Cortijo v. Schilling et al
Memorandum Opinion and Order: For reasons set forth in this order, the Petition is dismissed without prejudice in accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 2243. Entered by Judge Pamela A. Barker on 2/16/2021. (L,Ja)
Case: 1:20-cv-02337-PAB Doc #: 7 Filed: 02/16/21 1 of 2. PageID #: 20
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
Felix A. Cortijo,
Sheriff Schilling, et al.,
CASE NO. 1:20-CV-02337
JUDGE PAMELA A. BARKER
Memorandum of Opinion and Order
Petitioner Felix A. Cortijo is a pretrial detainee confined at the Cuyahoga County Jail
awaiting trial. Acting pro se, he has filed this Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, seeking release from jail on personal recognizance or GPS monitoring.
(Doc. No. 1.). He asserts that the bail that has been ordered in his case is excessive for a
person with his income level. He also claims indigent inmates can only use the telephone if
they have the assistance of a social worker. They must put in requests using the kiosk and
response times are slow. He also claims the jail lacks a law library.
Standard of Review and Discussion
Federal district courts must conduct an initial review of Habeas Corpus Petitions. See
28 U.S.C. § 2243; Alexander v. Northern Bureau of Prisons, 419 F. App’x 544, 545 (6th Cir.
2011). A court must deny a petition “if it plainly appears from the Petition and any attached
exhibits that the Petitioner is not entitled to relief” in the district court. Rule 4 of the Rules
Case: 1:20-cv-02337-PAB Doc #: 7 Filed: 02/16/21 2 of 2. PageID #: 21
Governing § 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts (applicable to § 2241 petitions
pursuant to Rule 1(b)). For the following reasons, the Petition is dismissed without prejudice.
Here, Petitioner raises two types of issues. The first is a claim for excessive bail.
Although 28 U.S.C. § 2241 establishes jurisdiction in the federal courts to consider pretrial habeas
corpus petitions, see Girts v. Yanai, 600 F.3d 576, 587 (6th Cir. 2010), federal courts should
abstain from the exercise of that jurisdiction if the issues raised in the Petition may be resolved
either by trial on the merits or by other procedures available to the Petitioner. See, e.g., Fay v.
Noia, 372 U.S. 391, 417-20 (1963); Brown v. Estelle, 530 F.2d 1280 (5th Cir.1976); United States
ex rel. Scranton v. New York, 532 F.2d 292 (2d Cir.1976). This is a claim that may be resolved
in the Ohio courts. Consequently, Petitioner must assert it in the state courts and must exhaust
his state court remedies prior to asserting it in federal court. There is no indication that he has
raised these issues in the trial court or the Ohio appellate courts.
Petitioner’s remaining claims challenge the conditions of his confinement in the jail.
Challenges to conditions of confinement are not cognizable in a Habeas Petition.
Accordingly, the Petition is dismissed without prejudice in accordance with 28
U.S.C. § 2243. The Court further certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal
from this decision could not be taken in good faith.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
S/Pamela A. Barker
PAMELA A. BARKER
U. S. DISTRICT JUDGE
Date: February 16, 2021
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