Reeves v. Miller
Memorandum of Opinion and Order for the reasons set forth herein, the Court overrules Petitioner's 18 Objections. Judge Benita Y. Pearson on 1/25/2017. (E,CK)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
DONALD R. REEVES,
CASE NO. 1:16CV00282
JUDGE BENITA Y. PEARSON
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION AND
ORDER [Resolving ECF No. 18]
On December 7, 2015, the magistrate judge issued an order denying pro se Petitioner
Donald R. Reeves’ motion for discovery (ECF No. 13). ECF No. 17. Petitioner has filed an
objection to the magistrate judge’s order. ECF No. 18. The Court has reviewed the above
filings, the relevant portions of the record, and the governing law. For the reasons provided
below, the Court overrules Petitioner’s objections.
I. Standard of Review
Because Petitioner has objected to rulings on non-dispositive motions, review is governed
by Local Rule 72.3(a):
Any party may appeal from a Magistrate Judge’s order determining
a motion or matter made pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a) within
fourteen (14) days after service of the Magistrate Judge’s order. Such
party shall file with the Clerk of Court, and serve on the Magistrate
Judge and all parties, a written statement of appeal which shall
specifically designate the order, or part thereof, appealed from and the
basis for any objection thereto. The District Judge to whom the case
was assigned shall consider the appeal and shall set aside any portion
of the Magistrate Judge’s order found to be clearly erroneous or
contrary to law. The District Judge may also consider sua sponte any
matter determined by a Magistrate Judge under this Rule.
“The ‘clearly erroneous’ standard applies to the magistrate judge’s findings of fact, and
the magistrate judge’s legal conclusions are reviewed under the ‘contrary to law’ standard.”
Champion Foodservice, LLC v. Vista Food Exch., Inc., No. 1:13-CV-1195, 2015 WL 7251307,
at *1 (N.D. Ohio Nov. 16, 2015) (quoting Gandee v. Glasser, 785 F. Supp. 684, 686 (S.D. Ohio
1992) (citations omitted)). “In reviewing a magistrate judge’s decision to determine whether it is
‘contrary to law,’ a district court is to apply the same standard the Sixth Circuit employs to
review a district court’s ruling on an evidentiary question, which is an ‘abuse of discretion’
standard.” Id. (citations omitted). An abuse of discretion occurs when the magistrate judge
“applies the wrong legal standard, misapplies the correct legal standard, or relies on clearly
erroneous findings of fact.” Paschal v. Flagstar Bank, 297 F.3d 431, 434 (6th Cir. 2002)
(quoting First Tech. Safety Sys. v. Depinet, 11 F.3d 641, 647 (6th Cir.1993)).
Petitioner objects to the magistrate judge’s order on grounds that “[c]ontra[r]y to [the
magistrate judge’s] findings, transcripts were never available to Petitioner.” ECF No. 18 at
PageID #: 399. Petitioner states:
Petitioner has never had access to Petitioner's case file. Nor to
the documentation within. Each time Petitioner made a request to see
the information contained within the case file trial counsel tol[d]
Petitioner that it didn't matter, that "they had enough to convict". etc.
Petitioner never had access to the trial record. Appellate Counsel
informed Petitioner that the trial transcript would be borrowed for the
purpose of preparing an appeal brief and then would be returned.
(Exhibit A) Petitioner requested all documentation connected with
Petitioner's case. (Exhibit B) Petitioner was never in the physical
presence of Appellate Counsel, Jeffrey Gamso, all communication
with appellate counsel was via the U.S. Mail. Therefore Petitioner
was never able to read and familiarize himself with the trial record.
Petitioner's appellate counsel returned the trial record to the courts.
The magistrate judge denied Petitioner’s motion for discovery requesting the Court to
order Respondent to provide certain state court transcripts (ECF No. 13) because it is clear
Petitioner’s counsel on direct appeal had access to the state transcripts. ECF No. 17 at PageID #:
398. In fact, Petitioner’s counsel cited to the transcripts throughout the appellate brief on direct
appeal (ECF No. 10-1, Ex. 5). Therefore, and pursuant to Brown v. Voorhies, No.
2:07-CV-00014, 2009 WL 187830 (S.D. Ohio Jan. 26, 2009), the magistrate judge concluded
that the transcripts were available to Petitioner. ECF No. 17 at PageID #: 398. See also Lee v.
Wilson, No. 1:04 CV 2169, 2007 WL 2571954, at *17 (N.D. Ohio Aug. 31, 2007), amended on
other grounds, No. 1:04 CV 2169, 2007 WL 2815204 (N.D. Ohio Sept. 25, 2007 (“[A]ppellate
counsel, who was in possession of the transcript, was under no duty to provide [petitioner] with
his own additional copy of the transcript during counsel's preparation of the appeal.”).
Moreover, the magistrate judge reasoned that because Respondent attached the state court
record and transcript of proceedings to the Return of Writ (ECF No. 10), Petitioner failed to
show good cause. ECF No. 17 at PageID #: 398. See Appendix State Court Record - Exhibits
1-22, ECF No. 10-1; Supplement Transcript of Proceedings: Plea and Sentencing, ECF No. 10-2.
Accordingly, there is no merit to Petitioner’s argument. Respondent has included a table
of contents at the beginning of the state court record and has numbered the exhibits contained
therein.1 Petitioner can cite to the record adequately with that which Respondent has provided.
For the forgoing reasons, the Court overrules Petitioner’s objection.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
January 25, 2017
/s/ Benita Y. Pearson
Benita Y. Pearson
United States District Judge
The Certificate of Service states: “I hereby certify that a true and accurate copy
of the foregoing Respondent's Return of Writ and Bookmarked Appendix of State Court
Record was filed electronically on this 13th day of May, 2016 and sent via regular mail to
Donald R. Reeves, #644-480 at the Belmont Correctional Institution, P.O. Box 540, St.
Clairsville, Ohio 43950.” ECF No. 10 at PageID #: 111.
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