Riley v. State of Ohio
Memorandum of Opinion and Order denying 1 the Petition and this case is dismissed without prejudice pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases. The Court certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in good faith, and that there is no basis on which to issue a certificate of appealability. Judge Benita Y. Pearson on 7/28/2017(C,KA)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
MICHAEL ALLEN RILEY,
STATE OF OHIO,
CASE NO. 1:17 CV 1015
JUDGE BENITA Y. PEARSON
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION
Pro Se Petitioner Michael Allen Riley has filed a Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 (ECF No. 1). The Petition (ECF No. 1) indicates he is detained in
the Cuyahoga County Jail, awaiting trial in a state criminal case. See State of Ohio v. Riley, No.
CR-16-608045-A (Cuyahoga Cty., Ohio Common Pleas filed July 20, 2016). According to the
online docket sheet for that case, (1) Petitioner has been charged with multiple felony counts,
including aggravated murder1 and (2) the pretrial held on May 3, 2017 was continued at the
request of Petitioner due to “ongoing discussions between Defense counsel and the State.”
Petitioner asserts that the pretrial and trial dates in his criminal case “keep[ ] getting
postponed without legitimate reasons or knowledge/consent to do so,” and he claims his
continued detention violates his constitutional right to a speedy trial. ECF No. 1 at PageID #: 8.
This count contains a one-year firearm specification under Ohio Rev. Code §
2941.141(A), a three-year firearm specification under Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.145(A),
and a five-year “drive-by shooting” firearm specification under Ohio Rev. Code §
(1:17 CV 1015)
He seeks immediate release from custody or, in the alternative, an order requiring he be provided
suppression and evidentiary hearings “as well as dismissing” his criminal case with prejudice.
ECF No. 1 at PageID #: 8. He indicates he has asserted his claims in state court, but that his
motions remain pending. ECF No. 1 at PageID #: 2, ¶ 7; 6, ¶ 12.
II. Standard of Review
Promptly after the filing of a habeas corpus petition, a federal district court must
undertake a preliminary review of the petition to determine “[i]f it plainly appears from the
petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief.” Rule 4 of the Rules
Governing Section 2254 Cases (applicable to petitions under § 2241 pursuant to Rule 1(b)). If
so, the petition must be summarily dismissed. See Allen v. Perini, 424 F.2d 134, 141 (6th Cir.
1970) (the district court has a duty to “screen out” habeas corpus petitions that lack of merit on
their face). No response is necessary when a petition is frivolous, obviously lacks merit, or
where the necessary facts can be determined from the petition itself without consideration of a
Upon review, the Court finds the Petition (ECF No. 1) must be summarily dismissed.
Although a state pretrial detainee may bring a federal habeas corpus action under § 2241
to demand a speedy trial, he may not seek pre-conviction habeas corpus relief to request that
state charges be dismissed altogether, as Petitioner purports to do here. See Braden v. 30th
Judicial Cir. Ct. of Ky., 410 U.S. 484, 489-91 (1973); Atkins v. People of State of Mich., 644
F.2d 543, 546 (6th Cir. 1981). See also Humphrey v. Plummer, 840 F. Supp.2d 1040, 1043-44
(1:17 CV 1015)
(S.D. Ohio 2011). Furthermore, comity concerns require federal courts to abstain from
exercising jurisdiction over pre-conviction habeas corpus petitions “if the issues raised in the
petition may be resolved either by trial on the merits in the state courts or by other state
procedures available to the petitioner.” Atkins, 644 F.2d at 546. Comity concerns require
abstention here. Pursuant to the Supreme Court’s decisions in Braden and Atkins, a petitioner
must fully exhaust his speedy trial claims through procedures available to him in the state courts,
and the state courts must be given an opportunity to resolve his claims. Braden, 410 U.S. at 489;
Atkins, 644 F.2d at 546.
Accordingly, the Petition (ECF No. 1) is denied and this case is dismissed without
prejudice pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases. The Court certifies
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in good
faith, and that there is no basis on which to issue a certificate of appealability. 28 U.S.C. §
IT IS SO ORDERED.
July 28, 2017
/s/ Benita Y. Pearson
Benita Y. Pearson
United States District Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?