Hooks v. Commissioner of Social Security
Memorandum Opinion and Order that the decision of the Commissioner denying Hooks's application for disability insurance benefits is affirmed. (Related Docs. # 1 , 13 ). Signed by Magistrate Judge William H. Baughman, Jr., on 09/21/2017. (S,MD)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL
CASE NO. 1:16 CV 00919
WILLIAM H. BAUGHMAN, JR.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND
Before me1 is an action by Brenda J. Hooks under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) for judicial
review of the final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security denying her applications
for disability insurance benefits and supplemental security income.2 The Commissioner has
answered3 and filed the transcript of the administrative record.4 Under my initial5 and
ECF # 13. The parties have consented to my exercise of jurisdiction.
ECF # 1.
ECF # 9.
ECF # 10.
ECF # 5.
procedural6 orders, the parties have briefed their positions7 and filed supplemental charts8 and
the fact sheet.9 They have participated in a telephonic oral argument.10
For the reasons set forth below, the decision of the Commissioner will be affirmed as
supported by substantial evidence.
Background facts and decision of the Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”)
Hooks who was sixty years old at the time of the administrative hearing,11 has a tenth
grade education.12 Her past relevant work history includes employment as a punch press
operator, an electro-plating racker, tow motor operator, and a production assembler.13
The ALJ, whose decision became the final decision of the Commissioner, found that
Hooks had the following severe impairments: loss of visual acuity, depressive disorder and
generalized anxiety disorder (20 CFR 404.1520(c) and 416.920(c)).14
ECF # 12.
ECF # 22 (Commissioner’s brief); ECF # 19 (Hooks’s brief).
ECF # 22-1 (Commissioner’s charts); ECF # 19-1 (Hooks’s charts).
ECF # 18 (Hooks’s fact sheet).
ECF # 27.
ECF # 10, Transcript (“Tr.”) at 45.
Id. at 32.
Id. at 19.
After concluding that the relevant impairments did not meet or equal a listing, the ALJ
made the following finding regarding Hooks’s residual functional capacity (“RFC”):
After careful consideration of the entire record, I find that Ms. Hooks has the
residual functional capacity to perform medium work as defined in 20 CFR
404.1567(c) and 416.967(c) except she can lift 50 pounds occasionally and 25
pounds frequently. She can stand or walk six hours out of an eight hour
workday. Ms. Hooks can sit six hours out of an eight hour workday. She can
frequently push, pull and use foot pedals. Ms. Hooks can frequently use ramps
and stairs but never ladders, ropes, or scaffolds. She can constantly balance
and manipulate, frequently stoop and crouch, and occasionally kneel and
crawl. Ms. Hooks can occasionally use near and far acuity and field of vision
and constantly use depth perception, accommodation, and color vision. She
cannot perform fine visual jobs. Ms. Hooks can use constant communication
skills. She must avoid high concentration of smoke, fumes, dust, and
pollutants. Ms. Hooks must avoid dangerous machinery and unprotected
heights. Ms. Hooks can perform tasks up to a specific vocational preparation
level of three that are simple and routine. She can perform work that is low
stress, meaning no high production quotas, no piece rate work and no work
involving arbitration, confrontation, negotiation, or supervision.15
Given that residual functional capacity, the ALJ found Hooks incapable of performing her
past relevant work as a punch press operator, electro-plating racker, tow motor operator, and
Based on an answer to a hypothetical question posed to the vocational expert at the
hearing setting forth the residual functional capacity finding quoted above, the ALJ
determined that a significant number of jobs existed locally and nationally that Hooks could
perform.17 The ALJ, therefore, found Hooks not under a disability.
Id. at 24.
Id. at 32.
Issues on judicial review
Hooks asks for reversal of the Commissioner’s decision on the ground that it does not
have the support of substantial evidence in the administrative record. Specifically, Hooks
presents the following issues for judicial review:
Whether the ALJ’s decision lacks the support of substantial evidence,
in that the judge gave “great weight” to psychological consulting and
reviewing doctors, but then failed to fully incorporate their opinions
into his formulation of plaintiff’s residual functional capacity.
Whether the ALJ’s finding that plaintiff did not have a severe left arm
impairment, and thereby not limiting plaintiff’s use of her left arm in
formulating plaintiff’s residual functional capacity, is supported by
For the reasons that follow, I will conclude that the ALJ’s finding of no disability is
supported by substantial evidence and, therefore, must be affirmed.
Standard of review-substantial evidence
The Sixth Circuit in Buxton v. Halter reemphasized the standard of review applicable to
decisions of the ALJs in disability cases:
Congress has provided for federal court review of Social Security
administrative decisions. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). However, the scope of review is
limited under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g): “The findings of the Secretary as to any fact,
if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive....” In other words, on
review of the Commissioner’s decision that claimant is not totally disabled
within the meaning of the Social Security Act, the only issue reviewable by
this court is whether the decision is supported by substantial evidence.
ECF # 19 at 1.
Substantial evidence is “ ‘more than a mere scintilla. It means such relevant
evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a
The findings of the Commissioner are not subject to reversal merely
because there exists in the record substantial evidence to support a different
conclusion. This is so because there is a “zone of choice” within which the
Commissioner can act, without the fear of court interference.19
Viewed in the context of a jury trial, all that is necessary to affirm is that reasonable minds
could reach different conclusions on the evidence. If such is the case, the Commissioner
survives “a directed verdict” and wins.20 The court may not disturb the Commissioner’s
findings, even if the preponderance of the evidence favors the claimant.21
I will review the findings of the ALJ at issue here consistent with that deferential
Application of standard
This matter presents two issues: (1) does the RFC include all the functional limitations
identified by opinions given great weight by the ALJ; and (2) does substantial evidence
support the decision at Step Two to not find Hooks’s left arm impairment to be severe.
Buxton v. Halter, 246 F.3d 762, 772 (6th Cir. 2001) (citations omitted).
LeMaster v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 802 F.2d 839, 840 (6th Cir. 1986);
Tucker v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., No. 3:06CV403, 2008 WL 399573, at *6 (S.D. Ohio Feb. 12,
Rogers v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 486 F.3d 234, 241 (6th Cir. 2007).
The difficulty with Hooks’s left arm actually involves two distinct complaints, the first
being carpal tunnel syndrome and the second being weakness in the arm following surgery
in 2001.22 Hooks argues that the ALJ mentioned her carpal tunnel syndrome but erroneously
determined that it was not a severe impairment.23 She further asserts that it was error for the
ALJ to never evaluate whether her arm was weakened as a result of surgery.24
As to the carpal tunnel syndrome, the ALJ did note that Hooks does have carpal tunnel
syndrome, but declined to find that it was a severe impairment because Hooks had not sought
treatment for this condition since she stopped working, thus discounting any claim to the
severity of the condition.25 Hooks replies that while it is true that she did not receive
treatment for her carpal tunnel syndrome after she stopped working, the reason for the lack
of treatment was the lack of insurance.26 She maintains that she should not be penalized for
lacking access to health care.27
ECF # 19 at 13.
Tr. at 21.
ECF # 19 at 14.
Id. at 14-15.
The Commissioner initially argues that the record here does not show any diagnosis
of or treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome.28 While arguably true in the sense that there is
not a separate exhibit for the carpal tunnel diagnosis, it is noted that the records of Hooks’s
treatment at MetroHealth show that her 2009 diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome is
referenced on several occasions.29 As such, the ALJ properly considered carpal tunnel
syndrome as an impairment.
More importantly, the Commissioner notes that the record
provides numerous instances where Hooks sought and received medical treatment during the
period where she was without health insurance.30 The Commissioner notes that Hooks
sought treatment at MetroHealth for depression during the period 2012 to 2014, and did so
by her own account because she was then uninsured and so could no longer visit her previous
providers.31 Accordingly, I find no error in the ALJ finding that Hooks’s carpal tunnel
syndrome was less than severe because she had not sought treatment for this condition for
In addition, the Commissioner observes that although Hooks reported episodes of
numbness and tingling in her left hand, as well as her carpal tunnel diagnosis, to her
physicians during her five year period of treatment at MetroHealth, when she was examined
there by her doctors her upper extremity physical examination results were normal, and,
ECF # 22 at 15.
Tr. at 420, 424.
ECF # 22 at 16 (citing record).
Tr. at 558.
significantly, she was found to have normal strength.32 The Commissioner adds that “[a]t no
time did any medical source objectively document any hand or arm limitation upon physical
Therefore, for the reasons stated, I find no error in the ALJ’s opinion at Step Two.
Specifically, I find that substantial evidence supports that opinion as to not identifying either
carpal tunnel syndrome or left arm weakness as significant impairments.
As the formulation of this issue by Hooks implies, the question is not a challenge to
the weight given to the functional opinions of Dr. Kathleen Payne, Ph.D., and Dr. Bruce
Goldsmith, Ph.D., both of whom gave opinions that were afforded “great weight.”34 Rather,
Hooks contends that the RFC here was “internally inconsistent” with these opinions in
specifying that she could perform “simple and routine” tasks “up to” a specific vocation
preparation (SVP) level of three,35 and because the RFC’s limitation to low stress work did
not encompass a limitation to maintaining attention and concentration nor does it relate to
SVP level three jobs.36
ECF # 22 at 16 (citing record).
Tr. at 30-31.
ECF # 19 at 11.
Id. at 12. As Hooks observes, these alleged inconsistencies with the opinions of Dr.
Payne and Dr. Goldsmith are also applicable to the opinion of Dr. Roseann Umana, whose
functional opinion was also given great weight by the ALJ. Id. at 11 fn. 4.
Both of these objections involve the argument that because SVP level three jobs are
approaching semi-skilled, such jobs cannot be consistent with “simple and routine,” which
is the limitation applicable to Hooks. As the Commissioner argues, in a classic phrase, this
argument is a “red herring.”37 Indeed, I observe initially that the jobs identified by the VE
in this case are specifically not above SVP 2.38
More importantly, without any reference to SVPs, the mental limitations of the RFC
have the support of substantial evidence. In this regard, the ALJ extensively discussed the
weight assigned to the opinions of Drs. Payne, Goldsmith and Umana,39 and then largely
incorporated their findings into the RFC.40 The weight given was not challenged here.
Hooks only contends that there was no specific reference to moderate limitations to
concentration in the RFC, which limitation was opined by Dr. Goldsmith and Dr. Payne.41
That said, however, as the Commissioner points out, the RFC fairly reflects what Dr.
Goldsmith intended by his opinion that Hooks is limited to “routine repetitive tasks. Stress
tolerance is limited. [Hooks] can adapt to work settings where changes are routine and
ECF # 22 at 12.
Tr. at 67-68.
Id. at 30-31.
Id. at 25.
ECF # 19 at 11.
Compare tr. at 24 (RFC) and 148 (Goldsmith).
Accordingly, I find that the RFC in this case fairly reflects the limitations set forth by
opinions that were afforded great weight.
Thus, for the reasons stated, I find that substantial evidence supports the decision of
the Commissioner to deny disability and disability insurance benefits to Brenda J. Hooks, and
that decision is hereby affirmed.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: September 21, 2017
s/ William H. Baughman, Jr.
United States Magistrate Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?