untimely.
The Court will grant Petitioner 20 days in which to provide an explanation as to why the
instant Section 2255 petition should not be dismissed as untimely, including any reasons why
equitable tolling should apply. See Hill v. Braxton, 277 F.3d 701, 706 (4th Cir. 2002); United
States v. Blackstock, 513 F.3d 128, 133 (4th Cir. 2008) (remanding to district court pursuant to
Hill for determination of timeliness of § 2255 Motion).
IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED that:
1. Petitioner shall have 20 days from entry of this Order in which to explain to the Court
why the Section 2255 Motion to Vacate should not be dismissed as untimely. If
Petitioner does not file such explanation within 20 days from entry of this Order, the
petition may be dismissed without further notice.
2. Petitioner shall also have 20 days from entry of this Order in which to return a copy
of the Section 2255 Motion to Vacate, signed in his own handwriting under penalty of
perjury. If Petitioner does not submit such signed Motion to Vacate within 20 days
from entry of this Order, the petition may be dismissed without further notice.
3. The Clerk of Court is instructed to mail to Petitioner a form used in this district for
Section 2255 petitions so that Petitioner may re-file his petition on such form if he so
Signed: December 2, 2013
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