Quinlivan v. Commissioner of Social Security
Memorandum Opinion: Quinlavin's objections are overruled, and I adopt Magistrate Judge Parker's report and recommendation as the order of the court. Quinlavin's complaint is dismissed. re 18 . Judge Jeffrey J. Helmick on 2/14/2017. (S,AL)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
Case No. 15-cv-731
Commissioner of Social Security,
Petitioner Christine Quinlavin objects to the Report and Recommendation of Magistrate
Judge Thomas M. Parker, filed on May 10, 2016, which recommends I affirm the Commissioner of
Social Security’s decision denying Quinlavin’s application for Supplemental Security Income. (Doc.
Nos. 18 & 19). Quinlavin contends Magistrate Judge Parker erred in his review of the decision of
Administrative Law Judge Ryan Glaze. For the reasons stated below, Quinlavin’s objections are
overruled, and I adopt Magistrate Judge Parker’s R & R as the Order of the Court.
Quinlavin first applied for SSI benefits in July 2009, due to limitations associated with
scoliosis and mental impairments. (Doc. No. 11. at 88). A hearing was conducted by ALJ Melissa
Warner. Id. At the time, Quinlavin was not seeking treatment for her back because she did not have
insurance coverage. Id. at 94. Therefore, there was no record to support her allegation of physical
impairment. Id. ALJ Warner found Quinlavin to have a “marked impairment in social functioning”
that limited her to work where she would have no contact with the general public and limited
contact with co-workers. Id. at 92-93. No other evidence supported a finding that Quinlavin’s
mental impairments rose to the requisite level of severity to qualify for benefits, and her application
was denied. Id. at 98.
On November 15, 2011, Quinlavin filed the application currently at issue. Id. at 24. While
the application was pending, Quinlavin sought treatment for her back issues and continued
psychiatric treatment. ALJ Ryan Glaze found there was sufficient change in the objective evidence
of Quinlavin’s worsening condition to warrant a new review and impose additional limitations. Id. at
24-25. Though ALJ Glaze cited additional “severe impairments” both physically and
psychologically, he found her impairments to cause “minimal limitations on [her] ability to do basic
work activities.” Id. at 27. Her second application was also denied; the Appeals Counsel of the
Social Security Administration declined review of the decision. Id. at 5, 41.
Quinlavin moved this court for judicial review of ALJ Glaze’s decision, stating the ALJ failed
to assign proper weight to the treating physicians’ opinions in violation of Social Security law.
Magistrate Judge Parker recommends I affirm the ALJ decision, to which Quinlavin objects. I find
Magistrate Judge Parker has accurately and comprehensively set forth the procedural and factual
background of this case, and I adopt those sections of the R & R in full. (Doc. No. 18 at 1-17).
STANDARD OF REVIEW
A district court must conduct a de novo review of “any part of the magistrate judge’s
disposition that has been properly objected to. The district judge may accept, reject or modify the
recommended disposition, receive further evidence, or return the matter to the magistrate judge with
instructions.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3); see also Norman v. Astrue, 694 F. Supp. 2d 738, 740 (N.D. Ohio
The district judge “must affirm the Commissioner’s conclusions absent a determination that
the Commissioner has failed to apply the correct legal standards or has made findings of fact
unsupported by substantial evidence in the record.” Walters v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 127 F.3d 525, 528
(6th Cir. 1997); see also 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). “Substantial evidence is defined as ‘such relevant evidence
as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.’” Colvin v. Barnhart, 475 F.3d
727, 730 (6th Cir. 2007) (quoting Heston v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 245 F.3d 528, 534 (6th Cir. 2001)). If
the Commissioner’s findings of fact are supported by substantial evidence, those findings are
conclusive. McClanahan v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 474 F.3d 830, 833 (6th Cir. 2006).
Quinlavin objects to Magistrate Judge Parker’s finding that the weight and scrutiny given to
various doctors’ opinions by ALJ Glaze were proper. Specifically, she finds error in: (1) the
application of the treating-physician rule to the medical opinion of her treating pain management
specialist, Dr. Nadeem Moghul; (2) the application of the treating-physician rule to the medical
opinion of her treating psychiatrist, Dr. Irfan Ahmed; and (3) the ALJ’s evaluation of the medical
assessment of non-treating, but examining physician, Dr. Suthil Sethi.
In considering an application for supplemental security income, the Social Security
Administration must evaluate every medical opinion it receives. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c); 20 C.F.R. §
416.927(c). The SSA places medical sources into three categories: (1) non-examining sources; (2)
non-treating, but examining, sources; and (3) treating sources. Smith v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 482 F.3d
873, 875 (6th Cir. 2007). Treating sources are given the greatest amount of deference and generally
are to be accorded controlling weight if they are “well-supported by medically acceptable clinical and
laboratory diagnostic techniques and [are] not inconsistent with other substantial evidence in [the]
case record.” Rogers v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 486 F.3d 234, 242 (6th Cir. 2007) (quoting Wilson v. Comm’r
of Soc. Sec., 378 F.3d 541, 544 (6th Cir. 2004)). In deciding the amount of weight to give to a medical
opinion, the SSA considers (1) the examining relationship; (2) the treatment relationship; (3) the
supportability of the opinion in light of “all of the pertinent evidence”; (4) the consistency of the
opinion with the record as a whole; (5) the medical source’s specialization, if any; and (6) other
factors the claimant or others bring to the SSA’s attention which tend to support or contradict the
source’s opinion. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(1)-(6); 20 C.F.R. § 416.927(c)(1)-(6).
The SSA “will always give good reasons” for the weight given to a treating source’s opinion.
See 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(2); Francis v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 414 F. App’x 802, 804 (6th Cir. 2011)
(holding treating-source-opinion regulations “require only that the ALJ’s decision include ‘good
reasons’” for the weight given to the treating source opinion, “not an exhaustive factor-by-factor
analysis.”). The treating-physician rule is designed to provide claimants with an understanding of the
SSA’s disposition of their applications and to permit “meaningful appellate review of the ALJ’s
application of the rule.” Rogers, 486 F.3d at 242-43 (quoting Wilson, 378 F.3d at 544). To provide
good reasons for discounting a treating physician’s opinion, the ALJ must identify the reasons for
discounting the opinion and explain how those reasons affected the weight the ALJ assigned to the
opinion. Rogers, 486 F.3d at 243.
An ALJ does not need to explicitly refer to any or all of the § 404.1527(c) factors; an ALJ’s
explanation for giving less-than-controlling-weight to a treating-source opinion satisfies the “good
reasons” requirement when the explanation “reaches [at least] several of the factors that an ALJ
must consider.” Allen v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 561 F.3d 646, 651 (6th Cir. 2009); see also Francis, 414 F.
App’x at 804-05 (holding the SSA regulations do not require “an exhaustive factor-by-factor
analysis.”). While Quinlavin correctly notes that Hensley v Astrue, 573 F.3d 263 (6th Cir. 2009), and
Blakely v. Commissioner of Social Security, 581 F.3d 399 (6th Cir. 2009), state ALJs must “apply” the §
404.1527(c) factors, “apply” is not synonymous with “list.”
Moreover, to the extent Quinlavin argues Blakely and Hensley impose a different, more
stringent standard than Allen, her contention is unconvincing. A published Sixth Circuit decision
“remains controlling authority unless an inconsistent decision of the United States Supreme Court
requires modification of the decision or [the Sixth Circuit] sitting en banc overrules the prior
decision.” Sykes v. Anderson, 625 F.3d 294, 319 (6th Cir. 2010) (quoting Salmi v. Sec’y of Health &
Human Servs., 774 F.2d 685, 689 (6th Cir. 1985)). The holding that the SSA regulations’ “good
reasons” requirement does not mandate explicit reference to the § 404.1527(c) factors was essential
to the Sixth Circuit’s decision in Allen and therefore is binding. Grundy Mining Co. v. Flynn, 353 F.3d
467, 479 (6th Cir. 2003).
Dr. Nadeem Moghal—Treating Physician in Physical Health
ALJ Glaze gave little weight to the opinion given by Dr. Moghal in the Medical Source
Statement regarding Physical Abilities and Limitations. In support of his decision, ALJ Glaze noted
inconsistencies between the objective evidence and Dr. Moghal’s opinion. After an independent
review of the record, I too find that Dr. Moghal’s opinion is inconsistent with the objective
evidence, including the treatment history with Dr. Moghal himself.
According to the medical records provided, Quinlavin’s pain was eased with medication that
“allow[ed] her to maintain her [Activities of Daily Living].” (Doc. No. 11. at 540). In a document
dated August 29, 2013, Dr. Moghal reported that Quinlavin had been taking care of her son with a
broken leg, doing yard work, and exercising to lose weight. Id. Five days later, in Dr. Moghal’s
opinion, he stated Quinlavin would only be able to stand or sit for fifteen minutes at a time and
could not alternate between the two because she needed to “lay prone for 30 min. prior to resuming
activity.” Id. at 535. There is no indication of this extreme restriction elsewhere in the record.
Given the blatant discrepancy in the statements of Dr. Moghal in a week’s time, I find ALJ Glaze’s
decision to decline controlling authority to the treating physician’s opinion to be supported by the
record. Additionally, Quinlavin fails to identify any medical evidence in her objection to support Dr.
Moghal’s opinion, relying solely on her testimony to support her allegations. See Sullivan v. Comm’r of
Soc. Sec., 595 F. App’x 502, 507 (6th Cir. 2014) (citing Walters v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 127 F.3d 525, 530
(6th Cir. 1997)) (“[I]t is proper for an ALJ to give a treating physician’s opinion less-than-controlling
weight where a claimant is ‘unable to direct this court to any portion of [the treating physician’s]
records which support the claim that his impairments are disabling.’”).
I also reject Quinlavin’s assertion that ALJ Glaze failed to consider “the nature and extent of
the treatment relationship.” (Doc. No. 19 at 2). Quinlavin saw Dr. Moghal for back pain on a
regular basis from August 2012 through the time of Dr. Moghal’s opinion. In ALJ Glaze’s decision,
he carefully detailed the course of treatment including changes in medication and condition as well
as procedures performed. In addition, contrary to Quinlavin’s argument, I find the ALJ’s concern
about Dr. Moghal’s bias to be indicative of his appreciation of the nature and extent of the
In summary, I find ALJ Glaze provided “good reasons” for his decision to give little weight
to Dr. Moghal’s opinion. Because Dr. Moghal’s opinion is not supported by objective evidence and
is at odds with the record as a whole, the opinion is not entitled to controlling weight under the
treating-physician rule. Quinlavin’s objection with respect to Dr. Moghal is overruled.
Dr. Irfan Ahmed—Treating Psychiatrist
ALJ Glaze also gave little weight to Dr. Irfan Ahmed’s opinion in the Medical Source
Statement Concerning the Nature and Severity of an Individual’s Mental Impairments. In
explanation, he found that Quinlavin’s medication, when taken properly, controlled her symptoms
and that they were exacerbated by situational factors rather than mental health issues. Further, he
cited inconsistencies between Dr. Ahmed’s opinion and the objective evidence concerning her
orientation, concentration, attention, memory, and psychomotor activities.
The record reveals several times in which Quinlavin failed to follow the medication regimen
prescribed by Dr. Ahmed. Quinlavin admitted to this in her testimony, stating that because of her
bipolar disorder and “forgetfulness” she would stop taking her medication until she was a “wreck”
and realized she needed to take the medications. Id. at 65-66. While there are certain instances
when mental impairment is a “good reason” for failure to follow prescribed treatment, there is no
objective evidence to indicate Quinlavin’s bipolar disorder caused her failure to adhere to her
medication regimen. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1530. ALJ Glaze’s assertion that her symptoms are controlled
by medication is supported by the record.
Dr. Ahmed treated Quinlavin for mental health issues from at least September 2010 to the
time the opinion was given in 2013. Over the course of treatment, Dr. Ahmed consistently stated
she was alert and oriented with fair insight and judgment. Quinlavin’s memory, attention, and
concentration were also found to be intact and her psychomotor activity normal. These findings are
consistent with the record as a whole but contrary to limitations cited in Dr. Ahmed’s opinion. The
opinion asserted Quinlavin’s ability to maintain attention and concentration and remember,
understand, and follow directions were all below average. Neither this nor the other statements
made in the opinion are supported by the objective evidence contained in the record. In her
objections, Quinlavin brings no such evidence to my attention. Sullivan, 595 F. App’x at 507.
Therefore, I find ALJ Glaze’s decision not to give controlling weight to Dr. Ahmed’s
opinion to be proper. ALJ Glaze’s decision displays a thorough inspection of the entire record,
including the treatment relationship between Quinlavin and Dr. Ahmed. I find ALJ Glaze gave due
consideration to the necessary factors and provided “good reasons” for giving little weight to Dr.
Ahmed’s opinion. Quinlavin’s objection regarding Dr. Ahmed is overruled.
Dr. Suthil Sethi—Non-treating, but Examining, Physician
ALJ Glaze afforded great weight to Dr. Sethi’s opinion because “it is consistent with the
claimant’s assigned residual functional capacity and is supported by straight leg testing, her normal
gait, and only mild objective findings.” (Doc. No. 11 at 31). As a state agency consultant, Dr. Sethi
is considered to be an “expert in the evaluation of the medical disability claims under the Social
Security Act.” Miller v. Comm’nr of Social Sec., 811 F.3d 825, 834 (6th Cir. 2016). Though Dr. Sethi’s
assessment was rendered over a year-and-a-half before Dr. Moghal’s opinion and nearly eight
months before Dr. Moghal began treating Quinlavin, I do not find error in the weight given. The
Sixth Circuit has held greater gaps in time to be acceptable when there has been little change in the
claimant’s condition. Gibbens v. Comm’r of Social Sec., 659 F. App’x 238 (6th Cir. 2016). In Gibbens,
five years had passed from the time of the state agency consultant’s assessment, during which time
the claimant had seen several other doctors and undergone surgery. Id. at 247. Since “the ALJ’s
own analysis clearly spanned the entire record,” the Circuit afforded deference to the ALJ’s decision
to place greater weight on the dated state agency consultant’s assessment than the more current
treating physician opinion found to be inconsistent with the record. Id. at 248.
After reviewing the record, I agree with ALJ Glaze: Dr. Sethi’s opinion more accurately
reflects Quinlavin’s physical health. ALJ Glaze’s decision is supported by substantial evidence, and
Quinlavin’s final objection is overruled.
For the reasons stated above, Quinlavin’s objections are overruled, and I adopt Magistrate
Judge Parker’s report and recommendation as the order of the court. Quinlavin’s complaint is
s/ Jeffrey J. Helmick
United States District Judge
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