Compton v. CT Corporation System
Opinion and Order. Plaintiff's 2 motion to proceed in forma pauperis in the case is granted. This action is dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). The Court further certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision could not be taken in good faith. Judge David A. Ruiz on 11/17/2022. (C,TA)
Case: 1:22-cv-00567-DAR Doc #: 3 Filed: 11/17/22 1 of 5. PageID #: 10
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
JACOB CHRISTOPHER COMPTON,
CT CORPORATION SYSTEM,
CASE NO. 1:22-cv-00567
JUDGE DAVID A. RUIZ
OPINION AND ORDER
Plaintiff Jacob Christopher Compton has filed an in forma pauperis complaint against CT
Corporation System (CT Corporation). (R. 1). He brings the action under Section 5 of the
Federal Trade Commission Act (FTCA) and the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA), 15
U.S.C. §§ 1692–1692p, and seeks injunctive and monetary relief. (See id., PageID# 1,
“Jurisdiction” ¶ 1).
In his brief complaint, Compton alleges that he “received a notice in the mail of an
attempt to collect a debt, from Convergent Outsourcing Inc., which the defendant is the
registered agent for,” and that he responded to the notice “via certified mail . . . conditionally
accepting this debt as valid, upon proof of claim.” (Id., “Claims” ¶¶ 1–2). Compton further
alleges that he responded that “if respondent (defendant) failed to respond in the time allotted, or
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acquiescence, then a self executing contract came into play, where defendant agreed to estoppel,”
this self-executing contract stated, in the event of failure to respond, or
acquiescence, they agree to pay me damages in the amount of $10,000, as well as
$10,000 in damages for any attempt thereafter to collect this debt. Defendant also
agreed, by acquiescence, that I have their power of attorney, to bring forth
collection of damages, and to file a UCC-1 lien upon them.
(Id., PageID# 1–2, “Claims” ¶ 2). Compton alleges he never received a response. (Id., PageID#
2, “Claims” ¶ 3).
On April 8, 2022, Compton filed a motion to proceed in forma pauperis. (R. 2).
Compton’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis in the case is granted, but for the reasons
stated below, his complaint is dismissed.
II. Standard of Review
District courts are expressly required to screen all in forma pauperis complaints filed in
federal court, and to dismiss before service any such complaint that the court determines is
frivolous or malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary
relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B); Hill
v. Lappin, 630 F.3d 468, 470 (6th Cir. 2010).
To survive dismissal under § 1915(e)(2)(B) for failure to state a claim, an in forma
pauperis complaint “must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to
relief that is plausible on its face.” Hill, 630 F.3d at 470–71 (holding that the Fed. R. Civ. P.
12(b)(6) dismissal standard articulated in Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009) and Bell
Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007) governs dismissals for failure to state a claim
under § 1915(e)(2)(B)).
“The factual allegations in the complaint need to be sufficient to give notice to the
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defendant as to what claims are alleged, and the plaintiff must plead ‘sufficient factual matter’ to
render the legal claim plausible, i.e., more than merely possible.” Fritz v. Charter Twp. of
Comstock, 592 F.3d 718, 722 (6th Cir. 2010) (quoting Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678). The plaintiff must
plead “factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is
liable for the misconduct alleged.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678.
Upon review, the Court finds that Compton’s complaint must be dismissed.
First, Compton has no plausible claim or cause of action under Section 5 of the FTCA as
such claims may be brought only by the Federal Trade Commission itself. “Courts have
uniformly held that a private right of action does not exist under § 5 of the FTCA.” Morales v.
Walker Motors Sales, Inc., 162 F. Supp. 2d 786, 790 (S.D. Ohio 2000) (collecting cases); see
also FTC v. Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp., 853 F.2d 458, 464 (6th Cir. 1988) (“[Intervenorappellant] may not, as a private party, invoke the jurisdiction of the federal courts to enforce the
Federal Trade Commission Act. Congress has clearly limited the invocation of jurisdiction under
the FTC Act to the Commission itself.” (citing Alfred Dunhill, Ltd. v. Interstate Cigar Co., 499
F.2d 232, 237 (2d Cir. 1974))).
Second, Compton’s allegations fail to state a plausible claim under the FDCPA. Congress
enacted the FDCPA to eliminate “the use of abusive, deceptive, and unfair debt collection
practices by many debt collectors.” 15 U.S.C. § 1692(a). The statute is “extraordinarily broad”
and was intended to remedy what Congress “considered to be a widespread problem.” Frey v.
Gangwish, 970 F.2d 1516, 1521 (6th Cir. 1992). Interpreting the FDCPA “begin[s] with the
language of the statute itself,” and a court “must consider the language and design of the statute
as a whole as well as the specific provision at issue.” Schroyer v. Frankel, 197 F.3d 1170, 1174
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(6th Cir. 1999).
Compton has not identified a specific provision or provisions of the FDCPA that CT
Corporation allegedly violated or that provide for the remedy Compton seeks. Although pro se
complaints are liberally construed and held to “less stringent standards” than pleadings drafted
by lawyers, Williams v. Curtin, 631 F.3d 380, 383 (6th Cir. 2011), “the lenient treatment
generally accorded to pro se litigants has limits.” Pilgrim v. Littlefield, 92 F.3d 413, 416 (6th Cir.
1996). Pro se plaintiffs must still meet basic pleading requirements and courts are not required to
conjure unpleaded facts or construct claims for them. See Brown v. Matauszak, 415 F. App’x
608, 613 (6th Cir. 2011) (“[A] court cannot create a claim which [a plaintiff] has not spelled out
in his pleading.” (second alteration in original) (internal quotation marks omitted)); Payne v.
Sec'y of Treasury, 73 F. App’x 836, 837 (6th Cir. 2003) (affirming sua sponte dismissal and
stating that “[n]either this court nor the district court is required to create [plaintiff-appellant’s]
claim for her”); Young Bok Song v. Gipson, 423 F. App’x 506, 510 (6th Cir. 2011) (“[W]e decline
to affirmatively require courts to ferret out the strongest cause of action on behalf of pro se
litigants. Not only would that duty be overly burdensome, it would transform the courts from
neutral arbiters of disputes into advocates for a particular party. While courts are properly
charged with protecting the rights of all who come before it, that responsibility does not
encompass advising litigants as to what legal theories they should pursue.”), cert. denied, 565
U.S. 966 (2011).
The Court is not required to speculate as to or construct Compton’s FDCPA claim for
him. Compton’s complaint, failing to identify a provision of the FDCPA that he contends was
violated and provides him the remedy he seeks, does not state a plausible claim upon which he
may be granted relief.
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Accordingly, this action is dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). The Court
further certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that an appeal from this decision could not
be taken in good faith.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
s/ David A. Ruiz
David A. Ruiz
United States District Judge
Date: November 17, 2022
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